CAS3.0 定制验证(转载)

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前言:

     CAS v2 定制自己的验证逻辑,大家已经很清楚了.[官方提供的sample只简单校验username,password是否相等].开发者可以通过实现PasswordHandler接口来使用其它的认证方式,如数据库用户的用户名和密码匹配认证,数字签名的验证,操作系统用户认证,以及LDAP用户认证等模式。比如:

<context-param>
        <param-name>edu.yale.its.tp.cas.authHandler</param-name>
        <param-value>
edu.yale.its.tp.cas.auth.provider.KerberosAuthHandler
        </param-value>
    </context-param>

  • 改变:

Yale CAS3代码全部重构,功能增强,且使用了Spring和SpringWebFlow[相关知识参见Spring论坛].

  • 涉及点分析:

deployerConfigContext.xml是描述部署细节的,他通过web.xml如下描述而加载

     <context-param>
  <param-name>contextConfigLocation</param-name>
  <param-value>
   /WEB-INF/applicationContext.xml,
   /WEB-INF/mydeployerConfigContext.xml
  </param-value>
</context-param>

        contextConfigLocation属性名在Spring MVC体系中,会自动获取.

----------------------------

deployerConfigContext.xml文件是所有CAS deployer应该关心的东西,在这里,你可以对CAS的三个核心玩意进行自己的定制:
1.AuthenticationManager
<!--
  | This bean declares our AuthenticationManager.  The CentralAuthenticationService service bean
  | declared in applicationContext.xml picks up this AuthenticationManager by reference to its id,
  | "authenticationManager".  Most deployers will be able to use the default AuthenticationManager
  | implementation and so do not need to change the class of this bean.  We include the whole
  | AuthenticationManager here in the userConfigContext.xml so that you can see the things you will
  | need to change in context.
  +-->
2.credentialsToPrincipalResolvers
<!--
     | UsernamePasswordCredentialsToPrincipalResolver supports the UsernamePasswordCredentials that we use for /login
     | by default and produces SimplePrincipal instances conveying the username from the credentials.
     |
     | If you've changed your LoginFormAction to use credentials other than UsernamePasswordCredentials then you will also
     | need to change this bean declaration (or add additional declarations) to declare a CredentialsToPrincipalResolver that supports the
     | Credentials you are using.
     +-->
3.authenticationHandlers
这个authenticationHandler可是所有CAS用户都需要修改的地方

<!--
     | This is the authentication handler declaration that every CAS deployer will need to change before deploying CAS
     | into production.  The default SimpleTestUsernamePasswordAuthenticationHandler authenticates UsernamePasswordCredentials
     | where the username equals the password.  You will need to replace this with an AuthenticationHandler that implements your
     | local authentication strategy.  You might accomplish this by coding a new such handler and declaring
     | edu.someschool.its.cas.MySpecialHandler here, or you might use one of the handlers provided in the adaptors modules.
     +-->

  • 实现:

     思路:没撒子说的,就是实现自己的Hadnle.为了避免重新编译cas代码,使用ant部署自己的jar到目标的lib中,并替换web.xml以及引进自己的配置文件mydeployerConfigContext.xml

     步骤:

  A:在应用服务器中配置DS[略]

  B:修改web.xml

          <context-param>
  <param-name>contextConfigLocation</param-name>
  <param-value>
   /WEB-INF/applicationContext.xml,
  /WEB-INF/mydeployerConfigContext.xml
  </param-value>
</context-param>

   C:web.xml加入DS引用

        <resource-ref>
  <description>
    Resource reference to a factory for java.sql.Connection
    instances that may be used for talking to a particular
    database that is configured in the server.xml file.
  </description>
  <res-ref-name>
    jdbc/EmployeeDB
  </res-ref-name>
  <res-type>
    javax.sql.DataSource
  </res-type>
  <res-auth>
    Container
  </res-auth>
</resource-ref>

D:添加mydeployerConfigContext.xml

内容如下:

   <?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>
<!DOCTYPE beans PUBLIC  "-//SPRING//DTD BEAN//EN" "http://www.springframework.org/dtd/spring-beans.dtd">

