Android studio实现简单的计算器

需求分析及概要设计


目的

开发一个简单的计算器App,使之能够完成加减乘除混合运算

工具及环境

使用java语言,在Android studio平台上进行开发

功能设计

  • “+”:实现两数相加
  • “-”:实现两数相减
  • “*”:实现两数相乘
  • “/”:实现两数相除
  • “=”:计算并得出正确结果
  • “C”:清屏
  • “Backspace”:倒退

设计思路

  1. 首先设计一个可视化的界面,供用户输入数据并查看结果。
  2. 用户可通过点击相应按钮输入正确的表达式(注意:这里只实现对正确表达式的计算
    处理),最后按"="得出正确结果。在计算过程中可以通过点击倒退键修改输入内容,
  3. 在进行下一次的运算之前必须先进行清零操作。
  4. 设计好的计算器应可以进行加减乘除混合四则运算,且可以进行小数和整数运算

详细设计

当用户点击按钮时,用SringBuilder变量记录其输入的运算式,并显示到文本区中。

当用户点击"="时,把文本区的运算式拿出来,首先将它内部的一个一个字节拼接成独立的运算数和运算符,然后存储在一个ArrayList数组中,接着再新建两个ArrayList数组,用来分别存放运算数和运算符,然后遍历存储运算式的ArrayList数组,把其中的运算数和运算符分别放进不同的ArrayList中,每一次放置运算符时,都要先和已存在的运算符进行比较,若要放进的运算符优先级低于或等于运算符数组中的运算符,则弹出一个运算符,并从运算数数组中弹出两个运算数,然后进行运算,并把结果送入运算数数组中,直到遇到比自己优先级低的运算符或运算符数组为空时,则送入该运算符。当遍历到运算式末尾时,依次弹出运算符中的运算符,并对应弹出运算数进行运算直到运算符数组为空,此时运算数数组中只有一个数据就是最终的结果

代码

MainAcivity.java

package com.example.qw.calculator;

import android.os.Bundle;
import android.support.v7.app.AppCompatActivity;
import android.view.View;
import android.widget.Button;
import android.widget.EditText;
import java.lang.reflect.Method;
import java.math.BigDecimal;
import java.util.ArrayList;
import java.util.List;

