Triangle (旋转卡壳求最大三角形面积)

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Given n distinct points on a plane, your task is to find the triangle that have the maximum area, whose vertices are from the given points.

Input

The input consists of several test cases. The first line of each test case contains an integer n, indicating the number of points on the plane. Each of the following n lines contains two integer xi and yi, indicating the ith points. The last line of the input is an integer −1, indicating the end of input, which should not be processed. You may assume that 1 <= n <= 50000 and −10 4 <= xi, yi <= 10 4 for all i = 1 . . . n.

Output

For each test case, print a line containing the maximum area, which contains two digits after the decimal point. You may assume that there is always an answer which is greater than zero.

Sample Input

3
3 4
2 6
2 7
5
2 6
3 9
2 0
8 0
6 5
-1

Sample Output

0.50
27.00

题意:

在二维平面上有n个点,每个的坐标已知,求能够成三角形的最大面积

思路:

找到包含这些点的最大凸包,最大三角形的三个顶点一定在凸包上,旋转卡壳求最大面积

#include<cstdio>
#include<cstring>
#include<cmath>
#include<algorithm>
using namespace std;
const int N = 50005;
struct Point{
	int x,y;
	Point(){
	}
	Point(int xx,int yy){
		x=xx;
		y=yy;
	}
}p[N];
Point operator-(const Point a,const Point b){
	return Point(a.x-b.x,a.y-b.y);
} 
int operator*(const Point a,const Point b){
	return a.x*b.y-a.y*b.x;
}
int cross(Point a,Point b,Point c){  //叉积 
	return (b-a)*(c-a);
}
int dis(Point a,Point b){
	int X=(a.x-b.x)*(a.x-b.x);
	int Y=(a.y-b.y)*(a.y-b.y);
    return X+Y;
}
bool judge(Point a,Point b){
	if(a.y==b.y) return a.x<b.x;
	return a.y<b.y;
}
bool cmp(Point b,Point c){  //极角排序 
	Point a=p[0];
	int ans=cross(a,b,c);
	if(ans==0) return dis(a,b)<dis(a,c);
	return ans>0;
}
int n,top,sta[N];
void solve(){  //求解最大凸包 
	int t=0;
	for(int i=1;i<n;i++)
	   if(judge(p[i],p[t])) t=i;
	swap(p[0],p[t]);
	sort(p+1,p+n,cmp);
	sta[0]=0;
	sta[1]=1;
	top=1;
	for(int i=2;i<n;i++){
		while(top&&cross(p[sta[top-1]],p[sta[top]],p[i])<0) top--;
		sta[++top]=i;
	}
	top++;
}
void RC(){   //旋转卡壳求最大三角面积 
	int ans=0;
	for(int i=0;i<top;i++){
		int down=(i+1)%top;
		int up=(down+1)%top;
		while(up!=i&&down!=i){
			ans=max(ans,abs(cross(p[sta[i]],p[sta[down]],p[sta[up]])));
//			printf("down:%d  up:%d ans:%d\n",sta[down],sta[up],ans);
			while(abs(cross(p[sta[i]],p[sta[down]],p[sta[up]]))<abs(cross(p[sta[i]],p[sta[down]],p[sta[(up+1)%top]])))
			up=(up+1)%top;
			down=(down+1)%top;
		}
	}
	printf("%.2f\n",0.5*ans);
}
int main(){
	while(~scanf("%d",&n)&&n!=-1){
		for(int i=0;i<n;i++){
			scanf("%d%d",&p[i].x,&p[i].y);
		}
		solve();
//		printf("top: %d\n",top);
		RC();
//        for(int i=0;i<top;i++)
//           printf("(%d,%d)\n",p[sta[i]].x,p[sta[i]].y);
	}
	return 0;
}

 

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