Apache License Version 2.0 英文内容及中文翻译

 

Apache License

Version 2.0, January 2004

http://www.apache.org/licenses/

 

   TERMS AND CONDITIONS FOR USE, REPRODUCTION, AND DISTRIBUTION

 

   1. Definitions.

 

      "License" shall mean the terms and conditions for use, reproduction,

      and distribution as defined by Sections 1 through 9 of this document.

 

      "Licensor" shall mean the copyright owner or entity authorized by

      the copyright owner that is granting the License.

 

      "Legal Entity" shall mean the union of the acting entity and all

      other entities that control, are controlled by, or are under common

      control with that entity. For the purposes of this definition,

      "control" means (i) the power, direct or indirect, to cause the

      direction or management of such entity, whether by contract or

      otherwise, or (ii) ownership of fifty percent (50%) or more of the

      outstanding shares, or (iii) beneficial ownership of such entity.

 

      "You" (or "Your") shall mean an individual or Legal Entity

      exercising permissions granted by this License.

 

      "Source" form shall mean the preferred form for making modifications,

      including but not limited to software source code, documentation

      source, and configuration files.

 

      "Object" form shall mean any form resulting from mechanical

      transformation or translation of a Source form, including but

      not limited to compiled object code, generated documentation,

      and conversions to other media types.

 

      "Work" shall mean the work of authorship, whether in Source or

      Object form, made available under the License, as indicated by a

      copyright notice that is included in or attached to the work

      (an example is provided in the Appendix below).

 

      "Derivative Works" shall mean any work, whether in Source or Object

      form, that is based on (or derived from) the Work and for which the

      editorial revisions, annotations, elaborations, or other modifications

      represent, as a whole, an original work of authorship. For the purposes

      of this License, Derivative Works shall not include works that remain

      separable from, or merely link (or bind by name) to the interfaces of,

      the Work and Derivative Works thereof.

 

      "Contribution" shall mean any work of authorship, including

      the original version of the Work and any modifications or additions

      to that Work or Derivative Works thereof, that is intentionally

      submitted to Licensor for inclusion in the Work by the copyright owner

      or by an individual or Legal Entity authorized to submit on behalf of

      the copyright owner. For the purposes of this definition, "submitted"

      means any form of electronic, verbal, or written communication sent

      to the Licensor or its representatives, including but not limited to

      communication on electronic mailing lists, source code control systems,

      and issue tracking systems that are managed by, or on behalf of, the

      Licensor for the purpose of discussing and improving the Work, but

      excluding communication that is conspicuously marked or otherwise

      designated in writing by the copyright owner as "Not a Contribution."

 

      "Contributor" shall mean Licensor and any individual or Legal Entity

      on behalf of whom a Contribution has been received by Licensor and

      subsequently incorporated within the Work.

 

   2. Grant of Copyright License. Subject to the terms and conditions of

      this License, each Contributor hereby grants to You a perpetual,

      worldwide, non-exclusive, no-charge, royalty-free, irrevocable

      copyright license to reproduce, prepare Derivative Works of,

      publicly display, publicly perform, sublicense, and distribute the

      Work and such Derivative Works in Source or Object form.

 

   3. Grant of Patent License. Subject to the terms and conditions of

      this License, each Contributor hereby grants to You a perpetual,

      worldwide, non-exclusive, no-charge, royalty-free, irrevocable

      (except as stated in this section) patent license to make, have made,

      use, offer to sell, sell, import, and otherwise transfer the Work,

      where such license applies only to those patent claims licensable

      by such Contributor that are necessarily infringed by their

      Contribution(s) alone or by combination of their Contribution(s)

      with the Work to which such Contribution(s) was submitted. If You

      institute patent litigation against any entity (including a

      cross-claim or counterclaim in a lawsuit) alleging that the Work

      or a Contribution incorporated within the Work constitutes direct

      or contributory patent infringement, then any patent licenses

      granted to You under this License for that Work shall terminate

      as of the date such litigation is filed.

