Kaggle竞赛题目之——Digit Recognizer

Classify handwritten digits using the famous MNIST data

This competition is the first in a series of tutorial competitions designed to introduce people to Machine Learning.

The goal in this competition is to take an image of a handwritten single digit, and determine what that digit is.  As the competition progresses, we will release tutorials which explain different machine learning algorithms and help you to get started.


The data for this competition were taken from the MNIST dataset. The MNIST ("Modified National Institute of Standards and Technology") dataset is a classic within the Machine Learning community that has been extensively studied.  More detail about the dataset, including Machine Learning algorithms that have been tried on it and their levels of success, can be found at http://yann.lecun.com/exdb/mnist/index.html.

题目链接:http://www.kaggle.com/c/digit-recognizer

手写体的数字识别

数据描述:http://www.kaggle.com/c/digit-recognizer/data

每张图片长宽分别是28个像素,每个像素用一个数字表示(介于0~255),所以每一张图片用28×28个数字来表示。训练数据包含一列label和784列像素值。测试数据没有label列。目的:对训练数据进行训练,得出模型,预测测试数据的label值。

下面将图片由像素值还原为实际的图片,使用ipython notebook:

In [1]:
pwd
C:\Users\zhaohf\Desktop
In [5]:
cd ../../../workspace/kaggle/DigitRecognizer/Data/
C:\workspace\kaggle\DigitRecognizer\Data
In [6]:
ls
 驱动器 C 中的卷是 OS
 卷的序列号是 6C93-0DF3

 C:\workspace\kaggle\DigitRecognizer\Data 的目录

2015/01/15  16:04    <DIR>          .
2015/01/15  16:04    <DIR>          ..
2014/12/28  15:06           240,909 rf_benchmark.csv
2015/01/15  16:04        51,118,294 test.csv
2014/12/28  15:06        51,118,296 test.csv.bak
2014/12/28  15:06        76,775,041 train.csv
               4 个文件    179,252,540 字节
               2 个目录 105,536,135,168 可用字节
In [7]:
import pandas as pd
df = pd.read_csv('train.csv',header=0).head() #只要前5行
In [8]:
df
Out[8]:
  label pixel0 pixel1 pixel2 pixel3 pixel4 pixel5 pixel6 pixel7 pixel8 ... pixel774 pixel775 pixel776 pixel777 pixel778 pixel779 pixel780 pixel781 pixel782 pixel783
0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 ... 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 ... 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
2 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 ... 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
3 4 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 ... 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
4 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 ... 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0

5 rows × 785 columns

In [9]:
df['label']
Out[9]:
0    1
1    0
2    1
3    4
4    0
Name: label, dtype: int64
In [14]:
df = df.ix[:,'pixel0':] #去除label列
In [15]:
df
Out[15]:
  pixel0 pixel1 pixel2 pixel3 pixel4 pixel5 pixel6 pixel7 pixel8 pixel9 ... pixel774 pixel775 pixel776 pixel777 pixel778 pixel779 pixel780 pixel781 pixel782 pixel783
0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 ... 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 ... 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
2 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 ... 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
3 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 ... 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
4 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 ... 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0

5 rows × 784 columns

In [21]:
%matplotlib inline
import matplotlib.pyplot as plt
for i in range(df.shape[0]):
    img = df.ix[i].values.reshape((28,28))
    plt.subplot(2,5,i+1)
    plt.imshow(img)


下面是采用随机森林进行训练和预测:

import numpy as np
from sklearn.ensemble import RandomForestClassifier
from numpy import savetxt,loadtxt

train = loadtxt('../Data/train.csv', delimiter=',',skiprows=1)
X_train = np.array([x[1:] for x in train])
print X_train.shape
Y_train = np.array([x[0] for x in train])
print Y_train.shape
X_test = loadtxt('../Data/test.csv', delimiter=',',skiprows=1)
print X_test.shape
print 'Training...'
rf = RandomForestClassifier(n_estimators=100)
print 'Predicting...'
rf_model = rf.fit(X_train,Y_train)
pred = [[index+1,x] for index,x in enumerate(rf_model.predict(X_test))]
savetxt('../Submissions/myrf_benchmark.csv',pred,delimiter=',',fmt='%d,%d',header='ImageId,Label',comments='')
print 'Done.'

第一次提交结果:


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