设计公司要做好领头羊

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    设计公司的创业历史可以精准的反映市场经济的演变过程,国的广告设计公司大多都是在上世纪90年代中期起步,个时期的经济环境,正经历由卖方市场向买方市场的转换,产品过于饱和以及同质化影响,造成了产品的严重滞销,销售下滑,大量企业无法走出生存发展的困境。这时候设计公司因运而生,把超前的品牌意识通过小小的产品,输送给企业,像一场及时雨滋润未企业带来了活力了,激发了市场经济。据统计,仅95前后成立的北京设计公司就多达几百家。那现在呢?已是惊人之数
        各式各样的设计公司在北京缓慢生长,问题任意一间设计公司能做好设计吗?北京设计公司在全国设计行业只是一个缩影,落叶知秋就是这个道理,通过这20年设计公司的数量变化足能反应一个现实,就是市场需要设计,品牌竞争更需要设计,产品需要设计,好的产品更需要做设计,中国的市场早已过了饱和时期,接下来就是形形色色的品牌设计了。外加一些必备的促销,才有可能将产品卖得比别人家的好。

    设计公司的诞生与繁荣直接决定着品牌所传导的质量,品牌设计最能体现其核心竞争力,拉动销售,这么看来设计公司的服务质量将是至关重要的。中国产品设计起步不算早,但发展的速度是惊人的,这个行业的从业人员大多数都是毕业于专业美术院校的品牌设计师,他们的素质对整个行业的影响也是很大,在北京,我见过很多刚毕业的平面设计师,从他们的设计作品中看,风格还很稚嫩,是脱离现实的,但他们都抱有极大的热情,对这个行业极为看好,总想未来好好地干一番事情。

    目前的诸多环境对设计公司的发展也是一种考验,北京设计公司在全国的服务质量是处于领先地位的,势必会在全行业的发展上起到领军的角色,然而正真好的设计公司拥有深厚文化底蕴。在未来,面对品牌设计行业这样充满朝阳的产业,设计公司所扮演的角色将越来越重要。
        伟大的设计公司不只是在专心的做好设计,而他们都选择更明白要肩扛责任要做好我国设计行业的风向标,正确的指引一代又一代的年轻设计师!!!