public class MainActivity extends AppCompatActivity{

    private  StringBuilder show_equation=new StringBuilder();//显示运算式
    private  ArrayList calculate_equation;//计算式
    private  int signal=0;//为0 时表示刚输入状态;为1 时表示当前在输出结果上继续输入
    @Override
    protected void onCreate(Bundle savedInstanceState) {
        super.onCreate(savedInstanceState);
        setContentView(R.layout.activity_main);
        //初始化
        show_equation=new StringBuilder();
        calculate_equation=new ArrayList<>();
        Button zero=(Button)findViewById(R.id.zero);
        Button one=(Button)findViewById(R.id.one);
        Button two=(Button)findViewById(R.id.two);
        Button three=(Button)findViewById(R.id.three);
        Button four=(Button)findViewById(R.id.four);
        Button five=(Button)findViewById(R.id.five);
        Button six=(Button)findViewById(R.id.six);
        Button seven=(Button)findViewById(R.id.seven);
        Button eight=(Button)findViewById(R.id.eight);
        Button nine=(Button)findViewById(R.id.nine);
        Button cls=(Button)findViewById(R.id.cls);
        Button div=(Button)findViewById(R.id.div);
        Button mul=(Button)findViewById(R.id.mul);
        Button backspace=(Button)findViewById(R.id.Backspace);
        Button sub=(Button)findViewById(R.id.sub);
        Button add=(Button)findViewById(R.id.add);
        final Button equal=(Button)findViewById(R.id.equal);
        final Button point=(Button)findViewById(R.id.spot);
        final EditText result=(EditText)findViewById(R.id.result);
        result.setCursorVisible(true);
        disableShowInput(result);
        //点击文本框时光标始终在文本末尾
        result.setOnClickListener(new View.OnClickListener() {
            @Override
            public void onClick(View view) {
                result.setSelection(result.getText().length());
            }
        });
        zero.setOnClickListener(new View.OnClickListener() {
            @Override
            public void onClick(View v){
                 if(!(show_equation.toString().equals("0"))){
                     if(signal==0){
                         show_equation.append("0");
                         result.setText(show_equation);
                         result.setSelection(result.getText().length());
                     }else{
                         show_equation.delete(0,show_equation.length());
                         show_equation.append("0");
                         result.setText(show_equation);
                         result.setSelection(result.getText().length());
                         signal=0;
                     }
                 }
            }
        });
        one.setOnClickListener(new View.OnClickListener() {
            @Override
            public void onClick(View v) {
                if(signal==0){
                    show_equation.append("1");
                    result.setText(show_equation);
                    result.setSelection(result.getText().length());
                }else{
                    show_equation.delete(0,show_equation.length());
                    show_equation.append("1");
                    result.setText(show_equation);
                    result.setSelection(result.getText().length());
                    signal=0;
                }
            }
        });
        two.setOnClickListener(new View.OnClickListener() {
            @Override
            public void onClick(View v) {
                if(signal==0){
                    show_equation.append("2");
                    result.setText(show_equation);
                    result.setSelection(result.getText().length());
                }else{
                    show_equation.delete(0,show_equation.length());
                    show_equation.append("2");
                    result.setText(show_equation);
                    result.setSelection(result.getText().length());
                    signal=0;
                }
            }
        });
        three.setOnClickListener(new View.OnClickListener() {
            @Override
            public void onClick(View v) {
                if(signal==0){
                    show_equation.append("3");
                    result.setText(show_equation);
                    result.setSelection(result.getText().length());
                }else{
                    show_equation.delete(0,show_equation.length());
                    show_equation.append("3");
                    result.setText(show_equation);
                    result.setSelection(result.getText().length());
                    signal=0;
                }
            }
        });
         four.setOnClickListener(new View.OnClickListener() {
            @Override
            public void onClick(View v) {
                if(signal==0){
                    show_equation.append("4");
                    result.setText(show_equation);
                    result.setSelection(result.getText().length());
                }else{
                    show_equation.delete(0,show_equation.length());
                    show_equation.append("4");
                    result.setText(show_equation);
                    result.setSelection(result.getText().length());
                    signal=0;
                }
            }
        });
        five.setOnClickListener(new View.OnClickListener() {
            @Override
            public void onClick(View v) {
                if(signal==0){
                    show_equation.append("5");
                    result.setText(show_equation);
                    result.setSelection(result.getText().length());
