树莓派安装vnc server并设置自启动

  • 在SSH终端输入sudo raspi-config, 这里需要打开几个选项:
    • expand_rootfs – 将根分区扩展到整张SD卡;
    • change_pass – 默认的用户名是pi,密码是raspberry;
    • change_timezone – 更改时区, 选择Asia – Shanghai;
    • configure_keyboard, 选English(US);
    • change_locale – 更改语言设置,选择en_US.UTF-8和zh_CN.UTF-8

设置完成后,选择Finish,会提示是否重启,选择Yes

在树莓派上安装vnc服务端(debian):sudo apt install tightvncserver

修改vnc密码:vncpasswd

创建vnc-server配置文件:sudo vi /etc/init.d/tightvncserver ,在这个文件里输入如下内容:

### BEGIN INIT INFO
# Provides:          tightvncserver
# Required-Start:    $local_fs
# Required-Stop:     $local_fs
# Default-Start:     2 3 4 5
# Default-Stop:      0 1 6
# Short-Description: Start/stop tightvncserver
### END INIT INFO

# More details see:
# http://www.penguintutor.com/linux/tightvnc

### Customize this entry
# Set the USER variable to the name of the user to start tightvncserver under
export USER='pi'
### End customization required

eval cd ~$USER

case "$1" in
    start)
        su $USER -c '/usr/bin/tightvncserver -depth 16 -geometry 800x600 :1'
        echo "Starting TightVNC server for $USER "
        ;;
    stop)
        su $USER -c '/usr/bin/tightvncserver -kill :1'
        echo "Tightvncserver stopped"
        ;;
    *)
        echo "Usage: /etc/init.d/tightvncserver {start|stop}"
        exit 1
        ;;
esac
exit 0

然后给增加执行权限,并启动服务:

sudo chmod +x /etc/init.d/tightvncserver

sudo service tightvncserver stop

sudo service tightvncserver start

安装chkconfig, 并将vnc服务设为开机启动:

sudo apt-get install chkconfig

chkconfig –add tightvncserver

chkconfig tightvncserver on

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