 

   4. Redistribution. You may reproduce and distribute copies of the

      Work or Derivative Works thereof in any medium, with or without

      modifications, and in Source or Object form, provided that You

      meet the following conditions:

 

      (a) You must give any other recipients of the Work or

          Derivative Works a copy of this License; and

 

      (b) You must cause any modified files to carry prominent notices

          stating that You changed the files; and

 

      (c) You must retain, in the Source form of any Derivative Works

          that You distribute, all copyright, patent, trademark, and

          attribution notices from the Source form of the Work,

          excluding those notices that do not pertain to any part of

          the Derivative Works; and

 

      (d) If the Work includes a "NOTICE" text file as part of its

          distribution, then any Derivative Works that You distribute must

          include a readable copy of the attribution notices contained

          within such NOTICE file, excluding those notices that do not

          pertain to any part of the Derivative Works, in at least one

          of the following places: within a NOTICE text file distributed

          as part of the Derivative Works; within the Source form or

          documentation, if provided along with the Derivative Works; or,

          within a display generated by the Derivative Works, if and

          wherever such third-party notices normally appear. The contents

          of the NOTICE file are for informational purposes only and

          do not modify the License. You may add Your own attribution

          notices within Derivative Works that You distribute, alongside

          or as an addendum to the NOTICE text from the Work, provided

          that such additional attribution notices cannot be construed

          as modifying the License.

 

      You may add Your own copyright statement to Your modifications and

      may provide additional or different license terms and conditions

      for use, reproduction, or distribution of Your modifications, or

      for any such Derivative Works as a whole, provided Your use,

      reproduction, and distribution of the Work otherwise complies with

      the conditions stated in this License.

 

   5. Submission of Contributions. Unless You explicitly state otherwise,

      any Contribution intentionally submitted for inclusion in the Work

      by You to the Licensor shall be under the terms and conditions of

      this License, without any additional terms or conditions.

      Notwithstanding the above, nothing herein shall supersede or modify

      the terms of any separate license agreement you may have executed

      with Licensor regarding such Contributions.

 

   6. Trademarks. This License does not grant permission to use the trade

      names, trademarks, service marks, or product names of the Licensor,

      except as required for reasonable and customary use in describing the

      origin of the Work and reproducing the content of the NOTICE file.

 

   7. Disclaimer of Warranty. Unless required by applicable law or

      agreed to in writing, Licensor provides the Work (and each

      Contributor provides its Contributions) on an "AS IS" BASIS,

      WITHOUT WARRANTIES OR CONDITIONS OF ANY KIND, either express or

      implied, including, without limitation, any warranties or conditions

      of TITLE, NON-INFRINGEMENT, MERCHANTABILITY, or FITNESS FOR A

      PARTICULAR PURPOSE. You are solely responsible for determining the

      appropriateness of using or redistributing the Work and assume any

      risks associated with Your exercise of permissions under this License.

 

   8. Limitation of Liability. In no event and under no legal theory,

      whether in tort (including negligence), contract, or otherwise,

      unless required by applicable law (such as deliberate and grossly

      negligent acts) or agreed to in writing, shall any Contributor be

      liable to You for damages, including any direct, indirect, special,

      incidental, or consequential damages of any character arising as a

      result of this License or out of the use or inability to use the

      Work (including but not limited to damages for loss of goodwill,

      work stoppage, computer failure or malfunction, or any and all

      other commercial damages or losses), even if such Contributor

      has been advised of the possibility of such damages.

 

   9. Accepting Warranty or Additional Liability. While redistributing

      the Work or Derivative Works thereof, You may choose to offer,

      and charge a fee for, acceptance of support, warranty, indemnity,

      or other liability obligations and/or rights consistent with this

      License. However, in accepting such obligations, You may act only

      on Your own behalf and on Your sole responsibility, not on behalf

      of any other Contributor, and only if You agree to indemnify,

      defend, and hold each Contributor harmless for any liability

      incurred by, or claims asserted against, such Contributor by reason

      of your accepting any such warranty or additional liability.

 

   END OF TERMS AND CONDITIONS

 

   APPENDIX: How to apply the Apache License to your work.

 

      To apply the Apache License to your work, attach the following

      boilerplate notice, with the fields enclosed by brackets "[]"

      replaced with your own identifying information. (Don't include

      the brackets!)  The text should be enclosed in the appropriate

      comment syntax for the file format. We also recommend that a

      file or class name and description of purpose be included on the

      same "printed page" as the copyright notice for easier

      identification within third-party archives.

