利用java filter 实现业务异常拦截 跳转到错误信息提示页面

1、缘由:我们在做项目中肯定都会遇到自定义业务异常 ,然后将业务异常信息跳转的统一的信息提示页面的情况,比如我们在struts的时候我们会用到struts的异常处理机制,我们在业务层会跑出我们遇到业务处理异常 ,然后交由struts处理将提示信息到一个页面进行显示,来提示用户的相关操作,这里我们会根据以上情景设计一下怎么来显示该功能。

2、解决方法:我们的业务异常通常都是抛出的,就是unchecked exception,所以最后总会到达调用该方法的最外层进行捕获,一般我们都会在action中调用我们的业务方法 ,而业务方法可能会跑出异常,此时我们就可以在此时做些文章了, 我们可以利用filter,来捕获我们抛出的异常,然后跳转到一个统一页面,进行信息提示了。

3、具体代码:

①自定义异常类,我想这个就不用多说了 ,大家都是会的:

BsException.java

 

 package com.ajun.exception;  
  
  
/** 
 * 业务异常类 
 * @author ajun 
 * @http://blog.csdn.net/ajun_studio 
 */  
public class BsException extends RuntimeException {  
  
    //异常代码   
    private String key;  
      
    private Object[] values;//一些其他信息   
      
    public BsException() {  
        super();  
    }  
  
    public BsException(String message, Throwable throwable) {  
        super(message, throwable);  
    }  
  
    public BsException(String message) {  
        super(message);  
    }  
  
    public BsException(Throwable throwable) {  
        super(throwable);  
    }  
      
    public BsException(String message,String key){  
        super(message);  
        this.key = key;  
    }  
      
    public BsException(String message,String key,Object value){  
        super(message);  
        this.key = key;  
        this.values = new Object[]{value};  
    }  
      
    public BsException(String message,String key,Object[] values){  
        super(message);  
        this.key = key;  
        this.values = values;  
    }  
  
    public String getKey() {  
        return key;  
    }  
  
    public Object[] getValues() {  
        return values;  
    }  
}  

既然要用到filter ,自然少不了实现Filter接口,拦截你想要的请求,然后,就可以捕获异常了,此时你可以对你的chain.doFilter进行try catch,然后判断你想捕获的异常,很简单 ,请看代码:


 package com.ajun.filter;  
  
import java.io.IOException;  
  
import javax.servlet.Filter;  
import javax.servlet.FilterChain;  
import javax.servlet.FilterConfig;  
import javax.servlet.ServletException;  
import javax.servlet.ServletRequest;  
import javax.servlet.ServletResponse;  
import javax.servlet.http.HttpServletRequest;  
import javax.servlet.http.HttpServletResponse;  
  
import com.ajun.exception.BsException;  
  
/** 
 * 业务异常过滤器 
 * @author ajun 
 * @http://blog.csdn.net/ajun_studio 
 */  
public class ExceptionFiler implements Filter {  
  
    private String errorPage;//跳转的错误信息页面   
      
      
    public void destroy() {  
          
    }  
  
    public void doFilter(ServletRequest req, ServletResponse res,  
            FilterChain chain) throws IOException, ServletException {  
  
         HttpServletResponse response = (HttpServletResponse) res;  
         HttpServletRequest request = (HttpServletRequest) req;  
         //捕获你抛出的业务异常   
         try {  
            chain.doFilter(req, res);  
        } catch (RuntimeException e) {  
            if(e instanceof BsException){//如果是你定义的业务异常   
                request.setAttribute("BsException", e);//存储业务异常信息类   
                request.getRequestDispatcher(errorPage).forward(request, response);//跳转到信息提示页面!!   
            }  
            e.printStackTrace();  
        }  
    }  
       //初始化读取你配置的提示页面路径   
    public void init(FilterConfig config) throws ServletException {  
        //读取错误信息提示页面路径   
        errorPage = config.getInitParameter("errorPage");  
        if(null==errorPage || "".equals(errorPage)){  
            throw new RuntimeException("没有配置错误信息跳转页面,请再web.xml中进行配置\n<init-param>\n<param-name>errorPage</param-name>\n<param-value>/error.jsp</param-value>\n </init-param>\n路径可以是你自己设定的任何有效路径页面!!");  
            //System.out.println("没有配置错误信息跳转页面");   
        }  
    }  
  
