高通 MSM8K bootloader 之二: SBL1

版权声明:本文为博主原创文章,未经博主允许不得转载。 https://blog.csdn.net/Fybon/article/details/37565227

续:高通 MSM8K bootloader 之一: SBL1

上篇将我重点关注SBL1的内容1和2基本说明完,本篇继续内容3和4。
1、    CDT : Platform ID和DDR参数 
2、 debug log :
3、 download : msm8K 新平台软件download支持两种协议,sahara和firehose
4、 ramdump :死机异常信息dump

四、SW download

1、软件升级模式

  高通8K以后平台支持如下两种,说到下载模式,忍不住又得骂高通。 
  以前6K, 7K平台不支持紧急下载模式,工厂生产软件要down到手机里,非常复杂。
  要嘛先用烧录器烧一段sbl image,然后剩下的image自己开发升级软件用usb多路升级。
  要嘛全部image用烧录器一次性烧完。
  坑人的高通啊!么得办法,就害苦咱苦命的民工。 好了,介绍一下现在支持的两种下载模式吧! 
  紧急下载模式:pbl负责与PC交互,实现软件下载
  自动进入紧急下载模式:主板刚生产emmc是裸片时,或者sbl运行异常时,系统自动进入紧急下载模式。
            这种情况就不多说了,主要是用于工厂生产,及sbl异常处理。

  手动进入紧急下载模式:通过硬件一个gpio下拉,pbl检测到该gpio后强制进入紧急下载模式。这种主要
             以防不测情况。
   另外一种就是软件通过设置magic number,然后由热重启,pbl检测到magic number后,强制进入下载模式。

  软件切换接口,参考如下boot_dload.c代码:
/*=============================================================================

**  Function :  boot_dload_transition_pbl_forced_dload

** ==========================================================================
*/
/*!
* 
* @brief
*   This function sets the magic numbers for PBL to detect and enter forced
*   download mode.  It then calls the target specific function to trigger a
*   system reset.
* 
* @par Dependencies
*   None
*   
* @retval
*   None
* 
* @par Side Effects
*   Set's PBL magic numbers to enter forced download, resets target, never to
*   return.
* 
*/
void <strong>boot_dload_transition_pbl_forced_dload</strong>( void )
{
  /* PBL uses the last four bits of BOOT_MISC_DETECT to trigger forced download.
     Preserve the other bits of the register. */

  uint32 register_value = 
    HWIO_TCSR_BOOT_MISC_DETECT_INM(HWIO_TCSR_BOOT_MISC_DETECT_RMSK);

  /* Clear the PBL masked area and then apply HS_USB value */
  register_value &= ~(FORCE_DLOAD_MASK);
  register_value |= FORCE_DLOAD_HS_USB_MAGIC_NUM;

  /* Write the new value back out to the register */
  HWIO_TCSR_BOOT_MISC_DETECT_OUTM(FORCE_DLOAD_MASK,
                                  register_value);

  boot_hw_reset(BOOT_WARM_RESET_TYPE);
} /* boot_dload_transition_pbl_forced_dload() */
 普通下载模式:sbl负责与PC交互,实现软件下载
 手机第一次下载完软件以后,普通情况下,可不进入pbl紧急下载模式,可由sbl进行软件升级。
 sbl是如何进入普通下载模式的呢?看如下函数boot_dload_check()。
 boot_dload_check()检测到USB D+ 接地或者sbl发生异常时调用boot_dload_set_cookie()设置了cookie,进自  动进入普通的下载模式。
<pre name="code" class="cpp">
/*===========================================================================

**  Function :  boot_dload_check

** ==========================================================================
*/
/*!
* 
* @brief
*   This function will check to see if the downloader should be entered
*   for QPST download, and enter the downloader if directed to.
*  
* @param[in] bl_shared_data Pointer to the shared data 
*
* @par Dependencies
*   Download ID must be present in IRAM if downloader is to be entered.
* 
* @retval
*   None
* 
* @par Side Effects
*   Boot may be halted and QPST downloader entered.
* 
*/
void boot_dload_check
( 
  bl_shared_data_type *bl_shared_data 
)
{
  /* Check whether USB D+ line is grounded. If it is, then enter
     PBL Download mode */
<strong><span style="color:#cc0000;">  if(boot_qhsusb_al_check_for_pbl_dload(0))
  {
    boot_dload_transition_pbl_forced_dload();
  }</span></strong>

  /* Determine if the downloader should be entered at this time,
     instead of continuing with the normal boot process. */
  if ( boot_dload_entry( ) == TRUE )
  {
    /* Check the UEFI ram dump cookie, we enter download mode
       only if UEFI ram dump cookie is NOT set*/
    if ( !( boot_shared_imem_cookie_ptr != NULL &&
            boot_shared_imem_cookie_ptr->uefi_ram_dump_magic == 
            UEFI_CRASH_DUMP_MAGIC_NUM ) )
    {
      /* Before entering downloader clear RESET_DEBUG[BLOCK_RESIN] so
         the next resin_n is not blocked.  This is part of the abnormal
         reset logic in Bear family */
      HWIO_GCC_RESET_DEBUG_OUTM(HWIO_GCC_RESET_DEBUG_BLOCK_RESIN_BMSK,
                                0);

      /* Enter downloader for QPST */  
      sbl_dload_entry();
    }
  }
} /* boot_dload_check() */

/*===========================================================================
**  Function :  boot_dload_set_cookie
** ==========================================================================
*/
/*!
* 
* @brief
*   Set the SBL dload mode cookie
**        
* @par Dependencies
*  None
*   
*/
void boot_dload_set_cookie()
{
  HWIO_TCSR_BOOT_MISC_DETECT_OUTM(SBL_DLOAD_MODE_BIT_MASK,
                                  SBL_DLOAD_MODE_BIT_MASK);
}
再看看下面的代码!!! 我们又有新的发现!
sbl1_target.c
<pre name="code" class="cpp">/*===========================================================================