<beans>
<!--
  | This bean declares our AuthenticationManager.  The CentralAuthenticationService service bean
  | declared in applicationContext.xml picks up this AuthenticationManager by reference to its id,
  | "authenticationManager".  Most deployers will be able to use the default AuthenticationManager
  | implementation and so do not need to change the class of this bean.  We include the whole
  | AuthenticationManager here in the userConfigContext.xml so that you can see the things you will
  | need to change in context.
  +-->
<bean id="authenticationManager"
  class="org.jasig.cas.authentication.AuthenticationManagerImpl">
  <!--
   | This is the List of CredentialToPrincipalResolvers that identify what Principal is trying to authenticate.
   | The AuthenticationManagerImpl considers them in order, finding a CredentialToPrincipalResolver which
   | supports the presented credentials.
   |
   | AuthenticationManagerImpl uses these resolvers for two purposes.  First, it uses them to identify the Principal
   | attempting to authenticate to CAS /login .  In the default configuration, it is the DefaultCredentialsToPrincipalResolver
   | that fills this role.  If you are using some other kind of credentials than UsernamePasswordCredentials, you will need to replace
   | DefaultCredentialsToPrincipalResolver with a CredentialsToPrincipalResolver that supports the credentials you are
   | using.
   |
   | Second, AuthenticationManagerImpl uses these resolvers to identify a service requesting a proxy granting ticket.
   | In the default configuration, it is the HttpBasedServiceCredentialsToPrincipalResolver that serves this purpose.
   | You will need to change this list if you are identifying services by something more or other than their callback URL.
   +-->
  <property name="credentialsToPrincipalResolvers">
   <list>
    <!--
     | UsernamePasswordCredentialsToPrincipalResolver supports the UsernamePasswordCredentials that we use for /login
     | by default and produces SimplePrincipal instances conveying the username from the credentials.
     |
     | If you've changed your LoginFormAction to use credentials other than UsernamePasswordCredentials then you will also
     | need to change this bean declaration (or add additional declarations) to declare a CredentialsToPrincipalResolver that supports the
     | Credentials you are using.
     +-->
    <bean
     class="org.jasig.cas.authentication.principal.UsernamePasswordCredentialsToPrincipalResolver" />
    <!--
     | HttpBasedServiceCredentialsToPrincipalResolver supports HttpBasedCredentials.  It supports the CAS 2.0 approach of
     | authenticating services by SSL callback, extracting the callback URL from the Credentials and representing it as a
     | SimpleService identified by that callback URL.
     |
     | If you are representing services by something more or other than an HTTPS URL whereat they are able to
     | receive a proxy callback, you will need to change this bean declaration (or add additional declarations).
     +-->
    <bean
     class="org.jasig.cas.authentication.principal.HttpBasedServiceCredentialsToPrincipalResolver" />
   </list>
  </property>

  <!--
   | Whereas CredentialsToPrincipalResolvers identify who it is some Credentials might authenticate,
   | AuthenticationHandlers actually authenticate credentials.  Here we declare the AuthenticationHandlers that
   | authenticate the Principals that the CredentialsToPrincipalResolvers identified.  CAS will try these handlers in turn
   | until it finds one that both supports the Credentials presented and succeeds in authenticating.
   +-->
  <property name="authenticationHandlers">
   <list>
    <!--
     | This is the authentication handler that authenticates services by means of callback via SSL, thereby validating
     | a server side SSL certificate.
     +-->
    <bean
     class="org.jasig.cas.authentication.handler.support.HttpBasedServiceCredentialsAuthenticationHandler" /> 
    <bean
     class="cn.com.tiansky.cas.authenticationHandlers.DsHandlers" />
   </list>
  </property>
</bean>
</beans>
E:编写DsHandlers

package cn.com.tiansky.cas.authenticationHandlers;

import java.sql.Connection;
import java.sql.ResultSet;
import java.sql.Statement;

import javax.naming.Context;
import javax.naming.InitialContext;
import javax.sql.DataSource;

import org.apache.log4j.Logger;
import org.jasig.cas.authentication.handler.support.AbstractUsernamePasswordAuthenticationHandler;
import org.jasig.cas.authentication.principal.UsernamePasswordCredentials;

import cn.com.tiansky.tool.MD5;

/**
* 支援CAS3,。实现自己的Handler(未自定义credentials,如因业务需要而修改,则需要同时
* 修改LoginFormAction和定义自己的credentialsToPrincipalResolvers)\
* ,你的需求也许包括了需要通过检索数据库来比配credential中的username和password,
* 也可能不是数据库,而是LDAP什么的,总之你得开始制作自己的handler了!
* credential的种类是很多的,有的基于用户名和密码,有的基于http请求,
* 如果你有你自己的credential的话,就得为它制作有一个handler,
* 来告诉CAS如何处理这种特有的credential。
* @author tiansky
* @version 1.0
*
*/
public final class DsHandlers extends
AbstractUsernamePasswordAuthenticationHandler{

