spring cloud 入门实践系列 - zuul源码理解

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从两条线分析zuul的源代码

1 启动加载配置

ZuulProxyConfiguration

2 请求访问zuul服务
http://172.16.153.1:8963/firstapi/firstapi/speak?words=zxlhgggggggg

列表内容

StandardHostValve invoke方法 (tomcat) 入口

DispatcherServlet 类的doDispatch方法 拦截

protected void doDispatch(HttpServletRequest request, HttpServletResponse response) throws Exception {
...
try {
                processedRequest = checkMultipart(request);
                multipartRequestParsed = (processedRequest != request);

                // Determine handler for the current request.
                mappedHandler = getHandler(processedRequest);
                if (mappedHandler == null || mappedHandler.getHandler() == null) {
                    noHandlerFound(processedRequest, response);
                    return;
                }
                ...
}


protected HandlerExecutionChain getHandler(HttpServletRequest request) throws Exception {
        for (HandlerMapping hm : this.handlerMappings) {
            if (logger.isTraceEnabled()) {
                logger.trace(
                        "Testing handler map [" + hm + "] in DispatcherServlet with name '" + getServletName() + "'");
            }
            HandlerExecutionChain handler = hm.getHandler(request);
            if (handler != null) {
                return handler;
            }
        }
        return null;
    }

AbstractHandlerMapping 类的getHandler方法

public final HandlerExecutionChain getHandler(HttpServletRequest request) throws Exception {
        Object handler = getHandlerInternal(request);
        if (handler == null) {
            handler = getDefaultHandler();
        }
        if (handler == null) {
            return null;
        }
        // Bean name or resolved handler?
        if (handler instanceof String) {
            String handlerName = (String) handler;
            handler = getApplicationContext().getBean(handlerName);
        }

        HandlerExecutionChain executionChain = getHandlerExecutionChain(handler, request);
        if (CorsUtils.isCorsRequest(request)) {
            CorsConfiguration globalConfig = this.corsConfigSource.getCorsConfiguration(request);
            CorsConfiguration handlerConfig = getCorsConfiguration(handler, request);
            CorsConfiguration config = (globalConfig != null ? globalConfig.combine(handlerConfig) : handlerConfig);
            executionChain = getCorsHandlerExecutionChain(request, executionChain, config);
        }
        return executionChain;
    }

AbstractUrlHandlerMapping 类的getHandlerInternal方法

protected Object getHandlerInternal(HttpServletRequest request) throws Exception {
        String lookupPath = getUrlPathHelper().getLookupPathForRequest(request);
        Object handler = lookupHandler(lookupPath, request);
        if (handler == null) {
            // We need to care for the default handler directly, since we need to
            // expose the PATH_WITHIN_HANDLER_MAPPING_ATTRIBUTE for it as well.
            Object rawHandler = null;
            if ("/".equals(lookupPath)) {
                rawHandler = getRootHandler();
            }
            if (rawHandler == null) {
                rawHandler = getDefaultHandler();
            }
            if (rawHandler != null) {
                // Bean name or resolved handler?
                if (rawHandler instanceof String) {
                    String handlerName = (String) rawHandler;
                    rawHandler = getApplicationContext().getBean(handlerName);
                }
                validateHandler(rawHandler, request);
                handler = buildPathExposingHandler(rawHandler, lookupPath, lookupPath, null);
            }
        }
        if (handler != null && logger.isDebugEnabled()) {
            logger.debug("Mapping [" + lookupPath + "] to " + handler);
        }
        else if (handler == null && logger.isTraceEnabled()) {
            logger.trace("No handler mapping found for [" + lookupPath + "]");
        }
        return handler;
    }

ZuulHandlerMapping 类的lookupHandler方法

    protected Object lookupHandler(String urlPath, HttpServletRequest request) throws Exception {
        if (this.errorController != null && urlPath.equals(this.errorController.getErrorPath())) {
            return null;
        }
        String[] ignored = this.routeLocator.getIgnoredPaths().toArray(new String[0]);
        if (PatternMatchUtils.simpleMatch(ignored, urlPath)) {
            return null;
        }
        RequestContext ctx = RequestContext.getCurrentContext();
        if (ctx.containsKey("forward.to")) {
            return null;
        }
        if (this.dirty) {
            synchronized (this) {
                if (this.dirty) {
                    registerHandlers();
                    this.dirty = false;
                }
            }
        }
        return super.lookupHandler(urlPath, request);
    }

最终是在super的lookupHandler方法中找到handler了,也就是在AbstractUrlHandlerMapping类的lookupHandler方法中获取到。
这里写图片描述
可见path最终都是映射到同一个handler即ZuulController。

ZuulController handler

public class ZuulController extends ServletWrappingController {

    public ZuulController() {
        setServletClass(ZuulServlet.class);
        setServletName("zuul");
        setSupportedMethods((String[]) null); // Allow all
    }

