BZOJ4999 JZOJ5112【usaco2017_Mar Platinum】Switch Grass

Description

Farmer John has recently been experimenting with cultivating different types of grass on his farm, realizing that different types of cows like different types of grass. However, he must be careful to ensure that different types of grass are planted sufficiently far away from each-other, in order to prevent them from being inextricably mixed.

FJ’s farm consists of N fields (1N200,000), where M pairs of fields are connected by bi-directional pathways (1M200,000). Using these pathways, it is possible to walk from any field to any other field. Each pathway has an integer length in the range 11,000,000. Any pair of fields will be linked by at most one direct pathway.

In each field, FJ initially plants one of K types of grass (1KN). Over time, however, he might decide to switch the grass in some field to a different type. He calls this an “update” operation. He might perform several updates over the course of time, which are all cumulative in nature.

After each update, FJ would like to know the length of the shortest path between two fields having different grass types. That is, among all pairs of fields having different grass types, he wants to know which two are closest. Ideally, this number is large, so he can prevent grass of one type from mixing with grass of another type. It is guaranteed that the farm will always have at least two fields with different grass types.

In 30 percent of the input cases, each field will be directly connected to at most 10 pathways.

Input

The first line of input contains four integers, N, M, K, and Q, where Q is the number of updates (1Q200,000). The next M lines describe the paths; each one contains three integers A, B, and L, indicating a path from field A to field B (both integers in the range 1N) of length L. The next line indicates the initial type of grass growing in each field (N integers in the range 1K). Finally, the last Q lines each describe an update, specified by two integers A and B, where the grass in field A is to be updated to type B.

Output

For each update, print the length of the shortest path between two fields with different types of grass, after the update is applied.

Sample Input

3 2 3 4
1 2 3
2 3 1
1 1 2
3 3
2 3
1 2
2 2

Sample Output

1
3
3
1


吹水:

第一次在JZOJ上做全英文的模拟赛,虽然以前在USACO已经做了几场,但这次感觉还是不一样的,并且一上来就是USACO三月全新的铂金组,挺有挑战。

题目大意:

估计也没有人想去翻译题目。
给出一个联通无向图,没有重边,每条边有一个正权值,每个点有一个颜色,每次修改一个点的颜色,求新图中连接两个颜色不同的点的路径的最短距离。

题解:

性质1:最短路径一定就是一条边,我想不用解释了。
性质2:答案一定在原图的最小生成树的某一条边上,这个也很好想,假设x,y颜色不同,有一条连接它们的边、在最小生成树外,那么x,y在最小生成树上的路径上一定有一条边两点颜色不同。
我们需要每个点到它不同颜色子节点的最小值,再把每个点的最小值用数据结构(堆)维护一个最小值。
每个点,每个颜色,开一个堆,表示这个点的这个颜色的子节点的值的情况。
每个点,再开一个堆,一个颜色只会在堆里出现,表示它这个颜色到那个的最小值。
要知道每个点到它不同颜色子节点的最小值,就判断它到所有颜色的子节点的最小值是否和它的颜色相等,相等就去最小。

然后怎么就发现怎么是O(n^3 log n)的呢?
颜色用map,堆用multiset,然后就发现是O(n log n)。

Code:

#include<map>
#include<set>
#include<cstdio>
#include<cstring>
#include<algorithm>
#define fo(i, x, y) for(int i = x; i <= y; i ++)
using namespace std;

const int Maxn = 200005, INF = 1e9;

typedef pair<int, int> P;
typedef multiset<int> T;
typedef map<int, T> M;
M a[Maxn];
multiset<P> b[Maxn];
T c;

struct node {
    int x, y, z;
}bb[Maxn];
int n, m, k, q, x, y, z, color[Maxn], f[Maxn], bz[Maxn], fa[Maxn], fav[Maxn], d[Maxn];
int final[Maxn], tot;
struct egde {
    int to, next, v;
}e[Maxn * 2];

void read(int &x) {
    char ch = ' '; x = 0;
    for(;ch < '0' || ch > '9'; ch = getchar());
    for(;ch >= '0' && ch <= '9'; ch = getchar()) x = x * 10 + ch - 48;
}

bool rank_b(node a, node b) {return a.z < b.z;}
int find(int x) {return f[x] == x ? x : (f[x] = find(f[x]));}
void link(int x, int y, int z) {
    e[++ tot].next = final[x], e[tot].to = y, e[tot].v = z, final[x] = tot;
    e[++ tot].next = final[y], e[tot].to = x, e[tot].v = z, final[y] = tot;
}

void Init() {
    scanf("%d %d %d %d", &n, &m, &k, &q);
    fo(i, 1, m) {
        read(bb[i].x); read(bb[i].y); read(bb[i].z);
    } 
    fo(i, 1, n) read(color[i]);
}

multiset<P> :: iterator it;

void Gai_d(int x) {
    if(d[x] != INF) c.erase(c.find(d[x]));
    P v = (*b[x].begin()); it = b[x].begin();
    int o = b[x].size();
    if((v.second == color[x] && o == 1) || !o) d[x] = INF; else {
        if(v.second == color[x]) d[x] = (*(++ it)).first; else d[x] = (*it).first;
        c.insert(d[x]);
    }
}

void Gai(int x, int y, int z, int bz, int c1, int c2) {
    int u = *a[x][c1].begin(), v = a[x][c1].size();
    if(v) b[x].erase(b[x].find(make_pair(u, c1)));
    if(bz) a[x][c1].erase(a[x][c1].find(z));
    if(!a[x][c1].empty()) b[x].insert(make_pair(, c1));
    if(!a[x][c2].empty()) b[x].erase(b[x].find(make_pair(*a[x][c2].begin(), c2)));
    a[x][c2].insert(z);
    b[x].insert(make_pair(*a[x][c2].begin(), c2));
    Gai_d(x);
}


void dg_mak(int x) {
    bz[x] = 1;
    for(int k = final[x]; k; k = e[k].next) {
        int y = e[k].to, z = e[k].v; if(bz[y]) continue;
        Gai(x, y, z, 0, color[y], color[y]);
        fa[y] = x; fav[y] = z; dg_mak(y);
    }
}

void Build() {
    sort(bb + 1, bb + m + 1, rank_b);
    fo(i, 1, n) f[i] = i;
    fo(i, 1, m) {
        x = bb[i].x, y = bb[i].y, z = bb[i].z;
        if(find(x) != find(y)) {
            f[f[x]] = f[y];
            link(x, y, z);
        }
    }
    fo(i, 1, n) d[i] = INF;
    dg_mak(1);
}

void End() {
    fo(i, 1, q) {
        read(x); read(y);
        if(fa[x]) Gai(fa[x], x, fav[x], 1, color[x], y);
        color[x] = y; Gai_d(x);
        printf("%d\n", (*c.begin()));
    }
}

int main() {
    freopen("grass.in", "r", stdin);
    freopen("grass.out", "w", stdout);
    Init();
    Build();
    End();
}
发布了410 篇原创文章 · 获赞 378 · 访问量 17万+
展开阅读全文

没有更多推荐了,返回首页

©️2019 CSDN 皮肤主题: 深蓝海洋 设计师: CSDN官方博客

分享到微信朋友圈

×

扫一扫,手机浏览