数据库 是什么传输协议_什么是数据传输

数据库 是什么传输协议

什么是数据传输? (What Is Data Transmission?)

The data transmission means the transportation of any kind of information whatsoever, from one place to another by physical means. Historically, this was done by paper mail, a string of lights or semaphores, then with the help of Morse coder.

数据传输意味着通过物理手段将任何一种信息从一个地方传输到另一个地方。 从历史上看,这是通过纸质邮件,一串灯或信号灯完成的,然后在莫尔斯编码器的帮助下完成。

In computer terminology, this means sending streams of bits or bytes from one location to another location using technologies such as copper wire, fiber optics, lasers, radio, or infrared light. As examples include sending data from one device to another memory and access to a website, which involves the transfer of data from web servers to a user’s browser.

用计算机术语来说,这意味着使用铜线,光纤,激光,无线电或红外线等技术将位或字节流从一个位置发送到另一位置。 作为示例,包括将数据从一个设备发送到另一台内存并访问网站,这涉及将数据从Web服务器传输到用户的浏览器。

电邮 (Emails)

Email is a form of data transfer very popular because virtually free, but not secure. Its possibilities in terms of transmission / reception are limited to a few megabytes (usually up to 5 megabytes or exceptionally up to 10 Megabytes).

电子邮件是一种非常流行的数据传输形式,因为它实际上是免费的,但并不安全。 就发送/接收而言,其可能性仅限于几兆字节(通常最多5兆字节,或者异常情况下最多10兆字节)。

FTP软件 (FTP Software)

FTP software to match an Internet standard for transferring large files. This protocol is now able to accept a security such as SSL or TLS. Most FTP programs for clients have many options. They allow users to connect simultaneously to multiple recipients.

FTP软件符合用于传输大文件的Internet标准。 现在,该协议可以接受SSL或TLS之类的安全性。 客户端的大多数FTP程序都有很多选择。 它们允许用户同时连接到多个收件人。

在每次传输时,发件人必须: (At each transfer, it is necessary for the sender to:)

  • Place the file on the FTP server. (Upload)

    将文件放在FTP服务器上。 (上传)
  • Contact by mail or telephone the URL, the password and user name to the addressee

    通过邮件或电话联系收件人的URL,密码和用户名

对于收件人: (For the recipient to:)

  • Click on this URL

    点击此URL
  • Retrieve the file by entering the password and the user (Download)

    通过输入密码和用户来检索文件(下载)

对于发件人: (For sender to:)

  • Remind the recipient

    提醒收件人
  • Validate the receipt and integrity of the file

    验证文件的接收和完整性
  • Connect to the server again to delete the file to free disk space on the server

    再次连接到服务器以删除文件以释放服务器上的磁盘空间

FTP软件: (FTP software:)

  • Do not incorporate mechanisms for verification of non alterations.

    不要合并用于验证未更改的机制。
  • Do not handle the dematerialization and recovery CDs, DVDs.

    不要处理非实现和恢复CD,DVD。
  • Lacking friendliness.

    缺乏友善。

Currently the FTP software is used by 25% of companies for sending large files.

目前,有25%的公司使用FTP软件发送大文件。

Internet上的中介服务器 (The mediators servers on the Internet)

原理如下: (The principle is as follows:)

  • First step: The user drops files via a web interface.

    第一步:用户通过网络界面删除文件。
  • Second step: The recipient wishing to connect to retrieve information on the web server and retrieves the file.

    第二步:希望连接以在Web服务器上检索信息并检索文件的收件人。

This relational mode is a way today to transfer digital data over the Internet. The disadvantages are many:

今天,这种关系模式是通过Internet传输数字数据的一种方式。 缺点很多:

  • With regard to verification of non alteration, the same disadvantage remains that the FTP solution.

    关于非更改的验证,FTP解决方案仍然存在相同的缺点。
  • In case of malfunction of the intermediate server, the user can not file its files.

    如果中间服务器出现故障,则用户无法归档其文件。
  • In case of congestion at the entrance to the server, the flow becomes too slow.

    如果服务器入口处出现拥塞,流量将变得太慢。
  • The communication may be altered (if the cuts during the transmission are many).

    通讯可能会更改(如果传输过程中的削减很多)。
  • This technology does not support the dematerialization of media.

    此技术不支持媒体的非物质化。

The method of using solutions-based midrange servers deposit files via Web is used at 10% by companies.

公司使用基于解决方案的中型服务器通过Web存放文件的方法的比例为10%。

点对点Naxfer的概念 (The concept of peer to peer Naxfer)

The method Naxfer was made available recently for transferring small and large files (unlimited size, 100 Giga Bytes per instance), automating difficult tasks (compression, encryption, signature, issuance of a certificate, verification of perfection transmission, traceability, paperless system CD or DVD, etc.).

Naxfer方法最近可用于传输大小文件(无限大小,每个实例100 Giga字节),自动执行困难的任务(压缩,加密,签名,证书颁发,完美传输验证,可追溯性,无纸化系统CD或DVD等)。

电子邮件信使 (The email messengers)

The method is relatively reliable courier, and has the advantage of not requiring specific knowledge of computers. The disadvantages are the length and cost. It is used by 65% of businesses and administrations to send large files or sensitive.

该方法是相对可靠的信使,并且具有不需要计算机的特定知识的优点。 缺点是长度和成本。 65%的企业和管理部门使用它发送大型文件或敏感文件。

传输方式 (Transmission mode)

1. Synchronous

1.同步

The transmitter transmits the clock signal and the information simultaneously on the same line, the frame transmission of information must be long enough.

发送器在同一条线上同时发送时钟信号和信息,信息的帧发送必须足够长。

2. Asynchronous

2.异步

To be continued…

未完待续…

Study: From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. The text is available under the Creative Commons.

研究:来自维基百科,免费的百科全书。 该文本可在“ 知识共享”下找到

翻译自: https://www.eukhost.com/blog/webhosting/what-is-data-transmission/

数据库 是什么传输协议

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