(Android小应用)在Android中实现多线程断点下载(连载二)

前面已经讲了通过多线程下载网络文件的一部分核心代码,下面继续做我们的项目

当然如果我们做小一点的Android项目的时候可以先做界面,然后根据需要来扩展所需要的功能,当然有的时候我们宁愿先实现业务,业务功能做好了再实现界面,因为界面里面基本不含有技术,况且我们只是为了学习,界面不需要多美观的,能用就行,OK,继续

先做数据库这层

关于建Android项目方法的截图就省略了,我用的模拟器版本是2.3.3,至今为至最新的吧

首先建一个类DBOpenHelper继续自SQLiteOpenHelper

package com.studio.service; import android.content.Context; import android.database.sqlite.SQLiteDatabase; import android.database.sqlite.SQLiteOpenHelper; public class DBOpenHelper extends SQLiteOpenHelper { private static final String DBNAME = "download.db"; private static final int VERSION = 1; public DBOpenHelper(Context context) { super(context, DBNAME, null, VERSION); } @Override public void onCreate(SQLiteDatabase db) { db.execSQL("CREATE TABLE IF NOT EXISTS filedownlog (id integer primary key autoincrement, downpath varchar(100), threadid INTEGER, downlength INTEGER)"); } @Override public void onUpgrade(SQLiteDatabase db, int oldVersion, int newVersion) { db.execSQL("DROP TABLE IF EXISTS filedownlog"); onCreate(db); } }

这里定义的数据名字叫download.db,版本号为1,表名filedownlog,里面有三个字段,一个id,主键,下载路径downpath,线程ID和一个下载长度downlength

然后建一个FileService类

package com.studio.service; import java.util.HashMap; import java.util.Map; import android.content.Context; import android.database.Cursor; import android.database.sqlite.SQLiteDatabase; /** * 业务bean * */ public class FileService { private DBOpenHelper openHelper; public FileService(Context context) { openHelper = new DBOpenHelper(context); } /** * 获取每条线程已经下载的文件长度 * * @param path * @return */ public Map<Integer, Integer> getData(String path) { SQLiteDatabase db = openHelper.getReadableDatabase(); Cursor cursor = db .rawQuery( "select threadid, downlength from filedownlog where downpath=?", new String[] { path }); Map<Integer, Integer> data = new HashMap<Integer, Integer>(); while (cursor.moveToNext()) { data.put(cursor.getInt(0), cursor.getInt(1)); } cursor.close(); db.close(); return data; } /** * 保存每条线程已经下载的文件长度 * * @param path * @param map */ public void save(String path, Map<Integer, Integer> map) {// int threadid, // int position SQLiteDatabase db = openHelper.getWritableDatabase(); db.beginTransaction(); try { for (Map.Entry<Integer, Integer> entry : map.entrySet()) { db.execSQL( "insert into filedownlog(downpath, threadid, downlength) values(?,?,?)", new Object[] { path, entry.getKey(), entry.getValue() }); } db.setTransactionSuccessful(); } finally { db.endTransaction(); } db.close(); } /** * 实时更新每条线程已经下载的文件长度 * * @param path * @param map */ public void update(String path, Map<Integer, Integer> map) { SQLiteDatabase db = openHelper.getWritableDatabase(); db.beginTransaction(); try { for (Map.Entry<Integer, Integer> entry : map.entrySet()) { db.execSQL( "update filedownlog set downlength=? where downpath=? and threadid=?", new Object[] { entry.getValue(), path, entry.getKey() }); } db.setTransactionSuccessful(); } finally { db.endTransaction(); } db.close(); } /** * 当文件下载完成后,删除对应的下载记录 * * @param path */ public void delete(String path) { SQLiteDatabase db = openHelper.getWritableDatabase(); db.execSQL("delete from filedownlog where downpath=?", new Object[] { path }); db.close(); } }

