一天一道算法题(持续更新)

day1 

Two Sum: https://leetcode.com/problems/two-sum/description/

 

Given an array of integers, return indices of the two numbers such that they add up to a specific target.

You may assume that each input would have exactly one solution, and you may not use the same element twice.

Example:

Given nums = [2, 7, 11, 15], target = 9,

Because nums[0] + nums[1] = 2 + 7 = 9,
return [0, 1].

翻译:给定一个整数数组,返回两个加起来是某特定值的数的索引,假设每次输入只有一个解,并且不能用同一个元素两次。(新手翻译,我到底在说什么)

代码:

 

class Solution(object):
    def twoSum(self, nums, target):
        """
        :type nums: List[int]
        :type target: int
        :rtype: List[int]
        """
        for i in range(len(nums)-1):
            for j in range(i+1,len(nums)):
                if nums[i]+nums[j] == target:
                    return [i,j]
  •  
  •  

day2

Rotate String: https://leetcode.com/problems/rotate-string/description/

 

We are given two strings, A and B.

shift on A consists of taking string A and moving the leftmost character to the rightmost position. For example, if A = 'abcde', then it will be 'bcdea' after one shift on A. Return True if and only if A can become B after some number of shifts on A.

Example 1:
Input: A = 'abcde', B = 'cdeab'
Output: true

Example 2:
Input: A = 'abcde', B = 'abced'
Output: false

Note:

  • A and B will have length at most 100.

翻译:给定两个字符串A和B,将字符串A的字符依次从最头移到最尾,若A终能和B相等则返回True,否则返回False。

代码:

 

class Solution:
    def rotateString(self, A, B):
        """
        :type A: str
        :type B: str
        :rtype: bool
        """
        if A == B:
            return True
        for i in range(len(A)):
            if A[i:]+A[:i]==B:
                return True
        return False
  •  
  •  

day3

 

Reverse Integer: https://leetcode.com/problems/reverse-integer/description/

Given a 32-bit signed integer, reverse digits of an integer.

Example 1:

Input: 123
Output:  321

 

Example 2:

Input: -123
Output: -321

 

Example 3:

Input: 120
Output: 21

 

Note:
Assume we are dealing with an environment which could only hold integers within the 32-bit signed integer range. For the purpose of this problem, assume that your function returns 0 when the reversed integer overflows.

翻译:给定一个整数,将其数字反转。当数字溢出时,返回0。

代码:

 

class Solution:
    def reverse(self, x):
        """
        :type x: int
        :rtype: int
        """
        if x < 0:
            y = -int(str(-x)[::-1])
        else:
            y = int(str(x)[::-1])
        if y < -2147483648 or y > 2147483648:
            return 0
        return y

 

day4(没错我又开始了)

invert binary tree

直接暴力贴代码了,尽管最近在学java但还是用我喜欢的python来解

class Solution:
    def invertTree(self, root):
        if(root == None):
            return
        righttree = root.right
        root.right = self.invertTree(root.left)
        root.left = self.invertTree(righttree)
        return root

 

day5

delete node in a linked list

思路是把后一节点的值赋给现有节点,然后删掉后一节点,相当于删除了当前节点

class Solution:
    def deleteNode(self, node):
        """
        :type node: ListNode
        :rtype: void Do not return anything, modify node in-place instead.
        """
        node.val = node.next.val
        node.next = node.next.next

day6

two city scheduling

先将差值排序,然后把前半段给A,后半段给B

def twoCitySchedCost(self, costs: List[List[int]]) -> int:
        costs.sort(key = lambda x: (x[0]-x[1]))
        return sum(x[0] for x in costs[:len(costs)//2]) + sum(x[1] for x in costs[len(costs)//2:])

 

day7

reverse string

这解法真的不是在逗我。。

class Solution:
    def reverseString(self, s: List[str]) -> None:
        """
        Do not return anything, modify s in-place instead.
        """
        s.reverse()

 

day8

Random Pick with Weight

今天的题连题目都看不懂,就离谱,写个//todo在这先

 

day9

queue reconstruction by height

沉迷学习不可自拔。。思路是先把人按身高降序,人数升序排列,然后创建一个holder,遍历人,用人数数值当index插入,不懂的话可以自己用测试用例变换一下

class Solution:
    def reconstructQueue(self, people: List[List[int]]) -> List[List[int]]:
        people = sorted(people, key = lambda x: (-x[0],x[1]))
        res = []
        for s in people:
            res.insert(s[1], s)
        return res

