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【课程笔记】快速上手Linux玩转典型应用——慕课网(Linux基本配置)

今天开始同时更新Linux入门课程。之前自己一直都是带着研究过一阵子Linux,但是研究的不是很透彻,这里正好在微信的公众号中下载到了慕课网的快速上手Linux的视频,正好开始学习一下。
整个视频是基于CentOS 7 进行讲解的。这里的话为了和视频课程一致,我采用的是VirtualBox进行安装,虽然我的ParallelDesktop在macOS下也有,但是为了和课程一致。

这里的话Linux采用Minimum进行安装,仅仅采用命令行的形式。
除此以外,由于我使用的是macOS系统,XShell命令行软件没有支援,这里的话经过我的尝试,找到了一款优秀的国产软件FinalShell可以实现和XShell几乎一样的功能,可以在macOS系统下替代XShell进行操作。强力安利一下。

下面课程主要的SSH操作过程我直接写在下面:


连接成功
Last login: Mon Apr 16 06:56:30 2018
[root@localhost ~]# ifconfig
enp0s3: flags=4163<UP,BROADCAST,RUNNING,MULTICAST>  mtu 1500
        inet 192.168.0.114  netmask 255.255.255.0  broadcast 192.168.0.255
        inet6 fe80::a7cc:ad45:300c:bbfe  prefixlen 64  scopeid 0x20<link>
        ether 08:00:27:9d:62:ed  txqueuelen 1000  (Ethernet)
        RX packets 887  bytes 77760 (75.9 KiB)
        RX errors 0  dropped 0  overruns 0  frame 0
        TX packets 783  bytes 103340 (100.9 KiB)
        TX errors 0  dropped 0 overruns 0  carrier 0  collisions 0

lo: flags=73<UP,LOOPBACK,RUNNING>  mtu 65536
        inet 127.0.0.1  netmask 255.0.0.0
        inet6 ::1  prefixlen 128  scopeid 0x10<host>
        loop  txqueuelen 1  (Local Loopback)
        RX packets 4  bytes 340 (340.0 B)
        RX errors 0  dropped 0  overruns 0  frame 0
        TX packets 4  bytes 340 (340.0 B)
        TX errors 0  dropped 0 overruns 0  carrier 0  collisions 0

[root@localhost ~]# ifconfig
enp0s3: flags=4163<UP,BROADCAST,RUNNING,MULTICAST>  mtu 1500
        inet 192.168.0.114  netmask 255.255.255.0  broadcast 192.168.0.255
        inet6 fe80::a7cc:ad45:300c:bbfe  prefixlen 64  scopeid 0x20<link>
        ether 08:00:27:9d:62:ed  txqueuelen 1000  (Ethernet)
        RX packets 2077  bytes 167670 (163.7 KiB)
        RX errors 0  dropped 0  overruns 0  frame 0
        TX packets 1837  bytes 229744 (224.3 KiB)
        TX errors 0  dropped 0 overruns 0  carrier 0  collisions 0

lo: flags=73<UP,LOOPBACK,RUNNING>  mtu 65536
        inet 127.0.0.1  netmask 255.0.0.0
        inet6 ::1  prefixlen 128  scopeid 0x10<host>
        loop  txqueuelen 1  (Local Loopback)
        RX packets 4  bytes 340 (340.0 B)
        RX errors 0  dropped 0  overruns 0  frame 0
        TX packets 4  bytes 340 (340.0 B)
        TX errors 0  dropped 0 overruns 0  carrier 0  collisions 0

[root@localhost ~]# cat /etc/redhat-release 
CentOS Linux release 7.3.1611 (Core) 
[root@localhost ~]# mv /etc/yum.repos.d/CentOS-Base.repo /etc/yum.repos.d/CentOS-Base.repo.backup
[root@localhost ~]# wget
-bash: wget: 未找到命令
[root@localhost ~]# 
[root@localhost ~]# 
[root@localhost ~]# yum install wget
已加载插件:fastestmirror
Loading mirror speeds from cached hostfile
There are no enabled repos.
 Run "yum repolist all" to see the repos you have.
 To enable Red Hat Subscription Management repositories:
     subscription-manager repos --enable <repo>
 To enable custom repositories:
     yum-config-manager --enable <repo>
[root@localhost ~]# yum install wget
已加载插件:fastestmirror
Loading mirror speeds from cached hostfile
There are no enabled repos.
 Run "yum repolist all" to see the repos you have.
 To enable Red Hat Subscription Management repositories:
     subscription-manager repos --enable <repo>
 To enable custom repositories:
     yum-config-manager --enable <repo>
[root@localhost ~]# wget
-bash: wget: 未找到命令
[root@localhost ~]# wget
-bash: wget: 未找到命令
[root@localhost ~]# yum install wget
已加载插件:fastestmirror
Loading mirror speeds from cached hostfile
There are no enabled repos.
 Run "yum repolist all" to see the repos you have.
 To enable Red Hat Subscription Management repositories:
     subscription-manager repos --enable <repo>
 To enable custom repositories:
     yum-config-manager --enable <repo>
[root@localhost ~]#  mv /etc/yum.repos.d/CentOS-Base.repo /etc/yum.repos.d/CentOS-Base.repo.backup
mv: 无法获取"/etc/yum.repos.d/CentOS-Base.repo" 的文件状态(stat): 没有那个文件或目录
[root@localhost ~]#  mv /etc/yum.repos.d/CentOS-Base.repo.backup /etc/yum.repos.d/CentOS-Base.repo
[root@localhost ~]# yum install wget
已加载插件:fastestmirror
Loading mirror speeds from cached hostfile
 * base: mirrors.aliyun.com
 * extras: mirrors.aliyun.com
 * updates: mirrors.aliyun.com
正在解决依赖关系
--> 正在检查事务
---> 软件包 wget.x86_64.0.1.14-15.el7_4.1 将被 安装
--> 解决依赖关系完成