**  Function :  sbl_dload_entry

** ==========================================================================
*/
/*!
* 
* @brief
*   This function pointer is defined in each SBL* Bootloader to handle SBL-specific
*   requirements to enter a download routine. It is initialized to 
*   boot_dload_transition_pbl_forced_dload by default.
*  
* @par Dependencies
*   None
*   
* @retval
*   None
* 
* @par Side Effects
*   None
* 
*/
void (*sbl_dload_entry)(void) = boot_dload_transition_pbl_forced_dload; 
函数指针sbl_dload_entry默认指向紧急下载模式的入口:boot_dload_transition_pbl_forced_dload ,
该下载方式会切换到pbl,由pbl通过firehose协议实现download。

void sbl1_dload_entry ()
{
  static uint32 dload_entry_count = 0;

  dload_entry_count++; 

  /* Only execute the pre-dload procedures the first time we try to enter
   * dload in case there is an error within these procedures. */
  if( dload_entry_count == 1 && &bl_shared_data != NULL )
  {
    /* Entering dload routine for the first time */
    <strong>boot_do_procedures</strong>( &bl_shared_data, sbl1_pre_dload_procs );
  }

  pm_device_config_in_dloadmode();
  
  /* Enter boot Sahara */
  <strong>boot_dload_transition_enter_sahara</strong>();
  
}/* sbl1_dload_entry() */
而sbl1定义了另一个下载模式的入口:sbl1_dload_entry,它支持直接在sbl1中通过sahara协议download,
还支持crash ram dump 功能。包括dump to raw partition ,and dump to sdcard 。
见:boot_do_procedures( &bl_shared_data, sbl1_pre_dload_procs ); 
crash ramdump章节再详细看看。

sbl1_mc.c

<pre name="code" class="cpp">/*DLOAD flag for SBL1 to enter PBL error handler*/
#ifdef BOOT_ENTER_PBL_DLOAD_ON_SBL_ERROR
  static boot_boolean edload_flag = TRUE;
#else
  static boot_boolean edload_flag = FALSE;
#endif

</pre><pre name="code" class="cpp">void sbl1_post_ddr_init(bl_shared_data_type *bl_shared_data)
{
   ..........
  
  if (edload_flag != TRUE)
  {
    /* Update the dload entry to sbl1 sahara dload entry function */
    sbl_dload_entry = sbl1_dload_entry;
  }	
}
好,既然在sbl1有两个download入口,如何选则呢? 
sbl1_mc.c 中通过宏BOOT_ENTER_PBL_DLOAD_ON_SBL_ERROR控制。
如果定义该宏,则dload处理会转交给PBL帮忙处理了。

2、进入升级模式的方法

  上节描述的高通默认进入下载模式的方法,都是自动的,显然无法满足开发、生产、售后等需求。
  因此如下两种方法,实用于开发、生产、售后。

  sbl1扫描按键组合:
  关机状态下,sbl1扫描按键组合,比如,扫描到power & vol+ 两个按键同时按下,则进入pbl紧急下模模式。
  当然,有些结构设计可能导致power & vol+ 两个按键开机容易误触,则可以采用别的硬件组合方式。比如,
  vol+ & usb 等等!

  关机状态,进入下载模式,没有ram dump的需求,因此当扫描到相应的硬件组合,
  直接调用:boot_dload_transition_pbl_forced_dload

  adb reboot + edl / dload :
       手机正常开机,能连接usb上的状态下,可以使用 adb reboot edl 或者 adb reboot dload 命令,
  使手机进入pbl紧急下载模式,或者进入sbl1普通下载模式。 

  MSM8916平台参考如下代码,
  kernel/drivers/power/reset/msm-poweroff.c ,相关代码由宏CONFIG_MSM_DLOAD_MODE控制。
static int msm_restart_probe(struct platform_device *pdev)
{
	struct device *dev = &pdev->dev;
	struct resource *mem;
	struct device_node *np;
	int ret = 0;

#ifdef CONFIG_MSM_DLOAD_MODE
	if (scm_is_call_available(SCM_SVC_BOOT, SCM_DLOAD_CMD) > 0)
		scm_dload_supported = true;

	atomic_notifier_chain_register(&panic_notifier_list, &panic_blk);
	np = of_find_compatible_node(NULL, NULL, DL_MODE_PROP);
	if (!np) {
		pr_err("unable to find DT imem DLOAD mode node\n");
	} else {
		dload_mode_addr = of_iomap(np, 0);
		if (!dload_mode_addr)
			pr_err("unable to map imem DLOAD offset\n");
	}

	np = of_find_compatible_node(NULL, NULL, EDL_MODE_PROP);
	if (!np) {
		pr_err("unable to find DT imem EDLOAD mode node\n");
	} else {
		emergency_dload_mode_addr = of_iomap(np, 0);
		if (!emergency_dload_mode_addr)
			pr_err("unable to map imem EDLOAD mode offset\n");
	}

	set_dload_mode(download_mode);
#endif
	np = of_find_compatible_node(NULL, NULL,
				"qcom,msm-imem-restart_reason");
	if (!np) {
		pr_err("unable to find DT imem restart reason node\n");
	} else {
		restart_reason = of_iomap(np, 0);
		if (!restart_reason) {
			pr_err("unable to map imem restart reason offset\n");
			ret = -ENOMEM;
			goto err_restart_reason;
		}
	}

	mem = platform_get_resource(pdev, IORESOURCE_MEM, 0);
	msm_ps_hold = devm_ioremap_resource(dev, mem);
	if (IS_ERR(msm_ps_hold))
		return PTR_ERR(msm_ps_hold);

	pm_power_off = do_msm_poweroff;
	arm_pm_restart = do_msm_restart;

	if (scm_is_call_available(SCM_SVC_PWR, SCM_IO_DISABLE_PMIC_ARBITER) > 0)
		scm_pmic_arbiter_disable_supported = true;

	return 0;

err_restart_reason:
#ifdef CONFIG_MSM_DLOAD_MODE
	iounmap(emergency_dload_mode_addr);
	iounmap(dload_mode_addr);
#endif
	return ret;
}
msm_restart_probe函数在执行过程中打印出如下log,说明dts中没有设置emergency_dload_mode_addr,及dload_mode_addr的地址。
<3>[    6.627538] unable to find DT imem DLOAD mode node
<3>[    6.628075] unable to find DT imem EDLOAD mode node
但添加scm_dload_supported的打印信息,可以看到如下log,
<3>[    6.626976]  scm_dload_supported=1 ,
说明,scm dload是支持的。因此,接下来的两个函数,都是通过scm dload实现download模式切换。
static void enable_emergency_dload_mode(void)
{
	int ret;

	if (emergency_dload_mode_addr) {
		__raw_writel(EMERGENCY_DLOAD_MAGIC1,
				emergency_dload_mode_addr);
		__raw_writel(EMERGENCY_DLOAD_MAGIC2,
				emergency_dload_mode_addr +
				sizeof(unsigned int));
		__raw_writel(EMERGENCY_DLOAD_MAGIC3,
				emergency_dload_mode_addr +
				(2 * sizeof(unsigned int)));

