服务器 apache配置https,http强制跳转https

版权声明:看,这是一只有梦想的程序猿 - by Pendant。 https://blog.csdn.net/benpaodelulu_guajian/article/details/78503910

公司linux服务器上的nginx的已经改成https了,现在还剩下一个windows云服务器没配置。

环境 windows wampserver2.5 64位

1.腾讯云申请的ssl

包含三个文件:

 

3_www.pdwbwx.com.key
2_www.pdwbwx.com.crt
1_root_bundle.crt

 

2.将这三个文件放在apache安装目录下的config/extra/key文件夹中, key文件夹和httpd-ssl.conf 同级,key文件夹要自己创建。

 

3.修改httpd.conf

 

LoadModule socache_dbm_module modules/mod_socache_dbm.so

LoadModule socache_shmcb_module modules/mod_socache_shmcb.so

LoadModule ssl_module modules/mod_ssl.so

Include conf/extra/httpd-ssl.conf

 

将上面四句的注释去掉。

4.修改extra文件夹下面的 httpd-ssl.conf(这个很重要,修改不对的话,apache启动不了)

 

 

#
# This is the Apache server configuration file providing SSL support.
# It contains the configuration directives to instruct the server how to
# serve pages over an https connection. For detailed information about these 
# directives see <URL:http://httpd.apache.org/docs/2.4/mod/mod_ssl.html>
# 
# Do NOT simply read the instructions in here without understanding
# what they do.  They're here only as hints or reminders.  If you are unsure
# consult the online docs. You have been warned.  
#
# Required modules: mod_log_config, mod_setenvif, mod_ssl,
#          socache_shmcb_module (for default value of SSLSessionCache)

#
# Pseudo Random Number Generator (PRNG):
# Configure one or more sources to seed the PRNG of the SSL library.
# The seed data should be of good random quality.
# WARNING! On some platforms /dev/random blocks if not enough entropy
# is available. This means you then cannot use the /dev/random device
# because it would lead to very long connection times (as long as
# it requires to make more entropy available). But usually those
# platforms additionally provide a /dev/urandom device which doesn't
# block. So, if available, use this one instead. Read the mod_ssl User
# Manual for more details.
#
#SSLRandomSeed startup file:/dev/random  512
#SSLRandomSeed startup file:/dev/urandom 512
#SSLRandomSeed connect file:/dev/random  512
#SSLRandomSeed connect file:/dev/urandom 512


#
# When we also provide SSL we have to listen to the 
# standard HTTP port (see above) and to the HTTPS port
#
Listen 443

##
##  SSL Global Context
##
##  All SSL configuration in this context applies both to
##  the main server and all SSL-enabled virtual hosts.
##

#   SSL Cipher Suite:
#   List the ciphers that the client is permitted to negotiate.
#   See the mod_ssl documentation for a complete list.
#SSLCipherSuite HIGH:MEDIUM:!aNULL:!MD5

#--
SSLCipherSuite ECDHE-RSA-AES128-GCM-SHA256:ECDHE:ECDH:AES:HIGH:!NULL:!aNULL:!MD5:!ADH:!RC4
SSLProxyCipherSuite HIGH:MEDIUM:!MD5:!RC4
SSLHonorCipherOrder on
SSLProtocol TLSv1 +TLSv1.1 +TLSv1.2
SSLProxyProtocol all -SSLv3
#---

#   Speed-optimized SSL Cipher configuration:
#   If speed is your main concern (on busy HTTPS servers e.g.),
#   you might want to force clients to specific, performance
#   optimized ciphers. In this case, prepend those ciphers
#   to the SSLCipherSuite list, and enable SSLHonorCipherOrder.
#   Caveat: by giving precedence to RC4-SHA and AES128-SHA
#   (as in the example below), most connections will no longer
#   have perfect forward secrecy - if the server's key is
#   compromised, captures of past or future traffic must be
#   considered compromised, too.
#SSLCipherSuite RC4-SHA:AES128-SHA:HIGH:MEDIUM:!aNULL:!MD5
#SSLHonorCipherOrder on 

#   Pass Phrase Dialog:
#   Configure the pass phrase gathering process.
#   The filtering dialog program (`builtin' is an internal
#   terminal dialog) has to provide the pass phrase on stdout.
SSLPassPhraseDialog  builtin