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Scrum Master:牧羊犬 or 领头羊

02-22

Scrum Master:牧羊犬 or 领头羊?rn Scrum理论对于Scrum Master的说明是这样的:负责Scrum过程正确实施和利益最大化的人,确保它既符合企业文化,又能交付预期利益。Scrum主管的职责是向所有项目参与者讲授 Scrum方法,正确的执行规则,确保所有项目相关人员遵守Scrum规则,这些规则形成了Scrum过程。Scrum主管并非团队的领导(由于他们是自我组织的),他的主要工作是去除那些影响团队交付冲刺目标的障碍,屏蔽外界对开发团队的干扰。"Scrum主管是保证Scrum成功的牧羊犬"。(引之 http://book.51cto.com/art/200909/152428.htm)rn开发团队的说明:负责找出可在一个迭代中将产品待开发事项(冲刺订单)转化为功能增量的方法。他们对每一次迭代和整个项目共同负责,在每个冲刺中通过实行自管 理、自组织,和跨职能的开发协作,实现冲刺目标和最终交付产品。一般由5~9名具有跨职能技能的人(设计者,开发者等)组成。rn对于自我组织或自组织的说明如下。在自我组织的团队中,团队是一个整体,没有角色之分、职位之分、也没有高下之分。团队成员的任务不是项目经理强加于身,而是根据自己的愿望和能力对任务进行合理评估,并主动进行领取。被动与主动所产生的驱动力显然不可同日而语。自我组织的团队是一个平行的组织,由于没有管理与被管理之间的关系,因而氛围更加和谐,组织更加开放,管理更加松散,这种自由化的组织方式更容易让团队成员体现自我价值,对团队会产生一种认同感,促发他们的开发热情,从而提高开发效率。平等的关系会促进团队成员的有效沟通,自由的管理有助于发挥团队成员的技术特长,开放的平台则能够保证协作的效率。一个卓越的团队应该是目标一致,团结协作,同时又能各司其职,有条不紊。(引之 http://www.scrumcn.com/agiledev/html/?103.html)rn作为牧羊犬的Scrum Master和自我组织的开发团队描绘了一副理想的场景。在实践中,尤其在新开始Scrum的组织中,以上定位存在突出的困难。rn1,难于开展个人绩效考核,为了维护团队自组织,Scrum Master不能评价团队中个人表现。在一篇经典的关于在敏捷团队里面绩效管理的文章(http://www.poppendieck.com/pdfs/Compensation.pdf) 文章中,团队所有人得到了相同的评价。Scrum不建议对某个人单独考核。但是在职场,某个人单独考核是不可避免的。就算薪水涨的一样,面对晋升,不可能人人有机会,只能是从团队中挑选个别人,这时必然对个人进行考核。另外传统的优秀员工评选、年终绩效考核、选拔培训和后备人才等等,无一不要考核个人。rn2,部分团队成员并不能识别自身能力,或者会因为另外的因素,任务并不能恰当得到分配。一个团队的形成分多个阶段,已经有多个理论说明了从团队形成到最后解散的全过程。团队中每个成员从一开始就了解自己和所要做的事情,这是不可能的。就算到最后,绝大多数成员了解了全貌后,也会出于私利,挑选喜欢的任务,这未必是团队最佳的选择。rn3,一般来说,组织原来就安排了项目经理,项目经理也经过了诸如PMP等培训,在Scrum团队中项目经理处境尴尬。如果秉承Scrum的理论,项目经理就受到巨大的束缚,很多PMP中的手段无法使用。现实中,项目经理可不会死扣Scrum的理论,绝大多数项目经理仍然按照项目经理的方法论来开展项目。 Scrum在这方面的论述成为摆设。rnrn在引入Scrum时,死扣Scrum理论几乎是不可行的。那么是不是说引入Scrum后,可以再来安排牧羊犬式的Scrum Master,并来倡导并建设自组织的团队?rn本文认为没有这个必要,1,要继承项目经理制度,Scrum Master可以就是项目经理,Scrum Master是带领Scrum成功的领头羊;2,完全的团队自我管理在职场(以劳动换取报酬)是不可行的。rnrn看看现在Scrum Master应该做的事:rnrnAs a ScrumMaster, I was asked this question many times. Sometimes I had enough time to explain, sometimes not. But every time it was challenging to provide a clear picture of what a ScrumMaster really does.rnrnTo help myself and other ScrumMasters, I have started to write down general activities, which characterize the role of the ScrumMaster (see below).rnrnThe priority of activities varies by company.rnrn 1. Keeps Scrum process runningrn 2. Ensures a proper power balance between PO, Team, Managementrn 3. Protects the Teamrn 4. Moderates in the Teamrn 5. Helps to organize (e.g., Meetings)rn 6. Helps to keep the Team focused on the current Sprintrn 7. Helps to achieve Sprint goalsrn 8. Works with POrn 9. Educates PO, Team, Management and Organizationrn 10. Solves impedimentsrn 11. Encourages and helps to achieve transparencyrn 12. Strives to develop a Team into a High Performance Teamrn 13. Encourages and protects self-organizationrn 14. Educates and focuses a Team toward business-driven developmentrn 15. Supports Team building and Team development by utilizing the abilities and skills of individuals, and fostering a Feedback culturern 16. Helps to self-helprn 17. Ensures and supports Empowerment of the Teamrn 18. Addresses needs efficiently and effectivelyrn 19. Detects hidden problems and strives to solve themrn 20. Helps Team to learn from its experiencesrn (引自http://www.scrumalliance.org/articles/160-what-does-a-scrummaster-do)rnrn上面20项事情,几乎就是项目经理所要做的事情。在这20项基础上,对团队成员的分工给出指导,对团队成员的个人绩效进行评价,是顺理成章的事情。这与倡导自组织的团队并不矛盾,完全可以把多数事务交给团队,比如具体任务的分配。与完全的自组织不一样的是:项目经理还是可以从全局把握,可以干预团队成员的选择。管钱、管人、管事的项目经理来充当Scrum Master,可以让这个改造过的Scrum有更好的成功。rn而钱不管,人不管,事也不管的Scrum Master来推进上述的20项事情,难度可想而知。俗话说“凭什么听你的"rnrnrn原文见 http://hi.baidu.com/hespr/blog/item/8ae47210ecc40f75ca80c49f.html 论坛

