java与IOS之间的RSA加解密

转自:http://yuur369.iteye.com/blog/1769395


很简单的一个需求,ipad端给密码RSA加密,传到java后台,解密。RSA加密算法是基于一个密钥对的,分为公钥和私钥,一般情况公钥加密,私钥解密,但也可私钥加密,公钥解密。还可以验签,就是先用私钥对数据进行加密,然后对加密后的数据进行签名,得到一个签名值。然后再用公钥先验签,证明是对应私钥加密过的数据才解密。主要是为了防止来源不确定的数据。 
    根据上面的介绍,大家也都知道,RSA算法的关键就是密钥对,我和IOS的同事各自找了RSA的算法实现代码,都能正常根据密钥对加解密。问题是我们各自使用对方的密钥对就不能加解密成功。IOS同事也是一个新手。连RSA算法是个什么概念都没搞清楚,我也懂点IOS。所以就陪着他一起看代码,找资料。看到底什么原因引起的密钥对不能共用。后来找到下面这篇文章: 
Java中使用OpenSSL生成的RSA公私钥进行数据加解密 

原来在用mac 系统中自带的openssl生成的密钥对文件是X509编码格式的。而我们JAVA所需的私钥文件是PKCS#8编码格式的。。所以要将在mac 系统中生成的私钥文件转下码就行了。转码方式参考上面链接。附下java代码: 

Java代码  收藏代码
  1. import java.io.BufferedReader;  
  2. import java.io.IOException;  
  3. import java.io.InputStream;  
  4. import java.io.InputStreamReader;  
  5. import java.security.InvalidKeyException;  
  6. import java.security.KeyFactory;  
  7. import java.security.KeyPair;  
  8. import java.security.KeyPairGenerator;  
  9. import java.security.NoSuchAlgorithmException;  
  10. import java.security.SecureRandom;  
  11. import java.security.interfaces.RSAPrivateKey;  
  12. import java.security.interfaces.RSAPublicKey;  
  13. import java.security.spec.InvalidKeySpecException;  
  14. import java.security.spec.PKCS8EncodedKeySpec;  
  15. import java.security.spec.X509EncodedKeySpec;  
  16.   
  17. import javax.crypto.BadPaddingException;  
  18. import javax.crypto.Cipher;  
  19. import javax.crypto.IllegalBlockSizeException;  
  20. import javax.crypto.NoSuchPaddingException;  
  21.   
  22. import sun.misc.BASE64Decoder;  
  23. import sun.misc.BASE64Encoder;  
  24.   
  25. public class RSAEncrypt {  
  26.     private static final String DEFAULT_PUBLIC_KEY=     
  27.         "MIGfMA0GCSqGSIb3DQEBAQUAA4GNADCBiQKBgQChDzcjw/rWgFwnxunbKp7/4e8w" + "\r" +    
  28.         "/UmXx2jk6qEEn69t6N2R1i/LmcyDT1xr/T2AHGOiXNQ5V8W4iCaaeNawi7aJaRht" + "\r" +    
  29.         "Vx1uOH/2U378fscEESEG8XDqll0GCfB1/TjKI2aitVSzXOtRs8kYgGU78f7VmDNg" + "\r" +    
  30.         "XIlk3gdhnzh+uoEQywIDAQAB" + "\r";    
  31.         
  32.     private static final String DEFAULT_PRIVATE_KEY=    
  33.         "MIICdQIBADANBgkqhkiG9w0BAQEFAASCAl8wggJbAgEAAoGBAKEPNyPD+taAXCfG" + "\r" +    
  34.         "6dsqnv/h7zD9SZfHaOTqoQSfr23o3ZHWL8uZzINPXGv9PYAcY6Jc1DlXxbiIJpp4" + "\r" +    
  35.         "1rCLtolpGG1XHW44f/ZTfvx+xwQRIQbxcOqWXQYJ8HX9OMojZqK1VLNc61GzyRiA" + "\r" +    
  36.         "ZTvx/tWYM2BciWTeB2GfOH66gRDLAgMBAAECgYBp4qTvoJKynuT3SbDJY/XwaEtm" + "\r" +    
  37.         "u768SF9P0GlXrtwYuDWjAVue0VhBI9WxMWZTaVafkcP8hxX4QZqPh84td0zjcq3j" + "\r" +    
  38.         "DLOegAFJkIorGzq5FyK7ydBoU1TLjFV459c8dTZMTu+LgsOTD11/V/Jr4NJxIudo" + "\r" +    
  39.         "MBQ3c4cHmOoYv4uzkQJBANR+7Fc3e6oZgqTOesqPSPqljbsdF9E4x4eDFuOecCkJ" + "\r" +    
  40.         "DvVLOOoAzvtHfAiUp+H3fk4hXRpALiNBEHiIdhIuX2UCQQDCCHiPHFd4gC58yyCM" + "\r" +    
  41.         "6Leqkmoa+6YpfRb3oxykLBXcWx7DtbX+ayKy5OQmnkEG+MW8XB8wAdiUl0/tb6cQ" + "\r" +    
  42.         "FaRvAkBhvP94Hk0DMDinFVHlWYJ3xy4pongSA8vCyMj+aSGtvjzjFnZXK4gIjBjA" + "\r" +    
  43.         "2Z9ekDfIOBBawqp2DLdGuX2VXz8BAkByMuIh+KBSv76cnEDwLhfLQJlKgEnvqTvX" + "\r" +    
  44.         "TB0TUw8avlaBAXW34/5sI+NUB1hmbgyTK/T/IFcEPXpBWLGO+e3pAkAGWLpnH0Zh" + "\r" +    
  45.         "Fae7oAqkMAd3xCNY6ec180tAe57hZ6kS+SYLKwb4gGzYaCxc22vMtYksXHtUeamo" + "\r" +    
  46.         "1NMLzI2ZfUoX" + "\r";    
  47.     