类中都有相应的注释的,看不懂可以慢慢看……

因为要用到进度条,所以先把进度条建了

package com.studio.net.download; public interface DownloadProgressListener { public void onDownloadSize(int size); }
这里我们定义了一个进度条监听接口,由实现此接口的类来调用onDownloadSize()方法

新建一个类DownloadThread继承自Thread

package com.studio.net.download; import java.io.File; import java.io.InputStream; import java.io.RandomAccessFile; import java.net.HttpURLConnection; import java.net.URL; import android.util.Log; public class DownloadThread extends Thread { private static final String TAG = "DownloadThread"; private File saveFile; private URL downUrl; private int block; /* 下载开始位置 */ private int threadId = -1; private int downLength; private boolean finish = false; private FileDownloader downloader; public DownloadThread(FileDownloader downloader, URL downUrl, File saveFile, int block, int downLength, int threadId) { this.downUrl = downUrl; this.saveFile = saveFile; this.block = block; this.downloader = downloader; this.threadId = threadId; this.downLength = downLength; } @Override public void run() { if (downLength < block) {// 未下载完成 try { HttpURLConnection http = (HttpURLConnection) downUrl .openConnection(); http.setConnectTimeout(5 * 1000); http.setRequestMethod("GET"); http.setRequestProperty( "Accept", "image/gif, image/jpeg, image/pjpeg, image/pjpeg, application/x-shockwave-flash, application/xaml+xml, application/vnd.ms-xpsdocument, application/x-ms-xbap, application/x-ms-application, application/vnd.ms-excel, application/vnd.ms-powerpoint, application/msword, */*"); http.setRequestProperty("Accept-Language", "zh-CN"); http.setRequestProperty("Referer", downUrl.toString()); http.setRequestProperty("Charset", "UTF-8"); int startPos = block * (threadId - 1) + downLength;// 开始位置 int endPos = block * threadId - 1;// 结束位置 http.setRequestProperty("Range", "bytes=" + startPos + "-" + endPos);// 设置获取实体数据的范围 http.setRequestProperty( "User-Agent", "Mozilla/4.0 (compatible; MSIE 8.0; Windows NT 5.2; Trident/4.0; .NET CLR 1.1.4322; .NET CLR 2.0.50727; .NET CLR 3.0.04506.30; .NET CLR 3.0.4506.2152; .NET CLR 3.5.30729)"); http.setRequestProperty("Connection", "Keep-Alive"); InputStream inStream = http.getInputStream(); byte[] buffer = new byte[1024]; int offset = 0; print("Thread " + this.threadId + " start download from position " + startPos); RandomAccessFile threadfile = new RandomAccessFile( this.saveFile, "rwd"); threadfile.seek(startPos); while ((offset = inStream.read(buffer, 0, 1024)) != -1) { threadfile.write(buffer, 0, offset); downLength += offset; downloader.update(this.threadId, downLength); downloader.append(offset); } threadfile.close(); inStream.close(); print("Thread " + this.threadId + " download finish"); this.finish = true; } catch (Exception e) { this.downLength = -1; print("Thread " + this.threadId + ":" + e); } } } private static void print(String msg) { Log.i(TAG, msg); } /** * 下载是否完成 * * @return */ public boolean isFinish() { return finish; } /** * 已经下载的内容大小 * * @return 如果返回值为-1,代表下载失败 */ public long getDownLength() { return downLength; } }