		/* Need disable the pmic wdt, then the emergency dload mode
		 * will not auto reset. */
		qpnp_pon_wd_config(0);
		mb();
	}

	if (scm_dload_supported) {
		ret = scm_call_atomic2(SCM_SVC_BOOT,
				SCM_DLOAD_CMD, SCM_EDLOAD_MODE, 0);
		if (ret)
			pr_err("Failed to set EDLOAD mode: %d\n", ret);
	}
}
使能紧急下载模式。
static void set_dload_mode(int on)
{
	int ret;

	if (dload_mode_addr) {
		__raw_writel(on ? 0xE47B337D : 0, dload_mode_addr);
		__raw_writel(on ? 0xCE14091A : 0,
		       dload_mode_addr + sizeof(unsigned int));
		mb();
	}

	if (scm_dload_supported) {
		ret = scm_call_atomic2(SCM_SVC_BOOT,
				SCM_DLOAD_CMD, on ? SCM_DLOAD_MODE : 0, 0);
		if (ret)
			pr_err("Failed to set DLOAD mode: %d\n", ret);
	}

	dload_mode_enabled = on;
}
使能普通下载模式。
这样adb reboot edl 或者 adb reboot dload 命令就可以使手机进入下载模式了。

3、软件升级工具及协议

高通平台,从MSM6K 、7K 到8K, download的方法和协议,一直在更新。
协议经历了从stream dload到sahara,再到现在firehose 。
每一种协议的具体描述参考如下文档: 
80-V5348-1_J_Streaming_DLoad_Protocol.pdf

80-N1008-1_H_SaharaProtocolSpecification.pdf

80-NG319-1_A_Firehose Protocol V1.0_Def_Doc.pdf

参见本人的另一篇介绍《qualcomm 8K平台Sahara Protocol相对7K, 6K 平台Software Download优点》。


根据使用不同协议,相应的,高通提供两个下载工具:eMMC Software Download  和 QFIL (Qualcomm Flash Image Loader ) 

如下俩图 :



通过这种普通下载模式,进入下载模后,windows设备管理器可以看到PC端枚举出一个9006的USB端口,

同时枚举出一个mass storage。

高通这种mass storage模式下载速率是非常的快。可是我也它有如下一些缺点:

pc端枚举mass storage速度很慢,根据测试也非常耗cpu。

pc端枚举mass storage容易出错,特别是多台手机同时枚举时。

纠错不易,按文件方式写入,目前我还没想到什么方法进行纠错?


好,下面贴相关代码所在的路径,及调用到的重要函数贴出来!

boot_images/core/storage/tools/emmcbld


boot_images/core/boot/secboot3/hw/msm8916/sbl1/

sbl1_mc.c

sbl1_target.c

sbl1_sahara.c


boot_images/core/boot/secboot3/src/

boot_sahara.c

boot_extern_hsusb_interface.c


boot_images/core/wiredconnectivity/qhsusb/src/al/qhsusb_al_bulk.c


boot_images/core/wiredconnectivity/qhsusb/src/func/

qhsusb_fd_hdlc.c

qhsusb_fd_ms.c

qhsusb_scsi.c

void sbl1_dload_entry ()
{
  static uint32 dload_entry_count = 0;

  dload_entry_count++; 

  /* Only execute the pre-dload procedures the first time we try to enter
   * dload in case there is an error within these procedures. */
  if( dload_entry_count == 1 && &bl_shared_data != NULL )
  {
    /* Entering dload routine for the first time */
    boot_do_procedures( &bl_shared_data, sbl1_pre_dload_procs );
  }

  pm_device_config_in_dloadmode();
  
  /* Enter boot Sahara */
  boot_dload_transition_enter_sahara();
  
}/* sbl1_dload_entry() */

/*===========================================================================

**  Function :  boot_dload_transition_enter_sahara

** ==========================================================================
*/
/*!
* 
* @brief
*   This function is implemented in each SBL to enter sahara dload mode
*
* @par Dependencies
*   None
*   
* @retval
*   None
* 
* @par Side Effects
*   None
* 
*/
void boot_dload_transition_enter_sahara(void)
{
  /* Get Sahara interface */
  struct boot_sahara_interface* sbl_sahara_interface = sbl_sahara_get_interface();
  BL_VERIFY(sbl_sahara_interface != NULL, BL_ERR_NULL_PTR);
  
  /* Set Sahara mode to memory debug */
  sbl_sahara_interface->sahara_mode = SAHARA_MODE_MEMORY_DEBUG;
  
  /* Flush the cache before calling into sahara so that all data is flushed to memory */  
  mmu_flush_cache();
  
