Spring batch自定义LineMapper实现特殊文本的处理

spring-batch是Java Spring的的批处理框架,而且提供了简单的文本处理功能。

下面的的例子,实现了对文本的下载和处理的流程。

 

<!-- Tasks分多个Task,Task启动job,job分为step -->
	<batch:job id="wxJob" job-repository="jobRepository" restartable="true" >
    	<batch:step id="downloadWxFile" next="analyseInfo">
    		<batch:tasklet>
    			<bean class="com.secondgame.demo_service.demo.batch.task.WxDownloadStep" scope="step">
    				<property name="filenamePrefix" value="#{jobParameters['filenamePrefix']}"></property>
    				<property name="date" value="#{jobParameters['date']}"></property>
    				<property name="datetime" value="#{jobParameters['datetime']}"></property>
    				<property name="workpath" value="#{jobParameters['workpath']}"></property>
    				<property name="filename" value="#{jobParameters['filename']}"></property>
    			</bean>
    		</batch:tasklet>
    	</batch:step>
    	<batch:step id="analyseInfo">
    		<!-- <bean class="com.secondgame.demo_service.demo.batch.task.depositor.LoadStep" scope="step">
    		</bean> -->
	    	<batch:tasklet transaction-manager="transactionManager">
	    		<batch:chunk reader="wxReader" writer="wxWriter" commit-interval="10">
	    		</batch:chunk>
    		</batch:tasklet>
    	</batch:step>
    </batch:job>
    
    <!-- wx Detail -->
    <bean id="wxReader" class="org.springframework.batch.item.file.FlatFileItemReader" scope="step">
    	<property name="resource" value="file:#{jobParameters['filename']}"></property>
    	<property name="encoding" value="UTF-8"></property>
    	<property name="comments" value="#{'总'}"></property>
    	<property name="lineMapper" ref="wxMapper"></property>    
    	<property name="linesToSkip" value="1"></property>	    	
    </bean>
    <bean id="wxWriter" class="com.secondgame.demo_service.demo.batch.task.WxWriter" scope="step">
    		
    </bean>
    <bean id="wxMapper" class="org.springframework.batch.item.file.mapping.DefaultLineMapper"> 
    <!-- <bean id="wxMapper" class="com.secondgame.demo_service.demo.batch.task.MyLineMapper"> -->

 

 

    	<property name="lineTokenizer" ref="wxMultiTokenizer"></property>
    	<property name="fieldSetMapper">
    		<bean class="com.secondgame.demo_service.demo.batch.task.WxFileSetMapper">
    		</bean>
    	</property>
    </bean>
    <bean id="wxMultiTokenizer" class="org.springframework.batch.item.file.transform.PatternMatchingCompositeLineTokenizer" scope="step">
    	<!-- <property name="delimiter" value=","></property> -->
   		<property name="tokenizers">
   			<map>
   				<entry key="*,*,*,*,*" value-ref="wxTokenizerTail"></entry>
   				<entry key="*,*,*,*,*,*,*,*,*,*,*,*,*,*,*,*,*,*,*,*,*,*,*,*" value-ref="wxTokenizer"></entry>
   			</map>
   		</property>
   	</bean>
    <bean id="wxTokenizer" class="org.springframework.batch.item.file.transform.DelimitedLineTokenizer" scope="step">
     	<property name="delimiter" value=","></property>
    	<property name="names">
	   		<list>
	   			<value>tradeTime</value>
	   			<value>pubAccountId</value>
	   			<value>merchantId</value>
	   			<value>subMerchantId</value>
	   			<value>deviceId</value>
	   			<value>wxOrderId</value>
	   			<value>merchantOrderId</value>
	   			<value>userTag</value>
	   			<value>tradeType</value>
	   			<value>tradeStatus</value>
	   			<value>payerBank</value>
	   			<value>capitalType</value>
	   			<value>totalAmount</value>
	   			<value>enterpriseRedAmount</value>
	   			<value>wxRefundId</value>
	   			<value>merchantRefundId</value>
	   			<value>refundAmount</value>
	   			<value>enterpriseRedRefundAmount</value>
	   			<value>refundType</value>
	   			<value>refundStatus</value>
	   			<value>goodsName</value>
	   			<value>merchantData</value>
	   			<value>fee</value>
	   			<value>feeRate</value>
	   		</list>
    	</property>
    </bean>
    <bean id="wxTokenizerTail" class="org.springframework.batch.item.file.transform.DelimitedLineTokenizer" scope="step">
     	<property name="delimiter" value=","></property>
     	<property name="names">
	   		<list>
	   			<value>totalCount</value>
	   			<value>totalAmount</value>
	   			<value>refundAmount</value>
	   			<value>enterpriseRedRefundAmount</value>
	   			<value>fee</value>
	   		</list>
    	</property>
    </bean>

