servlet 接收json数据并响应

客户端发送json数据给servlet服务端

/*HttpClient.java*/
import java.io.BufferedReader;
import java.io.IOException;
import java.io.InputStream;
import java.io.InputStreamReader;
import java.io.OutputStream;
import java.net.HttpURLConnection;
import java.net.MalformedURLException;
import java.net.URL;

import net.sf.json.JSONObject;
public class HttpClient {
	public HttpClient(){
	}
    public static String doPost(String httpUrl, String param) {
        HttpURLConnection connection = null;
        InputStream is = null;
        OutputStream os = null;
        BufferedReader br = null;
        String result = null;
        try {
            URL url = new URL(httpUrl);
            // 通过远程url连接对象打开连接
            connection = (HttpURLConnection) url.openConnection();
            // 设置连接请求方式
            connection.setRequestMethod("POST");
            // 设置连接主机服务器超时时间:15000毫秒
            connection.setConnectTimeout(15000);
            // 设置读取主机服务器返回数据超时时间:60000毫秒
            connection.setReadTimeout(60000);
            // 默认值为:false,当向远程服务器传送数据/写数据时,需要设置为true
            connection.setDoOutput(true);
            // 默认值为:true,当前向远程服务读取数据时,设置为true,该参数可有可无
            connection.setDoInput(true);
            // 设置传入参数的格式:请求参数应该是 name1=value1&name2=value2 的形式。
            connection.setRequestProperty("Content-Type", "application/x-www-form-urlencoded");
            // 设置鉴权信息:Authorization: Bearer da3efcbf-0845-4fe3-8aba-ee040be542c0
            connection.setRequestProperty("Authorization", "Bearer da3efcbf-0845-4fe3-8aba-ee040be542c0");
            // 通过连接对象获取一个输出流
            os = connection.getOutputStream();
            // 通过输出流对象将参数写出去/传输出去,它是通过字节数组写出的
            os.write(param.getBytes());
            // 通过连接对象获取一个输入流,向远程读取
            if (connection.getResponseCode() == 200) {

                is = connection.getInputStream();
                // 对输入流对象进行包装:charset根据工作项目组的要求来设置
                br = new BufferedReader(new InputStreamReader(is, "UTF-8"));

                StringBuffer sbf = new StringBuffer();
                String temp = null;
                // 循环遍历一行一行读取数据
                while ((temp = br.readLine()) != null) {
                    sbf.append(temp);
                    sbf.append("\r\n");
                }
                result = sbf.toString();
            }
        } catch (MalformedURLException e) {
            e.printStackTrace();
        } catch (IOException e) {
            e.printStackTrace();
        } finally {
            // 关闭资源
            if (null != br) {
                try {
                    br.close();
                } catch (IOException e) {
                    e.printStackTrace();
                }
            }
            if (null != os) {
                try {
                    os.close();
                } catch (IOException e) {
                    e.printStackTrace();
                }
            }
            if (null != is) {
                try {
                    is.close();
                } catch (IOException e) {
                    e.printStackTrace();
                }
            }
            // 断开与远程地址url的连接
            connection.disconnect();
        }
        return result;
    }
    public static String test(String url){
    	String result=null;
    	JSONObject json = new JSONObject();
    	json.put("comm", "comm");
    	json.put("stu", "stu");
    	System.out.println("请求的json数据:\n"+json.toString());
    	result=HttpClient.doPost(url, json.toString());
		System.out.println("响应返回的json数据:\n"+result);
        return result;
    } 
}



服务端接收请求并相应回去

/*HttpServer.java*/

import java.io.BufferedReader;
import java.io.IOException;
import java.io.InputStreamReader;
import java.io.PrintWriter;
import javax.servlet.ServletException;
import javax.servlet.annotation.WebServlet;
import javax.servlet.http.HttpServlet;
import javax.servlet.http.HttpServletRequest;
import javax.servlet.http.HttpServletResponse;
import data.ResponseData;
import data.Student;
import net.sf.json.JSONObject;
import service.Service;
import service.ServiceImpl;
@WebServlet("/HttpServer")
public class HttpServer extends HttpServlet {
	private static final long serialVersionUID = 1L;
    public HttpServer() {
        super();
    }
	protected void doGet(HttpServletRequest request, HttpServletResponse response) throws ServletException, IOException {
		doPost(request, response);
	}
	protected void doPost(HttpServletRequest request, HttpServletResponse response) throws ServletException, IOException {
		request.setCharacterEncoding("UTF-8");
		response.setHeader("content-type","text/html;charset=UTF-8");
		response.setHeader("Access-Control-Allow-Origin", "*");
		/* 星号表示所有的异域请求都可以接受, */
		response.setHeader("Access-Control-Allow-Methods", "GET,POST");
		PrintWriter out=response.getWriter();
		// 读取请求内容
		BufferedReader br = new BufferedReader(new InputStreamReader(request.getInputStream(),"utf-8"));
		String line = null;
		StringBuilder sb = new StringBuilder();
		while ((line = br.readLine()) != null) {
			sb.append(line);
		}
		//将json字符串转换为json对象
		JSONObject json=JSONObject.fromObject(sb.toString());
		//将数据转化为java对象,注:之前客户端是封装了两个数据(stu,comm),所以处理时
        //需要对其转换
		Student stu=(Student) JSONObject.toBean((JSONObject) json.get("stu"), Student.class);
		System.out.println(stu.toString());
		Comm comm=(Comm) JSONObject.toBean((JSONObject) json.get("comm"), Comm.class);
		
		//数据处理,数据库连接方面,用来响应消息
		Service service=new ServiceImpl();
		ResponseData responseData=service.getStuInfo(stu);
		//ResponseData responseData=Data.getStuInfo(stu);
		
	    JSONObject newJson=new JSONObject();
	    newJson.put("comm", json.get("comm"));
	    newJson.put("data", responseData);
	    out.write(newJson.toString());
	    System.out.println(newJson.toString());
	}
}



 

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