                }else{
                    show_equation.delete(0,show_equation.length());
                    show_equation.append("5");
                    result.setText(show_equation);
                    result.setSelection(result.getText().length());
                    signal=0;
                }
            }
        });
        six.setOnClickListener(new View.OnClickListener() {
            @Override
            public void onClick(View v) {
                if(signal==0){
                    show_equation.append("6");
                    result.setText(show_equation);
                    result.setSelection(result.getText().length());
                }else{
                    show_equation.delete(0,show_equation.length());
                    show_equation.append("6");
                    result.setText(show_equation);
                    result.setSelection(result.getText().length());
                    signal=0;
                }
            }
        });
        seven.setOnClickListener(new View.OnClickListener() {
            @Override
            public void onClick(View v) {
                if(signal==0){
                    show_equation.append("7");
                    result.setText(show_equation);
                    result.setSelection(result.getText().length());
                }else{
                    show_equation.delete(0,show_equation.length());
                    show_equation.append("7");
                    result.setText(show_equation);
                    result.setSelection(result.getText().length());
                    signal=0;
                }
            }
        });
        eight.setOnClickListener(new View.OnClickListener() {
            @Override
            public void onClick(View v) {
                if(signal==0){
                    show_equation.append("8");
                    result.setText(show_equation);
                    result.setSelection(result.getText().length());
                }else{
                    show_equation.delete(0,show_equation.length());
                    show_equation.append("8");
                    result.setText(show_equation);
                    result.setSelection(result.getText().length());
                    signal=0;
                }
            }
        });
        nine.setOnClickListener(new View.OnClickListener() {
            @Override
            public void onClick(View v) {
                if(signal==0){
                    show_equation.append("9");
                    result.setText(show_equation);
                    result.setSelection(result.getText().length());
                }else{
                    show_equation.delete(0,show_equation.length());
                    show_equation.append("9");
                    result.setText(show_equation);
                    result.setSelection(result.getText().length());
                    signal=0;
                }
            }
        });
        cls.setOnClickListener(new View.OnClickListener() {
            @Override
            public void onClick(View v) {
                show_equation.delete(0,show_equation.length());
                calculate_equation.clear();
                signal=0;
                result.setText("");
            }
        });
        backspace.setOnClickListener(new View.OnClickListener() {
            @Override
            public void onClick(View v) {
                if(!(show_equation.toString().equals(""))) {
                    if(signal==0){
                        show_equation.deleteCharAt(show_equation.length() - 1);
                        result.setText(show_equation);
                        result.setSelection(result.getText().length());
                    }else{
                        show_equation.delete(0,show_equation.length());
                        result.setText("");
                        signal=0;
                    }
                }
            }
        });
        point.setOnClickListener(new View.OnClickListener() {
            @Override
            public void onClick(View v) {
                if(signal==0){
                    String a=show_equation.toString();
                    if(a.equals("")){
                        show_equation.append(".");
                        result.setText(show_equation);
                        result.setSelection(result.getText().length());
                    }else{
                        int i;
                        char t='0';
                        for(i=a.length();i>0;i--){
                            t=a.charAt(i-1);
                            if(t=='.'||t=='+'||t=='-'||t=='*'||t=='/')
                                break;
                        }
                        if(i==0){
                            show_equation.append(".");
                            result.setText(show_equation);
                            result.setSelection(result.getText().length());
                        }else if(t=='+'||t=='-'||t=='*'||t=='/'){
                            show_equation.append(".");
                            result.setText(show_equation);
                            result.setSelection(result.getText().length());
                        }
                    }
                }else{
                    show_equation.delete(0,show_equation.length());
                    show_equation.append(".");
                    result.setText(".");
                    result.setSelection(result.getText().length());
                    signal=0;
                }
            }
        });