  /* Enter Sahara */
  boot_sahara_entry(sbl_sahara_interface);
}

调用sbl_sahara_get_interface获取sahara如下函数接口:sbl_sahara_interface

调用boot_sahara_entry。

/* SBL Sahara dispatch table */
static struct boot_sahara_dispatch_tbl sbl_sahara_dispatch_tbl = 
{
  SAHARA_INTERFACE_DISPATCH_VERSION,
  sbl_sahara_bulk_init,
  boot_qhsusb_al_bulk_shutdown,
  boot_qhsusb_al_bulk_poll,
  (sahara_rx_bulk_type) sbl_sahara_rx_bulk,
  (sahara_tx_bulk_type) boot_qhsusb_al_bulk_transmit,
  boot_qhsusb_al_bulk_get_max_packet_size,
  sbl_sahara_reset,
  boot_clobber_check_global_whitelist_range,
  sbl_sahara_exec_cmd,
  boot_qhsusb_al_bulk_get_max_raw_data_size,
  sbl_sahara_is_auth_enabled,
  qmemcpy,
  qmemset,
  sbl_sahara_get_bin_header_size,
  sbl_sahara_get_bin_image_id,
  sbl_sahara_get_bin_image_dest,
  sbl_sahara_get_bin_image_size,
  sbl_sahara_get_bin_code_size,
  sbl_sahara_get_bin_cert_chain_size,
  sbl_sahara_get_bin_signature_size,
  sbl_sahara_get_bin_image_src,
  sbl_sahara_unrecoverable_error_handler,
  sbl_sahara_image_load_post_proc,
  sbl_sahara_skip_image_load,  
  boot_get_hash_segment_buffer,
  sbl_elf_optimized_segment_load,
  NULL,
  NULL,
};
/* ============================================================================
**  Function : boot_sahara_entry
** ============================================================================
*/
/*!
*   @brief
*   This function provides an entry into the Sahara protocol and jumps into
*   the protocol.
*   
*   @details
*   This function initializes the Sahara protocol followed by sending a HELLO
*   packet to the host. After that, the target will proceed to wait for
*   incoming packets and handle them appropriately.
*   
*   @param sahara_interface      -  [IN/OUT] Interface to be used by protocol
*   
*   @par Dependencies
*   None
*   
*   @par Side Effects
*   boot_sahara_init() will be called which calls the dispatch table's init()
*   routine - this is intended to initialize any hardware that is required
*   for the protocol to execute.
*   
*   @retval  Boolean
*   
*   @sa None
*/
boolean boot_sahara_entry
(
  struct boot_sahara_interface* sahara_interface
)
{
  boolean status = TRUE;

  sahara_if = sahara_interface;

  // Validate interface and initialize Sahara protocol if not previously executed
  status = boot_sahara_init();

  if (status)
  {
    // Send hello packet
    boot_sahara_handle_hello();
    
    // Enter Sahara packet handler
    boot_sahara_process_packets();
    
    // Reset authentication information
    sahara_auth_tbl = NULL;
    sahara_auth_elf = FALSE;
    sahara_auth_bin = FALSE;
  }
  
  return status;
}

调用函数boot_sahara_init初始化sahara协议,枚举usb com口及mass storage。

调用函数boot_sahara_handle_hello主动发送hello packet, 

调用函数boot_sahara_process_packets处理其它cmd packets。

/* ============================================================================
**  Function : boot_sahara_init
** ============================================================================
*/
/*!
*   @brief
*   This function initializes the state for the Sahara protocol
*   
*   @details
*   This function performs basic initialization in order to transfer an image.
*   Based on the image type, the current image in shared data will be updated.
*   This function also initializes the internal state machine and hardware
*   driver.
*   
*   @param  None
*   
*   @par Dependencies
*   None
*   
*   @par Side Effects
*   None
*   
*   @retval  TRUE if initialization was successful; FALSE otherwise
*   
*   @sa None
*/
static boolean boot_sahara_init ( void )
{
  boolean status = TRUE;

  do
  {
    // Check parameters
    if (sahara_if == NULL)
    {
      status = FALSE;
      break;
    }
    if ((sahara_if->sahara_shared_data == NULL) ||
        (sahara_if->dispatch_tbl == NULL))
    {
      status = FALSE;
      break;
    }

    sahara_shared_data = sahara_if->sahara_shared_data;
    sahara_dispatch_tbl = sahara_if->dispatch_tbl;

    if (sahara_if->sahara_shared_data->cur_image == NULL)
    {
      status = FALSE;
      break;
    }

    // Verify dispatch table
    if ((sahara_dispatch_tbl->init == NULL) ||
        (sahara_dispatch_tbl->shutdown == NULL) ||
        (sahara_dispatch_tbl->poll == NULL) ||
        (sahara_dispatch_tbl->rx_bulk == NULL) ||
        (sahara_dispatch_tbl->tx_bulk == NULL) ||
        (sahara_dispatch_tbl->shutdown == NULL) ||
        (sahara_dispatch_tbl->get_max_packet_size == NULL) ||
        (sahara_dispatch_tbl->reset == NULL) ||
        (sahara_dispatch_tbl->valid_address_range == NULL) ||
        (sahara_dispatch_tbl->exec_cmd == NULL) ||
        (sahara_dispatch_tbl->get_max_raw_data_size == NULL) ||
        (sahara_dispatch_tbl->auth_enabled == NULL) ||
        (sahara_dispatch_tbl->memcpy == NULL) ||
        (sahara_dispatch_tbl->memset == NULL) ||
        (sahara_dispatch_tbl->get_bin_header_size == NULL) ||
        (sahara_dispatch_tbl->get_bin_image_id == NULL) ||
        (sahara_dispatch_tbl->get_bin_image_dest == NULL) ||
        (sahara_dispatch_tbl->get_bin_image_size == NULL) ||
        (sahara_dispatch_tbl->get_bin_code_size == NULL) ||
        (sahara_dispatch_tbl->get_bin_cert_chain_size == NULL) ||
        (sahara_dispatch_tbl->get_bin_signature_size == NULL) ||
        (sahara_dispatch_tbl->get_hash_segment_buffer == NULL))
    {
      status = FALSE;
      break;
    }

    // Determine if image should be authenticated
    sahara_shared_data->is_secure = sahara_dispatch_tbl->auth_enabled();
    sahara_auth_tbl = sahara_if->auth_tbl;
   if (((sahara_auth_tbl == NULL) ||
        (sahara_auth_tbl->authenticate == NULL)) && 
        (sahara_if->sahara_mode != SAHARA_MODE_MEMORY_DEBUG))