 可以看出,DefaultLineMapper实现了简单的文本处理功能,直接将切分的工作交给了wxMultiTokenizer处理文本的工作交给了WxFileSetMapper。这两个分别由两个bean实现注入,spring类DefaultLineMapper的代码如下:

 

package org.springframework.batch.item.file.mapping;
 
import org.springframework.batch.item.file.LineMapper;
import org.springframework.batch.item.file.transform.FieldSet;
import org.springframework.batch.item.file.transform.LineTokenizer;
import org.springframework.beans.factory.InitializingBean;
import org.springframework.util.Assert;
 
/**
 * Two-phase {@link LineMapper} implementation consisting of tokenization of the line into {@link FieldSet} followed by
 * mapping to item. If finer grained control of exceptions is needed, the {@link LineMapper} interface should be
 * implemented directly.
 * 
 * @author Robert Kasanicky
 * @author Lucas Ward
 * 
 * @param <T> type of the item
 */
public class DefaultLineMapper<T> implements LineMapper<T>, InitializingBean {
 
    private LineTokenizer tokenizer;
 
    private FieldSetMapper<T> fieldSetMapper;
 
    @Override
    public T mapLine(String line, int lineNumber) throws Exception {
        return fieldSetMapper.mapFieldSet(tokenizer.tokenize(line));
    }
 
    public void setLineTokenizer(LineTokenizer tokenizer) {
        this.tokenizer = tokenizer;
    }
 
    public void setFieldSetMapper(FieldSetMapper<T> fieldSetMapper) {
        this.fieldSetMapper = fieldSetMapper;
    }
 
    @Override
    public void afterPropertiesSet() {
        Assert.notNull(tokenizer, "The LineTokenizer must be set");
        Assert.notNull(fieldSetMapper, "The FieldSetMapper must be set");
    }
}
 

核心方法mapLine就一句话:return fieldSetMapper.mapFieldSet(tokenizer.tokenize(line));

tokenizer解析后的结果,直接交给fieldSetMapper的mapFieldSet处理,用户仅需要自定义mapFieldSet方法实现如何处理。如何解析和如何处理不是本文关心的内容,后续笔者会专门介绍。

在这里有一个问题,如果文本有空行,tokenizer.tokenize(line)会返回""而不是null,导致fieldSetMapper.mapFieldSet抛异常,而FlatFileItemReader提供的方法又无法跳过空行(暂时还没有找到办法),在这里笔者仅做了一个简单的改造,实现了自己的LineMapper,代码如下:

package com.secondgame.demo_service.demo.batch.task;

import org.springframework.batch.item.file.FlatFileItemReader;
import org.springframework.batch.item.file.FlatFileItemWriter;
import org.springframework.batch.item.file.LineMapper;
import org.springframework.batch.item.file.mapping.DefaultLineMapper;
import org.springframework.batch.item.file.mapping.FieldSetMapper;
import org.springframework.batch.item.file.transform.LineTokenizer;
import org.springframework.beans.factory.InitializingBean;
import org.springframework.util.Assert;

import com.alibaba.dubbo.common.utils.StringUtils;

public class MyLineMapper<T> implements LineMapper<T>, InitializingBean {
 
    private LineTokenizer tokenizer;
 
    private FieldSetMapper<T> fieldSetMapper;
 
    @Override
    public T mapLine(String line, int lineNumber) throws Exception {
    	if(StringUtils.isNotEmpty(line)){
    		return fieldSetMapper.mapFieldSet(tokenizer.tokenize(line));
    	}else{
    		return null;
    	}
    }
 
    public void setLineTokenizer(LineTokenizer tokenizer) {
        this.tokenizer = tokenizer;
    }
 
    public void setFieldSetMapper(FieldSetMapper<T> fieldSetMapper) {
        this.fieldSetMapper = fieldSetMapper;
    }
 
    @Override
    public void afterPropertiesSet() {
        Assert.notNull(tokenizer, "The LineTokenizer must be set");
        Assert.notNull(fieldSetMapper, "The FieldSetMapper must be set");
    }
}

总体代码都一样,只是在方法mapLine中对空串进行特别处理即可。框架对null的返回不作处理。

当然xml中,仍需修改一行代码,引用自定义的mapper即可

<!--<bean id="wxMapper" class="org.springframework.batch.item.file.mapping.DefaultLineMapper">--> 
   <bean id="wxMapper" class="com.secondgame.demo_service.demo.batch.task.MyLineMapper">

 写了半天,就是两句话的事儿:

 1. 模仿重写DefaultLineMapper的mapLine方法适配空行

 2. 配置文件使用自定义的MyLineMapper方法

 3. 其它的更复杂的需求也可以用这个方法:比如过滤含有某些特殊字符的行(非行首),对特别文本进行替换(A替换成B)等等,都可以在这里进行行级别的处理

 

 

 

 

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