797. All Paths From Source to Target**

797. All Paths From Source to Target**

https://leetcode.com/problems/all-paths-from-source-to-target/

题目描述

Given a directed, acyclic graph of N nodes. Find all possible paths from node 0 to node N-1, and return them in any order.

The graph is given as follows: the nodes are 0, 1, ..., graph.length - 1. graph[i] is a list of all nodes j for which the edge (i, j) exists.

Example:

Input: [[1,2], [3], [3], []] 
Output: [[0,1,3],[0,2,3]] 
Explanation: The graph looks like this:
0--->1
|    |
v    v
2--->3
There are two paths: 0 -> 1 -> 3 and 0 -> 2 -> 3.

Note:

  • The number of nodes in the graph will be in the range [2, 15].
  • You can print different paths in any order, but you should keep the order of nodes inside one path.

C++ 实现 1

使用 DFS + Backtracing. 由于 Graph 是有向无环图, 可以不用考虑已经访问 neighbors 会有自己的问题. 由于 path 的目标是从 0 -> N - 1 的所有路径, 起始点始终是 0, 而终点始终是 N - 1, 因此只有当 path.back() == N - 1 时, 才将结果加入到 res 中.

class Solution {
private:
    void dfs(const vector<vector<int>> &graph,
             int node,
             vector<int> &path, vector<vector<int>> &res) {
        if (path.back() == graph.size() - 1) {
            res.push_back(path);
            return;
        }
        auto neighbors = graph[node];
        for (auto &n : neighbors) {
            path.push_back(n);
            dfs(graph, n, path, res);
            path.pop_back();
        }
    }
public:
    vector<vector<int>> allPathsSourceTarget(vector<vector<int>>& graph) {
        vector<int> path{0};
        vector<vector<int>> res;
        dfs(graph, 0, path, res);
        return res;
    }
};
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