RC522应用总结

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公司需要做刷卡模块,因此选了RC522做demo程序。下面就RC522知识做简要的总结。
本人使用stm32的硬件spi接口搭建工程,相关的配置如下:
spi配置:
引脚配置
SDA -------PA4
SCLK ----PB13
MOSI -------PB15
MISO ------PB14
IRQ —没接
RST ---- PB0

//PB12--NSS PB13--SCK  PB14--MISO  PB15--MOSI
void SPI2_Init(void)
{	 
	RCC->APB2ENR |= 1 << 3;   //开启PORT b端口时钟      
	RCC->APB1ENR |= 1 << 14;  //开启SPI2时钟   
	//	PB13,PB14 PB15复用输出   
	GPIOB->CRH &= 0X000FFFFF; 
	GPIOB->CRH |= 0XBBB00000;    
	GPIOB->ODR |= 7 << 13;    
		
	SPI2->CR1 |= 0<<10;   //全双工模式
	SPI2->CR1 |= 1<<9;    //启用软件管理
	SPI2->CR1 |= 1<<8;      //ssi = 1

	SPI2->CR1 |= 1<<2;     // 主设备
	SPI2->CR1 |= 0<<11;    //8 bit
	SPI2->CR1 |= 1<<1;     //SCK空闲为高
	SPI2->CR1 |= 1<<0;     //上升沿采样
	SPI2->CR1 |= 7<<3;     //256分频
	SPI2->CR1 |= 0<<7;     //先发MSB
	SPI2->CR1 |= 1<<6;    //开启SPI	
	SPI2->CR2 |= 1 << 2;
	//SPI2_ReadWriteByte(0xff);	 
}   

void SPI2_SetSpeed(u8 SpeedSet)
{
	SPI2->CR1 &= 0XFFC7;
	if(SpeedSet==SPI_SPEED_2)
	{
		SPI2->CR1|=0<<3;
	}
	else if(SpeedSet==SPI_SPEED_8) 
	{
		SPI2->CR1|=2<<3;
	}
	else if(SpeedSet==SPI_SPEED_16)
	{
		SPI2->CR1|=3<<3;
	}
	else			 	 
	{
		SPI2->CR1|=7<<3; 
	}
	SPI2->CR1|=1<<6; 	  
} 

u8 SPI2_ReadWriteByte(u8 TxData)
{		
	u8 retry=0;				 
	while((SPI2->SR&1<<1)==0)
	{
		retry++;
		if(retry>200)return 0;
	}			  
	SPI2->DR=TxData;	 	 
	retry=0;
	while((SPI2->SR&1<<0)==0)  
	{
		retry++;
		if(retry>200)return 0;
	}	  						    
	return SPI2->DR;          			    
}

RC522相关接口初始化:
由于spi的cs由软件控制,所以,这里设置PA4为CS,PB0为rst

void RCC52_init(void)
{
	RCC->APB2ENR |= 1 << 3;       	    
	RCC->APB2ENR |= 1 << 2;
	GPIOB->CRL &= 0XFFFFFFF0; 
	GPIOB->CRL |= 0X00000003;   
	GPIOB->ODR |= 1 << 0;   
	
	GPIOA->CRL &= 0XFFF0FFFF; 
	GPIOA->CRL |= 0X00030000;   
	GPIOA->ODR |= 1 << 4; 
}

rc522的识别过程:
在这里插入图片描述寻卡---------->防冲突---------->寻卡--------->验证密码--------->存储操作
卡的操作包括:
读 (Read):读一个块;
写 (Write):写一个块;
加(Increment):对数值块进行加值;
减(Decrement):对数值块进行减值;
存储(Restore):将块中的内容存到数据寄存器中;
传输(Transfer):将数据寄存器中的内容写入块中;
中止(Halt):将卡置于暂停工作状态;

存储器组织

在这里插入图片描述下面是识别卡过程的主函数

#include "sys.h"
#include "usart.h"		
#include "delay.h"	
#include "led.h" 
#include "key.h"
#include "exti.h"
#include "wdg.h"
#include "timer.h"
#include "lcd.h"	   
#include "rtc.h"
#include "wkup.h"
#include "adc.h"
#include "dma.h"
#include "24cxx.h"
#include "flash.h" 		 
#include "RC522.h"
#include "spi2.h"
#include <string.h>
unsigned char DefaultKey[6] = {0xFF, 0xFF, 0xFF, 0xFF, 0xFF, 0xFF};
unsigned char data[16] = {0};
//4字节金额(低字节在前)+4字节金额取反+4字节金额+1字节块地址+1字节块地址取反+1字节块地址+1字节块地址取反
unsigned char bull[16] = {0x01,0x00,0x00,0x00,0xFE,0xFF,0xFF,0xFF,0x00,0x00,0x00,0x01,0x02,0xFD,0x02,0xFD};
unsigned char value[4] = {0X00,0x00,0x00,0x0A};
int main(void)
{		
	
	unsigned char ucArray_ID [ 4 ];   /*先后存放IC卡的类型和UID(IC卡序列号)*/ 
	unsigned char ucStatusReturn = MI_ERR;     /*返回状态 */ 	
	char cStr [ 30 ];	   
	int i = 0;
	unsigned char addr = 2;
  	Stm32_Clock_Init(9);//系统时钟设置
	delay_init(72);		//延时初始化
	uart_init(72,9600); //串口1初始化   
	LED_Init();	   		//LED初始化