        equal.setOnClickListener(new View.OnClickListener() {
            @Override
            public void onClick(View v) {
                //判断用户是否输入了内容
                if(!show_equation.toString().equals("")){
                    signal=1;
                    char temp=show_equation.charAt(show_equation.length()-1);
                    if(show_equation.charAt(0)=='-')
                        show_equation.insert(0,"0");
                    if(temp=='+'||temp=='-')
                        show_equation.append("0");
                    if(temp=='*'||temp=='/')
                        show_equation.append("1");
                    StringBuilder temp1=new StringBuilder();
                    for(int i=0;i<show_equation.length();i++){
                        if(show_equation.charAt(i)>='0'&&show_equation.charAt(i)<='9'||show_equation.charAt(i)=='.'){
                            temp1.append(String.valueOf(show_equation.charAt(i)));
                        }else if(show_equation.charAt(i)=='N'){
                            calculate_equation.add("NaN");
                            //跳过2个字符
                            i=i+2;
                        }else if(show_equation.charAt(i)=='∞'){
                            calculate_equation.add("∞");
                        }
                        else
                        {
                            if(temp1.length()!=0){
                                calculate_equation.add(temp1.toString());
                                temp1.delete(0,temp1.length());
                            }
                            calculate_equation.add(String.valueOf(show_equation.charAt(i)));
                        }
                    }
                    if(temp1.length()!=0){
                        calculate_equation.add(temp1.toString());
                    }
                    calculate_equation.add("#");
                    String temp8=calculate(calculate_equation);
                    result.setText(temp8);
                    result.setSelection(result.getText().length());
                    show_equation.delete(0,show_equation.length());
                    calculate_equation.clear();
                    show_equation.append(temp8);
                }
            }
        });
        add.setOnClickListener(new View.OnClickListener() {
            @Override
            public void onClick(View v) {
                //判断用户是否输入了内容
                if(!(show_equation.toString().equals(""))) {
                    signal=0;
                    char temp=show_equation.charAt(show_equation.length()-1);
                    if(temp=='+'||temp=='-'||temp=='*'||temp=='/')
                    {
                        show_equation.deleteCharAt(show_equation.length()-1);
                        show_equation.append("+");
                    }
                    else
                        show_equation.append("+");
                    result.setText(show_equation);
                    result.setSelection(result.getText().length());
                }
            }
        });
        sub.setOnClickListener(new View.OnClickListener() {
            @Override
            public void onClick(View v) {
                //判断用户是否输入了内容
                if(!(show_equation.toString().equals(""))) {
                    signal=0;
                    char temp=show_equation.charAt(show_equation.length()-1);
                    if(temp=='+'||temp=='-'||temp=='*'||temp=='/')
                    {
                        show_equation.deleteCharAt(show_equation.length()-1);
                        show_equation.append("-");
                    }
                    else
                        show_equation.append("-");
                    result.setText(show_equation);
                    result.setSelection(result.getText().length());
                }
            }
        });