xxx公司面试题百分之八十公司要考到

05-25

Question No: 1rn1.public class test (rn2. public static void main (String args[]) rn3. int i = 0xFFFFFFF1;rn4. int j = ~i;rn5.rn6. rn7. )rnWhat is the decimal value of j at line 5?rnA. 0rnB. 1rnC. 14rnD. –15rnE. An error at line 3 causes compilation to fail.rnF. An error at line 4 causes compilation to fail.rnrnQuestion No: 2rnGiven:rnInteger i = new Integer (42);rnLong 1 = new Long (42);rnDouble d = new Double (42.0);rnWhich two expressions evaluate to True? (Choose Two)rnA. (i ==1)rnB. (i == d)rnC. (d == 1)rnD. (i.equals (d))rnE. (d.equals (i))rnF. (i.equals (42))rnrnQuestion No: 3rnExhibit :rn1. public class test (rn2. private static int j = 0;rn3.rn4. private static boolean methodB(int k) (rn5. j += k;rn6. return true;rn6. )rn7.rn8. public static void methodA(int i) rn9. boolean b:rn10. b = i < 10 | methodB (4);rn11. b = i < 10 || methodB (8);rn12. rn13.rn14. public static void main (String args[] ) (rn15. methodA (0);rn16. system.out.printIn(j);rn17. )rn18. )rnWhat is the result?rnA. The program prints “0”rnB. The program prints “4”rnC. The program prints “8”rnD. The program prints “12”rnE. The code does not complete.rnrnQuestion No 4rnExamine the following code which includes an inner class: rnpublic final class Test4 implements A rnclass Inner rnvoid test() rnif (Test4.this.flag); rnsample(); rn rn rnprivate boolean flag=false; rn rnpublic void sample() rnSystem.out.println(“Sample”); rn rnpublic Test4() rn(new Inner()).test(); rn rnpublic static void main(String args[]) rnnew Test4(); rn rn rnWhat is the result: rnA.Print out “Sample” rnB.Program produces no output but termiantes correctly. rnC. Program does not terminate. rnD.The program will not compile rnrnQuestion No: 5rnGiven:rn1. public class Foo rn2. public static void main (String [] args) rn3. StringBuffer a = new StringBuffer (“A”);rn4. StringBuffer b = new StringBuffer (“B”);rn5. operate (a,b);rn6. system.out.printIna + “,” +b;rn7. rn8. static void operate (StringBuffer x, StringBuffer y) rn9. x.append y;rn10. y = x;rn11. rn12. rnWhat is the result?rnA. The code compiles and prints “A,B”.rnB. The code compiles and prints “A,A”.rnC. The code compiles and prints “B,B”.rnD. The code compiles and prints “AB,B”.rnE. The code compiles and prints “AB,AB”.rnF. The code does not compile because “+” cannot be overloaded for StringBuffer.rnrnQuestion No 6rnWhat is written to the standard output given the following statement: rnSystem.out.println(4|7); rnSelect the right answer: rnA.4 rnB.5 rnC.6 rnD.7 rnE.0 rnrnQuestion No: 7rnExhibit:rn1. public class test rn2. public static void add3 (Integer i) rn3. int val = i.intValue ( );rn4. val += 3;rn5. i = new Integer (val);rn6. )rn7.rn8. public static void main (String args [ ] ) rn9. Integer i = new Integer (0);rn10. add3 (i);rn11. system.out.printIn (i.intValue ( ) );rn12. rn13. )rnWhat is the result?rnA. Compilation will fail.rnB. The program prints “0”.rnC. The program prints “3”.rnD. Compilation will succeed but an exception will be thrown at line 3.rnrnQuestion No: 8rnGiven:rn1. public class ConstOver rn2. public ConstOver (int x, int y, int z) rn3. rn4. rnWhich two overload the ConstOver constructor? (Choose Two)rnA. ConstOver ( ) rnB. Protected int ConstOver ( ) rnC. Private ConstOver (int z, int y, byte x) rnD. Public Object ConstOver (int x, int y, int z) rnE. Public void ConstOver (byte x, byte y, byte z) rnrnQuestion No: 9rnGiven:rn1. public class MethodOver rn2. public void setVar (int a, int b, float c) rn3. rn4. rnWhich two overload the setVar method? (Choose Two)rnA. Private void setVar (int a, float c, int b) rnB. Protected void setVar (int a, int b, float c) rnC. Public int setVar (int a, float c, int b) (return a;)rnD. Public int setVar (int a, int b, float c) (return a;)rnE. Protected