C# 多线程日志写入

1..net2.0支持方法

来自:官方例子

// This example shows a ReaderWriterLock protecting a shared
// resource that is read concurrently and written exclusively
// by multiple threads.

// The complete code is located in the ReaderWriterLock
// class topic.
using System;
using System.Threading;

public class Test
{
    // Declaring the ReaderWriterLock at the class level
    // makes it visible to all threads.
    static ReaderWriterLock rwl = new ReaderWriterLock();
    // For this example, the shared resource protected by the
    // ReaderWriterLock is just an integer.
    static int resource = 0;

    const int numThreads = 26;
    static bool running = true;
    static Random rnd = new Random();

    // Statistics.
    static int readerTimeouts = 0;
    static int writerTimeouts = 0;
    static int reads = 0;
    static int writes = 0;

    public static void Main(string[] args)
    {
        // Start a series of threads. Each thread randomly
        // performs reads and writes on the shared resource.
        Thread[] t = new Thread[numThreads];
        for (int i = 0; i < numThreads; i++)
        {
            t[i] = new Thread(new ThreadStart(ThreadProc));
            t[i].Name = new String(Convert.ToChar(i + 65), 1);
            t[i].Start();
            if (i > 10)
                Thread.Sleep(300);
        }

        // Tell the threads to shut down, then wait until they all
        // finish.
        running = false;
        for (int i = 0; i < numThreads; i++)
        {
            t[i].Join();
        }

        // Display statistics.
        Console.WriteLine("\r\n{0} reads, {1} writes, {2} reader time-outs, {3} writer time-outs.",
            reads, writes, readerTimeouts, writerTimeouts);
        Console.WriteLine("Press ENTER to exit.");
        Console.ReadLine();
    }

    static void ThreadProc()
    {
        // As long as a thread runs, it randomly selects
        // various ways to read and write from the shared 
        // resource. Each of the methods demonstrates one 
        // or more features of ReaderWriterLock.
        while (running)
        {
            double action = rnd.NextDouble();
            if (action < .8)
                ReadFromResource(10);
            else if (action < .81)
                ReleaseRestore(50);
            else if (action < .90)
                UpgradeDowngrade(100);
            else
                WriteToResource(100);
        }
    }

    // Shows how to request and release a reader lock, and
    // how to handle time-outs.
    static void ReadFromResource(int timeOut)
    {
        try
        {
            rwl.AcquireReaderLock(timeOut);
            try
            {
                // It is safe for this thread to read from
                // the shared resource.
                Display("reads resource value " + resource); 
                Interlocked.Increment(ref reads);
            }        
            finally
            {
                // Ensure that the lock is released.
                rwl.ReleaseReaderLock();
            }
        }
        catch (ApplicationException)
        {
            // The reader lock request timed out.
            Interlocked.Increment(ref readerTimeouts);
        }
    }

    // Shows how to request and release the writer lock, and
    // how to handle time-outs.
    static void WriteToResource(int timeOut)
    {
        try
        {
            rwl.AcquireWriterLock(timeOut);
            try
            {
                // It is safe for this thread to read or write
                // from the shared resource.
                resource = rnd.Next(500);
                Display("writes resource value " + resource);
                Interlocked.Increment(ref writes);
            }        
            finally
            {
                // Ensure that the lock is released.
                rwl.ReleaseWriterLock();
            }
        }
        catch (ApplicationException)
        {
            // The writer lock request timed out.
            Interlocked.Increment(ref writerTimeouts);
        }
    }

    // Shows how to request a reader lock, upgrade the
    // reader lock to the writer lock, and downgrade to a
    // reader lock again.
    static void UpgradeDowngrade(int timeOut)
    {
        try
        {
            rwl.AcquireReaderLock(timeOut);
            try
            {
                // It is safe for this thread to read from
                // the shared resource.
                Display("reads resource value " + resource); 
                Interlocked.Increment(ref reads);

                // If it is necessary to write to the resource,
                // you must either release the reader lock and 
                // then request the writer lock, or upgrade the
                // reader lock. Note that upgrading the reader lock
                // puts the thread in the write queue, behind any
                // other threads that might be waiting for the 
                // writer lock.
                try
                {
                    LockCookie lc = rwl.UpgradeToWriterLock(timeOut);
                    try
                    {
                        // It is safe for this thread to read or write
                        // from the shared resource.
                        resource = rnd.Next(500);
                        Display("writes resource value " + resource);
                        Interlocked.Increment(ref writes);
                    }        
                    finally
                    {
                        // Ensure that the lock is released.
                        rwl.DowngradeFromWriterLock(ref lc);
                    }
                }
                catch (ApplicationException)
                {
                    // The upgrade request timed out.
                    Interlocked.Increment(ref writerTimeouts);
                }

