Python文本去重

用法:命令行python unique.py -f file.txt
输出:去除重复字符后的output.txt

# -*- coding:utf-8 -*-
#auther_cclarence_2016_4_6
#open file and read out the characters
from optparse import OptionParser
import sys
reload(sys)
sys.setdefaultencoding("utf-8")
def readfile(filename):
    try:
        f = open(filename)
    except Exception, e:
        print "No such file"
        exit(0)
    text = f.readlines()
    f.close()
    for i in range(0,len(text)-1):
        text[i] = text[i][:-1]
    return text
#deduplication
def unique(arr):
    arr1 = list(set(arr))
    arr1.sort(key = arr.index)
    return arr1
def main():
    parser = OptionParser()
    parser.add_option("-f", "--file", dest="filename",help="write report to FILE", metavar="FILE")
    (options, args) = parser.parse_args()
    filename = options.filename
    text = readfile(filename)
    text_dealed = unique(text)
    for i in range(0,len(text_dealed)-1):
        text_dealed[i] = text_dealed[i] +'\n'
    f = open("output.txt","w")
    f.writelines(text_dealed)
    f.close()
    deduplication_num = len(text) - len(text_dealed) 
    print "success"
    print "The num of data from the source file        :" + str(len(text))
    print "The num of data from the preprocessed file: :" + str(len(text_dealed))
    print "The num of data removed                     :" + str(deduplication_num)
if __name__ == '__main__':
    main()
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