  /**
  * Logger log:log4j日志
  */
private Logger log=Logger.getLogger(AbstractUsernamePasswordAuthenticationHandler.class);
/**
  * 相关的数据库配置DS对应的jndi
  */
private String _jndi="jdbc/EmployeeDB";
  /* (non-Javadoc)
  * @see org.jasig.cas.authentication.handler.support.AbstractUsernamePasswordAuthenticationHandler#authenticateUsernamePasswordInternal(org.jasig.cas.authentication.principal.UsernamePasswordCredentials)
  */
public boolean authenticateUsernamePasswordInternal(
          final UsernamePasswordCredentials credentials) {
           String username = credentials.getUsername();
           String password = credentials.getPassword();
           log.info("username:"+username);
           log.info("password:"+password);
          try {
     password = MD5.encrypt(password);
     log.debug("md5password" + password);
    } catch (Exception e) {
     log.warn("MD5加密出错", e);
     //throw new Exception("MD5加密出错");
     return false;
    }
    /*
          if (StringUtils.hasText(username) && StringUtils.hasText(password)
              && username.equals(getPasswordEncoder().encode(password))) {
              getLog().debug(
                  "User [" + username + "] was successfully authenticated.");
              return true;
          }
          */
    try
    {
     if(checkuser(username,password)==1)
     {
      getLog().info("认证成功!");
      return true;
     }
    }
    catch(Exception e)
    {
     getLog().error("User [" + username + "] failed authentication",e);
    }

          return false;
      }
private int checkuser(String user, String pwd) throws Exception {
  int rei = 0;
  // Obtain our environment naming context
  log.debug("Obtain our environment naming context");
  Context initCtx = new InitialContext();
  Context envCtx = (Context) initCtx.lookup("java:comp/env");

  // Look up our data source
  DataSource ds = (DataSource) envCtx.lookup(this._jndi);
  log.debug("获取ds成功!");
  // Allocate and use a connection from the pool
  Connection conn = ds.getConnection();
  log.debug("获取conn成功!");
  // ... use this connection to access the database ...
  String sql = "select OPERATORID from operator where OPERATORLOGINNAME='"
    + user + "' and OPERATORPASSWORD='" + pwd + "' ";
  log.info("sql!= "+sql);
  Statement st = conn.createStatement();
  ResultSet rs = st.executeQuery(sql);
  if (rs.next()) {
   //String oid = rs.getString("OPERATORID");
   /*
   _op = new Operator(oid);
   _op.setName("操作员");
   _op.setLoginname(user);
   _op.setPwd(pwd);
   */
   rei = 1;
  } else {
   System.out.println("帐号不存在或密码错误!");
  }
  conn.close();
  return rei;

}
      /* (non-Javadoc)
       * @see org.jasig.cas.authentication.handler.support.AbstractUsernamePasswordAuthenticationHandler#afterPropertiesSetInternal()
       */
      protected void afterPropertiesSetInternal() throws Exception {
          super.afterPropertiesSetInternal();
          getLog()
              .warn(
                  this.getClass().getName()
                      + " is only to be used  in a production environment.");
      }

}

F:ant 发布

G:运行调试

附录:ANT脚本

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="gb2312"?>

<project name="casself" default="release" basedir="." >
<property name="deployment.dir" value="C:/Program Files/Apache Software Foundation/Tomcat 5.5/webapps/cas/WEB-INF"/>
<!--<property name="deployment.dir" value="C:/casself"/-->
  <target name="clean">
     <echo message="开始清除历史版本"/>
   <delete>
    <fileset dir=".">
     <include name="casself.jar"/>
    </fileset>
    <fileset dir="${deployment.dir}">
     <include name="web.xml"/>
     <include name="mydeployerConfigContext.xml"/>
     <include name="log4j.properties"/>
    </fileset>
   </delete>
   </target>
  <target name="compile">
    <echo message="开始编译"/>
    <javac srcdir="." />
  </target>
  <target name="jar" depends="compile">
    <echo message="开始打包"/>  
    <jar destfile="casself.jar"
         basedir="."
         includes="**/*.class"
         />
  </target>
<target name="copy">
   <echo message="部署配置文件"/>
  <copy todir="${deployment.dir}">
     <fileset dir="./xml">
      <!--exclude name="**/doc/**"/-->
     </fileset>
   <fileset dir=".">
    <include name="log4j.properties"/>
   </fileset>
  </copy>
   <echo message="部署jar文件"/>
    <copy todir="${deployment.dir}/lib">
       <fileset dir=".">
       <include name="casself.jar"/>
       </fileset>
    </copy>
   </target>
<target name="release" depends="jar,copy">
   <echo message="release success!~"/>
    </target>
  <target name="run" depends="jar">
    <java classname="hello"
          classpath="hello.jar"
          fork="true"
          />
  </target>
</project>

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