分享了iOS获取通讯录的4种方式

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本文实例为大家分享了iOS获取通讯录的4种方式,供大家参考,具体内容如下

使用场景

一些App通过手机号码来推荐好友,如 微博、支付宝

首先客户端会获取通讯录中的所有手机号然后将这些手机号提交到App服务器中,服务器会查找每个手机号对应的App账号如QQ号码返回到客户端,然后客户端根据服务器返回的账号列表来推荐好友。

获取联系人方式

方案一:AddressBookUI.framework框架 

提供了联系人列表界面、联系人详情界面、添加联系人界面等
一般用于选择联系人

方案二:AddressBook.framework框架: 
没有提供UI界面,需要自己搭建联系人界面
纯C语言的API, 仅仅是获得联系人数据
大部分数据类型是Core Foundation
从iOS6 开始,需要得到用户的授权才能访问通讯录

方案三:第三方框架:RHAddressBook 
对 AddressBook.framework 进行封装

方案四:iOS9.0最新通讯录框架 
ContactsUI.framework : 方案1的替代品,特点: 面向对象,使用简单,有界面
Contacts.framework: 方案2的替代品, 特点:面向对象,使用简单,五界面

方案一:AddressBookUI.framework

实现步骤:

1.创建选择联系人的控制器
2.设置代理:用来接收用户选择的联系人信息
3.弹出联系人控制器
4.实现代理方法
5.在对应的代理方法中获取联系人信息

AddressBook.frame实现步骤:

1.请求授权
2.判断授权状态如果已授权则继续,如果未授权则提示用户
3.创建通讯录对象
4.从通讯录中获取所有的联系人
5.遍历所有的联系人
6.释放不再使用的对象

AddreesBook.framework具体实现:

1. AppDelegate 应用启动时请求授权

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#import "AppDelegate.h"
#import <AddressBook/AddressBook.h>
 
@interface AppDelegate ()
 
@end
 
@implementation AppDelegate
 
- ( BOOL )application:(UIApplication *)application didFinishLaunchingWithOptions:(NSDictionary *)launchOptions {
  // Override point for customization after application launch.
 
  [self requestAuthorizationAddressBook];
  return YES;
}
 
 
- ( void )requestAuthorizationAddressBook {
  // 判断是否授权
  ABAuthorizationStatus authorizationStatus = ABAddressBookGetAuthorizationStatus();
  if (authorizationStatus == kABAuthorizationStatusNotDetermined) {
   // 请求授权
   ABAddressBookRef addressBookRef = ABAddressBookCreate();
   ABAddressBookRequestAccessWithCompletion(addressBookRef, ^( bool granted, CFErrorRef error) {
    if (granted) { // 授权成功
 
    } else // 授权失败
     NSLog(@ "授权失败!" );
    }
   });
  }
}
@end

2. iOS10 需要在Info.plist配置NSContactsUsageDescription

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<key>NSContactsUsageDescription</key>
<string>请求访问通讯录</string>

3. ViewController

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#import "ViewController.h"
#import <AddressBook/AddressBook.h>
 
@interface ViewController ()
 
@end
 
@implementation ViewController
 
- ( void )viewDidLoad {
  [super viewDidLoad];
}
 
- ( void )touchesBegan:(NSSet<UITouch *> *)touches withEvent:(UIEvent *)event {
  // 1. 判读授权
  ABAuthorizationStatus authorizationStatus = ABAddressBookGetAuthorizationStatus();
  if (authorizationStatus != kABAuthorizationStatusAuthorized) {
 
   NSLog(@ "没有授权" );
   return ;
  }
 
  // 2. 获取所有联系人
  ABAddressBookRef addressBookRef = ABAddressBookCreate();
  CFArrayRef arrayRef = ABAddressBookCopyArrayOfAllPeople(addressBookRef);
  long count = CFArrayGetCount(arrayRef);
  for ( int i = 0; i < count; i++) {
   //获取联系人对象的引用
   ABRecordRef people = CFArrayGetValueAtIndex(arrayRef, i);
 
   //获取当前联系人名字
   NSString *firstName=(__bridge NSString *)(ABRecordCopyValue(people, kABPersonFirstNameProperty));
 
   //获取当前联系人姓氏
   NSString *lastName=(__bridge NSString *)(ABRecordCopyValue(people, kABPersonLastNameProperty));
   NSLog(@ "--------------------------------------------------" );
   NSLog(@ "firstName=%@, lastName=%@" , firstName, lastName);
 
