ubuntu 12.04 升级到 14.04
[codee]1. sudo apt-get update
2. sudo apt-get dist-upgrade
3. update-manager -d 等待出现可用更新即可。[/codee]
从Ubuntu Kylin 13.10升级安装
- 按快捷键 Alt+F2并在命令窗口中输入“update manager”；
- 更新管理器会提示有新的14.04 LTS版本可供下载；
ROS Indigo ONLY supports Saucy (13.10) and Trusty (14.04) for debian packages
Setup your computer to accept software from packages.ros.org. ROS IndigoONLY supports Saucy (13.10) and Trusty (14.04) for debian packages.
Set up your keys
sudo apt-key adv --keyserver hkp://ha.pool.sks-keyservers.net --recv-key 0xB01FA116
First, make sure your Debian package index is up-to-date:
sudo apt-get update
If you are using Ubuntu Trusty 14.04.2 and experience dependency issues during the ROS installation, you may have to install some additional system dependencies.
Do not install these packages if you are using 14.04, it will destroy your X server:
sudo apt-get install xserver-xorg-dev-lts-utopic mesa-common-dev-lts-utopic libxatracker-dev-lts-utopic libopenvg1-mesa-dev-lts-utopic libgles2-mesa-dev-lts-utopic libgles1-mesa-dev-lts-utopic libgl1-mesa-dev-lts-utopic libgbm-dev-lts-utopic libegl1-mesa-dev-lts-utopic
Do not install the above packages if you are using 14.04, it will destroy your X server
Alternatively, try installing just this to fix dependency issues:
sudo apt-get install libgl1-mesa-dev-lts-utopic
There are many different libraries and tools in ROS. We provided four default configurations to get you started. You can also install ROS packages individually.
Indigo uses Gazebo 2 which is the default version of Gazebo on Trusty and is recommended. If you need to upgrade to Gazebo3 seethese instructions about how to upgrade the simulator.
sudo apt-get install ros-indigo-desktop-full
or click here
sudo apt-get install ros-indigo-desktop
or click here
ROS-Base: (Bare Bones) ROS package, build, and communication libraries. No GUI tools.
sudo apt-get install ros-indigo-ros-base
or click here
Individual Package: You can also install a specific ROS package (replace underscores with dashes of the package name):
sudo apt-get install ros-indigo-PACKAGEe.g.
sudo apt-get install ros-indigo-slam-gmapping
To find available packages, use:
apt-cache search ros-indigo
Before you can use ROS, you will need to initialize rosdep. rosdep enables you to easily install system dependencies for source you want to compile and is required to run some core components in ROS.
sudo rosdep init rosdep update
if $ sudo rosdep init // rosdep: command not found
sudo apt-get install python-pip
sudo pip install -U rosdep
sudo rosdep init
It's convenient if the ROS environment variables are automatically added to your bash session every time a new shell is launched:
echo "source /opt/ros/indigo/setup.bash" >> ~/.bashrc source ~/.bashrc
If you have more than one ROS distribution installed, ~/.bashrc must only source the setup.bash for the version you are currently using.
If you just want to change the environment of your current shell, you can type:
If you use zsh instead of bash you need to run the following commands to set up your shell:
echo "source /opt/ros/indigo/setup.zsh" >> ~/.zshrc source ~/.zshrc
rosinstall is a frequently used command-line tool in ROS that is distributed separately. It enables you to easily download many source trees for ROS packages with one command.
To install this tool on Ubuntu, run:
sudo apt-get install python-rosinstall
Build farm status
The packages that you installed were built by ROS build farm. You can check the status of individual packages here
Learning ROS for Robotics Programming Second Edition学习笔记(三) indigo rplidar rviz slam
--sudo apt-get install ros-indigo-rplidar-ros
--roslaunch rplidar_ros view_rplidar.launch
--roslaunch rplidar_ros view_slam.launch
--roslaunch rplidar_ros rplidar.launch
--roslaunch rplidar_ros gmapping.launch
注意：配置到“Integration with Ubuntu Software Center”之前就可以了！
sudo apt-key adv --keyserverhkp://ha.pool.sks-keyservers.net --recv-key 0xB01FA116