        mul.setOnClickListener(new View.OnClickListener() {
            @Override
            public void onClick(View v) {
                //判断用户是否输入了内容
                if(!(show_equation.toString().equals(""))) {
                    signal=0;
                    char temp=show_equation.charAt(show_equation.length()-1);
                    if(temp=='+'||temp=='-'||temp=='*'||temp=='/')
                    {
                        show_equation.deleteCharAt(show_equation.length()-1);
                        show_equation.append("*");
                    }
                    else
                        show_equation.append("*");
                    result.setText(show_equation);
                    result.setSelection(result.getText().length());
                }
            }
        });

        div.setOnClickListener(new View.OnClickListener() {
            @Override
            public void onClick(View v) {
                //判断用户是否输入了内容
                if(!(show_equation.toString().equals(""))) {
                    signal=0;
                    char temp=show_equation.charAt(show_equation.length()-1);
                    if(temp=='+'||temp=='-'||temp=='*'||temp=='/')
                    {
                        show_equation.deleteCharAt(show_equation.length()-1);
                        show_equation.append("/");
                    }
                    else
                        show_equation.append("/");
                    result.setText(show_equation);
                    result.setSelection(result.getText().length());
                }
            }
        });
    }
    protected boolean operatorPriorityCompare(char operator1,char operator2)
    {
        int o1=0;
        int o2=0;
        switch (operator1){
            case '+':{o1=0;break;}
            case '-':{o1=0;break;}
            case '*':{o1=1;break;}
            case '/':{o1=1;break;}
        }
        switch (operator2){
            case '+':{o2=0;break;}
            case '-':{o2=0;break;}
            case '*':{o2=1;break;}
            case '/':{o2=1;break;}
        }
        if(o1<=o2)
        {
            return false;
        }
        else
            return true;
    }
    //相加
    public static Double Add(Double d1,Double d2) {
        if(d1==Double.NEGATIVE_INFINITY||d1==Double.POSITIVE_INFINITY||d2==Double.NEGATIVE_INFINITY||d2==Double.POSITIVE_INFINITY){
            return d1+d2;
        }
        if(String.valueOf(d1).equals("NaN")||String.valueOf(d1).equals("NaN")){
            return d1+d2;
        }
        BigDecimal b1 = new BigDecimal(Double.toString(d1));
        BigDecimal b2 = new BigDecimal(Double.toString(d2));
        return b1.add(b2).doubleValue();
    }
    //相减
    public static Double Sub(Double d1,Double d2){
        if(d1==Double.NEGATIVE_INFINITY||d1==Double.POSITIVE_INFINITY||d2==Double.NEGATIVE_INFINITY||d2==Double.POSITIVE_INFINITY){
            return d1-d2;
        }
        if(String.valueOf(d1).equals("NaN")||String.valueOf(d1).equals("NaN")){
            return d1-d2;
        }
        if(String.valueOf(d1).equals("NaN")||String.valueOf(d1).equals("NaN")){
            return d1*d2;
        }
        BigDecimal b1=new BigDecimal(Double.toString(d1));
        BigDecimal b2=new BigDecimal(Double.toString(d2));
        return b1.subtract(b2).doubleValue();
    }
    //相乘
    public static Double Mul(Double d1,Double d2){
        if(d1==Double.NEGATIVE_INFINITY||d1==Double.POSITIVE_INFINITY||d2==Double.NEGATIVE_INFINITY||d2==Double.POSITIVE_INFINITY){
            return d1*d2;
        }
        if(String.valueOf(d1).equals("NaN")||String.valueOf(d1).equals("NaN")){
            return d1*d2;
        }
        BigDecimal b1=new BigDecimal(Double.toString(d1));
        BigDecimal b2=new BigDecimal(Double.toString(d2));
        return b1.multiply(b2).setScale(8).doubleValue();
    }
    //相除
    public static Double Div(Double d1,Double d2){
        if(d1==Double.NEGATIVE_INFINITY||d1==Double.POSITIVE_INFINITY||d2==Double.NEGATIVE_INFINITY||d2==Double.POSITIVE_INFINITY){
            return d1/d2;
        }
        if(String.valueOf(d1).equals("NaN")||String.valueOf(d1).equals("NaN")){
            return d1/d2;
        }
        if(d1==0.0&&d2==0.0){
            return Double.NaN;
        }
        if(d2==0.0){
            return d1/d2;
        }
        BigDecimal b1=new BigDecimal(Double.toString(d1));
        BigDecimal b2=new BigDecimal(Double.toString(d2));
        return b1.divide(b2,8,BigDecimal.ROUND_HALF_UP).doubleValue();
    }
    protected String calculate(ArrayList equation){
        Double temp2;
        Double temp3;
        Double result;
        List operator=new ArrayList();
        List<Double> operand=new ArrayList();
        for(int i=0;i<equation.size();i++)
        {
            String temp4=(String) equation.get(i);
            if(temp4.equals("+")||temp4.equals("-")||temp4.equals("*")||temp4.equals("/"))
            {
                if(operator.size()>0)
                {
                    String temp5=operator.get(operator.size()-1).toString();
                    while(!(operatorPriorityCompare(temp4.charAt(0),temp5.charAt(0)))&&operator.size()>0)
                    {
                        operator.remove(operator.size()-1);
                        temp3=operand.get(operand.size()-1);
                        operand.remove(operand.size()-1);
                        temp2=operand.get(operand.size()-1);
                        operand.remove(operand.size()-1);
                        switch (temp5.charAt(0)){
                            case '+':{result=Add(temp2,temp3);operand.add(result);break;}
                            case '-':{result=Sub(temp2,temp3);operand.add(result);break;}
                            case '*':{result=Mul(temp2,temp3);operand.add(result);break;}
                            case '/':{result=Div(temp2,temp3);operand.add(result);break;}
                        }
                        if(operator.size()>0)
                        {
                            temp5=operator.get(operator.size()-1).toString();
                        }
                        else
                            break;
                    }
                    operator.add(temp4);
                }
                else
                    operator.add(temp4);
            }
            else if(temp4.equals("#"))
            {
                while(operator.size()>0)
                {
                    String temp6=(String)operator.get(operator.size()-1);
                    operator.remove(operator.size()-1);
                    temp3=operand.get(operand.size()-1);
                    operand.remove(operand.size()-1);
                    temp2=operand.get(operand.size()-1);
                    operand.remove(operand.size()-1);
                    switch (temp6.charAt(0)){
                        case '+':{result=Add(temp2,temp3);operand.add(result);break;}
                        case '-':{result=Sub(temp2,temp3);operand.add(result);break;}
                        case '*':{result=Mul(temp2,temp3);operand.add(result);break;}
                        case '/':{result=Div(temp2,temp3);operand.add(result);break;}
                    }
                }
            }
            else
            {
                if(temp4.equals("NaN")){
                    operand.add(Double.NaN);
                }else if(temp4.equals("∞")){
                    operand.add(Double.POSITIVE_INFINITY);
                }else{
                    operand.add(Double.parseDouble(temp4));
                }
            }
        }
        if(operand.get(0)==Double.NEGATIVE_INFINITY) return "-∞";
        if(operand.get(0)==Double.POSITIVE_INFINITY) return "∞";
        return operand.get(0).toString();
    }
    //当API最低版小于21时使用这个函数实现点击文本框不弹出键盘
    public void disableShowInput(EditText et) {
        Class<EditText> cls = EditText.class;
        Method method;
        try {
            method = cls.getMethod("setShowSoftInputOnFocus", boolean.class);
            method.setAccessible(true);
            method.invoke(et, false);
        } catch (Exception e) {
            e.printStackTrace();
        }
    }
}


activity_main.xml

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="utf-8"?>
<LinearLayout xmlns:android="http://schemas.android.com/apk/res/android"
    android:orientation="vertical"
    android:layout_width="match_parent"
    android:layout_height="match_parent">

