OS:Ubuntu Server 18.04
sudo apt update
sudo apt install mysql-server
VALIDATE PASSWORD PLUGIN can be used to test passwords
and improve security. It checks the strength of password
and allows the users to set only those passwords which are
secure enough. Would you like to setup VALIDATE PASSWORD plugin?
Press y|Y for Yes, any other key for No:
Please set the password for root here.
Re-enter new password:
By default, a MySQL installation has an anonymous user,
allowing anyone to log into MySQL without having to have
a user account created for them. This is intended only for
testing, and to make the installation go a bit smoother.
You should remove them before moving into a production
Remove anonymous users? (Press y|Y for Yes, any other key for No) :
Normally, root should only be allowed to connect from
‘localhost’. This ensures that someone cannot guess at
the root password from the network.
Disallow root login remotely? (Press y|Y for Yes, any other key for No) :
By default, MySQL comes with a database named ‘test’ that
anyone can access. This is also intended only for testing,
and should be removed before moving into a production
Remove test database and access to it? (Press y|Y for Yes, any other key for No) :
Reloading the privilege tables will ensure that all changes
made so far will take effect immediately.
Reload privilege tables now? (Press y|Y for Yes, any other key for No) :
systemctl status mysql.service
● mysql.service - MySQL Community Server
Loaded: loaded (/lib/systemd/system/mysql.service; enabled; vendor preset: enabled)
Active: active (running) since Sun 2018-10-14 11:21:31 UTC; 31min ago
Main PID: 9327 (mysqld)
Tasks: 29 (limit: 2292)
└─9327 /usr/sbin/mysqld --daemonize --pid-file=/run/mysqld/mysqld.pid
Oct 14 11:21:30 ntech systemd: Starting MySQL Community Server…
Oct 14 11:21:31 ntech systemd: Started MySQL Community Server.
sudo mysql -uroot -p
update user set host=’%’ where user=‘root’;
GRANT ALL PRIVILEGES ON . TO ‘root’@’%’ IDENTIFIED BY ‘’ WITH GRANT OPTION;
将“bind-address = 127.0.0.1”注释
sudo /etc/init.d/mysql restart