    @Override
    public ModelAndView handleRequest(HttpServletRequest request, HttpServletResponse response) throws Exception {
        try {
            // We don't care about the other features of the base class, just want to
            // handle the request
            return super.handleRequestInternal(request, response);
        }
        finally {
            // @see com.netflix.zuul.context.ContextLifecycleFilter.doFilter
            RequestContext.getCurrentContext().unset();
        }
    }

}

ServletWrappingController handleRequestInternal

protected ModelAndView handleRequestInternal(HttpServletRequest request, HttpServletResponse response)
            throws Exception {

        this.servletInstance.service(request, response);
        return null;
    }

ZuulServlet handler

@Override
    public void service(javax.servlet.ServletRequest servletRequest, javax.servlet.ServletResponse servletResponse) throws ServletException, IOException {
        try {
            init((HttpServletRequest) servletRequest, (HttpServletResponse) servletResponse);
            RequestContext context = RequestContext.getCurrentContext();
            context.setZuulEngineRan();

            try {
                preRoute();
            } catch (ZuulException e) {
                error(e);
                postRoute();
                return;
            }
            try {
                route();
            } catch (ZuulException e) {
                error(e);
                postRoute();
                return;
            }
            try {
                postRoute();
            } catch (ZuulException e) {
                error(e);
                return;
            }

        } catch (Throwable e) {
            error(new ZuulException(e, 500, "UNHANDLED_EXCEPTION_" + e.getClass().getName()));
        } finally {
            RequestContext.getCurrentContext().unset();
        }
    }

ZuulRunner

  public void preRoute() throws ZuulException {
        FilterProcessor.getInstance().preRoute();
    }
  public void route() throws ZuulException {
        FilterProcessor.getInstance().route();
    }
  public void postRoute() throws ZuulException {
        FilterProcessor.getInstance().postRoute();
    }

FilterProcessor

   public void preRoute() throws ZuulException {
        try {
            runFilters("pre");
        } catch (ZuulException e) {
            throw e;
        } catch (Throwable e) {
            throw new ZuulException(e, 500, "UNCAUGHT_EXCEPTION_IN_PRE_FILTER_" + e.getClass().getName());
        }
    }
       public void route() throws ZuulException {
        try {
            runFilters("route");
        } catch (ZuulException e) {
            throw e;
        } catch (Throwable e) {
            throw new ZuulException(e, 500, "UNCAUGHT_EXCEPTION_IN_ROUTE_FILTER_" + e.getClass().getName());
        }
    }
  public void postRoute() throws ZuulException {
        try {
            runFilters("post");
        } catch (ZuulException e) {
            throw e;
        } catch (Throwable e) {
            throw new ZuulException(e, 500, "UNCAUGHT_EXCEPTION_IN_POST_FILTER_" + e.getClass().getName());
        }
    }
public Object runFilters(String sType) throws Throwable {
        if (RequestContext.getCurrentContext().debugRouting()) {
            Debug.addRoutingDebug("Invoking {" + sType + "} type filters");
        }
        boolean bResult = false;
        List<ZuulFilter> list = FilterLoader.getInstance().getFiltersByType(sType);
        if (list != null) {
            for (int i = 0; i < list.size(); i++) {
                ZuulFilter zuulFilter = list.get(i);
                Object result = processZuulFilter(zuulFilter);
                if (result != null && result instanceof Boolean) {
                    bResult |= ((Boolean) result);
                }
            }
        }
        return bResult;
    }

pre包含如下filter
这里写图片描述
route包含如下filter
这里写图片描述
post包含如下filter
这里写图片描述

那么对远程服务调用的封装,也是在Filter里面,我们可以看下

@Override
    public Object run() {
        RequestContext context = RequestContext.getCurrentContext();
        this.helper.addIgnoredHeaders();
        try {
            RibbonCommandContext commandContext = buildCommandContext(context);
            ClientHttpResponse response = forward(commandContext);
            setResponse(response);
            return response;
        }
        catch (ZuulException ex) {
            throw new ZuulRuntimeException(ex);
        }
        catch (Exception ex) {
            throw new ZuulRuntimeException(ex);
        }
    }
protected ClientHttpResponse forward(RibbonCommandContext context) throws Exception {
        Map<String, Object> info = this.helper.debug(context.getMethod(),
                context.getUri(), context.getHeaders(), context.getParams(),
                context.getRequestEntity());

        RibbonCommand command = this.ribbonCommandFactory.create(context);
        try {
            ClientHttpResponse response = command.execute();
            this.helper.appendDebug(info, response.getStatusCode().value(),
                    response.getHeaders());
            return response;
        }
        catch (HystrixRuntimeException ex) {
            return handleException(info, ex);
        }

    }

forward方法中的command.execute即是对远程服务的调用。

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