Java实现DES加密解密

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DES(Data Encryption Standard)是一种对称加密算法,所谓对称加密就是加密和解密都是使用同一个密钥

加密原理:

DES 使用一个 56 位的密钥以及附加的 8 位奇偶校验位,产生最大 64 位的分组大小。这是一个迭代的分组密码,使用 Feistel 技术,将其中加密的文本块分成两半,实现了子密钥对其中一半应用循环功能,然后将输出与另一半进行"异或"运算;接着交换这两半,这一过程会继续下去,但最后一个循环不交换。DES 使用 16 个循环,使用异或,置换,代换,移位操作四种基本运算。

不过,DES已可破解,所以针对保密级别特别高的数据推荐使用非对称加密算法。

下面介绍基于Java实现的DES加解密方法,该方法同样适用于Android平台,使用的是JDK1.8。

public class DESUtil {

    /**
     * 偏移变量,固定占8位字节
     */
    private final static String IV_PARAMETER = "12345678";
    /**
     * 密钥算法
     */
    private static final String ALGORITHM = "DES";
    /**
     * 加密/解密算法-工作模式-填充模式
     */
    private static final String CIPHER_ALGORITHM = "DES/CBC/PKCS5Padding";
    /**
     * 默认编码
     */
    private static final String CHARSET = "utf-8";

    /**
     * 生成key
     *
     * @param password
     * @return
     * @throws Exception
     */
    private static Key generateKey(String password) throws Exception {
        DESKeySpec dks = new DESKeySpec(password.getBytes(CHARSET));
        SecretKeyFactory keyFactory = SecretKeyFactory.getInstance(ALGORITHM);
        return keyFactory.generateSecret(dks);
    }


    /**
     * DES加密字符串
     *
     * @param password 加密密码,长度不能够小于8位
     * @param data 待加密字符串
     * @return 加密后内容
     */
    public static String encrypt(String password, String data) {
        if (password== null || password.length() < 8) {
            throw new RuntimeException("加密失败,key不能小于8位");
        }
        if (data == null)
            return null;
        try {
            Key secretKey = generateKey(password);
            Cipher cipher = Cipher.getInstance(CIPHER_ALGORITHM);
            IvParameterSpec iv = new IvParameterSpec(IV_PARAMETER.getBytes(CHARSET));
            cipher.init(Cipher.ENCRYPT_MODE, secretKey, iv);
            byte[] bytes = cipher.doFinal(data.getBytes(CHARSET));

            //JDK1.8及以上可直接使用Base64,JDK1.7及以下可以使用BASE64Encoder
            //Android平台可以使用android.util.Base64
            return new String(Base64.getEncoder().encode(bytes));

        } catch (Exception e) {
            e.printStackTrace();
            return data;
        }
    }

    /**
     * DES解密字符串
     *
     * @param password 解密密码,长度不能够小于8位
     * @param data 待解密字符串
     * @return 解密后内容
     */
    public static String decrypt(String password, String data) {
        if (password== null || password.length() < 8) {
            throw new RuntimeException("加密失败,key不能小于8位");
        }
        if (data == null)
            return null;
        try {
            Key secretKey = generateKey(password);
            Cipher cipher = Cipher.getInstance(CIPHER_ALGORITHM);
            IvParameterSpec iv = new IvParameterSpec(IV_PARAMETER.getBytes(CHARSET));
            cipher.init(Cipher.DECRYPT_MODE, secretKey, iv);
            return new String(cipher.doFinal(Base64.getDecoder().decode(data.getBytes(CHARSET))), CHARSET);
        } catch (Exception e) {
            e.printStackTrace();
            return data;
        }
    }

    /**
     * DES加密文件
     *
     * @param srcFile  待加密的文件
     * @param destFile 加密后存放的文件路径
     * @return 加密后的文件路径
     */
    public static String encryptFile(String password, String srcFile, String destFile) {

        if (password== null || password.length() < 8) {
            throw new RuntimeException("加密失败,key不能小于8位");
        }
        try {
            IvParameterSpec iv = new IvParameterSpec(IV_PARAMETER.getBytes(CHARSET));
            Cipher cipher = Cipher.getInstance(CIPHER_ALGORITHM);
            cipher.init(Cipher.ENCRYPT_MODE, generateKey(key), iv);
            InputStream is = new FileInputStream(srcFile);
            OutputStream out = new FileOutputStream(destFile);
            CipherInputStream cis = new CipherInputStream(is, cipher);
            byte[] buffer = new byte[1024];
            int r;
            while ((r = cis.read(buffer)) > 0) {
                out.write(buffer, 0, r);
            }
            cis.close();
            is.close();
            out.close();
            return destFile;
        } catch (Exception ex) {
            ex.printStackTrace();
        }
        return null;
    }

