SpringBoot笔记(十二)Spring-Security

版权声明:本文为博主原创文章,未经博主允许不得转载。 https://blog.csdn.net/lftaoyuan/article/details/80074210

Spring-Security是SpringBoot推荐的安全框架,配置简单,功能强大。

依赖

<dependency>
    <groupId>org.springframework.boot</groupId>
    <artifactId>spring-boot-starter-security</artifactId>
</dependency>

Controller

@RestController
@EnableWebSecurity
public class Controller {

    @GetMapping()
    public String Main(){
        return "Hello Spring-Security!!!";
    }

}

配置:用户名密码

spring.security.user.name=taoyuan
spring.security.user.password=123456

默认用户名user,密码随机分配会打印在日志中

进入设定的url中,并不是直接显示Hello Spring-Security!!!,而是一个登录页,输入设定的用户名密码才会进入到真正的首页。

然而在实际开发中,涉及到安全方面的问题,一般不太会用默认,所以要自定义

创建配置类

package com.jiataoyuan.demo.springsecurity.config;

import org.springframework.context.annotation.Configuration;
import org.springframework.security.config.annotation.authentication.builders.AuthenticationManagerBuilder;
import org.springframework.security.config.annotation.web.builders.HttpSecurity;
import org.springframework.security.config.annotation.web.configuration.EnableWebSecurity;
import org.springframework.security.config.annotation.web.configuration.WebSecurityConfigurerAdapter;

/**
 * @author TaoYuan
 * @version V1.0.0
 * @date 2018/4/21 0021
 * @description WebSecurityConfigurerAdapter是security提供用于更改默认配置
 * 实现configure方法可完成配置
 */
@Configuration
@EnableWebSecurity
public class SecurityConfig extends WebSecurityConfigurerAdapter {
    /**定义认证用户信息获取来源,密码校验规则等*/
//    @Override
//    protected void configure(AuthenticationManagerBuilder auth) throws Exception {
//        //inMemoryAuthentication 从内存中获取
////        auth.inMemoryAuthentication().withUser("test").password("123456").roles("USER");
//
//        //jdbcAuthentication从数据库中获取,但是默认是以security提供的表结构
//        //usersByUsernameQuery 指定查询用户SQL
//        //authoritiesByUsernameQuery 指定查询权限SQL
////        auth.jdbcAuthentication().dataSource(dataSource).usersByUsernameQuery(query).authoritiesByUsernameQuery(query);
//
//        //注入userDetailsService,需要实现userDetailsService接口
//        //auth.userDetailsService(userDetailsService);
//    }

    /**定义安全策略*/
    @Override
    protected void configure(HttpSecurity http) throws Exception {
        String[] patterns = {"/", "/no-check"};
        http.authorizeRequests()//配置安全策略
                .antMatchers(patterns).permitAll()//定义不需要验证接口,String[]
                .anyRequest().authenticated()//其余的所有请求都需要验证
                .and()
                .logout()
                .permitAll()//定义logout不需要验证
                .and()
                .formLogin();//使用form表单登录
    }

}

controller

package com.jiataoyuan.demo.springsecurity.controller;

import org.springframework.security.config.annotation.web.configuration.EnableWebSecurity;
import org.springframework.web.bind.annotation.GetMapping;
import org.springframework.web.bind.annotation.RequestMapping;
import org.springframework.web.bind.annotation.RestController;

/**
 * @author TaoYuan
 * @version V1.0.0
 * @date 2018/4/21 0021
 * @description description
 */
@RestController
@EnableWebSecurity
public class Controller {

    @GetMapping()
    public String Main(){
        return "Hello Spring-Security!!!";
    }

    @RequestMapping("/check")
    public String Check() {
        return "验证通过";
    }

    @RequestMapping("/no-check")
    public String noCheck() {
        return "不验证";
    }

}

运行试试吧

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