收藏的一些面试题目

华为笔试题
         1.请你分别画出OSI的七层网络结构图和TCP/IP的五层结构图。
  2.请你详细地解释一下IP协议的定义,在哪个层上面?主要有什么作用?TCPUDP呢?
  3.请问交换机和路由器各自的实现原理是什么?分别在哪个层次上面实现的?
  4.请问C++的类和C里面的struct有什么区别?
  5.请讲一讲析构函数和虚函数的用法和作用。
  6.全局变量和局部变量有什么区别?是怎么实现的?操作系统和编译器是怎么知道的?
  78086是多少位的系统?在数据总线上是怎么实现的?

联想笔试题
         
1.设计函数 int atoi(char *s)
  2int i=(j=4,k=8,l=16,m=32); printf(“%d”, i); 输出是多少?
  3.解释局部变量、全局变量和静态变量的含义。
  4.解释堆和栈的区别。
  5.论述含参数的宏与函数的优缺点

普天C++笔试题
        
1.实现双向链表删除一个节点P,在节点P后插入一个节点,写出这两个函数。
  2.写一个函数,将其中的/t都转换成4个空格。
  3Windows程序的入口是哪里?写出Windows消息机制的流程。
  4.如何定义和实现一个类的成员函数为回调函数?
  5C++里面是不是所有的动作都是main()引起的?如果不是,请举例。
  6C++里面如何声明const void f(void)函数为C程序中的库函数?
  7.下列哪两个是等同的
  int b;
  A const int* a = &b;
  B const* int a = &b;
  C const int* const a = &b;
  D int const* const a = &b;
  8.内联函数在编译时是否做参数类型检查?
  void g(base & b){
   b.play;
  }
  void main(){
   son s;
   g(s);
   return;
  }

         1. How do you code an infinite loop in C?
  2. Volatile:
  (1What does the keyword volatile mean? Give an example
  (2Can a parameter be both const and volatile? Give an example
  (3Can a pointer be volatile? Give an example
  3. What are the values of a, b, and c after the following instructions:
  int a=5, b=7, c;
  c = a+++b;
  4. What do the following declarations mean?
  (1const int a;
  (2int const a;
  (3const int *a;
  (4int * const a;
  (5int const * a const;
  5. Which of the following statements describe the use of the keyword static?
  (1Within the body of a function: A static variable maintains its value between function revocations
  (2Within a module: A static variable is accessible by all functions within that module
  (3Within a module: A static function can only be called by other functions within that module
  6. Embedded systems always require the user to manipulate bits in registers or variables. Given an integer variable a, write two code fragments.
  The first should set bit 5 of a. The second shnuld clear bit 5 of a. In both cases, the remaining bits should be unmodified.
  7. What does the following function return?
  char foo(void)
  {
   unsigned int a = 6;
   iht b = -20;
   char c;
   (a+b > 6) ? (c=1): (c=0);
   return c;
  }
  8. What will be the output of the following C code?
  main()
  {
   int k, num= 30;
   k =(num > 5 ? (num <=10 ? 100:200): 500);
   printf(“%d”, k);
  }
  9. What will the following C code do?
  int *ptr;
  ptr =(int *)Ox67a9;
  *ptr = Oxaa55;
  10. What will be the output of the follow C code?
  #define product(x) (x*x)
  main()
  {
   int i = 3, j, k;
   j = product(i++);
   k = product(++i);
   printf(“%d %d”,j,k);
  }
  11. Simplify the following Boolean expression
  !((i ==12) || (j > 15))
  12. How many flip-flop circuits are needed to divide by 16?
  13. Provides 3 properties that make an OS, a RTOS?
  14. What is pre-emption?
  15. Assume the BC register value is 8538H, and the DE register value is 62A5H.Find the value of register BC after the following assembly operations:
  MOV A,C
  SUB E
  MOV C,A
  MOV A,B
  SBB D
  MOV B,A
  16. In the Assembly code shown below
  LOOP: MVI C,78H
   DCR C
   JNZ LOOP
   HLT
  How many times is the DCR C Operation executed?
  17. Describe the most efficient way (in term of execution time and code size) to divide a number by 4 in assembly language
  18. what value is stored in m in the following assembly language code fragment if n=7?
   LDAA #n
   LABEL1: CMPA #5
   BHI L3
   BEQ L2
   DECA
   BRA L1
  LABEL2: CLRA
  LABEL3: STAA #m
  19. What is the state of a process if a resource is not available?
  #define a 365*24*60*60
  20. Using the #define statement, how would you declare a manifest constant that returns the number of seconds in a year? Disregard leap years in your answer.
  21. Interrupts are an important part of embedded systems. Consequently, many compiler vendors offer an extension to standard C to support interrupts. Typically, the keyword is __interrupt. The following routine (ISR). Point out problems in the code.
  __interrupt double compute_area (double radius)
  {
   double area = PI * radius * radius;
   printf(“/nArea = %f”, area);
   return area;
  }

