C#使用SQLite数据库详解

 

转自:http://www.csharpwin.com/csharpspace/10437r5520.shtml

C#使用SQLite数据库详解

 

 

 

SQLite 是一个嵌入式的关系数据库系统,使用十分广泛。在一些数据量不大的应用程序中,如果使用SQLite可以极大的减少部署时的工作量。 要在C#中使用SQLite也很简单,只要找一个C#的wrapper就可以了,例如,我使用的就是来自

http://sqlite.phxsoftware.com/  的一个dll,System.Data.SQLite. 下载下来的文件是SQLite-1.0.65.0-setup.exe。只要安装一下就可以使用了,非常方便。该程序符合ADO.NET的规范,并且支持Visual Studio的可视化表设计器。

打开Visual Studio 2008,新建一个Console Application,为此项目添加System.Data.SQLite的引用。添加一个数据库连接,此时可以发现,新建连接中有了一个SQLite Database Connection,选择此类型的数据连接,并且新建一个文件,

test.db3. 接下来在新数据库中添加一张表,如下:

下面开始为此表建立一个Data Access类,以展示在C#中如何使用SQLite,可以想象,和操作其他数据库是几乎一样的,感谢ADO.NET的功劳。

首先是一个实体类 Book.cs:

public class Book
{
private int id;
private string bookName;
private decimal price;

public int ID
{
get { return id; }
set { id = value; }
}
public string BookName
{
get { return bookName; }
set { bookName = value; }
}
public decimal Price
{
get { return price; }
set { price = value; }
}
}

编写DAL类:

using System;
using System.Collections.Generic;
using System.Text;
using System.Data.SQLite;

namespace ConsoleApplication1
{
public class BookDAL
{
public static bool Create(Book book)
{
try
{
using (SQLiteConnection conn = new SQLiteConnection("Data Source=e://test.db3"))
{
conn.Open();
SQLiteCommand cmd
= conn.CreateCommand();
cmd.CommandText
= "insert into Book values(@ID,@BookName,@Price);";
cmd.Parameters.Add(
new SQLiteParameter("ID", book.ID));
cmd.Parameters.Add(
new SQLiteParameter("BookName", book.BookName));
cmd.Parameters.Add(
new SQLiteParameter("Price", book.Price));
int i = cmd.ExecuteNonQuery();
return i == 1;
}
}
catch (Exception)
{
//Do any logging operation here if necessary
return false;
}
}

public static bool Update(Book book)
{
try
{
using (SQLiteConnection conn = new SQLiteConnection("Data Source=e://test.db3"))
{
conn.Open();
SQLiteCommand cmd
= conn.CreateCommand();
cmd.CommandText
= "update Book set BookName=@BookName,Price=@Price where ID=@ID;";
cmd.Parameters.Add(
new SQLiteParameter("ID", book.ID));
cmd.Parameters.Add(
new SQLiteParameter("BookName", book.BookName));
cmd.Parameters.Add(
new SQLiteParameter("Price", book.Price));
int i = cmd.ExecuteNonQuery();
return i == 1;
}
}
catch (Exception)
{
//Do any logging operation here if necessary
return false;
}
}

public static bool Delete(int ID)
{
try
{
using (SQLiteConnection conn = new SQLiteConnection("Data Source=e://test.db3"))
{
conn.Open();
SQLiteCommand cmd
= conn.CreateCommand();
cmd.CommandText
= "delete from Book where ID=@ID;";
cmd.Parameters.Add(
new SQLiteParameter("ID", ID));
int i = cmd.ExecuteNonQuery();
return i == 1;
}
}
catch (Exception)
{
//Do any logging operation here if necessary
return false;
}
}

public static Book GetbyID(int ID)
{
try
{
using (SQLiteConnection conn = new SQLiteConnection("Data Source=e://test.db3"))
{
conn.Open();
SQLiteCommand cmd
= conn.CreateCommand();
cmd.CommandText
= "select * from Book where ID=@ID;";
cmd.Parameters.Add(
new SQLiteParameter("ID", ID));
SQLiteDataReader dr
= cmd.ExecuteReader();
if (dr.Read())
{
Book book
= new Book();
book.ID
= dr.GetInt32(0);
book.BookName
= dr.GetString(1);
book.Price
= dr.GetDecimal(2);
return book;
}
else
return null;
}
}
catch (Exception)
{
//Do any logging operation here if necessary
return null;
}
}
}
}

编写测试主程序:

using System;

namespace ConsoleApplication1
{
class Program
{
static void Main(string[] args)
{
Book book
= new Book();
book.ID
= 1;
book.BookName
= "Book A";
book.Price
= 10.0m;
BookDAL.Create(book);

book.ID
= 2;
book.BookName
= "第二本书";
book.Price
= 13.0m;
BookDAL.Create(book);

book
= BookDAL.GetbyID(2);
Console.WriteLine(book.ID
+ " " + book.BookName + " " + book.Price);

book.Price
= 11.1m;
BookDAL.Update(book);

book
= BookDAL.GetbyID(2);
Console.WriteLine(book.ID
+ " " + book.BookName + " " + book.Price);
book
= BookDAL.GetbyID(1);
Console.WriteLine(book.ID
+ " " + book.BookName + " " + book.Price);

}
}
}

最终结果:

2 第二本书 13
2 第二本书 11.1
1 Book A 10

 

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