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android系统PS2全键盘驱动(上)-使用linux的标准接口实现

标签: linuxandroidstructmoduleioinput
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    android的设备带全键盘的很少,即使带全键盘的也都是USB HID键盘的居多,我们的设备类似于上网本,需要一个全键盘,但是设备上只有两个USB host口,Wifi用掉一个,剩下的一个USB host被用来做鼠标或者U盘接口用。刚好所用的ARM芯片带的有PS2控制器,所以我们采用PS键盘。linux本身支持PS2协议,如果PS2键盘使用的是标准的第二套键盘扫描码

101 102 和104 键的键盘:

KEY

MAKE

BREAK

KEY

MAKE

BREAK

KEY

MAKE

BREAK

A

1C

F0,1C

9

46

F0,46

[

54

F0,54

B

32

F0,32

`

0E

F0,0E

INSERT

E0,70

E0,F0,70

C

21

F0,21

-

4E

F0,4E

HOME

E0,6C

E0,F0,6C

D

23

F0,23

=

55

F0,55

PG UP

E0,7D

E0,F0,7D

E

24

F0,24

\

5D

F0,5D

DELETE

E0,71

E0,F0,71

F

2B

F0,2B

BKSP

66

F0,66

END

E0,69

E0,F0,69

G

34

F0,34

SPACE

29

F0,29

PG DN

E0,7A

E0,F0,7A

H

33

F0,33

TAB

0D

F0,0D

U ARROW

E0,75

E0,F0,75

I

43

F0,43

CAPS

58

F0,58

L ARROW

E0,6B

E0,F0,6B

J

3B

F0,3B

L SHFT

12

F0,12

D ARROW

E0,72

E0,F0,72

K

42

F0,42

L CTRL

14

F0,14

R ARROW

E0,74

E0,F0,74

L

4B

F0,4B

L GUI

E0,1F

E0,F0,1F

NUM

77

F0,77

M

3A

F0,3A

L ALT

11

F0,11

KP /

E0,4A

E0,F0,4A

N

31

F0,31

R SHFT

59

F0,59

KP *

7C

F0,7C

O

44

F0,44

R CTRL

E0,14

E0,F0,14

KP -

7B

F0,7B

P

4D

F0,4D

R GUI

E0,27

E0,F0,27

KP +

79

F0,79

Q

15

F0,15

R ALT

E0,11

E0,F0,11

KP EN

E0,5A

E0,F0,5A

R

2D

F0,2D

APPS

E0,2F

E0,F0,2F

KP .

71

F0,71

S

1B

F0,1B

ENTER

5A

F0,5A

KP 0

70

F0,70

T

2C

F0,2C

ESC

76

F0,76

KP 1

69

F0,69

U

3C

F0,3C

F1

05

F0,05

KP 2

72

F0,72

V

2A

F0,2A

F2

06

F0,06

KP 3

7A

F0,7A

W

1D

F0,1D

F3

04

F0,04

KP 4

6B

F0,6B

X

22

F0,22

F4

0C

F0,0C

KP 5

73

F0,73

Y

35

F0,35

F5

03

F0,03

KP 6

74

F0,74

Z

1A

F0,1A

F6

0B

F0,0B

KP 7

6C

F0,6C

0

45

F0,45

F7

83

F0,83

KP 8

75

F0,75

1

16

F0,16

F8

0A

F0,0A

KP 9

7D

F0,7D

2

1E

F0,1E

F9

01

F0,01

]

5B

F0,5B

3

26

F0,26

F10

09

F0,09

;

4C

F0,4C

4

25

F0,25

F11

78

F0,78

'

52

F0,52

5

2E

F0,2E

F12

07

F0,07

,

41

F0,41

6

36

F0,36

PRNT

SCRN

E0,12,

E0,7C

E0,F0,7C,

E0,F0,12

.