   //获取当前联系人的电话 数组
   NSMutaleArray *phoneArray = [[NSMutableArray alloc]init];
   ABMultiValueRef phones = ABRecordCopyValue(people, kABPersonPhoneProperty);
   for (NSInteger j=0; j<ABMultiValueGetCount(phones); j++) {
    NSString *phone = (__bridge NSString *)(ABMultiValueCopyValueAtIndex(phones, j));
    NSLog(@ "phone=%@" , phone);
    [phoneArray addObject:phone];
   }
 
   //获取当前联系人的邮箱 注意是数组
   NSMutableArray *emailArray = [[NSMutableArray alloc]init];
   ABMultiValueRef emails= ABRecordCopyValue(people, kABPersonEmailProperty);
   for (NSInteger j=0; j<ABMultiValueGetCount(emails); j++) {
    NSString *email = (__bridge NSString *)(ABMultiValueCopyValueAtIndex(emails, j));
    NSLog(@ "email=%@" , email);
    [emailArray addObject:email];
   }
//获取当前联系人中间名
   NSString *middleName=(__bridge NSString*)(ABRecordCopyValue(people, kABPersonMiddleNameProperty));
   //获取当前联系人的名字前缀
   NSString *prefix=(__bridge NSString*)(ABRecordCopyValue(people, kABPersonPrefixProperty));
 
   //获取当前联系人的名字后缀
   NSString *suffix=(__bridge NSString*)(ABRecordCopyValue(people, kABPersonSuffixProperty));
 
   //获取当前联系人的昵称
   NSString *nickName=(__bridge NSString*)(ABRecordCopyValue(people, kABPersonNicknameProperty));
 
   //获取当前联系人的名字拼音
   NSString *firstNamePhoneic=(__bridge NSString*)(ABRecordCopyValue(people, kABPersonFirstNamePhoneticProperty));
 
   //获取当前联系人的姓氏拼音
   NSString *lastNamePhoneic=(__bridge NSString*)(ABRecordCopyValue(people, kABPersonLastNamePhoneticProperty));
 
   //获取当前联系人的中间名拼音
   NSString *middleNamePhoneic=(__bridge NSString*)(ABRecordCopyValue(people, kABPersonMiddleNamePhoneticProperty));
 
   //获取当前联系人的公司
   NSString *organization=(__bridge NSString*)(ABRecordCopyValue(people, kABPersonOrganizationProperty));
 
   //获取当前联系人的职位
   NSString *job=(__bridge NSString*)(ABRecordCopyValue(people, kABPersonJobTitleProperty));
 
   //获取当前联系人的部门
   NSString *department=(__bridge NSString*)(ABRecordCopyValue(people, kABPersonDepartmentProperty));
 
   //获取当前联系人的生日
   NSString *birthday=(__bridge NSDate*)(ABRecordCopyValue(people, kABPersonBirthdayProperty));
 
   //获取当前联系人的备注
   NSString *notes=(__bridge NSString*)(ABRecordCopyValue(people, kABPersonNoteProperty));
 
   //获取创建当前联系人的时间 注意是NSDate
   NSDate *creatTime=(__bridge NSDate*)(ABRecordCopyValue(people, kABPersonCreationDateProperty));
 
   //获取最近修改当前联系人的时间
   NSDate *alterTime=(__bridge NSDate*)(ABRecordCopyValue(people, kABPersonModificationDateProperty));
 
   //获取地址
   ABMultiValueRef address = ABRecordCopyValue(people, kABPersonAddressProperty);
   for ( int j=0; j<ABMultiValueGetCount(address); j++) {
    //地址类型
    NSString *type = (__bridge NSString *)(ABMultiValueCopyLabelAtIndex(address, j));
    NSDictionary * tempDic = (__bridge NSDictionary *)(ABMultiValueCopyValueAtIndex(address, j));
    //地址字符串,可以按需求格式化
    NSString *adress = [NSString stringWithFormat:@ "国家:%@\n省:%@\n市:%@\n街道:%@\n邮编:%@" ,[temDic valueForKey:(NSString*)kABPersonAddressCountryKey],[tempDic valueForKey:(NSString*)kABPersonAddressStateKey],[tempDic valueForKey:(NSString*)kABPersonAddressCityKey],[tempDic valueForKey:(NSString*)kABPersonAddressStreetKey],[tempDic valueForKey:(NSString*)kABPersonAddressZIPKey]];
   }
 
   //获取当前联系人头像图片
   NSData *userImage=(__bridge NSData*)(ABPersonCopyImageData(people));
 
