如何在SpringBoot中监控执行引擎(actuator)?

/metrics众所周知,springboot帮助我们自动配置了很多参数,包含bean的自动化装配,数据库方言的自动匹配,环境变量的自动获取和配置,端口等参数的默认配置等等,但是有的时候,我们在使用SpringBoot的时候,我们想知道其内部自动化配置后,到底配置成了什么模样,从而能够帮助我们进一步的理解springboot已经有的时候还能帮助我们进行错误定位,那么应该如何做呢?值得欣喜的是,springboot已经为大家考虑着点了,提供了一个执行引擎(actuator)来帮助我们监控,窥探和查看SpringBoot内部的秘密。那应该如何做呢?请参考下面的方法。

1 添加actuator的依赖

 <dependency>
      <groupId>org.springframework.boot</groupId>
      <artifactId>spring-boot-starter-actuator</artifactId>
 </dependency>

添加上面的依赖后,启动程序。假设启动的端口为8080

2 查看beans的情况

在浏览器中输入:http://127.0.0.1:8080/beans
就能看到下面的数据
这里写图片描述

不太好查看,咱们把其拷贝出来,找一个在线的json的格式化网站,比如:http://www.sojson.com/ 链贴进去,可以看到下面的结果,限制于篇幅,只链贴除部分格式化数据:

[
    {
        "context": "application",
        "parent": null,
        "beans": [
            {
                "bean": "application",
                "scope": "singleton",
                "type": "tr.com.example.meeting.Application$$EnhancerBySpringCGLIB$$3d19621a",
                "resource": "null",
                "dependencies": []
            },
            {
                "bean": "org.springframework.boot.autoconfigure.internalCachingMetadataReaderFactory",
                "scope": "singleton",
                "type": "org.springframework.core.type.classreading.CachingMetadataReaderFactory",
                "resource": "null",
                "dependencies": []
            },
            {
                "bean": "hibernateConfiguration",
                "scope": "singleton",
                "type": "tr.com.example.meeting.configuration.HibernateConfiguration$$EnhancerBySpringCGLIB$$d67d9aee",
                "resource": "file [F:/test/test/spring-react-restful-example-master/meeting-server/target/classes/tr/com/example/meeting/configuration/HibernateConfiguration.class]",
                "dependencies": [
                    "environment"
                ]
            },
            {
                "bean": "webConfiguration",
                "scope": "singleton",
                "type": "tr.com.example.meeting.configuration.WebConfiguration$$EnhancerBySpringCGLIB$$8a162dec",
                "resource": "file [F:/test/test/spring-react-restful-example-master/meeting-server/target/classes/tr/com/example/meeting/configuration/WebConfiguration.class]",
                "dependencies": []
            },
            {
                "bean": "departmentController",
                "scope": "singleton",
                "type": "tr.com.example.meeting.controller.DepartmentController",
                "resource": "file [F:/test/test/spring-react-restful-example-master/meeting-server/target/classes/tr/com/example/meeting/controller/DepartmentController.class]",
                "dependencies": [
                    "departmentService"
                ]
            },
            {
                "bean": "employeeController",
                "scope": "singleton",
                "type": "tr.com.example.meeting.controller.EmployeeController",
                "resource": "file [F:/test/test/spring-react-restful-example-master/meeting-server/target/classes/tr/com/example/meeting/controller/EmployeeController.class]",
                "dependencies": [
                    "employeeService"
                ]
            },

3 查看自动配置的情况(autoconfig)

http://127.0.0.1:8080/autoconfig
不在贴图,自己补脑子

4 查看自动配置的属性情况(configprops)

http://127.0.0.1:8080/configprops
不在贴图,自己补脑子

5 获取线程活动快照(dump)

http://127.0.0.1:8080/dump
不在贴图,自己补脑子

6 获取环境变量

http://127.0.0.1:8080/env
不在贴图,自己补脑子
另获取特定名称的环境变量的值得URL为:
http://127.0.0.1:8080/env/{name}

7 获取健康状况

http://127.0.0.1:8080/health
比如本地测试环境的信息如下:

{"status":"DOWN","diskSpace":{"status":"UP","total":208928301056,"free":154188779520,"threshold":10485760},"db":{"status":"DOWN","error":"org.springframework.jdbc.CannotGetJdbcConnectionException: Could not get JDBC Connection; nested exception is com.mysql.jdbc.exceptions.jdbc4.CommunicationsException: Communications link failure\n\nThe last packet sent successfully to the server was 0 milliseconds ago. The driver has not received any packets from the server."}}

8 获取应用程序定制信息

http://127.0.0.1:8080/info

9 获取程序度量信息

http://127.0.0.1:8080/metrics

{
    "mem": 362841, 
    "mem.free": 153605, 
    "processors": 8, 
    "instance.uptime": 1735765, 
    "uptime": 1741061, 
    "systemload.average": -1, 
    "heap.committed": 296960, 
    "heap.init": 196608, 
    "heap.used": 143354, 
    "heap": 2768896, 
    "nonheap.committed": 68800, 
    "nonheap.init": 2496, 
    "nonheap.used": 65883, 
    "nonheap": 0, 
    "threads.peak": 26, 
    "threads.daemon": 24, 
    "threads.totalStarted": 30, 
    "threads": 26, 
    "classes": 8639, 
    "classes.loaded": 8639, 
    "classes.unloaded": 0, 
    "gc.ps_scavenge.count": 8, 
    "gc.ps_scavenge.time": 57, 
    "gc.ps_marksweep.count": 2, 
    "gc.ps_marksweep.time": 127, 
    "httpsessions.max": -1, 
    "httpsessions.active": 0, 
    "gauge.response.beans": 80, 
    "gauge.response.mappings": 6, 
    "gauge.response.env": 8, 
    "gauge.response.autoconfig": 38, 
    "gauge.response.dump": 66, 
    "gauge.response.health": 1028, 
    "gauge.response.configprops": 90, 
    "gauge.response.unmapped": 6, 
    "gauge.response.info": 18, 
    "counter.status.200.mappings": 1, 
    "counter.status.200.beans": 1, 
    "counter.status.200.info": 1, 
    "counter.status.200.configprops": 1, 
    "counter.status.200.autoconfig": 1, 
    "counter.status.200.dump": 1, 
    "counter.status.503.health": 1, 
    "counter.status.404.unmapped": 1, 
    "counter.status.200.env": 1
}

