安装CUDA-10.0

下载安装文件

最新发行版本:下载地址
历史发行版本:下载地址

准备安装文件

在官网中找到对应系统的安装文件,如cuda_10.0.130_410.48_linux.run
移动安装文件到用户根目录下

开始安装CUDA

安装脚本

sudo chmod +x ~/cuda_10.0.130_410.48_linux.run
sudo ~/cuda_10.0.130_410.48_linux.run
# 稍后会出现很多提示信息,可以长按空格键直接跳过

安装选项

Do you accept the previously read EULA?
accept/decline/quit: accept

Install NVIDIA Accelerated Graphics Driver for Linux-x86_64 410.48?
(y)es/(n)o/(q)uit: no

Install the CUDA 10.0 Toolkit?
(y)es/(n)o/(q)uit: yes

Enter Toolkit Location
 [ default is /usr/local/cuda-10.0 ]: 

Do you want to install a symbolic link at /usr/local/cuda?
(y)es/(n)o/(q)uit: no

Install the CUDA 10.0 Samples?
(y)es/(n)o/(q)uit: no

添加环境变量

在用户根目录下,找到.bashrc文件并打开,在最后添加下面三行文本,保存并退出

# added by cuda 10.0 installer
export PATH="/usr/local/cuda-10.0/bin:$PATH"
export LD_LIBRARY_PATH="/usr/local/cuda-10.0/lib64:$LD_LIBRARY_PATH"

检测安装结果

在终端输入此命令并执行nvcc -V,若显示以下信息,则表示安装成功

nvcc: NVIDIA (R) Cuda compiler driver
Copyright (c) 2005-2018 NVIDIA Corporation
Built on Sat_Aug_25_21:08:01_CDT_2018
Cuda compilation tools, release 10.0, V10.0.130

检测是否能查询显卡信息

cd /usr/local/cuda-10.0/samples/1_Utilities/deviceQuery
sudo make && ./deviceQuery

显示信息示例

CUDA Device Query (Runtime API) version (CUDART static linking)

Detected 1 CUDA Capable device(s)

Device 0: "GeForce GTX 1080"
  CUDA Driver Version / Runtime Version          10.1 / 10.0
  CUDA Capability Major/Minor version number:    6.1
  Total amount of global memory:                 8118 MBytes (8511881216 bytes)
  (20) Multiprocessors, (128) CUDA Cores/MP:     2560 CUDA Cores
  GPU Max Clock rate:                            1734 MHz (1.73 GHz)
  Memory Clock rate:                             5005 Mhz
  Memory Bus Width:                              256-bit
  L2 Cache Size:                                 2097152 bytes
  Maximum Texture Dimension Size (x,y,z)         1D=(131072), 2D=(131072, 65536), 3D=(16384, 16384, 16384)
  Maximum Layered 1D Texture Size, (num) layers  1D=(32768), 2048 layers
  Maximum Layered 2D Texture Size, (num) layers  2D=(32768, 32768), 2048 layers
  Total amount of constant memory:               65536 bytes
  Total amount of shared memory per block:       49152 bytes
  Total number of registers available per block: 65536
  Warp size:                                     32
  Maximum number of threads per multiprocessor:  2048
  Maximum number of threads per block:           1024
  Max dimension size of a thread block (x,y,z): (1024, 1024, 64)
  Max dimension size of a grid size    (x,y,z): (2147483647, 65535, 65535)
  Maximum memory pitch:                          2147483647 bytes
  Texture alignment:                             512 bytes
  Concurrent copy and kernel execution:          Yes with 2 copy engine(s)
  Run time limit on kernels:                     Yes
  Integrated GPU sharing Host Memory:            No
  Support host page-locked memory mapping:       Yes
  Alignment requirement for Surfaces:            Yes
  Device has ECC support:                        Disabled
  Device supports Unified Addressing (UVA):      Yes
  Device supports Compute Preemption:            Yes
  Supports Cooperative Kernel Launch:            Yes
  Supports MultiDevice Co-op Kernel Launch:      Yes
  Device PCI Domain ID / Bus ID / location ID:   0 / 1 / 0
  Compute Mode:
     < Default (multiple host threads can use ::cudaSetDevice() with device simultaneously) >

deviceQuery, CUDA Driver = CUDART, CUDA Driver Version = 10.1, CUDA Runtime Version = 10.0, NumDevs = 1
Result = PASS

若最后显示Result = PASS,表明查询显卡信息成功
最后执行sudo make clean清除垃圾文件,并重启终端

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