float setVar (int a, int b, float c) (return c;)rnrnQuestion No: 10rnGiven:rn1. class BaseClass rn2. Private float x = 1.0f ;rn3. protected float getVar ( ) ( return x;)rn4. rn5. class Subclass extends BaseClass (rn6. private float x = 2.0f;rn7. //insert code herern8. )rnWhich two are valid examples of method overriding? (Choose Two)rnA. Float getVar ( ) return x;rnB. Public float getVar ( ) return x;rnC. Float double getVar ( ) return x;rnD. Public float getVar ( ) return x;rnE. Public float getVar (float f ) return f;rnrnQuestion No: 11rnWhich two demonstrate an “is a” relationship? (Choose Two)rnA. public interface Person rnpublic class Employee extends Person rnB. public interface Shape rnpublic class Employee extends Shape rnC. public interface Color rnpublic class Employee extends Color rnD. public class Species rnpublic class Animal (private Species species;)rnE. interface Component rnClass Container implements Component (rnPrivate Component[ ] children;rn)rnrnQuestion No: 12rnWhich statement is true?rnA. An anonymous inner class may be declared as final.rnB. An anonymous inner class can be declared as private.rnC. An anonymous inner class can implement multiple interfaces.rnD. An anonymous inner class can access final variables in any enclosing scope.rnE. Construction of an instance of a static inner class requires an instance of the enclosing outer class.rnrnQuestion No 13rnGiven:rn1. package foo;rn2.rn3. public class Outer (rn4. public static class Inner (rn5. )rn6. )rnWhich statement is true?rnA. An instance of the Inner class can be constructed with “new Outer.Inner ()”rnB. An instance of the inner class cannot be constructed outside of package foo.rnC. An instance of the inner class can only be constructed from within the outer class.rnD. From within the package bar, an instance of the inner class can be constructed with “new inner()”rnrnQuestion No 14rnExhibit:rn1. public class enclosingone (rn2. public class insideonern3. )rn4. public class inertest(rn5. public static void main (string[]args)(rn6. enclosingone eo= new enclosingone ();rn7. //insert code herern8. )rn9. )rnWhich statement at line 7 constructs an instance of the inner class?rnA. InsideOnew ei= eo.new InsideOn();rnB. Eo.InsideOne ei = eo.new InsideOne();rnC. InsideOne ei = EnclosingOne.new InsideOne();rnD. EnclosingOne.InsideOne ei = eo.new InsideOne();rnrnQuestion No 15rnExhibit:rn1. interface foo rn2. int k = 0;rn3. rn4.rn5. public class test implements Foo (rn6. public static void main(String args[]) (rn7. int i;rn8. Test test = new test ();rn9. i= test.k;rn10.i= Test.k;rn11.i= Foo.k;rn12.)rn13.)rn14.rnWhat is the result?rnA. Compilation succeeds.rnB. An error at line 2 causes compilation to fail.rnC. An error at line 9 causes compilation to fail.rnD. An error at line 10 causes compilation to fail.rnE. An error at line 11 causes compilation to fail.rnrnQuestion No 16rnGiven:rn1. //point Xrn2. public class foo (rn3. public static void main (String[]args) throws Exception rn4. printWriter out = new PrintWriter (newrn5. java.io.outputStreamWriter (System.out), true;rn6. out.printIn(“Hello”);rn7. )rn8. rnWhich statement at PointX on line 1 allows this code to compile and run?rnA. Import java.io.PrintWriter;rnB. Include java.io.PrintWriter;rnC. Import java.io.OutputStreamWriter;rnD. Include java.io.OutputStreamWriter;rnE. No statement is needed.rnrnQuestion No 17rnWhich two statements are reserved words in Java? (Choose Two)rnA. RunrnB. ImportrnC. DefaultrnD. ImplementrnrnQuestion No 18rnWhich three are valid declarations of a float? (Choose Three)rnA. Float foo = -1;rnB. Float foo = 1.0;rnC. Float foo = 42e1;rnD. Float foo = 2.02f;rnE. Float foo = 3.03d;rnF. Float foo = 0x0123;rnrn后面还有二十题,麻烦帮我做出来 论坛

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