#   Inter-Process Session Cache:
#   Configure the SSL Session Cache: First the mechanism 
#   to use and second the expiring timeout (in seconds).
#SSLSessionCache         "dbm:c:/Apache24/logs/ssl_scache"
#-这个不好用就换上面的-
SSLSessionCache        "shmcb:c:/Apache24/logs/ssl_scache(512000)"
#--
SSLSessionCacheTimeout  300

##
## SSL Virtual Host Context
##
<VirtualHost _default_:443>

#   General setup for the virtual host
#--
DocumentRoot "E:\wamp\www\domain"
ServerName www.domain.com:443
ServerAdmin admin@www.domain.com
ErrorLog "E:\wamp\bin\apache\apache2.4.9\logs\error.log"
TransferLog "E:\wamp\bin\apache\apache2.4.9\logs\access.log"
#--
#   SSL Engine Switch:
#   Enable/Disable SSL for this virtual host.
SSLEngine on

#   Server Certificate:
#   Point SSLCertificateFile at a PEM encoded certificate.  If
#   the certificate is encrypted, then you will be prompted for a
#   pass phrase.  Note that a kill -HUP will prompt again.  Keep
#   in mind that if you have both an RSA and a DSA certificate you
#   can configure both in parallel (to also allow the use of DSA
#   ciphers, etc.)
#   Some ECC cipher suites (http://www.ietf.org/rfc/rfc4492.txt)
#   require an ECC certificate which can also be configured in
#   parallel.
#--
SSLCertificateFile "E:\wamp\bin\apache\apache2.4.9\conf\extra\key\2_www.domain.com.crt"
#--
#SSLCertificateFile "c:/Apache24/conf/server-dsa.crt"
#SSLCertificateFile "c:/Apache24/conf/server-ecc.crt"

#   Server Private Key:
#   If the key is not combined with the certificate, use this
#   directive to point at the key file.  Keep in mind that if
#   you've both a RSA and a DSA private key you can configure
#   both in parallel (to also allow the use of DSA ciphers, etc.)
#   ECC keys, when in use, can also be configured in parallel
#--
SSLCertificateKeyFile "E:\wamp\bin\apache\apache2.4.9\conf\extra\key\3_www.domain.com.key"
#--
#SSLCertificateKeyFile "c:/Apache24/conf/server-dsa.key"
#SSLCertificateKeyFile "c:/Apache24/conf/server-ecc.key"

#   Server Certificate Chain:
#   Point SSLCertificateChainFile at a file containing the
#   concatenation of PEM encoded CA certificates which form the
#   certificate chain for the server certificate. Alternatively
#   the referenced file can be the same as SSLCertificateFile
#   when the CA certificates are directly appended to the server
#   certificate for convenience.
#--
SSLCertificateChainFile "E:\wamp\bin\apache\apache2.4.9\conf\extra\key\1_root_bundle.crt"
#--
#   Certificate Authority (CA):
#   Set the CA certificate verification path where to find CA
#   certificates for client authentication or alternatively one
#   huge file containing all of them (file must be PEM encoded)
#   Note: Inside SSLCACertificatePath you need hash symlinks
#         to point to the certificate files. Use the provided
#         Makefile to update the hash symlinks after changes.
#SSLCACertificatePath "c:/Apache24/conf/ssl.crt"
#SSLCACertificateFile "c:/Apache24/conf/ssl.crt/ca-bundle.crt"

#   Certificate Revocation Lists (CRL):
#   Set the CA revocation path where to find CA CRLs for client
#   authentication or alternatively one huge file containing all
#   of them (file must be PEM encoded).
#   The CRL checking mode needs to be configured explicitly
#   through SSLCARevocationCheck (defaults to "none" otherwise).
#   Note: Inside SSLCARevocationPath you need hash symlinks
#         to point to the certificate files. Use the provided
#         Makefile to update the hash symlinks after changes.
#SSLCARevocationPath "c:/Apache24/conf/ssl.crl"
#SSLCARevocationFile "c:/Apache24/conf/ssl.crl/ca-bundle.crl"
#SSLCARevocationCheck chain

#   Client Authentication (Type):
#   Client certificate verification type and depth.  Types are
#   none, optional, require and optional_no_ca.  Depth is a
#   number which specifies how deeply to verify the certificate
#   issuer chain before deciding the certificate is not valid.
#SSLVerifyClient require
#SSLVerifyDepth  10

