# Codeforces 327C 快速幂+等比数列求和+乘法逆元

There is a long plate s containing n digits. Iahub wants to delete some digits (possibly none, but he is not allowed to delete all the digits) to form his “magic number” on the plate, a number that is divisible by 5. Note that, the resulting number may contain leading zeros.

Now Iahub wants to count the number of ways he can obtain magic number, modulo 1000000007 (109 + 7). Two ways are different, if the set of deleted positions in s differs.

Look at the input part of the statement, s is given in a special form.

Input
In the first line you’re given a string a (1 ≤ |a| ≤ 105), containing digits only. In the second line you’re given an integer k (1 ≤ k ≤ 109). The plate s is formed by concatenating k copies of a together. That is n = |a|·k.

Output
Print a single integer — the required number of ways modulo 1000000007 (109 + 7).

## 题意

有一个循环了n次字符串a，a中的字符均为数字。



## 思路

先说一个基本但必须用到的结论：若一个数是5的倍数，则它末位是5的倍数（即为5或0）。

=2^(p-1)+2^(p+len-1)+...+2^(p+len*(n-1)-1)
=2^(p-1)*[2^0+2^len+...+2^(len*(n-1))]

http://www.cnblogs.com/tiankonguse/archive/2012/08/14/2638949.html

PS.变量最好用long long，如果一个int和一个long long相乘可能会出错。


## 代码

#include<stdio.h>
#include<cstring>
using namespace std;
const long long mod=1000000007;
long long fastpow(long long b,long long p,long long k) {
b%=k;
long long ret=1;
while(p) {
if(p&1) ret=(ret%k)*(b%k)%k;
p>>=1;
b=(b%k)*(b%k)%k;
}
return ret%mod;
}
char a[1000001];
int main() {
//  freopen("data.txt","r",stdin);
long long k,len;
gets(a);
scanf("%I64d",&k);
len=strlen(a);
long long ans=0;
for(int i=0; i<len; i++) {
if(a[i]=='5' || a[i]=='0') {
ans=(ans+fastpow(2,i,mod))%mod;
}
}
long long tmp=fastpow(2,len,mod)%mod;
long long p=fastpow(2,len*k,mod)%mod;
tmp=((1-tmp)%mod+mod)%mod;
tmp=fastpow(tmp,mod-2,mod);
p=((1-p)%mod+mod)%mod;
ans=(ans*p)%mod*tmp%mod;
//  if(a[0]=='8' && a[1]=='4')  printf("%I64d %I64d ",tmp,p);
printf("%I64d",ans);
return 0;
}
/*
27755776656210607832788619414635535178188775623838313967013958143619017005079991285469853503718562504927535176713879737569375166451462839457844835806559098448980069427607
151
*/

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