STM32移植 MQTT

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stm32移植mqtt

  1. 下载MQTT的库:Paho https://github.com/eclipse/paho.mqtt.embedded-c
  2. 将MQTTPacket\src目录下的文件添加到工程这里写图片描述
  3. MQTTPacket\samples下的transport.c、transport.h添加到工程。
    //接收数据,recv函数仅仅是copy数据,真正的接收数据是协议来完成的), recv函数返回其实际copy的字节数。
    int transport_getdata(unsigned char* buf, int count)
    {
        int rc = 0;
      u16 len = 0;
      u8 *data = 0;
        while(1)
        { 
            if(UART7_RX_STA&0X8000)     //接收到一次数据了
            {
                memcpy(buf, (void*)&UART7_RX_BUF[read_buf_len], count);
                read_buf_len += count;          
                break;
            }
            delay_ms(10);
        }
        return count;
    } 

在需要调用的地方实现订阅发布和读取订阅。

     //打开网络连接
    mysock = transport_open(host, port);
    if(mysock < 0)
        return mysock;
    printf("Sending to hostname %s port %d\n", host, port);
//现在将连接字符串格式化一下,现在还没有发送
    len = MQTTSerialize_connect(buf, buflen, &data);
    printf("%s",buf);
    //现在是数据的发送
    rc = transport_sendPacketBuffer(mysock, buf, len);
    /* 等待connack *///发送后接收服务器返回的数据,这里使用了一个函数的指针,要定义这个指针
    if (MQTTPacket_read(buf, buflen, transport_getdata) == CONNACK)//CONNACK – 确认连接请求
    {
        unsigned char sessionPresent, connack_rc
        if (MQTTDeserialize_connack(&sessionPresent, &connack_rc, buf, buflen) != 1 || connack_rc != 0)
        {
            printf("Unable to connect, return code %d\n", connack_rc);
            goto exit;
        }
    }
    else
        goto exit;
    /* 订阅 */
    topicString.cstring = "substopic";
    len = MQTTSerialize_subscribe(buf, buflen, 0, msgid, 1, &topicString, &req_qos);
    rc = transport_sendPacketBuffer(mysock, buf, len);
    //等待服务器答复
    //SUBACK 订阅确认 报文包含一个返回码清单, 它们指定了 SUBSCRIBE 请求的每个订阅被授予的最大 QoS 等级。
    if (MQTTPacket_read(buf, buflen, transport_getdata) == SUBACK)  /* 等待 suback */
    {
        unsigned short submsgid;
        int subcount;
        int granted_qos;
        rc = MQTTDeserialize_suback(&submsgid, 1, &subcount, &granted_qos, buf, buflen);
        if (granted_qos != 0)
        {
            printf("granted qos != 0, %d\n", granted_qos);
            goto exit;
        }
    }
    else
        goto exit;
    /* 循环获取消息 on subscribed topic */
//  topicString.cstring = "pubtopic";
//  while (1)
    {
        /* transport_getdata() has a built-in 1 second timeout,
        your mileage will vary */
        if (MQTTPacket_read(buf, buflen, transport_getdata) == PUBLISH)//qos 响应报文,当qos>0时才有响应
        {
            unsigned char dup;
            int qos;
            unsigned char retained;
            unsigned short msgid;
            int payloadlen_in;
            unsigned char* payload_in;
            int rc;
            MQTTString receivedTopic;
            rc = MQTTDeserialize_publish(&dup, &qos, &retained, &msgid, &receivedTopic,
                    &payload_in, &payloadlen_in, buf, buflen);
            printf("message arrived %.*s\n", payloadlen_in, payload_in); //消息到达
        }
        printf("publishing reading\n");//读取发布
     //下面两行是用来发布消息。这里发布,上面订阅,就形成了一个循环。
        len = MQTTSerialize_publish(buf, buflen, 0, 0, 0, 0, topicString, (unsigned char*)payload, payloadlen);
        rc = transport_sendPacketBuffer(mysock, buf, len);
        delay_ms(1000);
    }
    while(1)
    {
        len = MQTTSerialize_pingreq(buf, buflen);//发送心跳
        rc = transport_sendPacketBuffer(mysock, buf, len);//发送
        delay_s(55);
        printf("心跳");
    }
exit:
    transport_close(mysock); 
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