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asp.net生成高质量缩略图通用函数(c#代码),支持多种生成方式

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[日期:2006-2-25 17:48:17] [来源:原创] [作者:Jerry ] [字体: ]

     在网站开发时,生成缩略图是一个非常常见和实用的功能.以前在asp里只能借助com组件实现,现在在.net里可以利用框架的强大的类库轻松实现.下面帖出完整的代码(带详细注释),参考了网上的一些文章及.net sdk相关内容.QQROOM网络家园的图片上传用到了所有的4种生成方式.

        /// <summary>
       
/// 生成缩略图
       
/// </summary>
       
/// <param name="originalImagePath">源图路径(物理路径)</param>
       
/// <param name="thumbnailPath">缩略图路径(物理路径)</param>
       
/// <param name="width">缩略图宽度</param>
       
/// <param name="height">缩略图高度</param>
       
/// <param name="mode">生成缩略图的方式</param>   
        public static void MakeThumbnail(string originalImagePath, string thumbnailPath, int width, int height, string mode)
        {
            Image originalImage
= Image.FromFile(originalImagePath);
           
           
int towidth = width;
           
int toheight = height;
       
           
int x = 0;
           
int y = 0;
           
int ow = originalImage.Width;
           
int oh = originalImage.Height;       

           
switch (mode)
            {       
               
case "HW"://指定高宽缩放(可能变形)               
                    break;
               
case "W"://指定宽,高按比例                   
                    toheight = originalImage.Height * width/originalImage.Width;
                   
break;
               
case "H"://指定高,宽按比例
                    towidth = originalImage.Width * height/originalImage.Height;                   
                   
break;       
               
case "Cut"://指定高宽裁减(不变形)               
                    if((double)originalImage.Width/(double)originalImage.Height > (double)towidth/(double)toheight)
                    {
                        oh
= originalImage.Height;
                        ow
= originalImage.Height*towidth/toheight;
                        y
= 0;
                        x
= (originalImage.Width - ow)/2;
                    }
                   
else
                    {
                        ow
= originalImage.Width;
                        oh
= originalImage.Width*height/towidth;
                        x
= 0;
                        y
= (originalImage.Height - oh)/2;
                    }
                   
break;                   
               
default :
                   
break;
            }   
           
           
//新建一个bmp图片
            Image bitmap = new System.Drawing.Bitmap(towidth,toheight);

           
//新建一个画板
            Graphics g = System.Drawing.Graphics.FromImage(bitmap);

           
//设置高质量插值法
            g.InterpolationMode = System.Drawing.Drawing2D.InterpolationMode.High;

           
//设置高质量,低速度呈现平滑程度
            g.SmoothingMode = System.Drawing.Drawing2D.SmoothingMode.HighQuality;

           
//清空画布并以透明背景色填充
            g.Clear(Color.Transparent);       

           
//在指定位置并且按指定大小绘制原图片的指定部分
            g.DrawImage(originalImage, new Rectangle(0, 0, towidth, toheight),
               
new Rectangle(x, y, ow,oh),
                GraphicsUnit.Pixel);

           
try
            {           
               
//以jpg格式保存缩略图
                bitmap.Save(thumbnailPath, System.Drawing.Imaging.ImageFormat.Jpeg);
            }
           
catch(System.Exception e)
            {
               
throw e;
            }
           
finally
            {
                originalImage.Dispose();
                bitmap.Dispose();                       
                g.Dispose();
            }
        }

关键方法Graphics.DrawImage见ms-help://MS.NETFrameworkSDKv1.1.CHS/cpref/html/frlrfsystemdrawinggraphicsclassdrawimagetopic11.htm

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