Win32程序简单演示-模拟电子表格移动光标到另一单元格

/*-------------------------------------------------
   bobo,2020-01-18
  -------------------------------------------------*/ 

#include <windows.h>

#define DIVISIONS 10    //单元格横向纵向个数
int         cxBlock, cyBlock;

LRESULT CALLBACK WndProc   (HWND, UINT, WPARAM, LPARAM) ;
LRESULT CALLBACK ChildWndProc (HWND, UINT, WPARAM, LPARAM) ;

TCHAR szChildClass[] = TEXT ("caret_Child") ;

int WINAPI WinMain (HINSTANCE hInstance, HINSTANCE hPrevInstance,
                    PSTR szCmdLine, int iCmdShow)
{
     static TCHAR szAppName[] = TEXT ("Cell Caret Demo") ;
     HWND         hwnd ;
     MSG          msg ;
     WNDCLASS     wndclass ;
     
     wndclass.style         = CS_HREDRAW | CS_VREDRAW ;
     wndclass.lpfnWndProc   = WndProc ;
     wndclass.cbClsExtra    = 0 ;
     wndclass.cbWndExtra    = 0 ;
     wndclass.hInstance     = hInstance ;
     wndclass.hIcon         = LoadIcon (NULL, IDI_APPLICATION) ;
     wndclass.hCursor       = LoadCursor (NULL, IDC_ARROW) ;
     wndclass.hbrBackground = (HBRUSH) GetStockObject (WHITE_BRUSH) ;
     wndclass.lpszMenuName  = NULL ;
     wndclass.lpszClassName = szAppName ;
     
     if (!RegisterClass (&wndclass))
     {
          MessageBox (NULL, TEXT ("Program requires Windows NT!"), 
                      szAppName, MB_ICONERROR) ;
          return 0 ;
     }
     
     wndclass.lpfnWndProc   = ChildWndProc ;
     wndclass.cbWndExtra    = sizeof (long) ;
     wndclass.hIcon         = NULL ;
     wndclass.lpszClassName = szChildClass ;
     
     RegisterClass (&wndclass) ;
     
     hwnd = CreateWindow (szAppName, TEXT ("Cell Caret Demo"),
                          WS_OVERLAPPEDWINDOW,
                          CW_USEDEFAULT, CW_USEDEFAULT,
                          CW_USEDEFAULT, CW_USEDEFAULT,
                          NULL, NULL, hInstance, NULL) ;
     
     ShowWindow (hwnd, iCmdShow) ;
     UpdateWindow (hwnd) ;
     
     while (GetMessage (&msg, NULL, 0, 0))
     {
          TranslateMessage (&msg) ;
          DispatchMessage (&msg) ;
     }
     return msg.wParam ;
}

LRESULT CALLBACK WndProc (HWND hwnd, UINT message, WPARAM wParam, LPARAM lParam)
{
     static HWND hwndChild[DIVISIONS][DIVISIONS] ;
     int        x, y ;
     
     switch (message)
     {
     case WM_CREATE :
          for (x = 0 ; x < DIVISIONS ; x++)
               for (y = 0 ; y < DIVISIONS ; y++)
                    hwndChild[x][y] = CreateWindow (szChildClass, NULL,
                              WS_CHILDWINDOW | WS_VISIBLE,
                              0, 0, 0, 0,
                              hwnd, (HMENU) (y << 8 | x),
                              (HINSTANCE) GetWindowLong (hwnd, GWL_HINSTANCE),
                              NULL) ;
          return 0 ;
               
     case WM_SIZE :
          cxBlock = LOWORD (lParam) / DIVISIONS ;
          cyBlock = HIWORD (lParam) / DIVISIONS ;
          
          for (x = 0 ; x < DIVISIONS ; x++)
                for (y = 0 ; y < DIVISIONS ; y++)
                    MoveWindow (hwndChild[x][y],
                                x * cxBlock, y * cyBlock,
                                cxBlock, cyBlock, TRUE) ;
          return 0 ;
               
     case WM_LBUTTONDOWN :
          return 0 ;
          
     case WM_DESTROY :
          PostQuitMessage (0) ;
          return 0 ;
     }
     return DefWindowProc (hwnd, message, wParam, lParam) ;
}

LRESULT CALLBACK ChildWndProc (HWND hwnd, UINT message, WPARAM wParam, LPARAM lParam)
{
     HDC         hdc ;
     PAINTSTRUCT ps ;
     RECT        rect ;
     
     switch (message)
     {
     case WM_CREATE :
          return 0 ;
          
     case WM_LBUTTONDOWN :
		  CreateCaret(hwnd,NULL,10,50); 
          SetCaretPos(cxBlock/2,cyBlock/2);
		  ShowCaret(hwnd);
          return 0 ;
          
     case WM_PAINT :
          hdc = BeginPaint (hwnd, &ps) ;
          
          GetClientRect (hwnd, &rect) ;
          Rectangle (hdc, 0, 0, rect.right, rect.bottom) ;
          
          if (GetWindowLong (hwnd, 0))
          {
               MoveToEx (hdc, 0,          0, NULL) ;
               LineTo   (hdc, rect.right, rect.bottom) ;
               MoveToEx (hdc, 0,          rect.bottom, NULL) ;
               LineTo   (hdc, rect.right, 0) ;
          }
          
          EndPaint (hwnd, &ps) ;
          return 0 ;
     }
     return DefWindowProc (hwnd, message, wParam, lParam) ;
}

 

代码说明;

#define DIVISIONS 10    //单元格横向纵向个数

创建子窗口的个数;

 

LRESULT CALLBACK WndProc   (HWND, UINT, WPARAM, LPARAM) ;
LRESULT CALLBACK ChildWndProc (HWND, UINT, WPARAM, LPARAM) ;

窗口过程和子窗口过程;此处一个子窗口是一个单元格;

 

在主窗口的WM_CREATE消息中创建子窗口;

 

在主窗口的WM_SIZE 消息中改变子窗口大小;并获取更改后的单元格大小到cxBlock、cyBlock;

 

这一段是在子窗口的WM_PAINT中把子窗口的边线画出;

               MoveToEx (hdc, 0,          0, NULL) ;
               LineTo   (hdc, rect.right, rect.bottom) ;
               MoveToEx (hdc, 0,          rect.bottom, NULL) ;
               LineTo   (hdc, rect.right, 0) ;

 

子窗口发生鼠标左键单击时设置光标到本子窗口;

          CreateCaret(hwnd,NULL,10,50); 
          SetCaretPos(cxBlock/2,cyBlock/2);
          ShowCaret(hwnd);
     这个脱字符要调3个API才会出来;创建、设置坐标、显示;创建和显示的第一个参数是窗口句柄;

 

至于实际的电子表格的单元格,是一个个子窗口,还是都是绘制的,就不了解了;

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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