#   TLS-SRP mutual authentication:
#   Enable TLS-SRP and set the path to the OpenSSL SRP verifier
#   file (containing login information for SRP user accounts). 
#   Requires OpenSSL 1.0.1 or newer. See the mod_ssl FAQ for
#   detailed instructions on creating this file. Example:
#   "openssl srp -srpvfile c:/Apache24/conf/passwd.srpv -add username"
#SSLSRPVerifierFile "c:/Apache24/conf/passwd.srpv"

#   Access Control:
#   With SSLRequire you can do per-directory access control based
#   on arbitrary complex boolean expressions containing server
#   variable checks and other lookup directives.  The syntax is a
#   mixture between C and Perl.  See the mod_ssl documentation
#   for more details.
#<Location />
#SSLRequire (    %{SSL_CIPHER} !~ m/^(EXP|NULL)/ \
#            and %{SSL_CLIENT_S_DN_O} eq "Snake Oil, Ltd." \
#            and %{SSL_CLIENT_S_DN_OU} in {"Staff", "CA", "Dev"} \
#            and %{TIME_WDAY} >= 1 and %{TIME_WDAY} <= 5 \
#            and %{TIME_HOUR} >= 8 and %{TIME_HOUR} <= 20       ) \
#           or %{REMOTE_ADDR} =~ m/^192\.76\.162\.[0-9]+$/
#</Location>

#   SSL Engine Options:
#   Set various options for the SSL engine.
#   o FakeBasicAuth:
#     Translate the client X.509 into a Basic Authorisation.  This means that
#     the standard Auth/DBMAuth methods can be used for access control.  The
#     user name is the `one line' version of the client's X.509 certificate.
#     Note that no password is obtained from the user. Every entry in the user
#     file needs this password: `xxj31ZMTZzkVA'.
#   o ExportCertData:
#     This exports two additional environment variables: SSL_CLIENT_CERT and
#     SSL_SERVER_CERT. These contain the PEM-encoded certificates of the
#     server (always existing) and the client (only existing when client
#     authentication is used). This can be used to import the certificates
#     into CGI scripts.
#   o StdEnvVars:
#     This exports the standard SSL/TLS related `SSL_*' environment variables.
#     Per default this exportation is switched off for performance reasons,
#     because the extraction step is an expensive operation and is usually
#     useless for serving static content. So one usually enables the
#     exportation for CGI and SSI requests only.
#   o StrictRequire:
#     This denies access when "SSLRequireSSL" or "SSLRequire" applied even
#     under a "Satisfy any" situation, i.e. when it applies access is denied
#     and no other module can change it.
#   o OptRenegotiate:
#     This enables optimized SSL connection renegotiation handling when SSL
#     directives are used in per-directory context. 
#SSLOptions +FakeBasicAuth +ExportCertData +StrictRequire
<FilesMatch "\.(cgi|shtml|phtml|php)$">
    SSLOptions +StdEnvVars
</FilesMatch>
#--
<Directory "E:\wamp\bin\apache\apache2.4.9\cgi-bin">
#--
    SSLOptions +StdEnvVars
</Directory>

#   SSL Protocol Adjustments:
#   The safe and default but still SSL/TLS standard compliant shutdown
#   approach is that mod_ssl sends the close notify alert but doesn't wait for
#   the close notify alert from client. When you need a different shutdown
#   approach you can use one of the following variables:
#   o ssl-unclean-shutdown:
#     This forces an unclean shutdown when the connection is closed, i.e. no
#     SSL close notify alert is sent or allowed to be received.  This violates
#     the SSL/TLS standard but is needed for some brain-dead browsers. Use
#     this when you receive I/O errors because of the standard approach where
#     mod_ssl sends the close notify alert.
#   o ssl-accurate-shutdown:
#     This forces an accurate shutdown when the connection is closed, i.e. a
#     SSL close notify alert is send and mod_ssl waits for the close notify
#     alert of the client. This is 100% SSL/TLS standard compliant, but in
#     practice often causes hanging connections with brain-dead browsers. Use
#     this only for browsers where you know that their SSL implementation
#     works correctly. 
#   Notice: Most problems of broken clients are also related to the HTTP
#   keep-alive facility, so you usually additionally want to disable
#   keep-alive for those clients, too. Use variable "nokeepalive" for this.
#   Similarly, one has to force some clients to use HTTP/1.0 to workaround
#   their broken HTTP/1.1 implementation. Use variables "downgrade-1.0" and
#   "force-response-1.0" for this.
BrowserMatch "MSIE [2-5]" \
         nokeepalive ssl-unclean-shutdown \
         downgrade-1.0 force-response-1.0