再建一个文件下载器FileDownloader类

package com.studio.net.download; import java.io.File; import java.io.RandomAccessFile; import java.net.HttpURLConnection; import java.net.URL; import java.util.LinkedHashMap; import java.util.Map; import java.util.UUID; import java.util.concurrent.ConcurrentHashMap; import java.util.regex.Matcher; import java.util.regex.Pattern; import com.studio.service.FileService; import android.content.Context; import android.util.Log; public class FileDownloader { private static final String TAG = "FileDownloader"; private Context context; private FileService fileService; /* 已下载文件长度 */ private int downloadSize = 0; /* 原始文件长度 */ private int fileSize = 0; /* 线程数 */ private DownloadThread[] threads; /* 本地保存文件 */ private File saveFile; /* 缓存各线程下载的长度 */ private Map<Integer, Integer> data = new ConcurrentHashMap<Integer, Integer>(); /* 每条线程下载的长度 */ private int block; /* 下载路径 */ private String downloadUrl; /** * 获取线程数 */ public int getThreadSize() { return threads.length; } /** * 获取文件大小 * * @return */ public int getFileSize() { return fileSize; } /** * 累计已下载大小 * * @param size */ protected synchronized void append(int size) { downloadSize += size; } /** * 更新指定线程最后下载的位置 * * @param threadId * 线程id * @param pos * 最后下载的位置 */ protected synchronized void update(int threadId, int pos) { this.data.put(threadId, pos); this.fileService.update(this.downloadUrl, this.data); } /** * 构建文件下载器 * * @param downloadUrl * 下载路径 * @param fileSaveDir * 文件保存目录 * @param threadNum * 下载线程数 */ public FileDownloader(Context context, String downloadUrl, File fileSaveDir, int threadNum) { try { this.context = context; this.downloadUrl = downloadUrl; fileService = new FileService(this.context); URL url = new URL(this.downloadUrl); if (!fileSaveDir.exists()) fileSaveDir.mkdirs(); this.threads = new DownloadThread[threadNum]; HttpURLConnection conn = (HttpURLConnection) url.openConnection(); conn.setConnectTimeout(5 * 1000); conn.setRequestMethod("GET"); conn.setRequestProperty( "Accept", "image/gif, image/jpeg, image/pjpeg, image/pjpeg, application/x-shockwave-flash, application/xaml+xml, application/vnd.ms-xpsdocument, application/x-ms-xbap, application/x-ms-application, application/vnd.ms-excel, application/vnd.ms-powerpoint, application/msword, */*"); conn.setRequestProperty("Accept-Language", "zh-CN"); conn.setRequestProperty("Referer", downloadUrl); conn.setRequestProperty("Charset", "UTF-8"); conn.setRequestProperty( "User-Agent", "Mozilla/4.0 (compatible; MSIE 8.0; Windows NT 5.2; Trident/4.0; .NET CLR 1.1.4322; .NET CLR 2.0.50727; .NET CLR 3.0.04506.30; .NET CLR 3.0.4506.2152; .NET CLR 3.5.30729)"); conn.setRequestProperty("Connection", "Keep-Alive"); conn.connect(); printResponseHeader(conn); if (conn.getResponseCode() == 200) { this.fileSize = conn.getContentLength();// 根据响应获取文件大小 if (this.fileSize <= 0) throw new RuntimeException("Unkown file size "); String filename = getFileName(conn);// 获取文件名称 this.saveFile = new File(fileSaveDir, filename);// 构建保存文件 Map<Integer, Integer> logdata = fileService .getData(downloadUrl);// 获取下载记录 if (logdata.size() > 0) {// 如果存在下载记录 for (Map.Entry<Integer, Integer> entry : logdata.entrySet()) data.put(entry.getKey(), entry.getValue());// 把各条线程已经下载的数据长度放入data中 } if (this.data.size() == this.threads.length) {// 下面计算所有线程已经下载的数据长度 for (int i = 0; i < this.threads.length; i++) { this.downloadSize += this.data.get(i + 