java线程扫描局域网ip简单方案

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import java.io.BufferedReader;   
import java.io.IOException;   
import java.io.InputStreamReader;   
import java.net.InetAddress;   
import java.net.UnknownHostException;   
import java.util.ArrayList;   
import java.util.Iterator;   
  
/**  
 * 使用java线程扫描局域网ip简单方案  
 * @author Administrator  
 *  
 */  
public class LanIP {   
       
    public static void main(String[] args) {   
        System.out.println("开始......");   
        LanIP ip = new LanIP();   
        ArrayList<String> list =  ip.getLanIPArrayList();   
        System.out.println("最后有多少个===>"+list.size());   
    }   
       
    public ArrayList<String> getLanIPArrayList() {   
        ArrayList<String> arrayIP = null;   
        try {   
            InitSystem initSystem = null;   
            initSystem = new InitSystem();   
            Thread thread = new Thread(initSystem);   
            thread.start();   
            thread.join();   
            arrayIP = initSystem.getArrayIPUsed();   
        } catch (UnknownHostException e) {   
            e.printStackTrace();   
        } catch (InterruptedException e) {   
            e.printStackTrace();   
        }   
        return arrayIP;   
    }   
  
    private class InitSystem implements Runnable {   
        private int firstIP = 2;// 查询的 IP 地址的最后一位起始点   
  
        private int lastIP = 255;// 查询的 IP 地址的最后一位结束点   
  
        private volatile ArrayList<Thread> arrayThread;// 子线程段   
  
        private final int MAXTHREADNUM = 30; // 最大同时进行的子线程数量   
  
        private int threadNumNow;// 当前正在进行的子线程数量   
  
        private volatile ArrayList<String> arrayIP;// 局域网查询所有可能的 IP 地址的结果集   
  
        private volatile ArrayList<String> arrayIPUsed;// 局域网查询已经使用的 IP 地址的结果集   
  
        private InitSystem(String ip) {   
            System.out.println("IP===>"+ip);   
            arrayIP = new ArrayList<String>();   
            arrayIPUsed = new ArrayList<String>();   
            arrayThread = new ArrayList<Thread>();   
            setIPAddressList(ip);   
        }   
  
        private InitSystem() throws UnknownHostException {   
            this(InetAddress.getLocalHost().getHostAddress());   
        }   
  
        private synchronized ArrayList<String> getArrayIPUsed() {   
            try {   
                System.out.println("getArrayIPUsed:  arrayIP.size===>"+arrayIP.size());   
                while (arrayIP.size() > 0) {   
                    Thread.sleep(300);   
                }   
            } catch (InterruptedException e) {   
                e.printStackTrace();   
            }   
            return arrayIPUsed;   
        }   
  
        private void setIPAddressList(String ip) {   
            // 根据这个 ip 地址查询它所在的局域网的所有可能 IP 地址的集合   
            int lastPointIndex = ip.lastIndexOf('.');   
            String stringIPHead = ip.substring(0, ++lastPointIndex);   
            System.out.println("stringIPHead===>"+stringIPHead);   
            String stringIP = null;   
            for (int i = firstIP; i <= lastIP; i++) {   
                stringIP = stringIPHead + i;   
                arrayIP.add(stringIP);   
            }   
            System.out.println("进放到这里...arrayIP的总个数:"+arrayIP.size());   
        }   
  
        public void run() {   
            synchronized (this) {   
                try {   
                    System.out.println("run()  arrayIP.size()===>"+arrayIP.size());   
                    System.out.println("run()  threadNumNow===>"+threadNumNow);   
                    System.out.println("arrayThread.size()"+arrayThread.size());   
                    while (arrayIP.size() > 0) {   
                        while (threadNumNow >= MAXTHREADNUM) {   
                            System.out.println("线程超出30,中止后面的...");   
                            for (Thread thread : arrayThread) {   
                                if (!thread.getState().equals(   
                                        Thread.State.TERMINATED)) {   
                                    thread.join(5);   
                                }   
                                --threadNumNow;   
                            }   
                            arrayThread = new ArrayList<Thread>();   
                        }   
                        Thread thread = new Thread(new InnerClass(arrayIP   
                                .remove(0)));   
                        thread.start();   
                        threadNumNow++;   
                        arrayThread.add(thread);   
                    }   
                } catch (Exception e) {   
                    e.printStackTrace();   
                }   
            }   
        }   
  
        private class InnerClass implements Runnable {   
            // 线程查询一个 IP 是否是可以连接的 是则加入到相应的 IP 数组   
            private String ip;   
  
            private InnerClass(String ip) {   
                System.out.println("InnerClass ip===>"+ip);   
                this.ip = ip;   
            }   
  
            private boolean isUsedIPAddress(String ip) {   
                System.out.println("isUsedIPAddress===>"+ip);   
                synchronized (this) {   
                    System.out.println("进入此地.....");   
                    // 判断这个 IP 地址在当前局域网中是否是可连接的 IP   
                    Process process = null;   
                    BufferedReader bufReader = null;   
                    String bufReadLineString = null;   
                    try {   
                        process = Runtime.getRuntime().exec(   
                                "ping " + ip + " -w 100 -n 1");   
                        bufReader = new BufferedReader(new InputStreamReader(   
                                process.getInputStream()));   
                        for (int i = 0; i < 6 && bufReader != null; i++) {   
                            bufReader.readLine();   
                        }   
                        bufReadLineString = bufReader.readLine();   
                        System.out.println("bufReadLineString===>"+bufReadLineString);   
                        if (bufReadLineString == null) {   
                            process.destroy();   
                            return false;   
                        }   
                        if (bufReadLineString.indexOf("timed out") > 0  
                                || bufReadLineString.length() < 17  
                                || bufReadLineString.indexOf("invalid") > 0) {   
                            process.destroy();   
                            return false;   
                        }   
                    } catch (IOException e) {   
                        e.printStackTrace();   
                    }   
                    process.destroy();   
                    return true;   
                }   
            }   
  
            public void run() {   
                synchronized (this) {   
                    if (isUsedIPAddress(ip)) {   
                        arrayIPUsed.add(ip);   
                    }   
                }   
            }   
        }   
    }   
}   

利用IP地址获得局域网计算机的名字、mac地址、工作组

System.out.println("192.168.1.187对应网卡的MAC是:");

NetworkInterface ne=NetworkInterface.getByInetAddress(InetAddress.getByName("192.168.1.187"));

byte[]mac=ne.getHardwareAddress();

String mac_s=hexByte(mac[0])+":"+hexByte(mac[1])+":"+ hexByte(mac[2])+":"+hexByte(mac[3])+":"+ hexByte(mac[4])+":"+hexByte(mac[5]);System.out.println(mac_s);

程序运行结果: 192.168.1.187对应网卡的MAC是: 00:0c:f1:20:75:58 
 
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