    <EditText
        android:id="@+id/result"
        android:layout_width="match_parent"
        android:layout_height="wrap_content"
        android:textSize="40sp"
        android:enabled="false"/>
    <LinearLayout
        android:layout_width="match_parent"
        android:layout_height="0dp"
        android:layout_weight="1"
        android:orientation="horizontal">

        <Button
            android:id="@+id/cls"
            android:layout_width="0dp"
            android:layout_height="match_parent"
            android:layout_weight="1"
            android:textSize="20sp"
            android:text="C"
            android:background="@drawable/buttonstytle"
            android:textColor="#ffffff"/>
        <Button
            android:id="@+id/div"
            android:layout_width="0dp"
            android:layout_height="match_parent"
            android:layout_weight="1"
            android:textSize="20sp"
            android:text="/"
            android:background="@drawable/buttonstytle"
            android:textColor="#ffffff"/>
        <Button
            android:id="@+id/mul"
            android:layout_width="0dp"
            android:layout_height="match_parent"
            android:layout_weight="1"
            android:textSize="20sp"
            android:text="*"
            android:background="@drawable/buttonstytle"
            android:textColor="#ffffff"/>
        <Button
            android:id="@+id/Backspace"
            android:layout_width="0dp"
            android:layout_height="match_parent"
            android:layout_weight="1"
            android:textSize="20sp"
            android:text="Backspace"
            android:textAllCaps="false"
            android:background="@drawable/buttonstytle"
            android:textColor="#ffffff"/>
    </LinearLayout>

    <LinearLayout
        android:layout_width="match_parent"
        android:layout_height="0dp"
        android:layout_weight="1"
        android:orientation="horizontal">

        <Button
            android:id="@+id/seven"
            android:layout_width="0dp"
            android:layout_height="match_parent"
            android:layout_weight="1"
            android:textSize="20sp"
            android:text="7"
            android:background="@drawable/buttonstytle"
            android:textColor="#ffffff"/>
        <Button
            android:id="@+id/eight"
            android:layout_width="0dp"
            android:layout_height="match_parent"
            android:layout_weight="1"
            android:textSize="20sp"
            android:text="8"
            android:background="@drawable/buttonstytle"
            android:textColor="#ffffff"/>
        <Button
            android:id="@+id/nine"
            android:layout_width="0dp"
            android:layout_height="match_parent"
            android:layout_weight="1"
            android:textSize="20sp"
            android:text="9"
            android:background="@drawable/buttonstytle"
            android:textColor="#ffffff"/>
        <Button
            android:id="@+id/sub"
            android:layout_width="0dp"
            android:layout_height="match_parent"
            android:layout_weight="1"
            android:textSize="20sp"
            android:text="-"
            android:background="@drawable/buttonstytle"
            android:textColor="#ffffff"/>
    </LinearLayout>

    <LinearLayout
        android:layout_width="match_parent"
        android:layout_height="0dp"
        android:layout_weight="1"
        android:orientation="horizontal">

        <Button
            android:id="@+id/four"
            android:layout_width="0dp"
            android:layout_height="match_parent"
            android:layout_weight="1"
            android:textSize="20sp"
            android:text="4"
            android:background="@drawable/buttonstytle"
            android:textColor="#ffffff"/>
        <Button
            android:id="@+id/five"
            android:layout_width="0dp"
            android:layout_height="match_parent"
            android:layout_weight="1"
            android:textSize="20sp"
            android:text="5"
            android:background="@drawable/buttonstytle"
            android:textColor="#ffffff"/>
        <Button
            android:id="@+id/six"
            android:layout_width="0dp"
            android:layout_height="match_parent"
            android:layout_weight="1"
            android:textSize="20sp"
            android:text="6"
            android:background="@drawable/buttonstytle"
            android:textColor="#ffffff"/>
        <Button
            android:id="@+id/add"
            android:layout_width="0dp"
            android:layout_height="match_parent"
            android:layout_weight="1"
            android:textSize="20sp"
            android:text="+"
            android:background="@drawable/buttonstytle"
            android:textColor="#ffffff"/>
    </LinearLayout>

