Java实现简易计算器

大二实训终于结束了,为了纪念一下这一个月来的努力,接下来几篇博客,就把实训的东西拿出来写一下吧。首先,为了让我们熟悉一下java的语法,就要弄一个简易的计算器。

题目

这里写图片描述

实现结果

最后实现起来也和题目的要求差不多,数字由用户自己输入,同时加多了一点儿用户非法输入的处理。实现结果图如下:

这里写图片描述

代码分析

对于熟悉了Java的伙伴来说,实现这个计算器真的不难,所以,代码分析这里,也只是针对刚学Java的伙伴进行讲解。至于数字的输入处理,比较简单,就不多说了。对于运算符号的处理,对每个运算符号button增加一个事件监听器,当点击该button的时候,运算符设置成相应的值(加、减、乘、除),并刷新表达式中运算符的显示。加号的处理如下:(其他运算符类似)

add = new JButton("+");                     //第二排各Button的实例化,排版和事件监听处理
        add.setBounds(10, 70, 50, 50);
        add.addActionListener(new ActionListener() {
            @Override
            public void actionPerformed(ActionEvent e) {
                operator = '+';
                operand.setText("+");
            }
        });

由于在JTextField中输入的数字,是字符串类型的,所以,在处理的时候,需要把字符串类型转换为数字,处理如下:

//字符串转化为数字的处理,异常输入的处理
    private double numPaser(String str) {
        if(str.equals("")) {
            JOptionPane.showMessageDialog(null, "NO NUMBER", "ALERT", JOptionPane.WARNING_MESSAGE);
            return 0;
        }
        double number = 0;
        try {
            number = Double.valueOf(str);
        } catch(Exception e) {
            JOptionPane.showMessageDialog(null, "NOT NUMBER!", "ALERT", JOptionPane.WARNING_MESSAGE);
            number = 0;
        } 
        return number;
    }

最后,附上完整代码。

import java.awt.event.ActionEvent;
import java.awt.event.ActionListener;

import javax.swing.JButton;
import javax.swing.JFrame;
import javax.swing.JLabel;
import javax.swing.JOptionPane;
import javax.swing.JTextField;

public class EasyCalculator {
    //主面板
    private JFrame frame = null;
    //数字输入面板
    private JTextField firstNum = null;
    private JTextField secondNum = null;
    //操作数显示面板
    private JLabel operand = null;
    private JLabel equalSign = null;
    private JLabel result = null;
    //操作点击按钮
    private JButton add = null;
    private JButton sub = null;
    private JButton mul = null;
    private JButton div = null;
    private JButton OK = null;
    //数字和操作数存储
    private double fNumber = 0;
    private double sNumber = 0;
    private double rNumber = 0;
    private char operator = '+';

    public EasyCalculator() {
        frame = new JFrame("Easy Calculator");      //建立窗口
        frame.setLayout(null);

        firstNum = new JTextField();                //第一排各组件的实例化和排版
        firstNum.setBounds(10, 10, 50, 50);

        operand = new JLabel("+", JLabel.CENTER);
        operand.setBounds(70, 10, 50, 50);

        secondNum = new JTextField();
        secondNum.setBounds(130, 10, 50, 50);   

        equalSign = new JLabel("=", JLabel.CENTER);
        equalSign.setBounds(190, 10, 50, 50);

        result = new JLabel("res");
        result.setBounds(250, 10, 80, 50);

        add = new JButton("+");                     //第二排各Button的实例化,排版和事件监听处理
        add.setBounds(10, 70, 50, 50);
        add.addActionListener(new ActionListener() {
            @Override
            public void actionPerformed(ActionEvent e) {
                operator = '+';
                operand.setText("+");
            }
        });

        sub = new JButton("-");
        sub.setBounds(70, 70, 50, 50);
        sub.addActionListener(new ActionListener() {
            @Override
            public void actionPerformed(ActionEvent e) {
                operator = '-';
                operand.setText("-");
            }
        });

        mul = new JButton("*");
        mul.setBounds(130, 70, 50, 50);
        mul.addActionListener(new ActionListener() {
            @Override
            public void actionPerformed(ActionEvent e) {
                operator = '*';
                operand.setText("*");
            }
        });

        div = new JButton("/");
        div.setBounds(190, 70, 50, 50);
        div.addActionListener(new ActionListener() {
            @Override
            public void actionPerformed(ActionEvent e) {
                operator = '/';
                operand.setText("/");
            }
        });

        OK = new JButton("OK");
        OK.setBounds(250, 70, 80, 50);
        OK.addActionListener(new ActionListener() {
            @Override
            public void actionPerformed(ActionEvent e) {
                fNumber = numPaser(firstNum.getText());//获取输入的两个操作数
                sNumber = numPaser(secondNum.getText());
                switch (operator) {
                    case '+': 
                        rNumber = fNumber + sNumber;
                        break;
                    case '-':
                        rNumber = fNumber - sNumber;
                        break;
                    case '*':
                        rNumber = fNumber * sNumber;
                        break;
                    case '/':
                        rNumber = fNumber / sNumber;
                        break;
                }
                result.setText(String.valueOf(rNumber));//更改输出的结果           
            }
        });

        //将上述实例化的各个组件添加到窗口中
        frame.add(firstNum);
        frame.add(operand);
        frame.add(secondNum);
        frame.add(equalSign);
        frame.add(result);
        frame.add(add);
        frame.add(sub);
        frame.add(mul);
        frame.add(div);
        frame.add(OK);
        //窗口属性的设置
        frame.setSize(350, 160);
        frame.setLocationRelativeTo(null);
        frame.setResizable(false);
        frame.setDefaultCloseOperation(3);
        frame.setVisible(true);
    }
    //字符串转化为数字的处理,异常输入的处理
    private double numPaser(String str) {
        if(str.equals("")) {
            JOptionPane.showMessageDialog(null, "NO NUMBER", "ALERT", JOptionPane.WARNING_MESSAGE);
            return 0;
        }
        double number = 0;
        try {
            number = Double.valueOf(str);
        } catch(Exception e) {
            JOptionPane.showMessageDialog(null, "NOT NUMBER!", "ALERT", JOptionPane.WARNING_MESSAGE);
            number = 0;
        } 
        return number;
    }
    //主函数,实例化计算器
    public static void main(String[] args) {
        new EasyCalculator();
    }
}
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文章标签: java
个人分类: 大二实训 Java
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