JAVA:URL存在跨站漏洞,注入漏洞解决方案

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跨网站脚本介绍

一 跨网站脚本

跨网站脚本(Cross-site scripting,通常简称为XSS或跨站脚本或跨站脚本攻击)是一种网站应用程序的安全漏洞攻击,是代码注入的一种。它允许恶意用户将代码注入到网页上,其他用户在观看网页时就会受到影响。这类攻击通常包含了HTML以及用户端脚本语言。 

XSS攻击通常指的是通过利用网页开发时留下的漏洞,通过巧妙的方法注入恶意指令代码到网页,使用户加载并执行攻击者恶意制造的网页程序。这些恶意网页程序通常是JavaScript,但实际上也可以包括Java, VBScript, ActiveX, Flash 或者甚至是普通的HTML。攻击成功后,攻击者可能得到包括但不限于更高的权限(如执行一些操作)、私密网页内容、会话和cookie等各种内容。 
二 常用的XSS攻击手段和目的 
  盗用 cookie ,获取敏感信息。 
利用植入 Flash ,通过 crossdomain 权限设置进一步获取更高权限;或者利用Java等得到类似的操作。 
利用 iframe、frame、XMLHttpRequest或上述Flash等方式,以(被攻击)用户的身份执行一些管理动作,或执行一些一般的如发微博、加好友、发私信等操作。 
  利用可被攻击的域受到其他域信任的特点,以受信任来源的身份请求一些平时不允许的操作,如进行不当的投票活动。 
  在访问量极大的一些页面上的XSS可以攻击一些小型网站,实现DDoS攻击的效果。 
三 漏洞的防御和利用 
避免XSS的方法之一主要是将用户所提供的内容进行过滤,许多语言都有提供对HTML的过滤: 

    PHP的htmlentities()或是htmlspecialchars()。 
    Python的cgi.escape()。 
    ASP的Server.HTMLEncode()。 
    ASP.NET的Server.HtmlEncode()或功能更强的Microsoft Anti-Cross Site Scripting Library 
    Java的xssprotect(Open Source Library)。 

    Node.js的node-validator。 

四 解决方案

我碰到的问题解决方案主要是对request请求的parameter 参数做过滤与字符转义

web.xml配置:

<web-app version="2.4" xmlns="http://java.sun.com/xml/ns/j2ee"
	xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance"
	xsi:schemaLocation="http://java.sun.com/xml/ns/j2ee http://java.sun.com/xml/ns/j2ee/web-app_2_4.xsd">

  <filter>
     <filter-name>XssSqlFilter</filter-name>
     <filter-class>framework.corenew.XssFilter</filter-class>
  </filter>
  	<filter-mapping>
     <filter-name>XssSqlFilter</filter-name>
     <url-pattern>/*</url-pattern>
     <dispatcher>REQUEST</dispatcher>
  </filter-mapping>
	
</web-app>
XssFilter:

package framework.corenew;

import java.io.IOException;
import java.util.Enumeration;
import java.util.regex.Pattern;

import javax.servlet.Filter;
import javax.servlet.FilterChain;
import javax.servlet.FilterConfig;
import javax.servlet.ServletException;
import javax.servlet.ServletRequest;
import javax.servlet.ServletResponse;
import javax.servlet.http.HttpServletRequest;

import business.sysinfo.model.User;

/**
 * <code>{@link CharLimitFilter}</code>
 *
 * 拦截防止注入漏洞
 *
 * @author Administrator
 */
public class XssFilter implements Filter {

    FilterConfig filterConfig = null;

    public void init(FilterConfig filterConfig) throws ServletException {
        this.filterConfig = filterConfig;
    }

    public void destroy() {
        this.filterConfig = null;
    }

    public void doFilter(ServletRequest request, ServletResponse response,
            FilterChain chain) throws IOException, ServletException {
    	

        chain.doFilter(new XssHttpServletRequestWrapperNew(
                    (HttpServletRequest) request), response);
 

    }

    