                // When the lock has been downgraded, it is 
                // still safe to read from the resource.
                Display("reads resource value " + resource); 
                Interlocked.Increment(ref reads);
            }        
            finally
            {
                // Ensure that the lock is released.
                rwl.ReleaseReaderLock();
            }
        }
        catch (ApplicationException)
        {
            // The reader lock request timed out.
            Interlocked.Increment(ref readerTimeouts);
        }
    }

    // Shows how to release all locks and later restore
    // the lock state. Shows how to use sequence numbers
    // to determine whether another thread has obtained
    // a writer lock since this thread last accessed the
    // resource.
    static void ReleaseRestore(int timeOut)
    {
        int lastWriter;

        try
        {
            rwl.AcquireReaderLock(timeOut);
            try
            {
                // It is safe for this thread to read from
                // the shared resource. Cache the value. (You
                // might do this if reading the resource is
                // an expensive operation.)
                int resourceValue = resource;
                Display("reads resource value " + resourceValue); 
                Interlocked.Increment(ref reads);

                // Save the current writer sequence number.
                lastWriter = rwl.WriterSeqNum;

                // Release the lock, and save a cookie so the
                // lock can be restored later.
                LockCookie lc = rwl.ReleaseLock();

                // Wait for a random interval (up to a 
                // quarter of a second), and then restore
                // the previous state of the lock. Note that
                // there is no time-out on the Restore method.
                Thread.Sleep(rnd.Next(250));
                rwl.RestoreLock(ref lc);

                // Check whether other threads obtained the
                // writer lock in the interval. If not, then
                // the cached value of the resource is still
                // valid.
                if (rwl.AnyWritersSince(lastWriter))
                {
                    resourceValue = resource;
                    Interlocked.Increment(ref reads);
                    Display("resource has changed " + resourceValue);
                }
                else
                {
                    Display("resource has not changed " + resourceValue);
                }
            }        
            finally
            {
                // Ensure that the lock is released.
                rwl.ReleaseReaderLock();
            }
        }
        catch (ApplicationException)
        {
            // The reader lock request timed out.
            Interlocked.Increment(ref readerTimeouts);
        }
    }

    // Helper method briefly displays the most recent
    // thread action. Comment out calls to Display to 
    // get a better idea of throughput.
    static void Display(string msg)
    {
        Console.Write("Thread {0} {1}.       \r", Thread.CurrentThread.Name, msg);
    }
}
2..net 3.5支持方法

来自:https://www.cnblogs.com/Tench/p/6159763.html

class Program
    {
        static int LogCount = 100;
        static int WritedCount = 0;
        static int FailedCount = 0;


        static void Main(string[] args)
        {
            //迭代运行写入日志记录
            Parallel.For(0, LogCount, e =>
            {
                WriteLog();
            });


            Console.WriteLine(string.Format("\r\nLog Count:{0}.\t\tWrited Count:{1}.\tFailed Count:{2}.", LogCount.ToString(), WritedCount.ToString(), FailedCount.ToString()));
            Console.Read();
        }


        //读写锁,当资源处于写入模式时,其他线程写入需要等待本次写入结束之后才能继续写入
        static ReaderWriterLockSlim LogWriteLock = new ReaderWriterLockSlim();

        static void WriteLog()
        {
            try
            {
                //设置读写锁为写入模式独占资源,其他写入请求需要等待本次写入结束之后才能继续写入
                //注意:长时间持有读线程锁或写线程锁会使其他线程发生饥饿 (starve)。 为了得到最好的性能,需要考虑重新构造应用程序以将写访问的持续时间减少到最小。
                //      从性能方面考虑,请求进入写入模式应该紧跟文件操作之前,在此处进入写入模式仅是为了降低代码复杂度
                //      因进入与退出写入模式应在同一个try finally语句块内,所以在请求进入写入模式之前不能触发异常,否则释放次数大于请求次数将会触发异常
                LogWriteLock.EnterWriteLock();



                var logFilePath = "log.txt";
                var now = DateTime.Now;
                var logContent = string.Format("Tid: {0}{1} {2}.{3}\r\n", Thread.CurrentThread.ManagedThreadId.ToString().PadRight(4), now.ToLongDateString(), now.ToLongTimeString(), now.Millisecond.ToString());


                File.AppendAllText(logFilePath, logContent);
                WritedCount++;
            }
            catch (Exception)
            {
                FailedCount++;
            }
            finally
            {
                //退出写入模式,释放资源占用
                //注意:一次请求对应一次释放
                //      若释放次数大于请求次数将会触发异常[写入锁定未经保持即被释放]
                //      若请求处理完成后未释放将会触发异常[此模式不下允许以递归方式获取写入锁定]
                LogWriteLock.ExitWriteLock();

            }
        }
    }
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