49

F0,49

7

3D

F0,3D

SCROLL

7E

F0,7E

/

4A

F0,4A

8

3E

F0,3E

PAUSE

E1,14,77,E1F0,14,F0,77

-NONE

 

 

 

 

ACPI扫描码:

Key

Make Code

Break Code

Power

E0,37

E0, F0, 37

Sleep

E0,3F

E0, F0, 3F

Wake

E0,5E

E0, F0, 5E

 

Windows多媒体扫描码:

Key

Make Code

Break Cod

Next Track

E0, 4D

E0, F0, 4D

Previous Track

E0, 15

E0, F0, 15

Stop

E0, 3B

E0, F0, 3B

Play/Pause

E0, 34

E0, F0, 34

Mute

E0, 23

E0, F0, 23

Volume Up

E0, 32

E0, F0, 32

Volume Down

E0, 21

E0, F0, 21

Media Select

E0, 50

E0, F0, 50

E-Mail

E0, 48

E0, F0, 48

Calculator

E0, 2B

E0, F0, 2B

My Computer

E0, 40

E0, F0, 40

WWW Search

E0, 10

E0, F0, 10

WWW Home

E0, 3A

E0, F0, 3A

WWW Back

E0, 38

E0, F0, 38

WWW Forward

E0, 30

E0, F0, 30

WWW Stop

E0, 28

E0, F0, 28

WWW Refresh

E0, 20

E0, F0, 20

WWW Favorites

E0, 18

E0, F0, 18

 则可以使用linux自带的PS2键盘驱动,由于我的ARM芯片使用的PS2控制器是ARM公司提供的IP核,PS2 控制器的控制寄存器和状态寄存器可以参看ARM网站上的DDI0143.pdf(ARM PrimeCell PS2Keyboard/Mouse Interface (PL050))文档,实际上内核在\kernel\drivers\input\serio\目录下提供了PS2控制器的驱动文件ambakmi.c,没有的话网上也有下载。

/*
 *  linux/drivers/input/serio/ambakmi.c
 *
 *  Copyright (C) 2000-2003 Deep Blue Solutions Ltd.
 *  Copyright (C) 2002 Russell King.
 *
 * This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify
 * it under the terms of the GNU General Public License as published by
 * the Free Software Foundation; either version 2 of the License, or
 * (at your option) any later version.
 */
#include <linux/module.h>
#include <linux/init.h>
#include <linux/serio.h>
#include <linux/errno.h>
#include <linux/interrupt.h>
#include <linux/ioport.h>
#include <linux/device.h>
#include <linux/delay.h>
#include <linux/slab.h>
#include <linux/err.h>
#include <linux/amba/bus.h>
#include <linux/amba/kmi.h>
#include <linux/clk.h>
#include <linux/gpio.h>

#include <asm/io.h>
#include <asm/irq.h>

#define KMI_BASE	(kmi->base)

struct amba_kmi_port {
	struct serio		*io;
	struct clk		*clk;
	void __iomem		*base;
	unsigned int		irq;
	unsigned int		divisor;
	unsigned int		open;
};

static irqreturn_t amba_kmi_int(int irq, void *dev_id)
{
	struct amba_kmi_port *kmi = dev_id;
	unsigned int status = readb(KMIIR);
	int handled = IRQ_NONE;

	while (status & KMIIR_RXINTR) {
		serio_interrupt(kmi->io, readb(KMIDATA), 0);
		status = readb(KMIIR);
		handled = IRQ_HANDLED;
	}

	return handled;
}

static int amba_kmi_write(struct serio *io, unsigned char val)
{
	struct amba_kmi_port *kmi = io->port_data;
	unsigned int timeleft = 10000; /* timeout in 100ms */

	while ((readb(KMISTAT) & KMISTAT_TXEMPTY) == 0 && --timeleft)
		udelay(10);

	if (timeleft)
		writeb(val, KMIDATA);

	return timeleft ? 0 : SERIO_TIMEOUT;
}

static int amba_kmi_open(struct serio *io)
{
	struct amba_kmi_port *kmi = io->port_data;
	unsigned int divisor;
	int ret;

	int gpccon;
	
//	ret = clk_enable(kmi->clk);
//	if (ret)
	ret = readb(KMICR);//add by zhaojun
	if (ret & KMICR_EN)//add by zhaojun
		goto out;

//	divisor = clk_get_rate(kmi->clk) / 8000000 - 1;
	divisor = 0xf;//add by zhaojun
	writeb(divisor, KMICLKDIV);
	writeb(KMICR_EN, KMICR);

