spring boot实战(第十二篇)整合RabbitMQ

前言

本篇主要讲述Spring Boot与RabbitMQ的整合,内容非常简单,纯API的调用操作。 操作之间需要加入依赖Jar

			<dependency>
			<groupId>org.springframework.boot</groupId>
			<artifactId>spring-boot-starter-amqp</artifactId>
		</dependency>

消息生产者

不论是创建消息消费者或生产者都需要ConnectionFactory


ConnectionFactory配置

创建AmqpConfig文件AmqpConfig.java(后期的配置都在该文件中)

@Configuration
public class AmqpConfig {

    public static final String EXCHANGE   = "spring-boot-exchange";
    public static final String ROUTINGKEY = "spring-boot-routingKey";

    @Bean
    public ConnectionFactory connectionFactory() {
        CachingConnectionFactory connectionFactory = new CachingConnectionFactory();
        connectionFactory.setAddresses("127.0.0.1:5672");
        connectionFactory.setUsername("guest");
        connectionFactory.setPassword("guest");
        connectionFactory.setVirtualHost("/");
        connectionFactory.setPublisherConfirms(true); //必须要设置
        return connectionFactory;
    }
}

这里需要显示调用
 connectionFactory.setPublisherConfirms(true);
才能进行消息的回调。


RabbitTemplate

通过使用RabbitTemplate来对开发者提供API操作

    @Bean
    @Scope(ConfigurableBeanFactory.SCOPE_PROTOTYPE)
    //必须是prototype类型
    public RabbitTemplate rabbitTemplate() {
        RabbitTemplate template = new RabbitTemplate(connectionFactory());
        return template;
    }
这里设置为原型,具体的原因在后面会讲到

  在发送消息时通过调用RabbitTemplate中的如下方法
public void convertAndSend(String exchange, String routingKey, final Object object, CorrelationData correlationData)
  • exchange:交换机名称
  • routingKey:路由关键字

  • object:发送的消息内容

  • correlationData:消息ID


因此生产者代码详单简洁

Send.java

@Component
public class Send  {

    private RabbitTemplate rabbitTemplate;

    /**
     * 构造方法注入
     */
    @Autowired
    public Send(RabbitTemplate rabbitTemplate) {
        this.rabbitTemplate = rabbitTemplate;
    }

    public void sendMsg(String content) {
        CorrelationData correlationId = new CorrelationData(UUID.randomUUID().toString());
        rabbitTemplate.convertAndSend(AmqpConfig.EXCHANGE, AmqpConfig.ROUTINGKEY, content, correlationId);
    }

     
}


如果需要在生产者需要消息发送后的回调,需要对rabbitTemplate设置ConfirmCallback对象,由于不同的生产者需要对应不同的ConfirmCallback,如果rabbitTemplate设置为单例bean,则所有的rabbitTemplate

实际的ConfirmCallback为最后一次申明的ConfirmCallback。

下面给出完整的生产者代码:

package com.lkl.springboot.amqp;

import java.util.UUID;

import org.springframework.amqp.rabbit.core.RabbitTemplate;
import org.springframework.amqp.rabbit.support.CorrelationData;
import org.springframework.beans.factory.annotation.Autowired;
import org.springframework.stereotype.Component;

/**
 * 消息生产者
 * 
 * @author liaokailin
 * @version $Id: Send.java, v 0.1 2015年11月01日 下午4:22:25 liaokailin Exp $
 */
@Component
public class Send implements RabbitTemplate.ConfirmCallback {

    private RabbitTemplate rabbitTemplate;

    /**
     * 构造方法注入
     */
    @Autowired
    public Send(RabbitTemplate rabbitTemplate) {
        this.rabbitTemplate = rabbitTemplate;
        rabbitTemplate.setConfirmCallback(this); //rabbitTemplate如果为单例的话,那回调就是最后设置的内容
    }

    public void sendMsg(String content) {
        CorrelationData correlationId = new CorrelationData(UUID.randomUUID().toString());
        rabbitTemplate.convertAndSend(AmqpConfig.EXCHANGE, AmqpConfig.ROUTINGKEY, content, correlationId);
    }

    /**
     * 回调
     */
    @Override
    public void confirm(CorrelationData correlationData, boolean ack, String cause) {
        System.out.println(" 回调id:" + correlationData);
        if (ack) {
            System.out.println("消息成功消费");
        } else {
            System.out.println("消息消费失败:" + cause);
        }
    }

}

消息消费者

消费者负责申明交换机(生产者也可以申明)、队列、两者的绑定操作。

交换机

/**
     * 针对消费者配置
        FanoutExchange: 将消息分发到所有的绑定队列,无routingkey的概念
        HeadersExchange :通过添加属性key-value匹配
        DirectExchange:按照routingkey分发到指定队列
        TopicExchange:多关键字匹配
     */
    @Bean
    public DirectExchange defaultExchange() {
        return new DirectExchange(EXCHANGE);
    }

在Spring Boot中交换机继承AbstractExchange类


队列


@Bean
    public Queue queue() {
        return new Queue("spring-boot-queue", true); //队列持久

    }

绑定

  @Bean
    public Binding binding() {
        return BindingBuilder.bind(queue()).to(defaultExchange()).with(AmqpConfig.ROUTINGKEY);
    }