    {
      status = FALSE;
      break;
    }
    else if (sahara_shared_data->is_secure &&
        (sahara_shared_data->expected_image_type == SAHARA_IMAGE_TYPE_ELF))
    {
        sahara_auth_elf = TRUE;
    }
    else if (sahara_shared_data->is_secure &&
            (sahara_shared_data->expected_image_type == SAHARA_IMAGE_TYPE_BINARY))
    {
        sahara_auth_bin = TRUE;
    }

    sahara_mem_debug_tbl = sahara_if->mem_debug_tbl;
    if (sahara_mem_debug_tbl == NULL)
    {
      sahara_mem_debug_enabled = FALSE;
    }
    else
    {
      if ((sahara_mem_debug_tbl->mem_debug_supported == NULL) ||
          (sahara_mem_debug_tbl->mem_debug_init == NULL) ||
          (sahara_mem_debug_tbl->mem_debug_verify_addr == NULL) ||
          (sahara_mem_debug_tbl->mem_debug_table_addr == NULL) ||
          (sahara_mem_debug_tbl->mem_debug_table_len == NULL) ||
          (sahara_mem_debug_tbl->mem_debug_is_restricted_addr == NULL) ||
          (sahara_mem_debug_tbl->mem_debug_copy_restricted == NULL))
      {
        status = FALSE;
        break;
      }
      else
      {
        sahara_mem_debug_enabled = TRUE;
      }
    }

    if (sahara_shared_data->expected_image_type == SAHARA_IMAGE_TYPE_BINARY)
    {
      sahara_binary_image_info = 
        (struct boot_sahara_binary_image_info*)sahara_shared_data->cur_image;

      // Initialize binary image info
      sahara_binary_image_info->image_id = 0;
      // Check the binary image header has been initialized to a valid address
      if (sahara_binary_image_info->header == NULL)
      {
        status = FALSE;
        break;
      }
      sahara_dispatch_tbl->memset(sahara_binary_image_info->header, 
                                  0, 
                                  sahara_dispatch_tbl->get_bin_header_size());
    }
    else if (sahara_shared_data->expected_image_type == SAHARA_IMAGE_TYPE_ELF)
    {
      sahara_elf_image_info = 
        (struct boot_sahara_elf_image_info*)sahara_shared_data->cur_image;
      // Check program headers buffer has been initialized to a valid address
      if (sahara_elf_image_info->prog_headers == NULL)
      {
        status = FALSE;
        break;
      }

      // Initialize ELF image info
      sahara_elf_image_info->image_id = 0;
      sahara_dispatch_tbl->memset(&(sahara_elf_image_info->elf_header), 
                                  0,
                                  sizeof(Elf32_Ehdr));
      sahara_elf_image_info->hash_table = NULL;
      sahara_dispatch_tbl->memset(&(sahara_elf_image_info->shared_seg_index), 
                                  0,
                                  sizeof(uint32));
      sahara_dispatch_tbl->memset(&(sahara_elf_image_info->entry_address), 
                                  0,
                                  sizeof(uint32));
      /* zero initialize progressive_boot_block up to max possible 
	     prog-header entries */ 
      sahara_dispatch_tbl->memset((sahara_elf_image_info->prog_headers),
                                  0,
                                  sizeof(struct progressive_boot_block));
    }
    else if (sahara_if->sahara_mode != SAHARA_MODE_MEMORY_DEBUG)
    {
      // Image type not supported and not in memory debug mode
      status = FALSE;
      break;
    }

    // Initialize Sahara state information
    sahara_if->sahara_shared_data->image_rx_complete = FALSE;
    sahara_mode = (enum boot_sahara_mode) sahara_if->sahara_mode;
    sahara_state = SAHARA_STATE_ENTRY;
    sahara_done = FALSE;
  
    // Initialize hardware driver interface
    if(BULK_SUCCESS != sahara_dispatch_tbl->init())
    {
      status = FALSE;
        break;
    }
  } while (0);

  if(NULL != sahara_if)
  {
    if (status == FALSE)
    {
      // Report error in initialize to Sahara client
      sahara_if->sahara_status = SAHARA_NAK_TARGET_INIT_FAILURE;
    }
    else
    {
      // Initialize sahara status
      sahara_if->sahara_status = SAHARA_STATUS_SUCCESS;
    }
  }

  return status;
}

调用sahara_dispatch_tbl->init函数指针, 即sbl1_sahara.c文件中的sbl_sahara_bulk_init()。

struct qhsusb_dcd_dsc_device* qhsusb_fd_hdlc_init(void (*rx_callback)(struct qhsusb_urb* urb),
                                                  uint8* str_product,
                                                  void (*tx_callback)(struct qhsusb_urb* urb),
                                                  void (*enum_complete)(void),
												  void (*error_handler)(void),
                                                  qhsusb_transfer_mode transfer_mode)
#else
struct qhsusb_dcd_dsc_device* qhsusb_fd_hdlc_init(void (*rx_callback)(struct qhsusb_urb* urb),
                                                  uint8* str_product,
                                                  void (*tx_callback)(struct qhsusb_urb* urb),
                                                  void (*enum_complete)(void),
                                                  qhsusb_transfer_mode transfer_mode)
#endif
{
   boolean hdlc_enum_already_exists = FALSE;

   struct qhsusb_urb* urb;