#   Per-Server Logging:
#   The home of a custom SSL log file. Use this when you want a
#   compact non-error SSL logfile on a virtual host basis.
#--
CustomLog "E:\wamp\bin\apache\apache2.4.9\logs\ssl_request.log" \
          "%t %h %{SSL_PROTOCOL}x %{SSL_CIPHER}x \"%r\" %b"
#--
</VirtualHost>                                  

 

 

 

 

 

这个里面的注释太多了,一个一个对着修改就好啦,domain是自己的域名,还有日志文件的路径最好修改成对应自己apache安装目录下的logs文件夹,不然后面检查的时候会报错。

 

修改好以后,可以先尝试重启wampserver,如果一直黄,这个时候就可以把第3步里的include 那个给注释掉,然后再重启,如果重启成功,说明还是第四步的httpd-ssl.conf的配置有问题,

 

这个时候可以打开 cmd窗口,进入apache安装目录下的bin文件夹 然后输入命令 httpd -t  检查错误, 提示错误就根据错误修改, 如果是ok 那就代表没有语法错误,检查一下有没有漏掉的内容,确认无误后即可重启wampserver,

 

我通过 httpd -t 检查结果是ok 以后 wampserver就可以正常运行了,这个时候 用https开头 就可以访问项目了,当然,访问项目可能绿色小锁还是带黄色感叹号,这个时候就要更改页面上的http链接,模板里面body体里面的所有http都换成https以后,网站就是绿色小锁了,多半都是图片的链接。

 

2.apache 配置服务器http重定向到https

 

修改apache 配置文件httpd.conf

1.去掉LoadModule rewrite_module modules/mod_rewrite.so 前面的#号

2.找到

 

Directory "/var/www/html/app/src/htdocs_www">


#
# Possible values for the Options directive are "None", "All",
# or any combination of:
#   Indexes Includes FollowSymLinks SymLinksifOwnerMatch ExecCGI MultiViews
#
# Note that "MultiViews" must be named *explicitly* --- "Options All"
# doesn't give it to you.
#
# The Options directive is both complicated and important.  Please see
# http://httpd.apache.org/docs/2.2/mod/core.html#options
# for more information.
#
    Options Indexes FollowSymLinks


#
# AllowOverride controls what directives may be placed in .htaccess files.
# It can be "All", "None", or any combination of the keywords:
#   Options FileInfo AuthConfig Limit
#
#
    AllowOverride All


#
# Controls who can get stuff from this server.
#
    Order allow,deny
    Allow from all
# 新增
RewriteEngine on
RewriteCond %{SERVER_PORT} !^443$
RewriteRule ^(.*)?$ https://%{SERVER_NAME}%{REQUEST_URI} [L,R]




</Directory>

按照这个来配置的,结果就是当前服务器下所有的项目都会强制跳转,如果你的服务器上只挂了一个项目,那就没问题,如果是多个,并且有http不想跳转https 就要利用.htaccess 文件

 

 

3.Apache 配置 单个项目 http重定向到https

 

1.还是和上面一样,在httpd.conf去掉下面这一句的#

LoadModule rewrite_module modules/mod_rewrite.so

 

 

 

 

2.新建.htaccess文件(windows系统就是新建 .htaccess. 文件,后面加个 . 就可以创建了)

 

然后输入如下规则

 

RewriteEngine on
RewriteCond %{HTTP_HOST} ^www.domain.com [NC]
RewriteCond %{SERVER_PORT} !^443$
RewriteRule ^(.*)$ https://%{SERVER_NAME}%{REQUEST_URI} [L,R]


上面的作用就是 开启url重写,当 域名是www.domain.com ,并且端口不是 443 就进行永久重定向到https://www.domain.com/............(参数省略)

 

这个domain根据自己的网址修改。

 

修改好以后把 .htaccess 文件 放到你的项目的根目录下(比如我是www/myproject, 我就放到myproject文件夹里),重启apache 即可实现重定向。

 

 

 

有帮助的话,点个赞,谢谢

 

 

 

 

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