依赖关系解决

========================================================================================
 Package         架构              版本                        源                  大小
========================================================================================
正在安装:
 wget            x86_64            1.14-15.el7_4.1             updates            547 k

事务概要
========================================================================================
安装  1 软件包

总下载量:547 k
安装大小:2.0 M
Is this ok [y/d/N]: y
Downloading packages:
wget-1.14-15.el7_4.1.x86_64.rpm                                  | 547 kB  00:00:00     
Running transaction check
Running transaction test
Transaction test succeeded
Running transaction
  正在安装    : wget-1.14-15.el7_4.1.x86_64                                         1/1 
  验证中      : wget-1.14-15.el7_4.1.x86_64                                         1/1 

已安装:
  wget.x86_64 0:1.14-15.el7_4.1                                                         

完毕!
[root@localhost ~]#  mv /etc/yum.repos.d/CentOS-Base.repo /etc/yum.repos.d/CentOS-Base.repo.backup
[root@localhost ~]# cd /etc/yum.repos.d/
[root@localhost yum.repos.d]# wget http://mirrors.163.com/.help/CentOS7-Base-163.repo
--2018-04-16 07:10:33--  http://mirrors.163.com/.help/CentOS7-Base-163.repo
正在解析主机 mirrors.163.com (mirrors.163.com)... 59.111.0.251
正在连接 mirrors.163.com (mirrors.163.com)|59.111.0.251|:80... 已连接。
已发出 HTTP 请求,正在等待回应... 200 OK
长度:1572 (1.5K) [application/octet-stream]
正在保存至: “CentOS7-Base-163.repo”

100%[==============================================>] 1,572       --.-K/s 用时 0s      

2018-04-16 07:10:33 (208 MB/s) - 已保存 “CentOS7-Base-163.repo” [1572/1572])

[root@localhost yum.repos.d]# yum clean all
已加载插件:fastestmirror
正在清理软件源: base extras updates
Cleaning up everything
Cleaning up list of fastest mirrors
[root@localhost yum.repos.d]# yum makecache
已加载插件:fastestmirror
base                                                             | 3.6 kB  00:00:00     
extras                                                           | 3.4 kB  00:00:00     
updates                                                          | 3.4 kB  00:00:00     
(1/12): base/7/x86_64/group_gz                                   | 156 kB  00:00:00     
(2/12): base/7/x86_64/primary_db                                 | 5.7 MB  00:00:00     
(3/12): base/7/x86_64/filelists_db                               | 6.7 MB  00:00:00     
(4/12): base/7/x86_64/other_db                                   | 2.5 MB  00:00:00     
(5/12): extras/7/x86_64/filelists_db                             | 709 kB  00:00:00     
(6/12): extras/7/x86_64/primary_db                               | 185 kB  00:00:00     
(7/12): extras/7/x86_64/other_db                                 | 121 kB  00:00:00     
(8/12): updates/7/x86_64/prestodelta                             | 960 kB  00:00:00     
(9/12): updates/7/x86_64/primary_db                              | 6.9 MB  00:00:00     
(10/12): updates/7/x86_64/filelists_db                           | 4.2 MB  00:00:00     
(11/12): updates/7/x86_64/other_db                               | 734 kB  00:00:00     
(12/12): extras/7/x86_64/prestodelta                             | 129 kB  00:00:01     
Determining fastest mirrors
元数据缓存已建立
[root@localhost yum.repos.d]# yum install vim
已加载插件:fastestmirror
Loading mirror speeds from cached hostfile
软件包 2:vim-enhanced-7.4.160-2.el7.x86_64 已安装并且是最新版本
无须任何处理
[root@localhost yum.repos.d]# yum install vim
已加载插件:fastestmirror
Loading mirror speeds from cached hostfile
软件包 2:vim-enhanced-7.4.160-2.el7.x86_64 已安装并且是最新版本
无须任何处理
[root@localhost yum.repos.d]# ls
CentOS7-Base-163.repo    CentOS-Debuginfo.repo  CentOS-Sources.repo
CentOS-Base.repo.backup  CentOS-fasttrack.repo  CentOS-Vault.repo
CentOS-CR.repo           CentOS-Media.repo
[root@localhost yum.repos.d]# vim /etc/sysconfig/network-scripts/ifcfg-enp0s3 
[root@localhost yum.repos.d]# 
[root@localhost yum.repos.d]# 
[root@localhost yum.repos.d]# 
[root@localhost yum.repos.d]# 
[root@localhost yum.repos.d]# 
[root@localhost yum.repos.d]# 
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