WPF实现TextBox输入文字后自动弹出数据(类似百度的输入框)

1. 创建一个继承至Canvas的控件,并命名为WPFAutoCompleteTextbox

2. 在WPFAutoCompleteTextbox.cs中增加以下代码

using System;
using System.Collections.Generic;
using System.Collections.ObjectModel;
using System.ComponentModel;
using System.Linq;
using System.Text;
using System.Windows;
using System.Windows.Controls;
using System.Windows.Data;
using System.Windows.Documents;
using System.Windows.Input;
using System.Windows.Media;
using System.Windows.Media.Imaging;
using System.Windows.Navigation;
using System.Windows.Shapes;

namespace WPFAutoCompleteTextbox
{
    /// <summary>
    /// Interaction logic for AutoCompleteTextBox.xaml
    /// </summary>    
    public partial class AutoCompleteTextBox : Canvas
    {
        #region Members
        private VisualCollection controls;
        private TextBox textBox;
        private ComboBox comboBox;
        private ObservableCollection<AutoCompleteEntry> autoCompletionList;
        private System.Timers.Timer keypressTimer;
        private delegate void TextChangedCallback();
        private bool insertText;
        private int delayTime;
        private int searchThreshold;
        #endregion

        #region Constructor
        public AutoCompleteTextBox()
        {
            controls = new VisualCollection(this);
            InitializeComponent();

            autoCompletionList = new ObservableCollection<AutoCompleteEntry>();
            searchThreshold = 2;        // default threshold to 2 char

            // set up the key press timer
            keypressTimer = new System.Timers.Timer();
            keypressTimer.Elapsed += new System.Timers.ElapsedEventHandler(OnTimedEvent);

            // set up the text box and the combo box
            comboBox = new ComboBox();
            comboBox.IsSynchronizedWithCurrentItem = true;
            comboBox.IsTabStop = false;
            comboBox.SelectionChanged += new SelectionChangedEventHandler(comboBox_SelectionChanged);

            textBox = new TextBox();
            textBox.TextChanged += new TextChangedEventHandler(textBox_TextChanged);
            textBox.VerticalContentAlignment = VerticalAlignment.Center;

            controls.Add(comboBox);
            controls.Add(textBox);
        }
        #endregion

        #region Methods
        public string Text
        {
            get { return textBox.Text; }
            set 
            {
                insertText = true;
                textBox.Text = value; 
            }
        }

        public int DelayTime
        {
            get { return delayTime; }
            set { delayTime = value; }
        }

        public int Threshold
        {
            get { return searchThreshold; }
            set { searchThreshold = value; }
        }

        public void AddItem(AutoCompleteEntry entry)
        {
            autoCompletionList.Add(entry);
        }

        private void comboBox_SelectionChanged(object sender, SelectionChangedEventArgs e)
        {
            if (null != comboBox.SelectedItem)
            {
                insertText = true;
                ComboBoxItem cbItem = (ComboBoxItem)comboBox.SelectedItem;
                textBox.Text = cbItem.Content.ToString();
            }
        }

        private void TextChanged()
        {
            try
            {
                comboBox.Items.Clear();
                if (textBox.Text.Length >= searchThreshold)
                {
                    foreach (AutoCompleteEntry entry in autoCompletionList)
                    {
                        foreach (string word in entry.KeywordStrings)
                        {
                            if (word.StartsWith(textBox.Text, StringComparison.CurrentCultureIgnoreCase))
                            {
                                ComboBoxItem cbItem = new ComboBoxItem();
                                cbItem.Content = entry.ToString();
                                comboBox.Items.Add(cbItem);
                                break;
                            }
                        }
                    }
                    comboBox.IsDropDownOpen = comboBox.HasItems;
                }
                else
                {
                    comboBox.IsDropDownOpen = false;
                }
            }
            catch { }
        }

        private void OnTimedEvent(object source, System.Timers.ElapsedEventArgs e)
        {
            keypressTimer.Stop();
            Dispatcher.BeginInvoke(System.Windows.Threading.DispatcherPriority.Normal,
                new TextChangedCallback(this.TextChanged));
        }

        private void textBox_TextChanged(object sender, TextChangedEventArgs e)
        {
            // text was not typed, do nothing and consume the flag
            if (insertText == true) insertText = false;
            