 

   Copyright [yyyy] [name of copyright owner]

 

   Licensed under the Apache License, Version 2.0 (the "License");

   you may not use this file except in compliance with the License.

   You may obtain a copy of the License at

 

       http://www.apache.org/licenses/LICENSE-2.0

 

   Unless required by applicable law or agreed to in writing, software

   distributed under the License is distributed on an "AS IS" BASIS,

   WITHOUT WARRANTIES OR CONDITIONS OF ANY KIND, either express or implied.

   See the License for the specific language governing permissions and

   limitations under the License.

 

 

Apache许可证

 

2.0版,20041

http://www.apache.org/licenses/

 

译者:Joe 改动:hbW

使用、重生成及分发的术语和条件:

 

1.定义

 

"许可证"是指根据本文档第1到第9部分关于使用、重生成和分发的术语和条件。

 

"许可证颁发者"是指版权所有者或者由版权所有者批准的授权许可证的实体。

 

"法律实体"是指实施实体和进行控制的所有其它实体受该实体控制,或者受该实体集中控制。根据此定义,"控制"是指(i)让无论是否签订协议的上述实体,进行指导或管理的直接权利或间接权利,或者(ii)拥有百分之五十(50%)或以上已发行股票的所有者,或者(iii)上述实体的实权所有者。

 

"用户"("用户的")是指行使本许可证所授予权限的个人或法律实体。

 

"源程序"形式是指对包含但不限制软件源代码、文档源程序和配置文件进行修改的首选形式。

 

"目标"形式是指对源程序形式进行机械转换或翻译的任何形式,包括但不限于对编译的目标代码,生成的文件以及转换为其它媒体类型。

 

"作品"是指根据本许可证所制作的源程序形式或目标形式的著作,在著作中包含的或附加的版权通知(在下面附录中提供了一个示例)

 

"衍生作品"是指基于作品(或从作品衍生而来)的源程序形式或目标形式的任何作品,以及编辑修订、注释、详细描述或其它修订等构成原创著作作品的整体。根据本许可证,衍生作品不得包括与作品及其衍生作品分离之作品,或仅与作品及其衍生作品的接口相链接(或按名称结合)之作品。

 

"贡献"是指任何著作作品,包括作品的原始版本和对该作品或衍生作品所做的任何修订或补充,意在提交给许可证颁发者以让版权所有者或代表版权所有者的授权个人或法律实体包含在其作品中。根据此定义,"提交"一词表示发送给许可证颁发者或其代表人,任何电子的、口头的或书面的交流信息形式,包括但不限于在由许可证颁发者或者代表其管理的电子邮件清单、源代码控制系统、以及发布跟踪系统上为讨论和提高作品的交流,但不包括由版权所有者以书面形式明显标注或指定为"非贡献"的交流活动。

 

"贡献者"是指许可证颁发者和代表从许可证颁发者接受之贡献的并随后包含在作品之贡献中的任何个人或法律实体。

 

2.版权许可证的授予

 

根据本许可证的条款,每个贡献者授予用户永久性的、全球性的、非专有性的、免费的、无版权费的、不可撤销的版权许可证以源程序形式或目标形式复制、准备衍生作品、公开显示、公开执行、授予分许可证、以及分发作品和这样的衍生作品。

 

3.专利许可证的授予

 

根据本许可证的条款,每个贡献者授予用户永久性的、全球性的、非专有性的、免费的、无版权费的、不可撤销的(除在本部分进行说明)专利许可证对作品进行制作、让人制作、使用、提供销售、销售、进口和其它转让,且这样的许可证仅适用于在所递交作品的贡献中因可由单一的或多个这样的贡献者授予而必须侵犯的申请专利。如果用户对任何实体针对作品或作品中所涉及贡献提出因直接性或贡献性专利侵权而提起专利法律诉讼(包括交互诉讼请求或反索赔),那么根据本许可证,授予用户针对作品的任何专利许可证将在提起上述诉讼之日起终止。

 

4.重新分发

 

用户可在任何媒介中复制和分发作品或衍生作品之副本,无论是否修订,还是以源程序形式或目标形式,条件是用户需满足下列条款:

 