}

XssHttpServletRequestWrapperNew:

package com.csnt.ecs.core.security.filter;

import java.text.CharacterIterator;
import java.text.StringCharacterIterator;
import java.util.regex.Pattern;

import javax.servlet.http.HttpServletRequest;
import javax.servlet.http.HttpServletRequestWrapper;

public class XssHttpServletRequestWrapperNew extends HttpServletRequestWrapper {

	HttpServletRequest orgRequest = null;

	public XssHttpServletRequestWrapperNew(HttpServletRequest request) {
		super(request);
		orgRequest = request;
	}

	/**
	 * 覆盖getParameter方法,将参数名和参数值都做xss过滤。
	 * 如果需要获得原始的值,则通过super.getParameterValues(name)来获取
	 * getParameterNames,getParameterValues和getParameterMap也可能需要覆盖
	 */
	@Override
	public String getParameter(String name) {
		String value = super.getParameter(xssEncode(name));
		if (value != null) {
			value = xssEncode(value);
			value = HTMLEncode(value);
		}
		return value;
	}

	/**
	 * 对一些特殊字符进行转义
	 * 
	 * 
	 */
	public static String HTMLEncode(String aText) {
		final StringBuilder result = new StringBuilder();
		final StringCharacterIterator iterator = new StringCharacterIterator(
				aText);
		char character = iterator.current();
		while (character != CharacterIterator.DONE) {
			if (character == '<') {
				result.append("<");
			} else if (character == '>') {
				result.append(">");
			} else if (character == '&') {
				result.append("&");
			} else if (character == '\"') {
				result.append(""");
			} else {
				// the char is not a special one
				// add it to the result as is
				result.append(character);
			}
			character = iterator.next();
		}
		return result.toString();
	}

	/**
	 * 覆盖getHeader方法,将参数名和参数值都做xss过滤。 如果需要获得原始的值,则通过super.getHeaders(name)来获取
	 * getHeaderNames 也可能需要覆盖
	 */
	@Override
	public String getHeader(String name) {

		String value = super.getHeader(xssEncode(name));
		if (value != null) {
			value = xssEncode(value);
		}
		return value;
	}

	/**
	 * 将容易引起xss漏洞的半角字符直接替换成全角字符
	 * 目前xssProject对注入代码要求是必须开始标签和结束标签(如<script></script>)正确匹配才能解析,否则报错;因此只能替换调xssProject换为自定义实现
	 * @param s
	 * @return
	 */
	private static String xssEncode(String s) {
		//
		// if (s == null || s.isEmpty()) {
		// return s;
		// }
		//
		// StringReader reader = new StringReader(s);
		// StringWriter writer = new StringWriter();
		// try {
		// HTMLParser.process(reader, writer, new XSSFilter(), true);
		//
		// String result = writer.toString();
		//
		// System.out.println("xssEncode-------------------------" + s + " = "
		// + result);
		//
		// return result;
		// } catch (NullPointerException e) {
		// return s;
		// } catch (Exception ex) {
		// ex.printStackTrace();
		// }
		//
		// return null;
		if (s == null || s.isEmpty()) {
			return s;
		}

		String result = stripXSS(s);
		if (null != result) {
			result = escape(result);
		}

		return result;

	}

	public static String escape(String s) {
		StringBuilder sb = new StringBuilder(s.length() + 16);
		for (int i = 0; i < s.length(); i++) {
			char c = s.charAt(i);
			switch (c) {
			case '>':
				sb.append('>');// 全角大于号
				break;
			case '<':
				sb.append('<');// 全角小于号
				break;
			case '\'':
				sb.append('‘');// 全角单引号
				break;
			case '\"':
				sb.append('“');// 全角双引号
				break;
			case '\\':
				sb.append('\');// 全角斜线
				break;
			case '%':
				sb.append('%'); // 全角冒号
				break;
			default:
				sb.append(c);
				break;
			}