            // if the delay time is set, delay handling of text changed
            else
            {
                if (delayTime > 0)
                {
                    keypressTimer.Interval = delayTime;
                    keypressTimer.Start();
                }
                else TextChanged();
            }
        }

        protected override Size ArrangeOverride(Size arrangeSize)
        {
            textBox.Arrange(new Rect(arrangeSize));
            comboBox.Arrange(new Rect(arrangeSize));
            return base.ArrangeOverride(arrangeSize);
        }

        protected override Visual GetVisualChild(int index)
        {
            return controls[index];
        }

        protected override int VisualChildrenCount
        {
            get { return controls.Count; }
        }
        #endregion
    }
}

3. 在WPFAutoCompleteTextbox.xaml中增加以下代码
<Canvas x:Class="WPFAutoCompleteTextbox.AutoCompleteTextBox"
    xmlns="http://schemas.microsoft.com/winfx/2006/xaml/presentation"
    xmlns:x="http://schemas.microsoft.com/winfx/2006/xaml">
</Canvas>

4. 使用创建的WPFAutoCompleteTextbox,新建一个WPF工程,在Windows1.xaml中按以下代码编写
<Window x:Class="WPFAutoCompleteTextbox.Window1"
    xmlns="http://schemas.microsoft.com/winfx/2006/xaml/presentation"
    xmlns:x="http://schemas.microsoft.com/winfx/2006/xaml"
    xmlns:local="clr-namespace:WPFAutoCompleteTextbox"        
    Title="WPF AutoCompleteTextBox" Height="200" Width="300">
    <StackPanel Background="SteelBlue">
        <Button Name="button1" Height="23" Width="75" Margin="20" Click="button1_Click" HorizontalAlignment="Left">Clear</Button>
        <local:AutoCompleteTextBox Height="23" Width="240" x:Name="textBox1" DelayTime="500" Threshold="2"/>
    </StackPanel>
</Window>

5. 在Windows1.cs中按以下代码编写
using System;
using System.Collections.Generic;
using System.Linq;
using System.Text;
using System.Windows;
using System.Windows.Controls;
using System.Windows.Data;
using System.Windows.Documents;
using System.Windows.Input;
using System.Windows.Media;
using System.Windows.Media.Imaging;
using System.Windows.Navigation;
using System.Windows.Shapes;

namespace WPFAutoCompleteTextbox
{
    /// <summary>
    /// Interaction logic for Window1.xaml
    /// </summary>
    public partial class Window1 : Window
    {
        public Window1()
        {
            InitializeComponent();
            textBox1.AddItem(new AutoCompleteEntry("Toyota Camry", "Toyota Camry", "camry", "car", "sedan"));
            textBox1.AddItem(new AutoCompleteEntry("Toyota Corolla", "Toyota Corolla", "corolla", "car", "compact"));
            textBox1.AddItem(new AutoCompleteEntry("Toyota Tundra", "Toyota Tundra", "tundra", "truck"));
            textBox1.AddItem(new AutoCompleteEntry("Chevy Impala", null));  // null matching string will default with just the name
            textBox1.AddItem(new AutoCompleteEntry("Chevy Tahoe", "Chevy Tahoe", "tahoe", "truck", "SUV"));
            textBox1.AddItem(new AutoCompleteEntry("Chevrolet Malibu", "Chevrolet Malibu", "malibu", "car", "sedan"));
        }

        private void button1_Click(object sender, RoutedEventArgs e)
        {
            textBox1.Text = string.Empty;
        }
    }
}

6. 编译工程,哈哈,看到效果了吧



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