解决办法:error: failed to push some refs to 'https://github.com/xxxx.git'

在github远程创建仓库后, 利用gitbash进行提交本地文件的时候出现如下错误:

[root@foundation38 demo]# git push -u origin master
Username for 'https://github.com': xuefeilong
Password for 'https://xuefeilong@github.com': 
To https://github.com/xuefeilong/test.git
 ! [rejected]        master -> master (non-fast-forward)
error: failed to push some refs to 'https://github.com/xuefeilong/test.git'
hint: Updates were rejected because the tip of your current branch is behind
hint: its remote counterpart. Merge the remote changes (e.g. 'git pull')
hint: before pushing again.
hint: See the 'Note about fast-forwards' in 'git push --help' for details.

这里写图片描述
解决办法:

1: 进行push前先将远程仓库pull到本地仓库
$ git pull origin master    #git pull --rebase origin master
$ git push -u origin master

2: 强制push本地仓库到远程 (这种情况不会进行merge, 强制push后远程文件可能会丢失 不建议使用此方法)
$ git push -u origin master -f

3: 避开解决冲突, 将本地文件暂时提交到远程新建的分支中
$ git branch [name]
# 创建完branch后, 再进行push
$ git push -u origin [name] 

我使用的是直接加入参数-f,但是不推荐比较粗暴:

[root@foundation38 demo]# git push -u origin master -f
Username for 'https://github.com': xuefeilong
Password for 'https://xuefeilong@github.com': 
Counting objects: 13, done.
Delta compression using up to 4 threads.
Compressing objects: 100% (7/7), done.
Writing objects: 100% (13/13), 975 bytes | 0 bytes/s, done.
Total 13 (delta 1), reused 0 (delta 0)
remote: Resolving deltas: 100% (1/1), done.
To https://github.com/xuefeilong/test.git
 + 5c057df...abfded5 master -> master (forced update)
Branch master set up to track remote branch master from origin.

这里写图片描述

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