10 获取全部的URI路径已经他们的映射关系

http://127.0.0.1:8080/mappings

这个方法太酷了,其还包含了执行引擎(actuator)本身的URL,好了,既然这个地址已经帮我们把所有的执行引擎(actuator)能用的URL都已经列出来,后面还准备列出但是没有列出的(比如 /shutdown, /trace ),我就不在赘述. 该睡觉了,大家晚安。

  "{[/error]}": {
        "bean": "requestMappingHandlerMapping", 
        "method": "public org.springframework.http.ResponseEntity<java.util.Map<java.lang.String, java.lang.Object>> org.springframework.boot.autoconfigure.web.BasicErrorController.error(javax.servlet.http.HttpServletRequest)"
    }, 
    "{[/error],produces=[text/html]}": {
        "bean": "requestMappingHandlerMapping", 
        "method": "public org.springframework.web.servlet.ModelAndView org.springframework.boot.autoconfigure.web.BasicErrorController.errorHtml(javax.servlet.http.HttpServletRequest,javax.servlet.http.HttpServletResponse)"
    }, 
    "{[/env/{name:.*}],methods=[GET],produces=[application/json]}": {
        "bean": "endpointHandlerMapping", 
        "method": "public java.lang.Object org.springframework.boot.actuate.endpoint.mvc.EnvironmentMvcEndpoint.value(java.lang.String)"
    }, 
    "{[/env || /env.json],methods=[GET],produces=[application/json]}": {
        "bean": "endpointHandlerMapping", 
        "method": "public java.lang.Object org.springframework.boot.actuate.endpoint.mvc.EndpointMvcAdapter.invoke()"
    }, 
    "{[/mappings || /mappings.json],methods=[GET],produces=[application/json]}": {
        "bean": "endpointHandlerMapping", 
        "method": "public java.lang.Object org.springframework.boot.actuate.endpoint.mvc.EndpointMvcAdapter.invoke()"
    }, 
    "{[/health || /health.json],produces=[application/json]}": {
        "bean": "endpointHandlerMapping", 
        "method": "public java.lang.Object org.springframework.boot.actuate.endpoint.mvc.HealthMvcEndpoint.invoke(java.security.Principal)"
    }, 
    "{[/beans || /beans.json],methods=[GET],produces=[application/json]}": {
        "bean": "endpointHandlerMapping", 
        "method": "public java.lang.Object org.springframework.boot.actuate.endpoint.mvc.EndpointMvcAdapter.invoke()"
    }, 
    "{[/info || /info.json],methods=[GET],produces=[application/json]}": {
        "bean": "endpointHandlerMapping", 
        "method": "public java.lang.Object org.springframework.boot.actuate.endpoint.mvc.EndpointMvcAdapter.invoke()"
    }, 
    "{[/metrics/{name:.*}],methods=[GET],produces=[application/json]}": {
        "bean": "endpointHandlerMapping", 
        "method": "public java.lang.Object org.springframework.boot.actuate.endpoint.mvc.MetricsMvcEndpoint.value(java.lang.String)"
    }, 
    "{[/metrics || /metrics.json],methods=[GET],produces=[application/json]}": {
        "bean": "endpointHandlerMapping", 
        "method": "public java.lang.Object org.springframework.boot.actuate.endpoint.mvc.EndpointMvcAdapter.invoke()"
    }, 
    "{[/trace || /trace.json],methods=[GET],produces=[application/json]}": {
        "bean": "endpointHandlerMapping", 
        "method": "public java.lang.Object org.springframework.boot.actuate.endpoint.mvc.EndpointMvcAdapter.invoke()"
    }, 
    "{[/heapdump || /heapdump.json],methods=[GET],produces=[application/octet-stream]}": {
        "bean": "endpointHandlerMapping", 
        "method": "public void org.springframework.boot.actuate.endpoint.mvc.HeapdumpMvcEndpoint.invoke(boolean,javax.servlet.http.HttpServletRequest,javax.servlet.http.HttpServletResponse) throws java.io.IOException,javax.servlet.ServletException"
    }, 
    "{[/configprops || /configprops.json],methods=[GET],produces=[application/json]}": {
        "bean": "endpointHandlerMapping", 
        "method": "public java.lang.Object org.springframework.boot.actuate.endpoint.mvc.EndpointMvcAdapter.invoke()"
    }, 
    "{[/dump || /dump.json],methods=[GET],produces=[application/json]}": {
        "bean": "endpointHandlerMapping", 
        "method": "public java.lang.Object org.springframework.boot.actuate.endpoint.mvc.EndpointMvcAdapter.invoke()"
    }, 
    "{[/autoconfig || /autoconfig.json],methods=[GET],produces=[application/json]}": {
        "bean": "endpointHandlerMapping", 
        "method": "public java.lang.Object org.springframework.boot.actuate.endpoint.mvc.EndpointMvcAdapter.invoke()"
    }
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