1); } print("已经下载的长度" + this.downloadSize); } // 计算每条线程下载的数据长度 this.block = (this.fileSize % this.threads.length) == 0 ? this.fileSize / this.threads.length : this.fileSize / this.threads.length + 1; } else { throw new RuntimeException("server no response "); } } catch (Exception e) { print(e.toString()); throw new RuntimeException("don't connection this url"); } } /** * 获取文件名 */ private String getFileName(HttpURLConnection conn) { String filename = this.downloadUrl.substring(this.downloadUrl .lastIndexOf('/') + 1); if (filename == null || "".equals(filename.trim())) {// 如果获取不到文件名称 for (int i = 0;; i++) { String mine = conn.getHeaderField(i); if (mine == null) break; if ("content-disposition".equals(conn.getHeaderFieldKey(i) .toLowerCase())) { Matcher m = Pattern.compile(".*filename=(.*)").matcher( mine.toLowerCase()); if (m.find()) return m.group(1); } } filename = UUID.randomUUID() + ".tmp";// 默认取一个文件名 } return filename; } /** * 开始下载文件 * * @param listener * 监听下载数量的变化,如果不需要了解实时下载的数量,可以设置为null * @return 已下载文件大小 * @throws Exception */ public int download(DownloadProgressListener listener) throws Exception { try { RandomAccessFile randOut = new RandomAccessFile(this.saveFile, "rw"); if (this.fileSize > 0) randOut.setLength(this.fileSize); randOut.close(); URL url = new URL(this.downloadUrl); if (this.data.size() != this.threads.length) { this.data.clear(); for (int i = 0; i < this.threads.length; i++) { this.data.put(i + 1, 0);// 初始化每条线程已经下载的数据长度为0 } } for (int i = 0; i < this.threads.length; i++) {// 开启线程进行下载 int downLength = this.data.get(i + 1); if (downLength < this.block && this.downloadSize < this.fileSize) {// 判断线程是否已经完成下载,否则继续下载 this.threads[i] = new DownloadThread(this, url, this.saveFile, this.block, this.data.get(i + 1), i + 1); this.threads[i].setPriority(7); this.threads[i].start(); } else { this.threads[i] = null; } } this.fileService.save(this.downloadUrl, this.data); boolean notFinish = true;// 下载未完成 while (notFinish) {// 循环判断所有线程是否完成下载 Thread.sleep(900); notFinish = false;// 假定全部线程下载完成 for (int i = 0; i < this.threads.length; i++) { if (this.threads[i] != null && !this.threads[i].isFinish()) {// 如果发现线程未完成下载 notFinish = true;// 设置标志为下载没有完成 if (this.threads[i].getDownLength() == -1) {// 如果下载失败,再重新下载 this.threads[i] = new DownloadThread(this, url, this.saveFile, this.block, this.data.get(i + 1), i + 1); this.threads[i].setPriority(7); this.threads[i].start(); } } } if (listener != null) listener.onDownloadSize(this.downloadSize);// 通知目前已经下载完成的数据长度 } fileService.delete(this.downloadUrl); } catch (Exception e) { print(e.toString()); throw new Exception("file download fail"); } return this.downloadSize; } /** * 获取Http响应头字段 * * @param http * @return */ public static Map<String, String> getHttpResponseHeader( HttpURLConnection http) { Map<String, String> header = new LinkedHashMap<String, String>(); for (int i = 0;; i++) { String mine = http.getHeaderField(i); if (mine == null) break; header.put(http.getHeaderFieldKey(i), mine); } return header; } /** * 打印Http头字段 * * @param http */ public static void printResponseHeader(HttpURLConnection http) { Map<String, String> header = getHttpResponseHeader(http); for (Map.Entry<String, String> entry : header.entrySet()) { String key = entry.getKey() != null ? entry.getKey() + ":" : ""; print(key + entry.getValue()); } } private static void print(String msg) { Log.i(TAG, msg); } }