    <LinearLayout
        android:layout_width="match_parent"
        android:layout_height="0dp"
        android:layout_weight="2"
        android:orientation="horizontal">

        <LinearLayout
            android:layout_width="0dp"
            android:layout_height="match_parent"
            android:layout_weight="1"
            android:orientation="vertical">

            <LinearLayout
                android:layout_width="match_parent"
                android:layout_height="1dp"
                android:layout_weight="1"
                android:orientation="horizontal">
                <Button
                    android:id="@+id/one"
                    android:layout_width="0dp"
                    android:layout_height="match_parent"
                    android:layout_weight="1"
                    android:textSize="20sp"
                    android:text="1"
                    android:background="@drawable/buttonstytle"
                    android:textColor="#ffffff"/>
                <Button
                    android:id="@+id/two"
                    android:layout_width="0dp"
                    android:layout_height="match_parent"
                    android:layout_weight="1"
                    android:textSize="20sp"
                    android:text="2"
                    android:background="@drawable/buttonstytle"
                    android:textColor="#ffffff"/>
            </LinearLayout>
            <LinearLayout
                android:layout_width="match_parent"
                android:layout_height="1dp"
                android:layout_weight="1">
                <Button
                    android:id="@+id/zero"
                    android:layout_width="match_parent"
                    android:layout_height="match_parent"
                    android:text="0"
                    android:textSize="20sp"
                    android:background="@drawable/buttonstytle"
                    android:textColor="#ffffff"/>
            </LinearLayout>
        </LinearLayout>
        <LinearLayout
            android:layout_width="0dp"
            android:layout_height="match_parent"
            android:layout_weight="1"
            android:orientation="horizontal">
            <LinearLayout
                android:layout_width="0dp"
                android:layout_height="match_parent"
                android:layout_weight="1"
                android:orientation="vertical">
                <Button
                    android:id="@+id/three"
                    android:layout_width="match_parent"
                    android:layout_height="1dp"
                    android:layout_weight="1"
                    android:text="3"
                    android:textSize="20sp"
                    android:background="@drawable/buttonstytle"
                    android:textColor="#ffffff"/>
                <Button
                    android:id="@+id/spot"
                    android:layout_width="match_parent"
                    android:layout_height="1dp"
                    android:layout_weight="1"
                    android:text="."
                    android:textSize="20sp"
                    android:background="@drawable/buttonstytle"
                    android:textColor="#ffffff"/>
            </LinearLayout>
            <LinearLayout
                android:layout_width="0dp"
                android:layout_height="match_parent"
                android:layout_weight="1">
                <Button
                    android:id="@+id/equal"
                    android:layout_width="match_parent"
                    android:layout_height="match_parent"
                    android:text="="
                    android:textSize="20sp"
                    android:background="@drawable/buttonstytle"
                    android:textColor="#ffffff"/>
            </LinearLayout>
    </LinearLayout>
</LinearLayout>
    </LinearLayout>

buttonstytle.xml

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="utf-8"?>
<shape xmlns:android="http://schemas.android.com/apk/res/android" >
    <!-- 主体背景颜色值 -->
    <solid android:color="#666666" />
    <!-- 连框宽度和颜色值 -->
    <stroke
        android:width="0.01dp"
        android:color="#FFFFFF" />
</shape>

####结果分析
启动计算器并输入运算式“59.0-8/46+2”如下图:
这里写图片描述

结果如下图:
这里写图片描述

总结

这次做计算器收获很大,首先我对Android studio中的布局有了更深刻的认识,其次在这次编程中熟悉了怎么设置断点调试以快速的找出问题所在。当然,这次的作品也是不够成熟的,因为没有做有关错误表达式的相应处理,因为时间和精力有限,这次只能先做这么多了

注: 今天没事又看了一下这个代码,发现问题很多,简直是惨不忍睹(希望没坑到你们)。比如直接按加、减、乘、除和等号键及后退键会闪退,刚开始一直按 “0” 可以一直输入0,同一个数中可以输入多个小数点等等,我感到很惭愧哈,本人能力有限,不过还是抽时间又改了一下,修复了这些bug,另外也优化了一些东西,上面贴的代码我已经更新了,GitHub上的源码我很快也会更新的,哪里做的不好也希望大家不吝赐教哈 -2018/11/5

链接:源代码下载地址

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