保存MFC的CBitmap对象中的图象到一个BMP文件中

http://www.360doc.com/content/11/0908/10/5858918_146648444.shtml

BOOL SaveBmp(HBITMAP hBitmap, CString FileName) //FileName包括路径和文件的全名

//hBitmap=(HBITMAP )bm.GetSafeHandle();    CBitmap bm;
{
//设备描述表
HDC hDC;
//当前分辨率下每象素所占字节数
int iBits;
//位图中每象素所占字节数
WORD wBitCount;
//定义调色板大小, 位图中像素字节大小 ,位图文件大小 , 写入文件字节数
DWORD dwPaletteSize=0, dwBmBitsSize=0, dwDIBSize=0, dwWritten=0;
//位图属性结构
BITMAP Bitmap;  
//位图文件头结构
BITMAPFILEHEADER bmfHdr;  
//位图信息头结构
BITMAPINFOHEADER bi;  
//指向位图信息头结构  
LPBITMAPINFOHEADER lpbi;  
//定义文件,分配内存句柄,调色板句柄
HANDLE fh, hDib, hPal,hOldPal=NULL;

//计算位图文件每个像素所占字节数
hDC = CreateDC("DISPLAY", NULL, NULL, NULL);
iBits = GetDeviceCaps(hDC, BITSPIXEL) * GetDeviceCaps(hDC, PLANES);
DeleteDC(hDC);
if (iBits <= 1) wBitCount = 1;
else if (iBits <= 4) wBitCount = 4;
else if (iBits <= 8) wBitCount = 8;
else wBitCount = 24;

GetObject(hBitmap, sizeof(Bitmap), (LPSTR)&Bitmap);
bi.biSize = sizeof(BITMAPINFOHEADER);
bi.biWidth = Bitmap.bmWidth;
bi.biHeight = Bitmap.bmHeight;
bi.biPlanes = 1;
bi.biBitCount = wBitCount;
bi.biCompression = BI_RGB;
bi.biSizeImage = 0;
bi.biXPelsPerMeter = 0;
bi.biYPelsPerMeter = 0;
bi.biClrImportant = 0;
bi.biClrUsed = 0;

dwBmBitsSize = ((Bitmap.bmWidth * wBitCount + 31) / 32) * 4 * Bitmap.bmHeight;

//为位图内容分配内存
hDib = GlobalAlloc(GHND,dwBmBitsSize + dwPaletteSize + sizeof(BITMAPINFOHEADER));
lpbi = (LPBITMAPINFOHEADER)GlobalLock(hDib);
*lpbi = bi;

// 处理调色板  
hPal = GetStockObject(DEFAULT_PALETTE);
if (hPal)
{
hDC = ::GetDC(NULL);
hOldPal = ::SelectPalette(hDC, (HPALETTE)hPal, FALSE);
RealizePalette(hDC);
}

// 获取该调色板下新的像素值
GetDIBits(hDC, hBitmap, 0, (UINT) Bitmap.bmHeight, (LPSTR)lpbi + sizeof(BITMAPINFOHEADER)
+dwPaletteSize, (BITMAPINFO *)lpbi, DIB_RGB_COLORS);

//恢复调色板  
if (hOldPal)
{
::SelectPalette(hDC, (HPALETTE)hOldPal, TRUE);
RealizePalette(hDC);
::ReleaseDC(NULL, hDC);
}

//创建位图文件  
fh = CreateFile(FileName, GENERIC_WRITE,0, NULL, CREATE_ALWAYS,
FILE_ATTRIBUTE_NORMAL | FILE_FLAG_SEQUENTIAL_SCAN, NULL);

if (fh == INVALID_HANDLE_VALUE)   return FALSE;

// 设置位图文件头
bmfHdr.bfType = 0x4D42; // "BM"
dwDIBSize = sizeof(BITMAPFILEHEADER) + sizeof(BITMAPINFOHEADER) + dwPaletteSize + dwBmBitsSize;  
bmfHdr.bfSize = dwDIBSize;
bmfHdr.bfReserved1 = 0;
bmfHdr.bfReserved2 = 0;
bmfHdr.bfOffBits = (DWORD)sizeof(BITMAPFILEHEADER) + (DWORD)sizeof(BITMAPINFOHEADER) + dwPaletteSize;
// 写入位图文件头
WriteFile(fh, (LPSTR)&bmfHdr, sizeof(BITMAPFILEHEADER), &dwWritten, NULL);
// 写入位图文件其余内容
// WriteFile(fh, (LPSTR)lpbi, dwDIBSize, &dwWritten, NULL);
//清除  
GlobalUnlock(hDib);
GlobalFree(hDib);
CloseHandle(fh);

return TRUE;
}



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