Python版简易计算器的实现

版权声明:本文为博主原创文章,未经博主允许不得转载。 https://blog.csdn.net/cyg0810/article/details/23865543

学了一周的Python,这篇文章算是为这段时间自学做的小总结。


一、Python简介

    Python是一门十分优美的脚本语言,如果学过java、c++那入门Python是非常简单的。Python具有丰富和强大的类库。它常被昵称为胶水语言,它能够很轻松的把用其他语言制作的各种模块(尤其是C/C++)轻松地联结在一起。常见的一种应用情形是,使用Python快速生成程序的原型(有时甚至是程序的最终界面),然后对其中有特别要求的部分,用更合适的语言改写。


二、Python版计算器的实现

工具准备:

        1. Python2.7

        2. wxPython

        3. wxGlade界面编辑工具

        4. pyCharm


        具体配置什么的我就不说了,网上有很多。Python的GUI开发库有很多,这里我们使用wxPython。用wxGlade编辑界面,wxGlade是一款很好用的GUI编辑工具,它最大的优点是能自动生成编辑好的图形界面的代码。


这里主要介绍几点:

wx.TextCtrl(文本输入控件),这个作为计算器的显示屏,点击数字时用AppendText方法将数字添加至文本末尾,要取出数字时用GetValue方法,点击运算符时要将文本框中的数字清空(先存储)用Clear方法然后还有将操作符保存,点击等号后要将第二个操作数存储,然后用int方法将字符串转换为数字,计算后用SetValue方法将结果送入文本框,具体代码如下:


import wx

# begin wxGlade: extracode
# end wxGlade


class MyFrame(wx.Frame):
    def __init__(self, *args, **kwds):
        # begin wxGlade: MyFrame.__init__
        kwds["style"] = wx.DEFAULT_FRAME_STYLE
        wx.Frame.__init__(self, *args, **kwds)
        self.text_ctrl_1 = wx.TextCtrl(self, -1, "",style=wx.TE_READONLY)
        self.button_37 = wx.Button(self, -1, "1")
        self.button_38 = wx.Button(self, -1, "2")
        self.button_39 = wx.Button(self, -1, "3")
        self.button_40 = wx.Button(self, -1, "+")
        self.button_41 = wx.Button(self, -1, "4")
        self.button_42 = wx.Button(self, -1, "5")
        self.button_43 = wx.Button(self, -1, "6")
        self.button_44 = wx.Button(self, -1, "-")
        self.button_46 = wx.Button(self, -1, "7")
        self.button_45 = wx.Button(self, -1, "8")
        self.button_47 = wx.Button(self, -1, "9")
        self.button_48 = wx.Button(self, -1, "x")
        self.button_49 = wx.Button(self, -1, "C")
        self.button_50 = wx.Button(self, -1, "0")
        self.button_51 = wx.Button(self, -1, "=")
        self.button_52 = wx.Button(self, -1, "/")

        self.__set_properties()
        self.__do_layout()

        self.Bind(wx.EVT_BUTTON, self.bu1, self.button_37)
        self.Bind(wx.EVT_BUTTON, self.bu2, self.button_38)
        self.Bind(wx.EVT_BUTTON, self.bu3, self.button_39)
        self.Bind(wx.EVT_BUTTON, self.bu_plus, self.button_40)
        self.Bind(wx.EVT_BUTTON, self.bu4, self.button_41)
        self.Bind(wx.EVT_BUTTON, self.bu5, self.button_42)
        self.Bind(wx.EVT_BUTTON, self.bu6, self.button_43)
        self.Bind(wx.EVT_BUTTON, self.bu_min, self.button_44)
        self.Bind(wx.EVT_BUTTON, self.bu7, self.button_46)
        self.Bind(wx.EVT_BUTTON, self.bu8, self.button_45)
        self.Bind(wx.EVT_BUTTON, self.bu9, self.button_47)
        self.Bind(wx.EVT_BUTTON, self.bu_mul, self.button_48)
        self.Bind(wx.EVT_BUTTON, self.bu_clear, self.button_49)
        self.Bind(wx.EVT_BUTTON, self.bu0, self.button_50)
        self.Bind(wx.EVT_BUTTON, self.bu_result, self.button_51)
        self.Bind(wx.EVT_BUTTON, self.bu_chu, self.button_52)
        # end wxGlade
        self.Show(True)

    def __set_properties(self):
        # begin wxGlade: MyFrame.__set_properties
        self.SetTitle("Python Calculater by CYG")
        self.text_ctrl_1.SetMinSize((400, 50))
        self.button_37.SetMinSize((100, 50))
        self.button_38.SetMinSize((100, 50))
        self.button_39.SetMinSize((100, 50))
        self.button_40.SetMinSize((100, 50))
        self.button_41.SetMinSize((100, 50))
        self.button_42.SetMinSize((100, 50))
        self.button_43.SetMinSize((100, 50))
        self.button_44.SetMinSize((100, 50))
        self.button_46.SetMinSize((100, 50))
        self.button_45.SetMinSize((100, 50))
        self.button_47.SetMinSize((100, 50))
        self.button_48.SetMinSize((100, 50))
        self.button_49.SetMinSize((100, 50))
        self.button_50.SetMinSize((100, 50))
        self.button_51.SetMinSize((100, 50))
        self.button_52.SetMinSize((100, 50))
        # end wxGlade