完成以上工作后,在spring boot中通过消息监听容器实现消息的监听,在消息到来时执行回调操作。

消息消费

  @Bean
    public SimpleMessageListenerContainer messageContainer() {
        SimpleMessageListenerContainer container = new SimpleMessageListenerContainer(connectionFactory());
        container.setQueues(queue());
        container.setExposeListenerChannel(true);
        container.setMaxConcurrentConsumers(1);
        container.setConcurrentConsumers(1);
        container.setAcknowledgeMode(AcknowledgeMode.MANUAL); //设置确认模式手工确认
        container.setMessageListener(new ChannelAwareMessageListener() {

            @Override
            public void onMessage(Message message, Channel channel) throws Exception {
                byte[] body = message.getBody();
                System.out.println("receive msg : " + new String(body));
                channel.basicAck(message.getMessageProperties().getDeliveryTag(), false); //确认消息成功消费
            }
        });
        return container;
    }

下面给出完整的配置文件:
package com.lkl.springboot.amqp;

import org.springframework.amqp.core.AcknowledgeMode;
import org.springframework.amqp.core.Binding;
import org.springframework.amqp.core.BindingBuilder;
import org.springframework.amqp.core.DirectExchange;
import org.springframework.amqp.core.Message;
import org.springframework.amqp.core.Queue;
import org.springframework.amqp.rabbit.connection.CachingConnectionFactory;
import org.springframework.amqp.rabbit.connection.ConnectionFactory;
import org.springframework.amqp.rabbit.core.ChannelAwareMessageListener;
import org.springframework.amqp.rabbit.core.RabbitTemplate;
import org.springframework.amqp.rabbit.listener.SimpleMessageListenerContainer;
import org.springframework.beans.factory.config.ConfigurableBeanFactory;
import org.springframework.context.annotation.Bean;
import org.springframework.context.annotation.Configuration;
import org.springframework.context.annotation.Scope;

import com.rabbitmq.client.Channel;

/**
 * Qmqp Rabbitmq
 * 
 * http://docs.spring.io/spring-amqp/docs/1.4.5.RELEASE/reference/html/
 * 
 * @author lkl
 * @version $Id: AmqpConfig.java, v 0.1 2015年11月01日 下午2:05:37 lkl Exp $
 */

@Configuration
public class AmqpConfig {

    public static final String EXCHANGE   = "spring-boot-exchange";
    public static final String ROUTINGKEY = "spring-boot-routingKey";

    @Bean
    public ConnectionFactory connectionFactory() {
        CachingConnectionFactory connectionFactory = new CachingConnectionFactory();
        connectionFactory.setAddresses("127.0.0.1:5672");
        connectionFactory.setUsername("guest");
        connectionFactory.setPassword("guest");
        connectionFactory.setVirtualHost("/");
        connectionFactory.setPublisherConfirms(true); //必须要设置
        return connectionFactory;
    }

    @Bean
    @Scope(ConfigurableBeanFactory.SCOPE_PROTOTYPE)
    //必须是prototype类型
    public RabbitTemplate rabbitTemplate() {
        RabbitTemplate template = new RabbitTemplate(connectionFactory());
        return template;
    }

    /**
     * 针对消费者配置
     * 1. 设置交换机类型
     * 2. 将队列绑定到交换机
     * 
     * 
        FanoutExchange: 将消息分发到所有的绑定队列,无routingkey的概念
        HeadersExchange :通过添加属性key-value匹配
        DirectExchange:按照routingkey分发到指定队列
        TopicExchange:多关键字匹配
     */
    @Bean
    public DirectExchange defaultExchange() {
        return new DirectExchange(EXCHANGE);
    }

    @Bean
    public Queue queue() {
        return new Queue("spring-boot-queue", true); //队列持久

    }

    @Bean
    public Binding binding() {
        return BindingBuilder.bind(queue()).to(defaultExchange()).with(AmqpConfig.ROUTINGKEY);
    }

    @Bean
    public SimpleMessageListenerContainer messageContainer() {
        SimpleMessageListenerContainer container = new SimpleMessageListenerContainer(connectionFactory());
        container.setQueues(queue());
        container.setExposeListenerChannel(true);
        container.setMaxConcurrentConsumers(1);
        container.setConcurrentConsumers(1);
        container.setAcknowledgeMode(AcknowledgeMode.MANUAL); //设置确认模式手工确认
        container.setMessageListener(new ChannelAwareMessageListener() {

            @Override
            public void onMessage(Message message, Channel channel) throws Exception {
                byte[] body = message.getBody();
                System.out.println("receive msg : " + new String(body));
                channel.basicAck(message.getMessageProperties().getDeliveryTag(), false); //确认消息成功消费
            }
        });
        return container;
    }

}


以上完成 Spring Boot与RabbitMQ的整合 


自动配置

在Spring Boot中实现了RabbitMQ的自动配置,在配置文件中添加如下配置信息
spring.rabbitmq.host=localhost
spring.rabbitmq.port=5672
spring.rabbitmq.username=test
spring.rabbitmq.password=test
spring.rabbitmq.virtualHost=test

后会自动创建ConnectionFactory以及RabbitTemplate对应Bean,为什么上面我们还需要手动什么呢?

自动创建的ConnectionFactory无法完成事件的回调,即没有设置下面的代码
connectionFactory.setPublisherConfirms(true);

具体分析见后续文章的源码解读.

转载请注明 
http://blog.csdn.net/liaokailin/article/details/48186331

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