  48.     /**  
  49.      * 私钥  
  50.      */    
  51.     private RSAPrivateKey privateKey;    
  52.     
  53.     /**  
  54.      * 公钥  
  55.      */    
  56.     private RSAPublicKey publicKey;    
  57.         
  58.     /**  
  59.      * 字节数据转字符串专用集合  
  60.      */    
  61.     private static final char[] HEX_CHAR= {'0''1''2''3''4''5''6''7''8''9''a''b''c''d''e''f'};    
  62.         
  63.     
  64.     /**  
  65.      * 获取私钥  
  66.      * @return 当前的私钥对象  
  67.      */    
  68.     public RSAPrivateKey getPrivateKey() {    
  69.         return privateKey;    
  70.     }    
  71.     
  72.     /**  
  73.      * 获取公钥  
  74.      * @return 当前的公钥对象  
  75.      */    
  76.     public RSAPublicKey getPublicKey() {    
  77.         return publicKey;    
  78.     }    
  79.     
  80.     /**  
  81.      * 随机生成密钥对  
  82.      */    
  83.     public void genKeyPair(){    
  84.         KeyPairGenerator keyPairGen= null;    
  85.         try {    
  86.             keyPairGen= KeyPairGenerator.getInstance("RSA");    
  87.         } catch (NoSuchAlgorithmException e) {    
  88.             e.printStackTrace();    
  89.         }    
  90.         keyPairGen.initialize(1024new SecureRandom());    
  91.         KeyPair keyPair= keyPairGen.generateKeyPair();    
  92.         this.privateKey= (RSAPrivateKey) keyPair.getPrivate();    
  93.         this.publicKey= (RSAPublicKey) keyPair.getPublic();    
  94.     }    
  95.     
  96.     /**  
  97.      * 从文件中输入流中加载公钥  
  98.      * @param in 公钥输入流  
  99.      * @throws Exception 加载公钥时产生的异常  
  100.      */    
  101.     public void loadPublicKey(InputStream in) throws Exception{    
  102.         try {    
  103.             BufferedReader br= new BufferedReader(new InputStreamReader(in));    
  104.             String readLine= null;    
  105.             StringBuilder sb= new StringBuilder();    
  106.             while((readLine= br.readLine())!=null){    
  107.                 if(readLine.charAt(0)=='-'){    
  108.                     continue;    
  109.                 }else{    
  110.                     sb.append(readLine);    
  111.                     sb.append('\r');    
  112.                 }    
  113.             }    
  114.             loadPublicKey(sb.toString());    
  115.         } catch (IOException e) {    
  116.             throw new Exception("公钥数据流读取错误");    
  117.         } catch (NullPointerException e) {    
  118.             throw new Exception("公钥输入流为空");    
  119.         }    
  120.     }    
  121.     
  122.     