   //获取当前联系人纪念日
   NSMutableArray *dateArr = [[NSMutableArray alloc]init];
   ABMultiValueRef dates= ABRecordCopyValue(people, kABPersonDateProperty);
   for (NSInteger j=0; j<ABMultiValueGetCount(dates); j++) {
    //获取纪念日日期
    NSDate *data =(__bridge NSDate*)(ABMultiValueCopyValueAtIndex(dates, j));
    //获取纪念日名称
    NSString *str =(__bridge NSString*)(ABMultiValueCopyLabelAtIndex(dates, j));
    NSDictionary *tempDic = [NSDictionary dictionaryWithObject:data forKey:str];
    [dateArr addObject:tempDic];
   }
  }
}
 
@end

4. 运行结果

这里写图片描述

第三方框架:RHAddressBook

https://github.com/heardrwt/RHAddressBook

该框架使用的MRC来管理内存的,如果直接将源代码拖入进去需要为每个文件设置编译标记:-fno-objc-arc, 设置完还会报错,该项目使用的一些方法过于古老,很多都不支持了,所以这种方式不采用; 可以将该项目打成静态库的方式;也可以直接将项目拖入到自己的工程中作为一个依赖

1.直接将RHAddressBook.xcodeproj拖入到工程中

这里写图片描述

2.添加Target Dependencies和Link Binary With Libraries

这里写图片描述

3.Build Settings—> Other Linker Flags : -ObjC

用于解决系统分类找不到方法的错误

这里写图片描述

4.iOS10 需要在Info.plist配置NSContactsUsageDescription

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<key>NSContactsUsageDescription</key>
<string>请求访问通讯录</string> 

App启动时请求授权访问通讯录

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#import "AppDelegate.h"
#import <RHAddressBook/RHAddressBook.h>
 
@interface AppDelegate ()
 
@end
 
@implementation AppDelegate
 
- ( BOOL )application:(UIApplication *)application didFinishLaunchingWithOptions:(NSDictionary *)launchOptions {
   // Override point for customization after application launch.
 
   [self requestAuthorizationForAddressBook];
   return YES;
}
 
- ( void )requestAuthorizationForAddressBook {
   RHAddressBook *ab = [[RHAddressBook alloc] init];
   if ([RHAddressBook authorizationStatus] == RHAuthorizationStatusNotDetermined){
 
     [ab requestAuthorizationWithCompletion:^( bool granted, NSError *error) {
       if (granted) {
 
       } else {
         NSLog(@ "请求授权拒绝" );
       }
     }];
   }
}
@end

获取所有联系人的信息:姓名、手机号等

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#import "ViewController.h"
#import <RHAddressBook/RHAddressBook.h>
#import <RHAddressBook/AddressBook.h>
 
@interface ViewController ()
 
@end
 
@implementation ViewController
- ( void )viewDidLoad {
   [super viewDidLoad];
}
 
- ( void )touchesBegan:(NSSet<UITouch *> *)touches withEvent:(UIEvent *)event {
   RHAddressBook *addressBook = [[RHAddressBook alloc] init];
   if ([RHAddressBook authorizationStatus] != RHAuthorizationStatusAuthorized){
     NSLog(@ "没有授权" );
     return ;
   }
 
   NSArray *peopleArray= addressBook.people;
   for ( int i = 0; i < peopleArray.count; i++) {
     RHPerson *people = (RHPerson *)peopleArray[i];
     NSLog(@ "%@" , people.name);
 
     RHMultiStringValue *phoneNumbers = people.phoneNumbers;
     for ( int i = 0; i < phoneNumbers.count; i++) {
       NSString* label= [phoneNumbers labelAtIndex:i];
       NSString* value= [phoneNumbers valueAtIndex:i];
 
       NSLog(@ "label=%@, value=%@" , label, value);
     }
 
     NSLog(@ "----------------------------------------------" );
   }
}
@end

运行结果: 

ContactsUI.framework

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#import "ViewController.h"
#import <ContactsUI/ContactsUI.h>
 
@interface ViewController () <CNContactPickerDelegate>
 
@end
 
@implementation ViewController
 
- ( void )viewDidLoad {
   [super viewDidLoad];
 
   CNContactPickerViewController *contactPickerViewController = [[CNContactPickerViewController alloc] init];
   contactPickerViewController.delegate = self;
 
   [self presentViewController:contactPickerViewController animated:YES completion:nil];
}
 
 
// 如果实现该方法当选中联系人时就不会再出现联系人详情界面, 如果需要看到联系人详情界面只能不实现这个方法,
- ( void )contactPicker:(CNContactPickerViewController *)picker didSelectContact:(CNContact *)contact {
   NSLog(@ "选中某一个联系人时调用---------------------------------" );
 