    def __do_layout(self):
        # begin wxGlade: MyFrame.__do_layout
        sizer_2 = wx.BoxSizer(wx.VERTICAL)
        sizer_3 = wx.BoxSizer(wx.VERTICAL)
        grid_sizer_1 = wx.GridSizer(4, 4, 0, 0)
        sizer_3.Add(self.text_ctrl_1, 0, 0, 0)
        grid_sizer_1.Add(self.button_37, 0, 0, 0)
        grid_sizer_1.Add(self.button_38, 0, 0, 0)
        grid_sizer_1.Add(self.button_39, 0, 0, 0)
        grid_sizer_1.Add(self.button_40, 0, 0, 0)
        grid_sizer_1.Add(self.button_41, 0, 0, 0)
        grid_sizer_1.Add(self.button_42, 0, 0, 0)
        grid_sizer_1.Add(self.button_43, 0, 0, 0)
        grid_sizer_1.Add(self.button_44, 0, 0, 0)
        grid_sizer_1.Add(self.button_46, 0, 0, 0)
        grid_sizer_1.Add(self.button_45, 0, 0, 0)
        grid_sizer_1.Add(self.button_47, 0, 0, 0)
        grid_sizer_1.Add(self.button_48, 0, 0, 0)
        grid_sizer_1.Add(self.button_49, 0, 0, 0)
        grid_sizer_1.Add(self.button_50, 0, 0, 0)
        grid_sizer_1.Add(self.button_51, 0, 0, 0)
        grid_sizer_1.Add(self.button_52, 0, 0, 0)
        sizer_3.Add(grid_sizer_1, 1, wx.EXPAND, 0)
        sizer_2.Add(sizer_3, 1, wx.EXPAND, 0)
        self.SetSizer(sizer_2)
        sizer_2.Fit(self)
        self.Layout()
        # end wxGlade

    def bu1(self, event):  # wxGlade: MyFrame.<event_handler>
        self.text_ctrl_1.AppendText("1")
        event.Skip()

    def bu2(self, event):  # wxGlade: MyFrame.<event_handler>
        self.text_ctrl_1.AppendText("2")
        event.Skip()

    def bu3(self, event):  # wxGlade: MyFrame.<event_handler>
        self.text_ctrl_1.AppendText("3")
        event.Skip()

    def bu_plus(self, event):  # wxGlade: MyFrame.<event_handler>
        self.num1=self.text_ctrl_1.GetValue()
        self.op="+"
        self.text_ctrl_1.Clear()
        event.Skip()

    def bu4(self, event):  # wxGlade: MyFrame.<event_handler>
        self.text_ctrl_1.AppendText("4")
        event.Skip()

    def bu5(self, event):  # wxGlade: MyFrame.<event_handler>
        self.text_ctrl_1.AppendText("5")
        event.Skip()

    def bu6(self, event):  # wxGlade: MyFrame.<event_handler>
        self.text_ctrl_1.AppendText("6")
        event.Skip()

    def bu_min(self, event):  # wxGlade: MyFrame.<event_handler>
        self.num1=self.text_ctrl_1.GetValue()
        self.op="-"
        self.text_ctrl_1.Clear()
        event.Skip()

    def bu7(self, event):  # wxGlade: MyFrame.<event_handler>
        self.text_ctrl_1.AppendText("7")
        event.Skip()

    def bu8(self, event):  # wxGlade: MyFrame.<event_handler>
        self.text_ctrl_1.AppendText("8")
        event.Skip()

    def bu9(self, event):  # wxGlade: MyFrame.<event_handler>
        self.text_ctrl_1.AppendText("9")
        event.Skip()

    def bu_mul(self, event):  # wxGlade: MyFrame.<event_handler>
        self.num1=self.text_ctrl_1.GetValue()
        self.op="x"
        self.text_ctrl_1.Clear()
        event.Skip()

    def bu_clear(self, event):  # wxGlade: MyFrame.<event_handler>
        self.text_ctrl_1.Clear()
        event.Skip()

    def bu0(self, event):  # wxGlade: MyFrame.<event_handler>
        self.text_ctrl_1.AppendText("0")
        event.Skip()

    def bu_chu(self, event):  # wxGlade: MyFrame.<event_handler>
        self.num1=self.text_ctrl_1.GetValue()
        self.op="/"
        self.text_ctrl_1.Clear()
        event.Skip()

    def bu_result(self, event):  # wxGlade: MyFrame.<event_handler>
        self.num2=self.text_ctrl_1.GetValue()
        num1=int(self.num1)
        num2=int(self.num2)
        if self.op=="+":
            self.text_ctrl_1.SetValue(str(num1+num2))
        elif self.op=="-":
            self.text_ctrl_1.SetValue(str(num1-num2))
        elif self.op=="x":
            self.text_ctrl_1.SetValue(str(num1*num2))
        elif self.op=="/":
            self.text_ctrl_1.SetValue(str(num1/num2))
        event.Skip()


# end of class MyFrame
if __name__ == "__main__":

    app=wx.App(False)
    myframe=MyFrame(None)
    app.MainLoop()


按钮的ID,名称什么的我基本都是用wxGlade自动生成的,懒的改了。。。

没有做什么美化,只是为了练练手,给张图:



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