重温设计模式之中介者模式

中介者模式  Mediator Pattern

用一个中介对象来封装一系列的对象交互,中介者使各对象不需要显式地相互引用,从而使其耦合松散,而且可以独立地改变它们之间的交互。

生活中我们经常会需要中介,比如租房找房产中介要比自己找要方便的多。

再如订外卖,如果没有外卖平台,就要保存很多的外卖菜单,即使这样也会因为消息不及时而错过一些新店开业的优惠。而对餐馆来说,想加几样新菜要么是等别人订餐时挨个推销,要么去街头发新的菜单。

在有个了中介-外卖平台以后,这些就变得简单多了,顾客和餐馆都只需要知道中介就可以了,彼此之间不需要关联。

UML图:

代码:

public abstract class Colleague {

    protected Mediator mediator;

    public Colleague(Mediator mediator) {
        this.mediator = mediator;
    }

    public abstract void send(String message);

    public abstract void receive(String message, String from);
}

 

public class Customer extends Colleague {

    public Customer(Mediator mediator) {
        super(mediator);
    }

    @Override
    public void send(String message) {
        System.out.println("Customer发出消息: " + message);
        this.mediator.send(message, "Customer");
    }

    @Override
    public void receive(String message, String from) {
        System.out.println("Customer收到来自" + from + "的消息: " + message);
    }
}
public class Restaurant extends Colleague {
    public Restaurant(Mediator mediator) {
        super(mediator);
    }

    @Override
    public void send(String message) {
        System.out.println("Restaurant发出消息: " + message);
        this.mediator.send(message, "Restaurant");
    }

    @Override
    public void receive(String message, String from) {
        System.out.println("Restaurant收到来自" + from + "的消息: " + message);
    }
}
public class DeliveryMan extends Colleague {

    public DeliveryMan(Mediator mediator) {
        super(mediator);
    }

    @Override
    public void send(String message) {
        System.out.println("DeliveryMan发出消息: " + message);
        this.mediator.send(message, "DeliveryMan");
    }

    @Override
    public void receive(String message, String from) {
        System.out.println("DeliveryMan收到来自" + from + "的消息: " + message);
    }
}
public abstract class Mediator {

    public abstract void send(String message, String from);
}
public class MeituanMediator extends Mediator {

    private Colleague customer;
    private Colleague restaurant;
    private Colleague deliveryMan;

    @Override
    public void send(String message, String from) {
        switch (from) {
            case "Customer":
                restaurant.receive(message, from);
                break;
            case "Restaurant":
                deliveryMan.receive(message, from);
                break;
            case "DeliveryMan":
                customer.receive(message, from);
                break;
        }
    }

    public void setCustomer(Colleague customer) {
        this.customer = customer;
    }

    public void setRestaurant(Colleague restaurant) {
        this.restaurant = restaurant;
    }

    public void setDeliveryMan(Colleague deliveryMan) {
        this.deliveryMan = deliveryMan;
    }
}

客户端: 

public class Client {
    public static void main(String[] args) {

        MeituanMediator meituanMediator = new MeituanMediator();

        Colleague customer = new Customer(meituanMediator);
        Colleague restaurant = new Restaurant(meituanMediator);
        Colleague deliveryMan = new DeliveryMan(meituanMediator);

        meituanMediator.setCustomer(customer);
        meituanMediator.setRestaurant(restaurant);
        meituanMediator.setDeliveryMan(deliveryMan);

        customer.send("订一份披萨");
        restaurant.send("披萨打包完毕");
        deliveryMan.send("30分钟后送到");
    }
}
Customer发出消息: 订一份披萨
Restaurant收到来自Customer的消息: 订一份披萨
Restaurant发出消息: 披萨打包完毕
DeliveryMan收到来自Restaurant的消息: 披萨打包完毕
DeliveryMan发出消息: 30分钟后送到
Customer收到来自DeliveryMan的消息: 30分钟后送到

 

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