   qhsusb_transfer_mode_g = transfer_mode;   
   qhsusb_log(QHSUSB_FD_HDLC_INIT_LOG,0,0);
#ifndef FEATURE_SKIP_SERIAL_STR_UPDATE
   qhsusb_fd_hdlc_update_pid_and_serial_number_string();
#endif 
   if ( NULL != str_product ) {
      sw_device.strings[2].descriptor = (struct usb_desc_header*)(void*)str_product;
   }
   /* set up sw -> hw links */
#if defined(FEATURE_QHSUSB_HDLC_CDCACM)
   hdlc_shutdown_in_progress = 0;
   if ( 0 != hdlc_use_cdcacm ) {
      sw_data_eps[0].descriptor = &hdlc_usb_config_cdcacm.ep_in;
      sw_data_eps[1].descriptor = &hdlc_usb_config_cdcacm.ep_out;
      sw_data_ifc.descriptor = &hdlc_usb_config_cdcacm.ifc_data;
      sw_config.descriptor = &hdlc_usb_config_cdcacm.conf1;
      sw_device.descriptor = &hdlc_usb_device_cdcacm;
      sw_config.interfaces = &sw_cdc_control_ifc;
   } else 
#endif /* defined(FEATURE_QHSUSB_HDLC_CDCACM) */
   {
	if(QHSUSB_MODE__SER_MS == qhsusb_bulk_mode_g)
	{
      sw_data_eps[0].descriptor = &hdlc_usb_config_obex.ep_in;
      sw_data_eps[1].descriptor = &hdlc_usb_config_obex.ep_out;
      sw_data_ifc.descriptor = &hdlc_usb_config_obex.ifc_data;
      sw_config.descriptor = &hdlc_usb_config_obex.conf1;
	}
	else if (QHSUSB_MODE__SER_ONLY == qhsusb_bulk_mode_g)
	{
		sw_data_ifc.next = NULL;
		sw_data_eps[0].descriptor = &hdlc_usb_config_obex_only.ep_in;
		sw_data_eps[1].descriptor = &hdlc_usb_config_obex_only.ep_out;
		sw_data_ifc.descriptor = &hdlc_usb_config_obex_only.ifc_data;
		sw_config.descriptor = &hdlc_usb_config_obex_only.conf1;
		if(hdlc_usb_device_obex.idProduct == USB_PRODUCT_DIAG_MS )
		{
			/*For serial only mode, change the product ID to 0x9008*/
			hdlc_usb_device_obex.idProduct = USB_PRODUCT_DIAG_ONLY; 
			hdlc_usb_device_obex.iSerialNumber = 0x0;
		}
	}
	else if (QHSUSB_MODE__SER_ONLY__DL_MODE == qhsusb_bulk_mode_g)
	{
		sw_data_ifc.next = NULL;
		sw_data_eps[0].descriptor = &hdlc_usb_config_obex_only.ep_in;
		sw_data_eps[1].descriptor = &hdlc_usb_config_obex_only.ep_out;
		sw_data_ifc.descriptor = &hdlc_usb_config_obex_only.ifc_data;
		sw_config.descriptor = &hdlc_usb_config_obex_only.conf1;
		if(hdlc_usb_device_obex.idProduct == USB_PRODUCT_DIAG_MS )
		{
			/*For serial only mode, change the product ID to 0x9008*/
			hdlc_usb_device_obex.idProduct = USB_PRODUCT_DIAG_ONLY; 
			hdlc_usb_device_obex.iSerialNumber = 0x0;
		}
	}
      sw_device.descriptor = &hdlc_usb_device_obex;
      sw_config.interfaces = &sw_data_ifc;
#ifdef FEATURE_QHSUSB_MS
	if( QHSUSB_MODE__SER_MS == qhsusb_bulk_mode_g )
	{
		/*Initialize the MS stack when you are in download mode only*/
      qhsusb_fd_ms_init();
	}
#endif /* FEATURE_QHSUSB_MS */
   }
   // Set enum flag for RS bit to be turned ON in qhsusb_dci_init();
   qhsusb_dci_set_enum_flag(TRUE);
   qhsusb_dcd_init(&sw_device);
   user_rx_callback = rx_callback;
   if (tx_callback != NULL)
   {
      user_tx_callback = tx_callback;
   }
   if (enum_complete != NULL)
   {
      user_enum_complete = enum_complete;
   }
#ifdef FEATURE_QHSUSB_SAHARA_DOWNLOAD_PIPO
   if( error_handler !=NULL)
   {
	  user_error_handler = error_handler;
   }
#endif
   hdlc_enum_already_exists = dci_skip_enumeration(sw_device.core_id);

   /* Data buffers & URB's */
   /* tx */
   urb                      = &hdlc_tx_urb;
   urb->usb_device          = &sw_device;
   urb->endpoint_address    = sw_data_eps[0].descriptor->bEndpointAddress;
   urb->transfer_buffer_ptr = hdlc_tx_buffer;
   urb->transfer_length     = 0;
   urb->transfer_status     = 0;
   urb->send_zlp            = TRUE;
   urb->complete_callback   = hdlc_tx_callback;
   urb->is_zero_address_chain_required     = FALSE;

   if (transfer_mode == FD_CLIENT_SUPPLIED_BUFFER_MODE) /* Client Supplied Buffer Mode */
   {
   /* rx */
   urb                      = &hdlc_rx_urb;
   urb->usb_device          = &sw_device;
   urb->endpoint_address    = sw_data_eps[1].descriptor->bEndpointAddress;
   urb->transfer_buffer_ptr = NULL; /* to be filled by al layer */
   urb->transfer_length     = 0; /* to be filled by al layer */
   urb->send_zlp            = FALSE;
   urb->complete_callback   = hdlc_rx_callback;
   urb->actual_length       = 0;
   /*Initially set the is_zero_address_chain_required to FALSE*/
   urb->is_zero_address_chain_required     = FALSE;
   }
   else /* Internal Buffer Mode */
   {
     uint8 i = 0;
     for (i = 0; i < 2; i++) {
       urb                      = &hdlc_rx_urb_fixed[i];
       urb->usb_device          = &sw_device;
       urb->endpoint_address    = sw_data_eps[1].descriptor->bEndpointAddress;
       urb->transfer_buffer_ptr = hdlc_rx_buffer_fixed[i];
       urb->transfer_length     = RX_BUF_SIZE_FIXED;
	   urb->send_zlp            = FALSE;
       urb->complete_callback   = hdlc_rx_callback_int_buf_mode;
       urb->actual_length       = 0;
       /*Initially set the is_zero_address_chain_required to FALSE*/
       urb->is_zero_address_chain_required     = FALSE;
     }   
   }

   /* cdc_notify_urb */
#if defined(FEATURE_QHSUSB_HDLC_CDCACM)
   if ( 0 != hdlc_use_cdcacm ) {
      urb = &cdc_notify_urb;
      urb->usb_device          = &sw_device;
      urb->endpoint_address    = hdlc_usb_config_cdcacm.ep_notify.bEndpointAddress;
      urb->transfer_length     = 0;
      urb->complete_callback   = NULL;
   }
#endif /* defined(FEATURE_QHSUSB_HDLC_CDCACM) */