}  


Filter在web.xml中的配置如下:


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<filter>  
    <filter-name>ExceptionFilter</filter-name>  
    <filter-class>com.ajun.filter.ExceptionFiler</filter-class>  
    <init-param>  
        <param-name>errorPage</param-name>  
        <param-value>/error.jsp</param-value>  
    </init-param>  
</filter>  
<filter-mapping>  
    <filter-name>ExceptionFilter</filter-name>  
    <url-pattern>*.do</url-pattern>  
</filter-mapping>  
 <filter>
  <filter-name>ExceptionFilter</filter-name>
  <filter-class>com.ajun.filter.ExceptionFiler</filter-class>
  <init-param>
      <param-name>errorPage</param-name>
      <param-value>/error.jsp</param-value>
     </init-param>
 </filter>
 <filter-mapping>
  <filter-name>ExceptionFilter</filter-name>
  <url-pattern>*.do</url-pattern>
 </filter-mapping>
下面写个servlet ,在请求的时候抛出你定义业务异常来试验一下吧


 package com.ajun.servlet;  
  
import java.io.IOException;  
import java.io.PrintWriter;  
  
import javax.servlet.ServletException;  
import javax.servlet.http.HttpServlet;  
import javax.servlet.http.HttpServletRequest;  
import javax.servlet.http.HttpServletResponse;  
  
public class ExServlet extends HttpServlet {  
  
      
    public void doGet(HttpServletRequest request, HttpServletResponse response)  
            throws ServletException, IOException {  
  
        this.doPost(request, response);  
          
    }  
  
      
    public void doPost(HttpServletRequest request, HttpServletResponse response)  
            throws ServletException, IOException {  
  
        TestService t = new TestService();  
        t.add();//模拟调用业务层方法,在此方法内抛出异常,此异常会在filter中进行捕获。   
          
    }  
  
}  

web.xml配置上述servlet


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<servlet>  
  <servlet-name>ExServlet</servlet-name>  
  <servlet-class>com.ajun.servlet.ExServlet</servlet-class>  
</servlet>  
  
<servlet-mapping>  
  <servlet-name>ExServlet</servlet-name>  
  <url-pattern>*.do</url-pattern>  
</servlet-mapping>  
  <servlet>
    <servlet-name>ExServlet</servlet-name>
    <servlet-class>com.ajun.servlet.ExServlet</servlet-class>
  </servlet>

  <servlet-mapping>
    <servlet-name>ExServlet</servlet-name>
    <url-pattern>*.do</url-pattern>
  </servlet-mapping>
测试时在servlet中被调用的业务类

TestService.java


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package com.ajun.servlet;  
  
import com.ajun.exception.BsException;  
  
public class TestService {  
  
    public void add(){  
          
        System.out.println("add () was called!!");  
        if(true){  
            throw new BsException("in add() throws exception!!");//抛出异常,根据你的业务逻辑   
        }  
    }  
}  
package com.ajun.servlet;

import com.ajun.exception.BsException;

public class TestService {

 public void add(){
  
  System.out.println("add () was called!!");
  if(true){
   throw new BsException("in add() throws exception!!");//抛出异常,根据你的业务逻辑
  }
 }
}

现在部署项目,在你的浏览器内输入:http://localhost:8080/BsException/ajun.do

成功跳转到error.jsp:显示:in add() throws exception!!

在后台得到:


 com.ajun.exception.BsException: in add() throws exception!!  
    at com.ajun.servlet.TestService.add(TestService.java:11)  
    at com.ajun.servlet.ExServlet.doPost(ExServlet.java:26)  
    at com.ajun.servlet.ExServlet.doGet(ExServlet




转载地址:http://blog.csdn.net/ajun_studio/article/details/6876109

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