    /**
     * DES解密文件
     *
     * @param srcFile  已加密的文件
     * @param destFile 解密后存放的文件路径
     * @return 解密后的文件路径
     */
    public static String decryptFile(String password, String srcFile, String destFile) {
        if (password== null || password.length() < 8) {
            throw new RuntimeException("加密失败,key不能小于8位");
        }
        try {
            File file = new File(destFile);
            if (!file.exists()) {
                file.getParentFile().mkdirs();
                file.createNewFile();
            }
            IvParameterSpec iv = new IvParameterSpec(IV_PARAMETER.getBytes(CHARSET));
            Cipher cipher = Cipher.getInstance(CIPHER_ALGORITHM);
            cipher.init(Cipher.DECRYPT_MODE, generateKey(key), iv);
            InputStream is = new FileInputStream(srcFile);
            OutputStream out = new FileOutputStream(destFile);
            CipherOutputStream cos = new CipherOutputStream(out, cipher);
            byte[] buffer = new byte[1024];
            int r;
            while ((r = is.read(buffer)) >= 0) {
                cos.write(buffer, 0, r);
            }
            cos.close();
            is.close();
            out.close();
            return destFile;
        } catch (Exception ex) {
            ex.printStackTrace();
        }
        return null;
    }
}

 

Java实现Des加密(不用加载包),有完整S盒子。 部分代码如下: ackage desJava; import java.util.*; public class Des { byte[] bytekey; public Des(String strKey) { this.bytekey = strKey.getBytes(); }// 声明常量字节数组 private static final int[] IP = { 58, 50, 42, 34, 26, 18, 10, 2, 60, 52, 44, 36, 28, 20, 12, 4, 62, 54, 46, 38, 30, 22, 14, 6, 64, 56, 48, 40, 32, 24, 16, 8, 57, 49, 41, 33, 25, 17, 9, 1, 59, 51, 43, 35, 27, 19, 11, 3, 61, 53, 45, 37, 29, 21, 13, 5, 63, 55, 47, 39, 31, 23, 15, 7 }; // 64 private static final int[] IP_1 = { 40, 8, 48, 16, 56, 24, 64, 32, 39, 7, 47, 15, 55, 23, 63, 31, 38, 6, 46, 14, 54, 22, 62, 30, 37, 5, 45, 13, 53, 21, 61, 29, 36, 4, 44, 12, 52, 20, 60, 28, 35, 3, 43, 11, 51, 19, 59, 27, 34, 2, 42, 10, 50, 18, 58, 26, 33, 1, 41, 9, 49, 17, 57, 25 }; // 64 private static final int[] PC_1 = { 57, 49, 41, 33, 25, 17, 9, 1, 58, 50, 42, 34, 26, 18, 10, 2, 59, 51, 43, 35, 27, 19, 11, 3, 60, 52, 44, 36, 63, 55, 47, 39, 31, 23, 15, 7, 62, 54, 46, 38, 30, 22, 14, 6, 61, 53, 45, 37, 29, 21, 13, 5, 28, 20, 12, 4 }; // 56 private static final int[] PC_2 = { 14, 17, 11, 24, 1, 5, 3, 28, 15, 6, 21, 10, 23, 19, 12, 4, 26, 8, 16, 7, 27, 20, 13, 2, 41, 52, 31, 37, 47, 55, 30, 40, 51, 45, 33, 48, 44, 49, 39, 56, 34, 53, 46, 42, 50, 36, 29, 32 }; // 48 private static final int[] E = { 32, 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 17, 16, 17, 18, 19, 20, 21, 20, 21, 22, 23, 24, 25, 24, 25, 26, 27, 28, 29, 28, 29, 30, 31, 32, 1 }; // 48 private static final int[] P = { 16, 7, 20, 21, 29, 12, 28, 17, 1, 15, 23, 26, 5, 18, 31, 10, 2, 8, 24, 14, 32, 27, 3, 9, 19, 13, 30, 6, 22, 11, 4, 25 }; // 32 private static final int[][][] S_Box = {//S-盒 {// S_Box[1] { 14, 4, 13, 1, 2, 15, 11, 8, 3, 10, 6, 12, 5, 9, 0, 7 }, { 0, 15, 7, 4, 14, 2, 13, 1, 10, 6, 12, 11, 9, 5, 3, 8 }, { 4, 1, 14, 8, 13, 6, 2, 11, 15, 12, 9, 7, 3, 10, 5, 0 }, { 15, 12, 8, 2
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