  123.     /**  
  124.      * 从字符串中加载公钥  
  125.      * @param publicKeyStr 公钥数据字符串  
  126.      * @throws Exception 加载公钥时产生的异常  
  127.      */    
  128.     public void loadPublicKey(String publicKeyStr) throws Exception{    
  129.         try {    
  130.             BASE64Decoder base64Decoder= new BASE64Decoder();    
  131.             byte[] buffer= base64Decoder.decodeBuffer(publicKeyStr);  
  132.             KeyFactory keyFactory= KeyFactory.getInstance("RSA");    
  133.             X509EncodedKeySpec keySpec= new X509EncodedKeySpec(buffer);    
  134.             this.publicKey= (RSAPublicKey) keyFactory.generatePublic(keySpec);    
  135.         } catch (NoSuchAlgorithmException e) {    
  136.             throw new Exception("无此算法");    
  137.         } catch (InvalidKeySpecException e) {    
  138.             throw new Exception("公钥非法");    
  139.         } catch (IOException e) {    
  140.             throw new Exception("公钥数据内容读取错误");    
  141.         } catch (NullPointerException e) {    
  142.             throw new Exception("公钥数据为空");    
  143.         }    
  144.     }    
  145.     
  146.     /**  
  147.      * 从文件中加载私钥  
  148.      * @param keyFileName 私钥文件名  
  149.      * @return 是否成功  
  150.      * @throws Exception   
  151.      */    
  152.     public void loadPrivateKey(InputStream in) throws Exception{    
  153.         try {    
  154.             BufferedReader br= new BufferedReader(new InputStreamReader(in));    
  155.             String readLine= null;    
  156.             StringBuilder sb= new StringBuilder();    
  157.             while((readLine= br.readLine())!=null){    
  158.                 if(readLine.charAt(0)=='-'){    
  159.                     continue;    
  160.                 }else{    
  161.                     sb.append(readLine);    
  162.                     sb.append('\r');    
  163.                 }    
  164.             }    
  165.             loadPrivateKey(sb.toString());    
  166.         } catch (IOException e) {    
  167.             throw new Exception("私钥数据读取错误");    
  168.         } catch (NullPointerException e) {    
  169.             throw new Exception("私钥输入流为空");    
  170.         }    
  171.     }    
  172.     
  173.     public void loadPrivateKey(String privateKeyStr) throws Exception{    
  174.         try {    
  175.             BASE64Decoder base64Decoder= new BASE64Decoder();    
  176.             byte[] buffer= base64Decoder.decodeBuffer(privateKeyStr);    
  177.             PKCS8EncodedKeySpec keySpec= new PKCS8EncodedKeySpec(buffer);    
  178.             KeyFactory keyFactory= KeyFactory.getInstance("RSA");    
  179.             this.privateKey= (RSAPrivateKey) keyFactory.generatePrivate(keySpec);    
  180.         } catch (NoSuchAlgorithmException e) {    
  181.             throw new Exception("无此算法");    
  182.         } catch (InvalidKeySpecException e) {    
  183.             e.printStackTrace();  
  184.             throw new Exception("私钥非法");    
  185.         } catch (IOException e) {    
  186.             throw new Exception("私钥数据内容读取错误");    
  187.         } catch (NullPointerException e) {    
  188.             throw new Exception("私钥数据为空");    
  189.         }    
  190.     }    
  191.     
  192.     /**  
  193.      * 加密过程  
  194.      * @param publicKey 公钥  
  195.      * @param plainTextData 明文数据  
  196.      * @return  
  197.      * @throws Exception 加密过程中的异常信息  
  198.      */    
  199.     public byte[] encrypt(RSAPublicKey publicKey, byte[] plainTextData) throws Exception{    
  200.         if(publicKey== null){    
  201.             throw new Exception("加密公钥为空, 请设置");    
  202.         }    
  203.         Cipher cipher= null;    
  204.         try {    
  205.             cipher= Cipher.getInstance("RSA");//, new BouncyCastleProvider());    
  206.             cipher.init(Cipher.ENCRYPT_MODE, publicKey);    
  207.             byte[] output= cipher.doFinal(plainTextData);    
  208.             return output;    
  209.         } catch (NoSuchAlgorithmException e) {    
  210.             throw new Exception("无此加密算法");    
  211.         } catch (NoSuchPaddingException e) {    
  212.             e.printStackTrace();    
  213.             return null;    
  214.         }catch (InvalidKeyException e) {    
  215.             throw new Exception("加密公钥非法,请检查");    
  216.         } catch (IllegalBlockSizeException e) {    
  217.             throw new Exception("明文长度非法");    
  218.         } catch (BadPaddingException e) {    
  219.             throw new Exception("明文数据已损坏");    
  220.         }    
  221.     }    
  222.     