 

day10

coin change 2

动态规划,结合测试用例画个表出来比较容易理解

class Solution:
    def change(self, amount: int, coins: List[int]) -> int:
        dp = [1] + [0] * amount
        for c in coins:
            for i in range(c, amount + 1):
                dp[i] += dp[i - c]
        return dp[amount]

 

day11

power of two

位运算n&(n-1)用来判断是不是2的次方,对于我这种新手记住就好了,先别研究为什么

class Solution:
    def isPowerOfTwo(self, n: int) -> bool:
        if n <= 0:
            return False
        return n & (n-1) == 0

 

day12

is subsequence

运用迭代器和生成器,还用了return all返回boolean值,同样是人为什么大佬们能想出这种方法。。

class Solution:
    def isSubsequence(self, s: str, t: str) -> bool:
        b = iter(t)
        return all((i in b) for i in s)

 

 

day13

search insert position

今天头有点疼,明天再做。。//todo

2020年6月11日,天气晴,我打开电脑,想完成昨天没做的算法题,结果莫名其妙打开了姐妹发来的博肖同人文,然后看了一天。。。时间管理崩盘系列。。。

这个思路没什么好讲的了,先add target,再排序,然后读取序号,即使有重复的数字也会返回第一个找到的

class Solution:
    def searchInsert(self, nums: List[int], target: int) -> int:
         nums.append(target)
         nums.sort()
         return nums.index(target)

 

 

day14

sort colors

定义3个指针,一个放头一个放尾,还有一个从头开始移动,移动指针q遇到小数往头扔,遇到大数往尾扔

碎碎念:我本来都要讨厌夏天了,可是吃了荔枝之后,我又和夏天和解了,荔枝也太好吃了叭

class Solution:
    def sortColors(self, nums: List[int]) -> None:
        """
        Do not return anything, modify nums in-place instead.
        """
        
        p , q = 0 , 0
        k = len(nums) - 1
        while q <= k:
            if p < q and nums[q] == 0:
                nums[p], nums[q] = nums[q], nums[p]
                p += 1
            elif nums[q] == 2:
                nums[q], nums[k] = nums[k], nums[q]
                k -= 1
            else:
                q += 1

 

 

day15

今天的题竟然要开会员才能做,开会员是不可能开会员的,留个b站解题视频吧,真没想到我开始用b站是为了刷题。。

https://www.bilibili.com/video/BV1Fg4y1q7Ru?from=search&seid=4277391195308403012

 

day16

largest divisible subset

动态规划,先排序,建一个list作为holder,如果新加入的数能被list里最大的数整除,那说明它也能被最大的数以前的数整除

class Solution:
    def largestDivisibleSubset(self, nums: List[int]) -> List[int]:
        nums = sorted(nums)
        dp = [[x] for x in nums]
        res = []
        for i in range(len(nums)):
            for j in range(i):
                if nums[i] % nums[j] == 0 and len(dp[j])+1 > len(dp[i]):
                    dp[i] = dp[j] + nums[i:i+1]
            if len(dp[i]) > len(res):
                res = dp[i]
        return res 

 

day17

search in a binary search tree

利用二分查找树的属性,轻松解答~

p.s.最近每天都在头疼,真是邪了门了。。。

# Definition for a binary tree node.
# class TreeNode:
#     def __init__(self, x):
#         self.val = x
#         self.left = None
#         self.right = None

class Solution:
    def searchBST(self, root: TreeNode, val: int) -> TreeNode:
        while root:
            if root.val == val:
                return root
            elif root.val > val:
                root = root.left
            else:
                root = root.right
        return None

 

 

day18

Validate IP Address

用正则表达式来写,还没写出来,明天再写,啊,头疼。。

import re
class Solution:
    def validIPAddress(self, IP: str) -> str:
        ipv4 = re.compile(r'^(([0-9]|[1-9][0-9]|1[0-9][0-9]|2[0-4][0-9]|25[0-5])\.){3}([0-9]|[1-9][0-9]|1[0-9][0-9]|2[0-4][0-9]|25[0-5])$')
        ipv6 = re.compile('^([0-9|a-f|A-F]{1,4}:){7}[0-9|a-f|A-F]{1,4}')
        if re.match(ipv4, IP) and re.match(ipv4, IP)[0] == IP:
            return "IPv4"
        elif re.match(ipv6, IP) and re.match(ipv6, IP)[0] == IP:
            return "IPv6"
        else:
            return "Neither"

