Ubuntu16.04 Mysql离线安装

参考文章:https://www.cnblogs.com/tabCtrlShift/p/6564002.html

某部署环境,因网络限制无法直接访问外网,所以只能手动下载安装包方式进行mysql安装。参考文章中仍有使用apt-get命令安装依赖的部分,所以补充部分缺失依赖的离线安装过程。

操作系统版本:

No LSB modules are available.
Distributor ID:	Ubuntu
Description:	Ubuntu 16.04.2 LTS
Release:	16.04
Codename:	xenial

一 mysql下载

mysql官网-->download-->社区版,https://dev.mysql.com/downloads/mysql/,选择对应操作系统版本的mysql安装文件,如下,


下载mysql-server_8.0.11-1ubuntu16.04_amd64.deb-bundle.tar,完成后上传至安装机器。

tar -xf mysql-server_5.7.22-1ubuntu16.04_amd64.deb-bundle.tar命令解压,得到如下安装包:

-rw-r--r-- 1 xxx  xxx  1192920 Mar  4 21:37 libmysqlclient-dev_5.7.22-1ubuntu16.04_amd64.deb
-rw-r--r-- 1 xxx  xxx   839962 Mar  4 21:37 libmysqlclient20_5.7.22-1ubuntu16.04_amd64.deb
-rw-r--r-- 1 xxx xxx  17546554 Mar  4 21:37 libmysqld-dev_5.7.22-1ubuntu16.04_amd64.deb
-rw-r--r-- 1 xxx xxx  12322 Mar  4 21:37 mysql-client_5.7.22-1ubuntu16.04_amd64.deb
-rw-r--r-- 1 xxx xxx  15180 Mar  4 21:37 mysql-common_5.7.22-1ubuntu16.04_amd64.deb
-rw-r--r-- 1 xxx  xxx  7856138 Mar  4 21:37 mysql-community-client_5.7.22-1ubuntu16.04_amd64.deb
-rw-r--r-- 1 xxx  xxx  25396182 Mar  4 21:37 mysql-community-server_5.7.22-1ubuntu16.04_amd64.deb
-rw-r--r-- 1 xxx  xxx  48738976 Mar  4 21:37 mysql-community-source_5.7.22-1ubuntu16.04_amd64.deb
-rw-r--r-- 1 xxx  xxx  23857528 Mar  4 21:37 mysql-community-test_5.7.22-1ubuntu16.04_amd64.deb
-rw-r--r-- 1 xxx  xxx  12318 Mar  4 21:37 mysql-server_5.7.22-1ubuntu16.04_amd64.deb
-rw-r--r-- 1 xxx  xxx  12328 Mar  4 21:37 mysql-testsuite_5.7.22-1ubuntu16.04_amd64.deb

依次执行下面命令进行安装:

 sudo dpkg -i mysql-common_5.7.22-1ubuntu16.04_amd64.deb
 sudo dpkg-preconfigure mysql-community-server_5.7.22-1ubuntu16.04_amd64.deb
 sudo dpkg -i libmysqlclient20_5.7.22-1ubuntu16.04_amd64.deb
 sudo dpkg -i libmysqlclient-dev_5.7.22-1ubuntu16.04_amd64.deb
 sudo dpkg -i libmysqld-dev_5.7.22-1ubuntu16.04_amd64.deb

 sudo dpkg -i libc6_2.19-0ubuntu6_amd64.deb
 sudo dpkg -i libaio1_0.3.110-2_amd64.deb

 sudo dpkg -i mysql-community-client_5.7.22-1ubuntu16.04_amd64.deb
 sudo dpkg -i mysql-client_5.7.22-1ubuntu16.04_amd64.deb
 sudo dpkg -i mysql-common_5.7.22-1ubuntu16.04_amd64.deb
 sudo dpkg -i libmecab2_0.996-1.2ubuntu1_amd64.deb
 sudo dpkg -i mysql-community-server_5.7.22-1ubuntu16.04_amd64.deb
其中,
libc6_2.19-0ubuntu6_amd64.deb   libaio1_0.3.110-2_amd64.deb  libmecab2_0.996-1.2ubuntu1_amd64.deb

是安装过程中依赖的包,这个根据实际安装环境不同可能会有不同的错误提示,只要按照错误日志提示,下载依赖包,并使用dpkg -i命令执行安装就可以解决。依赖包的下载,可在https://pkgs.org/上寻找,选择自己的系统版本即可。以libaio1为例:

缺失依赖包提示日志:

:~/environments$ sudo dpkg -i mysql-community-client_5.7.22-1ubuntu16.04_amd64.deb 
Selecting previously unselected package mysql-community-client.
(Reading database ... 70413 files and directories currently installed.)
Preparing to unpack mysql-community-client_5.7.22-1ubuntu16.04_amd64.deb ...
Unpacking mysql-community-client (5.7.22-1ubuntu16.04) ...
dpkg: dependency problems prevent configuration of mysql-community-client:
 mysql-community-client depends on libaio1 (>= 0.3.93); however:
  Package libaio1 is not installed.

dpkg: error processing package mysql-community-client (--install):
 dependency problems - leaving unconfigured
Processing triggers for man-db (2.7.5-1) ...
Errors were encountered while processing:
 mysql-community-client

https://pkgs.org/download/libaio1 



mysql server安装过程中会提示输入root用户密码,待所有安装完成后,使用命令登陆即可。如密码设置为123456

mysql -uroot -p123456



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