#ifndef FEATURE_QHSUSB_PBL
   if (hdlc_enum_already_exists)
   {
     /** 
     *  We got here without reconnect. enumeration already
     *  completed. Simulate connection and SET_CONFIG
     */
     qhsusb_dcd_port_status_changed(&sw_device); /* attachment, speed... */
     sw_device.address = 1;                      /* don't care, just not 0 */

     qhsusb_dci_cancel_transfer_wo_dqh_dtd(sw_device.core_id, 1, QHSUSB_EP_DIR_RX);
     qhsusb_dci_cancel_transfer_wo_dqh_dtd(sw_device.core_id, 1, QHSUSB_EP_DIR_TX);
     qhsusb_dci_cancel_transfer_wo_dqh_dtd(sw_device.core_id, 2, QHSUSB_EP_DIR_RX);
     qhsusb_dci_cancel_transfer_wo_dqh_dtd(sw_device.core_id, 2, QHSUSB_EP_DIR_TX);

     qhsusb_dcd_set_config(&sw_device, 1);

     if (transfer_mode == FD_USB_INTERNAL_BUFFER_MODE)
     {
       hdlc_init_rx_int_buf_mode(urb->usb_device);
     }
   }
#endif  /* !FEATURE_QHSUSB_PBL */

   return &sw_device;
}

sbl_sahara_bulk_init函数最终调用到qhsusb_fd_ms.c文件中的函数:qhsusb_fd_ms_init , 

整个初始化过程结束后完成com端口及mass storage枚举过程。


还有!!! 坑爹的高通,以前不提供生产用的软件下载工具,都得手机厂商自己开发。

高通思想终于改变了,QRD加入后,为手机厂商提供支持多路的软件升级工具:QMSCT 。

虽然设置比较繁琐,不管怎么样,总算可用。上张图吧!



QFIL和QMSCT是使用紧急下载模式,由PBL及下面firehose prog代码完成下载过程。

boot_images/core/storage/tools/deviceprogrammer

五、Crash ramdump

     哎,这篇被我写得又长又臭啦。算了,这节就不详细写了。

  高通平台开放,本身也不稳定,因此做出的手机系统很多都不稳定。因此系统crash发生时,抓取crash现场就非常重要。

  这里简单说一下,高通平台抓取系统crash现场的几种方法:

  1、 通过QPST提供的 Memory Debug Application工具,当crash发生时,手机通过usb连接到PC, 然后用这个工具将crash现场的ram dump到电脑。

   显然,这种方法是最可靠的,但它有自身的局限性:不可能每次crash发生时,测试人员或者试用人员、研发人员都刚好在pc旁边。

  2、 高通平台sbl1提供将crash现场dump到sdcard的功能,如下代码。 这种方法的局性限是:

   现在高端手机,都没有外置sdcard的配置的,而内置sdcard又使用fuse ext4文件系统,而sbl1只支持fat文件系统。 

   因此,这种不配置外置sdcard的手机,这种方法根本不可行。

/*==========================================================================
        List of SBL1 procedures to execute prior to dload entry
===========================================================================*/
boot_procedure_func_type sbl1_pre_dload_procs[] =
{
  /*-----------------------------------------------------------------------
   * Initialization functions for dload. This has to be the first function 
   * called before Dload entry
   *----------------------------------------------------------------------*/
  boot_init_for_dload,
  
  /*-----------------------------------------------------------------------
   * Setup clocks for ram dump
   *----------------------------------------------------------------------*/
  sbl1_hw_dload_init,
  
  /*-----------------------------------------------------------------------
   * Ram dump to eMMC raw partition, this function will reset device 
   * after successful dump collection if cookie is set 
   *----------------------------------------------------------------------*/
  (boot_procedure_func_type) boot_ram_dump_to_raw_parition,
  
  
#ifdef FEATURE_BOOT_RAMDUMPS_TO_SD_CARD   
  /*----------------------------------------------------------------------
   * Take the Ramdumps to SD card if  cookie file is
   *   present in SD card 
   *---------------------------------------------------------------------*/
  boot_ram_dumps_to_sd_card,
#endif /*FEATURE_BOOT_RAMDUMPS_TO_SD_CARD*/  

  /*-----------------------------------------------------------------------
   * NULL pointer indicates the end of the list
   *-----------------------------------------------------------------------*/
  NULL
};


  3、 campact ramdump:这是QRD提出来的思路,即:仅dump一部分比较有用的ram到一个专门为crash分配的emmc分区。

    system crash 的主要发生的,ap核的 kernel及service,rpm , modem 等核,而上层java代码不容易导致system crash。

 而现在手机的内置越来越大,1G、2G甚至3G,整个ram都dump到一个特定分区,就浪费emmc空间了。

 因此,compact ramdump就是将一部分关键的ram dump到专门为crash分配的emmc分区。 这样就不依赖于sdcard,也不依赖于usb。而且也不浪费emmc空间。

    高通很多平台都没实现这功能,比如,msm8916, msm8974等,实现思路可以参考QRD8x25平台。

六、其它

     sbl1_hw_init ()  
    boot_smem_store_pon_status()

    sbl1_hw_init_secondary()    

    =========>  pmic  初始化,电池低电时利用内部pmic进行预充电,power key 配置,获取、保存开机原因等。 见:pm_sbl_boot.c


   sbl1_tlmm_init()    //gpio 初始化

   sbl初始化gpio的初始状态代码如下:core/systemdrivers/tlmm/config/msm8916/TLMMChipset.xml

   sbl1_efs_handle_cookies   // efs backup/restore 

  

   boot_populate_ram_partition_table

   ====> 解析iram , imem , system ram 的起始地址,大小等, 并保存到smem: SMEM_USABLE_RAM_PARTITION_TABLE ,传递给lk和kernel。

    见: boot_ram_partition.c , 这里重点看看ram的情况吧.