 

day19

Surrounded Regions

有点围棋的感觉,蛮有意思的,但是我还得再研究一下dfs

class Solution:
    def solve(self, board: List[List[str]]) -> None:
        """
        Do not return anything, modify board in-place instead.
        """
        if not board: return
        row = len(board) 
        col = len(board[0])
        def dfs(i, j):
            if i < 0 or j < 0 or i >= row or j >= col or board[i][j] != 'O':
                return
            board[i][j] = '#'
            dfs(i - 1, j)
            dfs(i + 1, j)
            dfs(i, j - 1)
            dfs(i, j + 1)
        for i in range(row):
            dfs(i, 0)
            dfs(i, col - 1)
        for i in range(col):
            dfs(0, i)
            dfs(row - 1, i)
        for i in range(0, row):
            for j in range(0, col):
                if board[i][j] == 'O':
                    board[i][j] = 'X'
                if board[i][j] == '#':
                    board[i][j] = 'O'

 

day20

h index ii

二分查找,最后一步是用来面向测试用例编程的- -

class Solution:
    def hIndex(self, citations: List[int]) -> int:
        n = len(citations)
        l , r = 0 , n - 1
        while l <= r:
            mid = (l + r)//2
            if citations[mid] == n - mid:
                return n - mid
            if citations[mid] > n - mid:
                r = mid - 1
            else:
                l = mid + 1
        return n - l

 

 

day21

longest duplicate substring

今天这个是困难,我是不是能直接放弃了。。

well,我真的做不出来,算了

 

 

day22

permutation sequence

class Solution:
    def getPermutation(self, n: int, k: int) -> str:
        from itertools import permutations
        tup = list(permutations(list(range(1,n+1)),n))[k-1]
        s = ''
        for c in tup:
            s += str(c)
        return s

 

 

day23

dungeon game

地下城游戏,哇哦~又是一道困难,我太难了

放弃。。

 

 

day24

single number ii

set里不能有重复,乘3恢复原list的同时里面单独的数也会乘3,减去原list,除以2

class Solution:
    def singleNumber(self, nums: List[int]) -> int:
        return (3*sum(set(nums))-sum(nums))//2

 

 

day25

count complete tree nodes

class Solution:
    def countNodes(self, root: TreeNode) -> int:
        if not root: return 0
        return 1 + self.countNodes(root.left) + self.countNodes(root.right)

 

 

day26

unique binary search trees

写公众号耽搁了两天,今天补上,动态规划真的好难鸭

class Solution:
    def numTrees(self, n: int) -> int:
        dp = [0] * (n + 1)
        dp[0] = 1
        dp[1] = 1
        for i in range(2, n + 1):
            for j in range(i):
                dp[i] += dp[j] * dp[i - j - 1]
        return dp[-1]

 

 

day27

find the duplicate number

class Solution:
    def findDuplicate(self, nums: List[int]) -> int:
        slow, fast = nums[0], nums[nums[0]]
        while slow != fast:
            slow = nums[slow]
            fast = nums[nums[fast]]
        slow = 0
        while slow != fast:
            slow = nums[slow]
            fast = nums[fast]
        return fast

 

 

day28

Sum Root to Leaf Numbers

class Solution:
    def sumNumbers(self, root: TreeNode) -> int:
        def find(root, n):
            if root is None:
                return 0
            cur = n * 10 + root.val
            if root.right is None and root.left is None:
                return cur
            return find(root.right, cur) + find(root.left, cur)
        return find(root, 0)

 

 

day29

perfect squares

最近没空写鸭先打个//todo吧

 

 

day30

Reconstruct Itinerary

 

 

day31

unique paths

 

 

day32

word search 2

 

先告一段落等我把欠的题补完先。。

  • 0
    点赞
  • 3
    收藏
  • 打赏
    打赏
  • 2
    评论

“相关推荐”对你有帮助么?

  • 非常没帮助
  • 没帮助
  • 一般
  • 有帮助
  • 非常有帮助
提交
©️2022 CSDN 皮肤主题:大白 设计师:CSDN官方博客 返回首页
评论 2

打赏作者

晴子DAYTOY

你的鼓励将是我创作的最大动力

¥2 ¥4 ¥6 ¥10 ¥20
输入1-500的整数
余额支付 (余额:-- )
扫码支付
扫码支付:¥2
获取中
扫码支付

您的余额不足,请更换扫码支付或充值

打赏作者

实付
使用余额支付
点击重新获取
扫码支付
钱包余额 0

抵扣说明:

1.余额是钱包充值的虚拟货币,按照1:1的比例进行支付金额的抵扣。
2.余额无法直接购买下载,可以购买VIP、C币套餐、付费专栏及课程。

余额充值