用户必须为作品或衍生作品的任何其他接收者提供本许可证的副本;并且

用户必须让任何修改过的文件附带明显的通知,声明用户已更改文件;并且

用户必须从作品的源程序形式中保留衍生作品源程序形式的用户所分发的所有版权、专利、商标和属性通知,但不包括不属于衍生作品任何部分的类似通知;并且

如果作品将"通知"文本文件包括为其分发作品的一部分,那么用户分发的任何衍生作品中须至少在下列地方之一包括,在这样的通知文件中所包含的属性通知的可读副本,但不包括那些不属于衍生作品任何部分的通知:在作为衍生作品一部分而分发的通知文本文件中;如果与衍生作品一起提供则在源程序形式或文件中;或者通常作为第三方通知出现的时候和地方,在衍生作品中产生的画面中。通知文件的内容仅供信息提供,并未对许可证进行修改。用户可在其分发的衍生作品中在作品的通知文本后或作为附录添加自己的属性通知,条件是附加的属性通知不得构成修改本许可证。

用户可以为自身所做出的修订添加自己的版权声明并可对自身所做出修订内容或为这样的衍生作品作为整体的使用、复制或分发提供附加或不同的条款,条件是用户对作品的使用、复制和分发必须符合本许可证中声明的条款。

 

5.贡献的提交。

 

除非用户明确声明,在作品中由用户向许可证颁发者的提交若要包含在贡献中,必须在无任何附加条款下符合本许可证的条款。尽管上面如此规定,执行许可证颁发者有关贡献的条款时,任何情况下均不得替代或修改任何单独许可证协议的条款。

 

6.商标。本许可证并未授予用户使用许可证颁发者的商号、商标、服务标记或产品名称,除非将这些名称用于合理性和惯例性描述作品起源和复制通知文件的内容时。

7.保证否认条款。除非因适用法律需要或书面同意,许可证颁发者以"按原样"基础提供作品(并且每个贡献者提供其贡献),无任何明示的或暗示的保证或条件,包括但不限于关于所有权、不侵权、商品适销性、或适用性的保证或条件。用户仅对使用或重新分发作品的正确性负责,并需承担根据本许可证行使权限时的任何风险。

8.责任限制条款。在任何情况下并根据任何法律,无论是因侵权(包括过失)或根据合同,还是其它原因,除非根据适用法律需要(例如故意行为和重大过失行为)或经书面同意,即使贡献者事先已被告知发生损害的可能性,任何贡献者不就用户因使用本许可证或不能使用或无法使用作品(包括但不限于商誉损失、停工、计算机失效或故障,或任何商业损坏或损失)而造成的损失,包括直接的、非直接的、特殊的、意外的或间接的字符损坏而负责。

9.接受保证或附加责任。重新分发作品或及其衍生作品时,用户可选择提供或为符合本许可证承担之支持、担保、赔偿或其它职责义务和/或权利而收取费用。但是,在承担上述义务时,用户只可代表用户本身和用户本身责任来执行,无需代表任何其它贡献者,并且用户仅可保证、防护并保持每个贡献者不受任何因此而产生的责任或对因用户自身承担这样的保证或附加责任而对这样的贡献者所提出的索赔。

条款结束

 

附录:如何向用户作品中应用Apache许可证。

 

若要向用户作品应用Apache许可证,请附加下列样本通知,将括号"[]"中的字段以用户自身的区分信息来替换(但不包括括号)。文本必须以文件格式适当的注释句法包含在其中。另外建议将文件名或类别名以及目的说明包含在相同的"打印页"上作为版权通知,以更加容易的区分出第三方档案。

 

版权所有[yyyy][版权所有者的名称]根据2.0版本Apache许可证("许可证")授权;根据本许可证,用户可以不使用此文件。用户可从下列网址获得许可证副本:http://www.apache.org/licenses/LICENSE-2.0除非因适用法律需要或书面同意,根据许可证分发的软件是基于"按原样"基础提供,无任何明示的或暗示的保证或条件。详见根据许可证许可下,特定语言的管辖权限和限制。

 

注:翻译版本来自hbW的博客

http://blog.myspace.cn/1304477870/Archive/2008/03/08/400490912.aspx

 

©️2020 CSDN 皮肤主题: 大白 设计师:CSDN官方博客 返回首页