   [self printContactInfo:contact];
}
 
// 同时选中多个联系人
- ( void )contactPicker:(CNContactPickerViewController *)picker didSelectContacts:(NSArray<CNContact *> *)contacts {
   for (CNContact *contact in contacts) {
     NSLog(@ "================================================" );
     [self printContactInfo:contact];
   }
}
 
- ( void )printContactInfo:(CNContact *)contact {
   NSString *givenName = contact.givenName;
   NSString *familyName = contact.familyName;
   NSLog(@ "givenName=%@, familyName=%@" , givenName, familyName);
   NSArray * phoneNumbers = contact.phoneNumbers;
   for (CNLabeledValue<CNPhoneNumber*>*phone in phoneNumbers) {
     NSString *label = phone.label;
     CNPhoneNumber *phonNumber = (CNPhoneNumber *)phone.value;
     NSLog(@ "label=%@, value=%@" , label, phonNumber.stringValue);
   }
}
// 注意:如果实现该方法,上面那个方法就不能实现了,这两个方法只能实现一个
//- (void)contactPicker:(CNContactPickerViewController *)picker didSelectContactProperty:(CNContactProperty *)contactProperty {
//  NSLog(@"选中某个联系人的某个属性时调用");
//}
 
@end

选择单个联系人时运行效果: 

这里写图片描述

这里写图片描述

选择多个联系人的界面: 

这里写图片描述 

这里写图片描述

Contact.framework

iOS10 需要在Info.plist配置NSContactsUsageDescription

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<key>NSContactsUsageDescription</key>
<string>请求访问通讯录</string> 

应用启动时请求授权:

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#import "AppDelegate.h"
#import <Contacts/Contacts.h>
 
@interface AppDelegate ()
 
@end
 
@implementation AppDelegate
 
 
- ( BOOL )application:(UIApplication *)application didFinishLaunchingWithOptions:(NSDictionary *)launchOptions {
   // Override point for customization after application launch.
 
   [self requestAuthorizationForAddressBook];
   return YES;
}
 
- ( void )requestAuthorizationForAddressBook {
   CNAuthorizationStatus authorizationStatus = [CNContactStore authorizationStatusForEntityType:CNEntityTypeContacts];
   if (authorizationStatus == CNAuthorizationStatusNotDetermined) {
     CNContactStore *contactStore = [[CNContactStore alloc] init];
     [contactStore requestAccessForEntityType:CNEntityTypeContacts completionHandler:^( BOOL granted, NSError * _Nullable error) {
       if (granted) {
 
       } else {
         NSLog(@ "授权失败, error=%@" , error);
       }
     }];
   }
}
 
@end

获取通讯录信息

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#import "ViewController.h"
#import <Contacts/Contacts.h>
 
@interface ViewController ()
 
@end
 
@implementation ViewController
 
- ( void )viewDidLoad {
   [super viewDidLoad];
 
}
 
- ( void )touchesBegan:(NSSet<UITouch *> *)touches withEvent:(UIEvent *)event {
   CNAuthorizationStatus authorizationStatus = [CNContactStore authorizationStatusForEntityType:CNEntityTypeContacts];
   if (authorizationStatus == CNAuthorizationStatusAuthorized) {
     NSLog(@ "没有授权..." );
   }
 
   // 获取指定的字段,并不是要获取所有字段,需要指定具体的字段
   NSArray *keysToFetch = @[CNContactGivenNameKey, CNContactFamilyNameKey, CNContactPhoneNumbersKey];
   CNContactFetchRequest *fetchRequest = [[CNContactFetchRequest alloc] initWithKeysToFetch:keysToFetch];
   CNContactStore *contactStore = [[CNContactStore alloc] init];
   [contactStore enumerateContactsWithFetchRequest:fetchRequest error:nil usingBlock:^(CNContact * _Nonnull contact, BOOL * _Nonnull stop) {
     NSLog(@ "-------------------------------------------------------" );
     NSString *givenName = contact.givenName;
     NSString *familyName = contact.familyName;
     NSLog(@ "givenName=%@, familyName=%@" , givenName, familyName);
 
 
     NSArray *phoneNumbers = contact.phoneNumbers;
     for (CNLabeledValue *labelValue in phoneNumbers) {
       NSString *label = labelValue.label;
       CNPhoneNumber *phoneNumber = labelValue.value;
 
       NSLog(@ "label=%@, phone=%@" , label, phoneNumber.stringValue);
     }
 
//    *stop = YES; // 停止循环,相当于break;
   }];
 
}
@end

运行效果:

这里写图片描述

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