  	RCC52_init ();
  	//PB12--NSS PB13--SCK  PB14--MISO  PB15--MOSI
	SPI2_Init()	 ;
//	SPIx_SetSpeed(256);
 	if( MI_OK == PcdReset())
	{
		printf("RESET OK\n");
	}
	else
	{
		printf("reset failed\n");
		while(1);
	}
	PcdConfigISOType();
	PcdAntennaOff();
	delay_ms(10);
	PcdAntennaOn();
	while(1)
	{
		   ucStatusReturn = PcdRequest(PICC_REQALL,ucArray_ID );
		  if(MI_OK !=  ucStatusReturn)
		  {	//	 printf("yanzheng fial\n");
		  		PcdAntennaOff();
				delay_ms(10);
				PcdAntennaOn();
		  		continue;	
		  }
		  if(ucStatusReturn == MI_OK)
		  {
		  		 /*防冲撞(当有多张卡进入读写器操作范围时,防冲突机制会从其中选择一张进行操作)*/
			if ( PcdAnticoll ( ucArray_ID ) == MI_OK )                                                                   
			{
				sprintf ( cStr, "The Card ID is: %02X%02X%02X%02X",
                  ucArray_ID [ 0 ],
                  ucArray_ID [ 1 ],
                  ucArray_ID [ 2 ],
                  ucArray_ID [ 3 ] );
								
				printf ( "%s\r\n",cStr ); 			
				
			
			}		
		  }
		  ucStatusReturn = PcdSelect(ucArray_ID);
		  if(ucStatusReturn != MI_OK)
		  	continue;
#if 0		 
		 ucStatusReturn = PcdAuthState(PICC_AUTHENT1A, 1, DefaultKey, ucArray_ID);//验证卡片密码
		 if(ucStatusReturn != MI_OK)
		 	continue;
		 ucStatusReturn = PcdRead(1,data);
		 if(ucStatusReturn == MI_OK)
		 {
		 	for(i = 0; i < 16; i++)
			{
				printf("0x%x ",data[i]);
			}
			
		 }
		 printf("\n");
		 ucStatusReturn = PcdAuthState(PICC_AUTHENT1A, 1, DefaultKey, ucArray_ID);//验证卡片密码
		 if(ucStatusReturn != MI_OK)
		 	continue;
			data[14] = 0x11;
			data[15] = 0x13;
		 ucStatusReturn = PcdWrite(1,data);
		 if(ucStatusReturn == MI_OK)
		 {
		 	for(i = 0; i < 16; i++)
			{
				printf("0x%x ",data[i]);
			}
		 }
		 printf("\n");
#else
		//初始化钱包
		 ucStatusReturn = PcdAuthState(PICC_AUTHENT1A, 2, DefaultKey, ucArray_ID);//验证卡片密码
		 if(ucStatusReturn != MI_OK)
		 	continue;
		 ucStatusReturn = PcdWrite(2,bull);
		  if(ucStatusReturn != MI_OK)
		 	continue;
		//查询钱包
		 ucStatusReturn = PcdAuthState(PICC_AUTHENT1A, 2, DefaultKey, ucArray_ID);//验证卡片密码
		 if(ucStatusReturn != MI_OK)
		 	continue;
		 ucStatusReturn = PcdRead(2,bull);
		 if(ucStatusReturn == MI_OK)
		 {
		 	for(i = 0; i < 16; i++)
			{
				printf("0x%x ",bull[i]);
			}
			
		 }
		 printf("\n");
		//扣值
		 ucStatusReturn = PcdAuthState(PICC_AUTHENT1A, addr, DefaultKey, ucArray_ID);//验证卡片密码
		 if(ucStatusReturn != MI_OK)
		 		continue;
		ucStatusReturn =  PcdValue(PICC_INCREMENT,addr,value)	   ;
		 if(ucStatusReturn != MI_OK)
		 {printf("decre fial\n");
		 	 continue;
		 }
		 ucStatusReturn = PcdAuthState(PICC_AUTHENT1A, 2, DefaultKey, ucArray_ID);//验证卡片密码
		 if(ucStatusReturn != MI_OK)
		 	continue;
		//显示余额
		 ucStatusReturn = PcdRead(2,bull);
		 if(ucStatusReturn == MI_OK)
		 {
		 	for(i = 0; i < 16; i++)
			{
				printf("0x%x ",bull[i]);
			}
			
		 }
		 printf("\n");
#endif
		  delay_ms(1000);
		  
	}
}

大概过程就是这样。其中,充值,减值的电子钱包功能测试没有通过,没时间研究了,毕竟跟工作关系不大。相关代码已经上传了。
参考:
https://blog.csdn.net/liujianhua1989/article/details/72639307
https://blog.csdn.net/a827415225/article/details/51898897
https://blog.csdn.net/txf1984/article/details/46560261

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