  223.     /**  
  224.      * 解密过程  
  225.      * @param privateKey 私钥  
  226.      * @param cipherData 密文数据  
  227.      * @return 明文  
  228.      * @throws Exception 解密过程中的异常信息  
  229.      */    
  230.     public byte[] decrypt(RSAPrivateKey privateKey, byte[] cipherData) throws Exception{    
  231.         if (privateKey== null){    
  232.             throw new Exception("解密私钥为空, 请设置");    
  233.         }    
  234.         Cipher cipher= null;    
  235.         try {    
  236.             cipher= Cipher.getInstance("RSA");//, new BouncyCastleProvider());    
  237.             cipher.init(Cipher.DECRYPT_MODE, privateKey);    
  238.             byte[] output= cipher.doFinal(cipherData);    
  239.             return output;    
  240.         } catch (NoSuchAlgorithmException e) {    
  241.             throw new Exception("无此解密算法");    
  242.         } catch (NoSuchPaddingException e) {    
  243.             e.printStackTrace();    
  244.             return null;    
  245.         }catch (InvalidKeyException e) {    
  246.             throw new Exception("解密私钥非法,请检查");    
  247.         } catch (IllegalBlockSizeException e) {    
  248.             throw new Exception("密文长度非法");    
  249.         } catch (BadPaddingException e) {    
  250.             throw new Exception("密文数据已损坏");    
  251.         }           
  252.     }    
  253.     
  254.         
  255.     /**  
  256.      * 字节数据转十六进制字符串  
  257.      * @param data 输入数据  
  258.      * @return 十六进制内容  
  259.      */    
  260.     public static String byteArrayToString(byte[] data){    
  261.         StringBuilder stringBuilder= new StringBuilder();    
  262.         for (int i=0; i<data.length; i++){    
  263.             //取出字节的高四位 作为索引得到相应的十六进制标识符 注意无符号右移    
  264.             stringBuilder.append(HEX_CHAR[(data[i] & 0xf0)>>> 4]);    
  265.             //取出字节的低四位 作为索引得到相应的十六进制标识符    
  266.             stringBuilder.append(HEX_CHAR[(data[i] & 0x0f)]);    
  267.             if (i<data.length-1){    
  268.                 stringBuilder.append(' ');    
  269.             }    
  270.         }    
  271.         return stringBuilder.toString();    
  272.     }    
  273.     
  274.     
  275.     public static void main(String[] args){    
  276.         RSAEncrypt rsaEncrypt= new RSAEncrypt();    
  277.         //rsaEncrypt.genKeyPair();    
  278.          
  279.     
  280.         //加载公钥    
  281.         try {    
  282.             rsaEncrypt.loadPublicKey(RSAEncrypt.DEFAULT_PUBLIC_KEY);    
  283.             System.out.println("加载公钥成功");    
  284.         } catch (Exception e) {    
  285.             System.err.println(e.getMessage());    
  286.             System.err.println("加载公钥失败");    
  287.         }    
  288.     
  289.         //加载私钥    
  290.         try {    
  291.             rsaEncrypt.loadPrivateKey(RSAEncrypt.DEFAULT_PRIVATE_KEY);    
  292.             System.out.println("加载私钥成功");    
  293.         } catch (Exception e) {    
  294.             System.err.println(e.getMessage());    
  295.             System.err.println("加载私钥失败");    
  296.         }    
  297.     
  298.         //测试字符串    
  299.         String encryptStr= "abc";    
  300.         System.out.println("私钥长度:"+rsaEncrypt.getPrivateKey().toString().length());  
  301.         System.out.println("公钥长度:"+rsaEncrypt.getPublicKey().toString().length());  
  302.         try {    
  303.             //加密    
  304.             byte[] cipher = rsaEncrypt.encrypt(rsaEncrypt.getPublicKey(), encryptStr.getBytes());    
  305.               
  306.              
  307.             //解密    
  308.             byte[] plainText = rsaEncrypt.decrypt(rsaEncrypt.getPrivateKey(), cipher);    
  309.   
  310.               
  311.              
  312.             System.out.println("密文长度:"+ cipher.length);    
  313.             System.out.println(RSAEncrypt.byteArrayToString(cipher));    
  314.             System.out.println("明文长度:"+ plainText.length);    
  315.             System.out.println(RSAEncrypt.byteArrayToString(plainText));    
  316.             System.out.println(new String(plainText));    
  317.         } catch (Exception e) {    
  318.             System.err.println(e.getMessage());    
  319.         }    
  320.     }  
  321. }  


提供两种方式加载密钥对,可通过字符串或者文件流,文件是指生成的.pem文件才可以哦。 
另外附一份IOS中加密方法,不过这里要求的文件是der。 
http://blog.yorkgu.me/2011/10/27/rsa-in-ios-using-publick-key-generated-by-openssl/ IOS中加密后返回的NSdata对象,可以对NSdata对象进行base64编码转换成字符串,然后java用BASE64Decoder解码之后,就转换成了byte[],可直接用上面方法解密。。。

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