提问的艺术 (The art of asking questions)
What makes us human, I think, is an ability to ask questions, a consequence of our sophisticated spoken language. Animals are such agreeable friends — they ask no questions; they pass no criticisms. Jane Goodall, George Eliot.
我认为，使我们变得人性化的是一种提出问题的能力，这是我们复杂的口语表达的结果。 动物真是令人愉快的朋友-他们不问任何问题； 他们没有批评。 简·古道尔(Jane Goodall)，乔治·艾略特(George Eliot) 。
“What makes us human, I think, is an ability to ask questions, a consequence of our sophisticated spoken language.” — Jane Goodall
“我认为，使我们变得人性化的是一种提出问题的能力，这是我们复杂的口语表达的结果。” — 简·古道尔
It has happened
nnumber of times to me in the past. My brain has had a question, but I have always stopped it from slipping out, thinking I would make a fool out of myself. Only later would I realise that somebody else asked a similar question and got applauded for asking such a wonderful question!
n的时间对我来说，在过去数。 我的大脑有一个问题，但我一直阻止它滑出，以为我会自欺欺人。 直到后来，我才意识到有人提出了类似的问题，并因提出如此精彩的问题而受到鼓掌！
Do you relate to this situation?
It’s been more than a year now, and I am getting better at asking questions, in fact, sometimes I have way too many questions to ask. Thanks to the Outreachy internship, I have overcome my imposter syndrome! Also, these days, usually I am on the other side of the table while handling interviews or pull requests, and I have some advice on the importance of asking questions and how to ask them right.
“Animals are such agreeable friends — they ask no questions; they pass no criticisms.” — George Eliot.
规则1 (Rule 1)
不要做假设。 (Don’t make assumptions.)
I cannot stress enough on the importance of open communication, asking questions whenever relevant and avoiding any silent assumptions. This rule applies to your normal day to day work, talking to your colleagues or undergoing an interview process.
规则二 (Rule 2)
深思 (Think deep)
Life throws at us many options and it is very easy to get lost and lose focus in life. At times, it is also very important to ask relevant questions of ourselves.
Before you start some work, always ask yourself three questions:
- Why are you doing it 你为什么要这么做
- What might the results be, and 结果可能是什么，以及
- Will you be successful. 你会成功吗？
Only when you think deeply and find satisfactory answers to these questions, go ahead. Chanakya
规则三 (Rule 3)
没有问题是愚蠢的 (No question is stupid)
If you are like me, then I totally understand how hard it is to push yourself to ask a question.
No one is dumb who is curious. The people who don’t ask questions remain clueless throughout their lives. Neil deGrasse Tyson
没有人会好奇。 不问问题的人一生都一无所知。 尼尔·德格拉斯·泰森
Once you start asking questions, innocence is gone. Mary Astor
Based on my experience, few real world examples explaining the need to ask questions.
1：使用首字母缩写词时 (1: When using an acronym)
A common scenario is when one person uses an acronym that might not be very common. You can politely ask the person to abbreviate the acronym rather than making silent assumptions and thereby ending up with a different conclusion.
2：维护作业日志 (2: Maintaining your homework log)
Another scenario is to silently note down points when you are too shy to ask questions openly. You end up building a homework log for yourself, and spend double the time to get answers for the very questions which could have been answered instantly, if you’d had the courage to ask in the first place.
Research shows this is a prevalent case with under-represented groups and people of colour. As a woman of colour, I myself, have done this
n number of times when I have been too scared to be framed of not knowing anything. This is a clear symptom of having Imposter Syndrome.
Find the courage to ask questions and to express what you really want or need to know. Communicate with others as clearly as you can to avoid misunderstandings, sadness and drama. With just this one agreement, you can completely transform your life. Don Miguel Ruiz
勇于提出问题并表达您真正想要或需要知道的事情。 尽可能与他人进行清晰的沟通，以避免误会，悲伤和戏剧性。 只需达成一项协议，您就可以彻底改变自己的生活。 唐·米格尔·鲁伊斯
3：面试中 (3: During an interview)
While there is enough advice available on preparing yourself for an interview process and the questions to ask, I too would like to stress the importance of asking a few relevant questions when given the time. As an interviewer myself, I really like when interviewees ask questions.
4：问题和请求请求 (4: Issues and pull requests)
Dealing with the OpenSource world gets better with experience. I can still recall the days when I was new and everything was too overwhelming. Naturally, I was too shy to comment on an issue or pull request and used to spend a considerable amount of time before I made a public statement.
与开源世界打交道的经验会变得更好。 我仍然可以回想起刚开始的时候，一切都压倒性的日子。 自然，我很害羞，无法对问题或请求撤消发表评论，并且习惯于在发表公开声明之前花费大量时间。
Get a mentor or practice with your colleagues reviewing each other's pull requests in a constructive manner. Trust me, this gets much better over time.
Having said all that, while we have to get better at asking questions, it is also equally important to be in an environment which fosters the culture of asking questions and giving encouraging answers. Below are a few pointers on how to achieve this:
- Do not make fun of others or shame them for asking questions 不要取笑别人或羞于问问题
- It is ok to not know the answer to everything 不知道所有问题的答案是可以的
- Be humble in accepting the above fact 谦虚地接受上述事实
- Learn new things while discovering answers to unknown questions 在发现未知问题的答案的同时学习新事物
- Share your learnings 分享您的经验
I would be very much interested in knowing your thoughts and experiences on this subject. Please share your feedback. Thank you ?
我很想了解您在这个问题上的想法和经验。 请分享您的反馈。 谢谢 ？