Kubeadm部署Kubernetes 1.13遇到的问题解决记录

kubeadm 辅助建立Kubernetes集群,这里记录采用其部署时的问题及解决方式。

1. google 网络不可达

https://packages.cloud.google.com/yum/repos/kubernetes-el7-x86_64/repodata/repomd.xml: [Errno 14] curl#7 - "Failed to connect to 2404:6800:4005:809::200e: 网络不可达"

经典问题,需要自备梯子哦!
CentOS中设置yum的proxy

vi /etc/yum.conf
# 增加内容如下:
proxy=http://xxx.xx.x.xx:xxx #代理地址

没有梯子的换阿里源

cat > /etc/yum.repos.d/kubernetes.repo <<EOF 
[kubernetes] 
name=Kubernetes 
baseurl=https://mirrors.aliyun.com/kubernetes/yum/repos/kubernetes-el7-x86_64 
enabled=1 
gpgcheck=0 
repo_gpgcheck=0 
EOF

2.参考官方文档

安装参考 文档

已安装:
  kubeadm.x86_64 0:1.13.0-0               kubectl.x86_64 0:1.13.0-0               kubelet.x86_64 0:1.13.0-0
作为依赖被安装:
  cri-tools.x86_64 0:1.12.0-0           kubernetes-cni.x86_64 0:0.6.0-0           socat.x86_64 0:1.7.3.2-2.el7
完毕!

3. 关闭Swap

F1213 10:20:53.304755    2266 server.go:261] failed to run Kubelet: Running with swap on is not supported, please disable swap! or set --fail-swap-on flag to false. /proc/swaps contained:

执行 swapoff -a

4.设定master错误

 [ERROR FileContent--proc-sys-net-bridge-bridge-nf-call-iptables]: /proc/sys/net/bridge/bridge-nf-call-iptables contents are not set to 1      
 [ERROR FileContent--proc-sys-net-ipv4-ip_forward]: /proc/sys/net/ipv4/ip_forward contents are not set to 1
[preflight] If you know what you are doing, you can make a check non-fatal with `--ignore-preflight-errors=...`

按提示设定为1

echo "1" >/proc/sys/net/ipv4/ip_forward
echo "1" >/proc/sys/net/bridge/bridge-nf-call-iptables

5.Kubeadm init 安装镜像卡住

又是国家长城,这个解决起来麻烦,没有直接设置代理的地方,因此,采用如下脚本拉取镜像。
没有其他办法时,能解决问题的办法就是最好的办法!

# kubeadm config images list --kubernetes-version v1.13.0 # 看下该版本下的镜像名
# 拉取镜像
docker pull mirrorgooglecontainers/kube-apiserver:v1.13.0
docker pull mirrorgooglecontainers/kube-controller-manager:v1.13.0
docker pull mirrorgooglecontainers/kube-scheduler:v1.13.0
docker pull mirrorgooglecontainers/kube-proxy:v1.13.0
docker pull mirrorgooglecontainers/pause:3.1
docker pull mirrorgooglecontainers/etcd:3.2.24
docker pull coredns/coredns:1.2.6

# 重命名镜像标签
docker tag docker.io/mirrorgooglecontainers/kube-proxy:v1.13.0 k8s.gcr.io/kube-proxy:v1.13.0
docker tag docker.io/mirrorgooglecontainers/kube-scheduler:v1.13.0 k8s.gcr.io/kube-scheduler:v1.13.0
docker tag docker.io/mirrorgooglecontainers/kube-apiserver:v1.13.0 k8s.gcr.io/kube-apiserver:v1.13.0
docker tag docker.io/mirrorgooglecontainers/kube-controller-manager:v1.13.0 k8s.gcr.io/kube-controller-manager:v1.13.0
docker tag docker.io/mirrorgooglecontainers/etcd:3.2.24  k8s.gcr.io/etcd:3.2.24
docker tag docker.io/mirrorgooglecontainers/pause:3.1  k8s.gcr.io/pause:3.1
docker tag docker.io/coredns/coredns:1.2.6  k8s.gcr.io/coredns:1.2.6