OK至此业务写完了

现在来设计界面UI,由于要使用到String类型的字符串,所以我们先在String.xml中定义一下

添加

<string name="path">下载路径</string> <string name="button">下载</string> <string name="suceess">下载完成</string> <string name="error">下载失败</string> <string name="sdcarderror">SDCard不存在或写保护</string>

界面main.xml

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="utf-8"?> <LinearLayout xmlns:android="http://schemas.android.com/apk/res/android" android:orientation="vertical" android:layout_width="fill_parent" android:layout_height="fill_parent" > <TextView android:layout_width="fill_parent" android:layout_height="wrap_content" android:text="@string/path" /> <EditText android:layout_width="fill_parent" android:layout_height="wrap_content" android:text="http://www.mp3upload.ca/upload/42981-fdt.mp3" android:id="@+id/path" /> <Button android:layout_width="wrap_content" android:layout_height="wrap_content" android:text="@string/button" android:id="@+id/button" /> <ProgressBar android:layout_width="fill_parent" android:layout_height="20px" style="?android:attr/progressBarStyleHorizontal" android:id="@+id/downloadbar" /> <TextView android:layout_width="fill_parent" android:layout_height="wrap_content" android:gravity="center" android:id="@+id/result" /> </LinearLayout>

主类MainActivity

package com.studio.download; import java.io.File; import com.studio.net.download.DownloadProgressListener; import com.studio.net.download.FileDownloader; import android.app.Activity; import android.os.Bundle; import android.os.Environment; import android.os.Handler; import android.os.Message; import android.view.View; import android.widget.Button; import android.widget.EditText; import android.widget.ProgressBar; import android.widget.TextView; import android.widget.Toast; public class MainActivity extends Activity { private EditText pathText; private ProgressBar downloadbar; private TextView resultView; // 它用于往消息队列发送消息,当Handler被创建时会自动绑定到Handler被创建时所在的线程所绑定的消息队列 private Handler handler = new Handler() { @Override public void handleMessage(Message msg) { switch (msg.what) { case 1: downloadbar.setProgress(msg.getData().getInt("size"));// 把当前已经下载的数据长度设置为进度条的当前刻度 float num = (float) downloadbar.getProgress() / (float) downloadbar.getMax(); int result = (int) (num * 100); resultView.setText(result + "%"); if (downloadbar.getProgress() == downloadbar.getMax()) { Toast.makeText(MainActivity.this, R.string.suceess, 1) .show(); } break; case -1: Toast.makeText(MainActivity.this, R.string.error, 1).show(); break; } } }; @Override public void onCreate(Bundle savedInstanceState) { super.onCreate(savedInstanceState); setContentView(R.layout.main); pathText = (EditText) findViewById(R.id.path); downloadbar = (ProgressBar) findViewById(R.id.downloadbar); resultView = (TextView) findViewById(R.id.result); Button button = (Button) findViewById(R.id.button); button.setOnClickListener(new View.OnClickListener() { @Override public void onClick(View v) { if (Environment.getExternalStorageState().equals( Environment.MEDIA_MOUNTED)) { String path = pathText.getText().toString(); download(path, Environment.getExternalStorageDirectory()); } else { Toast.makeText(MainActivity.this, R.string.sdcarderror, 1) .show(); } } }); } // 对UI控件的更新只能由主线程(UI线程)负责,如果不在UI线程更新控件,更新后的值不会被重绘到屏幕上 private void download(final String path, final File saveDir) { new Thread(new Runnable() { @Override public void run() { try { FileDownloader loader = new FileDownloader( MainActivity.this, path, saveDir, 3); downloadbar.setMax(loader.getFileSize());// 设置进度条的最大刻度为文件的大小 loader.download(new DownloadProgressListener() { @Override public void onDownloadSize(int size) { Message msg = new Message(); msg.what = 1; msg.getData().putInt("size", size); handler.sendMessage(msg); // msg.target = handler; } }); } catch (Exception e) { Message msg = new Message(); msg.what = -1; handler.sendMessage(msg); } } }).start(); } }

当然别忘了添加权限

<uses-permission android:name="android.permission.INTERNET"></uses-permission> <uses-permission android:name="android.permission.WRITE_EXTERNAL_STORAGE"></uses-permission> <uses-permission android:name="android.permission.MOUNT_UNMOUNT_FILESYSTEMS"></uses-permission>
OK,搞定,运行一下

如图所示

由于这个mp3有点大,耐心等待

OK,终于下载完成了,看看sdcard吧,上面有我们刚下载的歌曲文件了,播放一下试试,呵呵

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Android 多线程断点下载源码demo

2014年08月03日 135KB 下载

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