/*===========================================================================
**  Function :  sbl1_update_ddr_info
** ==========================================================================
*/
/*!
* 
* @brief
*   This funcion will get ddr information from ddr driver and put it in 
*   sbl_shared_data. 
* 
* @param[in] bl_shared_data Pointer to shared data
*        
* @par Dependencies
*   Must be called after sbl1_ddr_init
*   
* @retval
*   None
* 
* @par Side Effects
*   None
* 
*/
static void sbl1_update_ddr_info(bl_shared_data_type *bl_shared_data)
{
  static sbl_if_shared_ddr_device_info_type ddr_info;
  ddr_size_info ddr_available = boot_ddr_get_size();
  ddr_size_partition ddr_partition_info = boot_ddr_get_partition();

  boot_share_extended_ddr_info(&ddr_info, &ddr_available, &ddr_partition_info);
  bl_shared_data->sbl_shared_data->ddr_shared_info = &ddr_info;
  boot_set_ddr_info(bl_shared_data);
}
从ddr driver层获取到ddr 类型、大小,cs等信息,保存到sbl_shared_data->ddr_shared_info, 同时保存到sbl全局变量:boot_ddr_size_info

/*===========================================================================

**  Function :  add_system_ram_partitions

** ==========================================================================
*/
/*!
* 
* @brief
*    Function adds all the DDR interfaces to ram partition table.
*    Each DDR interface will be added as a single entry in the table.
*    Partition category  will be RAM_PARTITION_SDRAM for all DDR entries.
* 
* @param[in] usable_ram_part_tbl_ptr Pointer to the ram partition table that 
*                                    should be populated
* 
* @par Dependencies
*   None
*   
* @retval
*   ram_partition_return_type
*   RAM_PART_SUCCESS        - if function is successful.
*   RAM_PART_TABLE_FULL_ERR - if table is full or not enough space in 
*                             the table  
*   RAM_PART_CATEGORY_NOT_EXIST_ERR - if unable to populate certain DDR information
*                             
* @par Side Effects
*   None
*/
static ram_partition_return_type add_system_ram_partitions
(
  usable_ram_part_table_t usable_ram_part_tbl_ptr
)
{
  ram_part_entry_t ram_part_entry_ptr = NULL;
  sbl_if_shared_ddr_info_type *ddr_info = NULL;
  sbl_if_shared_extended_ddr_info_type *ddr_extended_info = NULL;
  uint32 partition_index = 0; 
  ram_partition_return_type result = RAM_PART_SUCCESS;
  sbl_if_shared_ddr_device_info_type *ddr_shared_info = boot_get_ddr_info();
  
  /*ram_part_entry_ptr points to first empty slot in the table*/
  ram_part_entry_ptr =
      &usable_ram_part_tbl_ptr->
        ram_part_entry[usable_ram_part_tbl_ptr->num_partitions];
  

  /*Loop through ddr_info and add all DDR interfaces into the table*/
  for(; partition_index < ddr_shared_info->noofddr  &&
        usable_ram_part_tbl_ptr->num_partitions < RAM_NUM_PART_ENTRIES;
        partition_index++)
  {
    ddr_info = &ddr_shared_info->ddr_info[partition_index];
    
    ram_part_entry_ptr->partition_category = RAM_PARTITION_SDRAM;
    ram_part_entry_ptr->start_address = ddr_info->cs_addr;	  
    ram_part_entry_ptr->length = ddr_info->ramsize << CONVERT_TO_BYTE_SHIFT;
    ram_part_entry_ptr->partition_attribute = RAM_PARTITION_READWRITE;
    ram_part_entry_ptr->partition_domain = RAM_PARTITION_DEFAULT_DOMAIN;
    ram_part_entry_ptr->partition_type = RAM_PARTITION_SYS_MEMORY;
    
    /*Add the extended ddr information to current ram partition entry*/
    if(ddr_shared_info->ddr_partition_info != NULL)
      {
      ddr_extended_info = &ddr_shared_info->ddr_partition_info[partition_index];
      
      /*Make sure the base address of ddr extended info matches the current ddr base address*/
      if (ddr_extended_info->sdram_addr != ram_part_entry_ptr->start_address)
      {
        result = RAM_PART_CATEGORY_NOT_EXIST_ERR;
        break;
      }
      ram_part_entry_ptr->num_partitions = ddr_extended_info->num_partitions;
    }
    
      ram_part_entry_ptr++;
      usable_ram_part_tbl_ptr->num_partitions++;
    }
   
  return result;
}

  添加如下打印log语句在代码ddr_info = &ddr_shared_info->ddr_info[partition_index];后面,

   snprintf(message, 256, 
            "noofddr %d , cs_addr %d,  ramsize %d", ddr_shared_info->noofddr, ddr_info->cs_addr, ddr_info->ramsize);
    boot_log_message(message);

可以看到如下ddr info log信息:

B -    376400 - noofddr 2 , cs_addr 80000000,  ramsize 1024
B -    376431 - noofddr 2 , cs_addr c0000000,  ramsize 1024

七、sbl1 常用的tools介绍

sbl1常用的tools及源码在如下目录:

boot_images/core/storage/tools/ 


1、 fat32 udisk 生成工具:

boot_images/core/storage/tools/fattool ,

python fatgen.py –fat32 --name=udisk.bin --size=2048   # Generate a 2GB FAT32 container.
python fatadd.py --name=udisk.bin --from=rdcookie.txt  ----add rdcookie.txt into udisk.bin ,for test

这两个py比原来7k平台可执行文件cpfatfs功能更强了,cpfatfs只支持fat16


2、QPST下载工具(shahara):emmc programmer

 :/boot_images/core/storage/tools/emmcbld/MPRG8974.mbn


3、 T32 Jtag下载工具

boot_images/core/storage/tools/jsdcc/mjsdload.cmm 与jsdcc.elf


4、分区相关工具

boot_images/core/storage/tools/ptool/

ptool.py         //分区生成工具 partition =========> rawprogram0.xml

                    Python ptool.py –x partition.xml:

msp.py          //ubuntu使用:根据 rawprogram0.xml进行升级软件工具

                        

singleimage.py  //根据singleimage_partition_8974.xml生成single boot image: 8974_msimage.mbn

                    python singleimage.py -x singleimage_partition_8974.xml

lsusb.py       // ls usb

dd.py            // dd command

checksparse.py         //sparse system/cache/userdata image


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