# 删除旧镜像
docker rmi docker.io/mirrorgooglecontainers/kube-proxy:v1.13.0 
docker rmi docker.io/mirrorgooglecontainers/kube-scheduler:v1.13.0 
docker rmi docker.io/mirrorgooglecontainers/kube-apiserver:v1.13.0 
docker rmi docker.io/mirrorgooglecontainers/kube-controller-manager:v1.13.0 
docker rmi docker.io/mirrorgooglecontainers/etcd:3.2.24  
docker rmi docker.io/mirrorgooglecontainers/pause:3.1 
docker rmi docker.io/coredns/coredns:1.2.6  

ooop,终于看到了

Your Kubernetes master has initialized successfully!

To start using your cluster, you need to run the following as a regular user:

  mkdir -p $HOME/.kube
  sudo cp -i /etc/kubernetes/admin.conf $HOME/.kube/config
  sudo chown $(id -u):$(id -g) $HOME/.kube/config

You should now deploy a pod network to the cluster.
Run "kubectl apply -f [podnetwork].yaml" with one of the options listed at:
  https://kubernetes.io/docs/concepts/cluster-administration/addons/

You can now join any number of machines by running the following on each node
as root:

  kubeadm join 192.168.232.204:6443 --token m2hxkd.scxjrxgew6pyhvmb --discovery-token-ca-cert-hash sha256:8b94cefbe54ae4b3d7201012db30966c53870aad55be80a2888ec0da178c3610

6. network配置

  1. 配置每台主机的 \etc\hosts ,把各主机的hostname和ip均配入。
# 这是我的虚机/etc/hosts的配置
192.168.232.204   k8a204
192.168.232.203 k8a203
192.168.232.202 k8a202
  1. 按手册安装选用的网络,并等待dns安装OK,然后增加node。
NAME     STATUS   ROLES    AGE    VERSION
k8a204   Ready    master   6m6s   v1.13.0
[root@localhost .kube]# kubectl get nodes
NAME     STATUS     ROLES    AGE     VERSION
k8a203   NotReady   <none>   4s      v1.13.0
k8a204   Ready      master   6m19s   v1.13.0

注意,配置较慢,耐心等待

kubectl get pods --all-namespaces
===============以下是结果===============
NAMESPACE     NAME                             READY   STATUS              RESTARTS   AGE
kube-system   coredns-86c58d9df4-2vdvx         1/1     Running             0          7m32s
kube-system   coredns-86c58d9df4-88fjk         1/1     Running             0          7m32s
kube-system   etcd-k8a204                      1/1     Running             0          6m39s
kube-system   kube-apiserver-k8a204            1/1     Running             0          6m30s
kube-system   kube-controller-manager-k8a204   1/1     Running             0          6m30s
kube-system   kube-proxy-tl7g5                 1/1     Running             0          7m32s
kube-system   kube-proxy-w2jgl                 0/1     ContainerCreating   0          95s
kube-system   kube-scheduler-k8a204            1/1     Running             0          6m49s

7.节点加入后NotReady

接上一问题:
**ContainerCreating **状态时,请耐心等待,但是如果超过10分钟仍然无响应,则必定是出错了,囧!
最主要的问题:节点的镜像拉不下来。
采用下列方式:

  1. 在master主机内保存镜像为文件:
docker save -o /opt/kube-pause.tar k8s.gcr.io/pause:3.1
docker save -o /opt/kube-proxy.tar k8s.gcr.io/kube-proxy:v1.13.0
docker save -o /opt/kube-flannel1.tar quay.io/coreos/flannel:v0.9.1
docker save -o /opt/kube-flannel2.tar quay.io/coreos/flannel:v0.10.0-amd64
docker save -o /opt/kube-calico1.tar quay.io/calico/cni:v3.3.2
docker save -o /opt/kube-calico2.tar quay.io/calico/node:v3.3.2
  1. 拷贝文件到node计算机
 scp /opt/*.tar root@192.168.232.203:/opt/
  1. 在node节点执行docker导入
docker load -i /opt/kube-flannel1.tar
docker load -i /opt/kube-flannel2.tar
docker load -i /opt/kube-proxy.tar
docker load -i /opt/kube-pause.tar
docker load -i /opt/kube-calico1.tar
docker load -i /opt/kube-calico2.tar
  1. 检查node节点镜像文件
docker images
==============================================以下是结果======================================
REPOSITORY               TAG                 IMAGE ID            CREATED             SIZE
k8s.gcr.io/kube-proxy    v1.13.0             8fa56d18961f        9 days ago          80.2 MB
quay.io/calico/node      v3.3.2              4e9be81e3a59        9 days ago          75.3 MB
quay.io/calico/cni       v3.3.2              490d921fa49c        9 days ago          75.4 MB
quay.io/coreos/flannel   v0.10.0-amd64       f0fad859c909        10 months ago       44.6 MB
k8s.gcr.io/pause         3.1                 da86e6ba6ca1        11 months ago       742 kB
quay.io/coreos/flannel   v0.9.1              2b736d06ca4c        13 months ago       51.3 MB

OK,搞定了,所有服务均running

[root@localhost .kube]# kubectl get pods --all-namespaces
====================================以下是结果========================================
NAMESPACE     NAME                             READY   STATUS    RESTARTS   AGE
kube-system   calico-node-4dsg5                1/2     Running   0          42m
kube-system   calico-node-5dtk2                1/2     Running   0          41m
kube-system   calico-node-78qvp                1/2     Running   0          41m
kube-system   coredns-86c58d9df4-26vr7         1/1     Running   0          43m
kube-system   coredns-86c58d9df4-s5ljf         1/1     Running   0          43m
kube-system   etcd-k8a204                      1/1     Running   0          42m
kube-system   kube-apiserver-k8a204            1/1     Running   0          42m
kube-system   kube-controller-manager-k8a204   1/1     Running   0          42m
kube-system   kube-proxy-8c7hs                 1/1     Running   0          41m
kube-system   kube-proxy-dls8l                 1/1     Running   0          41m
kube-system   kube-proxy-t65tc                 1/1     Running   0          43m
kube-system   kube-scheduler-k8a204            1/1     Running   0          42m

8.重启恢复master

swapoff -a
# 启动所有容器
# 更简洁的命令: docker start $(docker ps -aq)  
docker start $(docker ps -a | awk '{ print $1}' | tail -n +2)
systemctl start kubelet
# 查看启动错误
journalctl -xefu kubelet
# docker 开机自启
docker run --restart=always

9.DNS解析 kubernetes.default失败

安装busybox进行dns检测,一直出现如下错误:

kubectl exec -ti  busybox -- nslookup kubernetes.default
=============================以下是结果============================
Server:         10.96.0.10
Address:        10.96.0.10:53
** server can't find kubernetes.default: NXDOMAIN
*** Can't find kubernetes.default: No answer

经查,新版busybox的dns解析有变化或bug,采用旧版本busybox images <= 1.28.4 后测试OK。

10.token过期后重新生成

 kubeadm token list
=============================以下是结果============================
TOKEN                     TTL         EXPIRES                     USAGES                 DESCRIPTION    EXTRA GROUPS
85iiq4.3y8s1ri8erb7ah6b   <invalid>   2018-12-22T16:40:49+08:00   authentication,signing   The default bootstrap token generated by 'kubeadm init'.   system:bootstrappers:kubeadm:default-node-token

利用下面命令生成新token

# 生成新的token
kubeadm token create
# 生成新的token hash码
openssl x509 -pubkey -in /etc/kubernetes/pki/ca.crt | openssl rsa -pubin -outform der 2>/dev/null | openssl dgst -sha256 -hex | sed 's/^.* //'
# 利用新的token和hash码加入节点
# master地址,token,hash请自行更换
kubeadm join 192.168.232.204:6443 --token m87q91.gbcqhfx9ansvaf3o --discovery-token-ca-cert-hash sha256:fdd34ef6c801e382f3fb5b87bc9912a120bf82029893db121b9c8eae29e91c62

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在这里插入图片描述


引用链接

  1. 口袋代码仓库
  2. 在线计算器
  3. 本节源码:github

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出错啦
系统繁忙,请稍后再试