 维尔VERITAS软件笔试题
  1. A class B network on the internet has a subnet mask of 255.255.240.0, what is the maximum number of hosts per subnet .
  a. 240 b. 255 c. 4094 d. 65534
  2. What is the difference: between o(log n) and o(log n^2), where both logarithems have base 2 .
  a. o(log n^2) is bigger b. o(log n) is bigger
  c. no difference
  3. For a class what would happen if we call a class’s constructor from with the same class’s constructor .
  a. compilation error b. linking error
  c. stack overflow d. none of the above
  4. “new” in c++ is a: .
  a. library function like malloc in c
  b. key word c. operator
  d. none of the above
  5. Which of the following information is not contained in an inode .
  a. file owner b. file size
  c. file name d. disk address
  6. What’s the number of comparisons in the worst case to merge two sorted lists containing n elements each .
  a. 2n b.2n-1 c.2n+1 d.2n-2
  7. Time complexity of n algorithm T(n), where n is the input size ,is T(n)=T(n-1)+1/n if n>1 otherwise 1 the order of this algorithm is .
  a. log (n) b. n c. n^2 d. n^n
  8. The number of 1’s in the binary representation of 3*4096+ 15*256+5*16+3 are .
  a. 8 b. 9 c. 10 d. 12

扬智(科技)笔试题目
  1. Queue is a useful structure
  * What is a queue?
  * Write 5 operations or functions, without details, that can be done on a queue.
  2. Insert a sequence fo keys(24,49,13,20,59,23,90,35) into a data structure, which has no keys initially. Depict the data structure after these insertions, if it is:
  * a heap tree
  * an AVL tree
  3. * What is a synchronous I/O bus?
  * What is an asnchronous I/O bus?
  * Compare the advantages and disadvantages of synchronous and a synchronous I/O bus.
  4. Explain the following terminology:
  * Baud rate
  * Handshaking
  * Memory mapped I/O
  5. Explain the key issues in supporting a real-time operation system for embedded system.
  6. Explain the mapping of visual addresses to real addresses under paging by
  * direct mapping
  * associative mapping
  * combined direct/associated mapping
  7. Please explain what is “write-back” and “write-through”, and discuss the advantage and disadvantage about these two methods.
  8. Explain the concept and benefit of threads
  9. What is hardware interrupt? What is software interrupt? What is exception? Please tell me all you know about interrupt.
  10. Write a recursive function that tests wether a string is a palindrome. A palindrome is s string such as “abcba” or “otto” that reads the same in both directions.If you can write this function recursively,you can write an iterative version of this function instead.
  11.什么是进程(Process)和线程(Thread)?有何区别?
  12MFCSDK有何区别?
  13IRP是什么?有何作用?
  14Windows 2000操作系统下用户模式和内核模式下编程有何区别?
  15.驱动程序的BUFFERswap到磁盘上去吗?为什么?
  16.试编写3个函数实现
  (1)建立一个双向链表
  (2)插入一个节点
  (3)删除一个节点
  17.简述Hardware interruptsoftware中断的区别,简述其应用。
  18.试编写一个函数,计算一个字符串中A的个数。
  19.画出其相应流程图并编写一个函数实现一个整数到二进制数的转换,如输入6,输出110
  20
  (1)编写一个递归函数,删除一个目录。
  (2)编写一个非递归函数,删除一个目录。
  并比较其性能。

广东北电面试题目
  英文笔试题
  1. Tranlation (Mandatory)
  CDMA venders have worked hard to give CDMA roaming capabilities via the development of RUIM-essentially, a SIM card for CDMA handsets currently being deployed in China for new CDMA operator China Unicom. Korean cellco KTF demonstrated earlier this year the ability to roam between GSM and CDMA using such cards.However,only the card containing the user’s service data can roam-not the CDMA handset or the user’s number (except via call forwarding).
  2. Programming (Mandatory)
  Linked list
  a. Implement a linked list for integers,which supports the insertafter (insert a node after a specified node) and removeafter (remove the node after a specified node) methods;
  b. Implement a method to sort the linked list to descending order.
  3. Debugging (Mandatory)
  a. For each of the following recursive methods,enter Y in the answer box if themethod terminaters (assume i=5), Otherwise enter N.
  static int f(int i){
   return f(i-1)*f(i-1);
   }
  Ansewr:
  static int f(int i){
   if(i==0){return 1;}
   else {return f(i-1)*f(i-1);}
   }
  Ansewr:
  static int f(int i){
   if(i==0){return 1;}
   else {return f(i-1)*f(i-2);}
   }
  Ansewr:
  b. There are two errors in the following JAVA program:
  static void g(int i){
   if(i==1){return;}
   if(i%2==0){g(i/2);return;}
   else {g(3*i);return;}
   }
  please correct them to make sure we can get the printed-out result as below:
  3 10 5 16 8 4 2 1
  
  中文笔试题
  1.汉译英
  北电网络的开发者计划使来自于不同组织的开发者,能够在北电网络的平台上开发圆满的补充业务。北电网络符合工业标准的开放接口,为补充业务的开展引入了无数商机,开发者计划为不同层面的开发者提供不同等级的资格,资格的划分还考虑到以下因素:补充业务与北电网络平台的集合程度,开发者团体与北电网络的合作关系,等等。
  2.编程
  将整数转换成字符串:void itoa(int,char);
  例如itoa(-123,s[])s=“-123”; 

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