	// set gpc to pic function add by zhaojun
	imapx_gpio_setcfg(IMAPX_GPC_RANGE(4, 7), IG_CTRL0, IG_NORMAL);

	ret = request_irq(kmi->irq, amba_kmi_int, IRQF_DISABLED, "kmi-pl050", kmi);
	if (ret) {
		printk(KERN_ERR "kmi: failed to claim IRQ%d\n", kmi->irq);
		writeb(0, KMICR);
		goto clk_disable;
	}

	writeb(KMICR_EN | KMICR_RXINTREN, KMICR);

	return 0;

 clk_disable:
	clk_disable(kmi->clk);
 out:
	return ret;
}

static void amba_kmi_close(struct serio *io)
{
	struct amba_kmi_port *kmi = io->port_data;

	writeb(0, KMICR);

	free_irq(kmi->irq, kmi);
	clk_disable(kmi->clk);
}

static int amba_kmi_probe(struct amba_device *dev, struct amba_id *id)
{
	struct amba_kmi_port *kmi;
	struct serio *io;
	int ret;

	ret = amba_request_regions(dev, NULL);
	if (ret)
		return ret;

	kmi = kzalloc(sizeof(struct amba_kmi_port), GFP_KERNEL);
	io = kzalloc(sizeof(struct serio), GFP_KERNEL);
	if (!kmi || !io) {
		ret = -ENOMEM;
		goto out;
	}


	io->id.type	= SERIO_8042;
	io->write	= amba_kmi_write;
	io->open	= amba_kmi_open;
	io->close	= amba_kmi_close;
	strlcpy(io->name, dev_name(&dev->dev), sizeof(io->name));
	strlcpy(io->phys, dev_name(&dev->dev), sizeof(io->phys));
	io->port_data	= kmi;
	io->dev.parent	= &dev->dev;

	kmi->io 	= io;
	kmi->base	= ioremap(dev->res.start, resource_size(&dev->res));
	if (!kmi->base) {
		ret = -ENOMEM;
		goto out;
	}

//	if (IS_ERR(kmi->clk)) {
//		ret = PTR_ERR(kmi->clk);
//		goto unmap;
//	}

	kmi->irq = dev->irq[0];
	amba_set_drvdata(dev, kmi);

	serio_register_port(kmi->io);
	return 0;

//unmap:
//	iounmap(kmi->base);
 out:
	kfree(kmi);
	kfree(io);
	amba_release_regions(dev);
	return ret;
}

static int amba_kmi_remove(struct amba_device *dev)
{
	struct amba_kmi_port *kmi = amba_get_drvdata(dev);

	amba_set_drvdata(dev, NULL);

	serio_unregister_port(kmi->io);
	clk_put(kmi->clk);
	iounmap(kmi->base);
	kfree(kmi);
	amba_release_regions(dev);
	return 0;
}

static int amba_kmi_resume(struct amba_device *dev)
{
	struct amba_kmi_port *kmi = amba_get_drvdata(dev);

	/* kick the serio layer to rescan this port */
	serio_reconnect(kmi->io);

	return 0;
}

static struct amba_id amba_kmi_idtable[] = {
	{
		.id	= 0x00041050,
		.mask	= 0x000fffff,
	},
	{ 0, 0 }
};

static struct amba_driver ambakmi_driver = {
	.drv		= {
		.name	= "kmi-pl050",
	},
	.id_table	= amba_kmi_idtable,
	.probe		= amba_kmi_probe,
	.remove		= amba_kmi_remove,
	.resume		= amba_kmi_resume,
};

static int __init amba_kmi_init(void)
{
	return amba_driver_register(&ambakmi_driver);
}

static void __exit amba_kmi_exit(void)
{
	amba_driver_unregister(&ambakmi_driver);
}

module_init(amba_kmi_init);
module_exit(amba_kmi_exit);

MODULE_AUTHOR("Russell King <rmk@arm.linux.org.uk>");
MODULE_DESCRIPTION("AMBA KMI controller driver");
MODULE_LICENSE("GPL");

platform资源如下

struct amba_device imap_ps2_device = {
        .dev            = {
                .init_name = "kmi-pl050",
                .coherent_dma_mask = ~0,
        },
        .res            = {
                .start  = 0x20E70000,
                .end    = 0x20E71000,
                .flags  = IORESOURCE_MEM,
        },
        .irq            = { IRQ_PS2_0, NO_IRQ },
        .periphid       = 0x00041050,
};
EXPORT_SYMBOL(imap_ps2_device);

再用platform_add_devices函数在init_machine时加上这个设备即可。

        另外编译时需要选择上

-> Device Drivers                                                                                                                                           
        -> Input device support       

                ->keyboards

                        ->AT keyboard

------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

QQ:229425962

------------------------------------------------------------------------------------


 

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