		}
		return sb.toString();
	}

	private static String stripXSS(String value) {
		if (value != null) {
			// NOTE: It's highly recommended to use the ESAPI library and
			// uncomment the following line to
			// avoid encoded attacks.
			// value = ESAPI.encoder().canonicalize(value);
			// Avoid null characters
			value = value.replaceAll("", "");
			// Avoid anything between script tags
			Pattern scriptPattern = Pattern.compile("<script>(.*?)</script>",
					Pattern.CASE_INSENSITIVE);
			value = scriptPattern.matcher(value).replaceAll("");
			// Avoid anything in a src='...' type of expression
			scriptPattern = Pattern.compile("src[\r\n]*=[\r\n]*\\\'(.*?)\\\'",
					Pattern.CASE_INSENSITIVE | Pattern.MULTILINE
							| Pattern.DOTALL);
			value = scriptPattern.matcher(value).replaceAll("");
			scriptPattern = Pattern.compile("src[\r\n]*=[\r\n]*\\\"(.*?)\\\"",
					Pattern.CASE_INSENSITIVE | Pattern.MULTILINE
							| Pattern.DOTALL);
			value = scriptPattern.matcher(value).replaceAll("");
			// Remove any lonesome </script> tag
			scriptPattern = Pattern.compile("</script>",
					Pattern.CASE_INSENSITIVE);
			value = scriptPattern.matcher(value).replaceAll("");
			// Remove any lonesome <script ...> tag
			scriptPattern = Pattern.compile("<script(.*?)>",
					Pattern.CASE_INSENSITIVE | Pattern.MULTILINE
							| Pattern.DOTALL);
			value = scriptPattern.matcher(value).replaceAll("");
			// Avoid eval(...) expressions
			scriptPattern = Pattern.compile("eval\\((.*?)\\)",
					Pattern.CASE_INSENSITIVE | Pattern.MULTILINE
							| Pattern.DOTALL);
			value = scriptPattern.matcher(value).replaceAll("");
			// Avoid expression(...) expressions
			scriptPattern = Pattern.compile("expression\\((.*?)\\)",
					Pattern.CASE_INSENSITIVE | Pattern.MULTILINE
							| Pattern.DOTALL);
			value = scriptPattern.matcher(value).replaceAll("");
			// Avoid javascript:... expressions
			scriptPattern = Pattern.compile("javascript:",
					Pattern.CASE_INSENSITIVE);
			value = scriptPattern.matcher(value).replaceAll("");
			// Avoid vbscript:... expressions
			scriptPattern = Pattern.compile("vbscript:",
					Pattern.CASE_INSENSITIVE);
			value = scriptPattern.matcher(value).replaceAll("");
			// Avoid οnlοad= expressions
			scriptPattern = Pattern.compile("onload(.*?)=",
					Pattern.CASE_INSENSITIVE | Pattern.MULTILINE
							| Pattern.DOTALL);
			value = scriptPattern.matcher(value).replaceAll("");

			scriptPattern = Pattern.compile("<iframe>(.*?)</iframe>",
					Pattern.CASE_INSENSITIVE);
			value = scriptPattern.matcher(value).replaceAll("");

			scriptPattern = Pattern.compile("</iframe>",
					Pattern.CASE_INSENSITIVE);
			value = scriptPattern.matcher(value).replaceAll("");
			// Remove any lonesome <script ...> tag
			scriptPattern = Pattern.compile("<iframe(.*?)>",
					Pattern.CASE_INSENSITIVE | Pattern.MULTILINE
							| Pattern.DOTALL);
			value = scriptPattern.matcher(value).replaceAll("");
		}
		return value;
	}

	/**
	 * 获取最原始的request
	 * 
	 * @return
	 */
	public HttpServletRequest getOrgRequest() {
		return orgRequest;
	}

	/**
	 * 获取最原始的request的静态方法
	 * 
	 * @return
	 */
	public static HttpServletRequest getOrgRequest(HttpServletRequest req) {
		if (req instanceof XssHttpServletRequestWrapperNew) {
			return ((XssHttpServletRequestWrapperNew) req).getOrgRequest();
		}

		return req;
	}

}


代码参考博客:http://yunjiechao-163-com.iteye.com/blog/1973803
代码下载地址:http://download.csdn.net/detail/a364726306/9576944

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