GridView用法

原创 2007年10月11日 15:59:00
GridView无代码分页排序
GridView选中,编辑,取消,删除
GridView正反双向排序
GridView和下拉菜单DropDownList结合
GridView和CheckBox结合
鼠标移到GridView某一行时改变该行的背景色方法一
鼠标移到GridView某一行时改变该行的背景色方法二
GridView实现删除时弹出确认对话框
GridView实现自动编号
GridView实现自定义时间货币等字符串格式
GridView实现用“...”代替超长字符串
GridView一般换行与强制换行
GridView显示隐藏某一列
GridView弹出新页面/弹出新窗口
GridView固定表头(不用javascript只用CSS,2行代码,很好用)
GridView合并表头多重表头无错完美版(以合并3列3行举例)
GridView突出显示某一单元格(例如金额低于多少,分数不及格等)
GridView加入自动求和求平均值小计
GridView数据导入Excel/Excel数据读入GridView

1.GridView无代码分页排序

效果图:

1.AllowSorting设为True,aspx代码中是AllowSorting="True";
2.默认1页10条,如果要修改每页条数,修改PageSize即可,在aspx代码中是PageSize="12"。
3.默认的是单向排序的,右击GridView弹出“属性”,选择AllowSorting为True即可。


2.GridView选中,编辑,取消,删除:

效果图:

后台代码:
你可以使用sqlhelper,本文没用。代码如下:
using System;
using System.Data;
using System.Configuration;
using System.Web;
using System.Web.Security;
using System.Web.UI;
using System.Web.UI.WebControls;
using System.Web.UI.WebControls.WebParts;
using System.Web.UI.HtmlControls;
using System.Data.SqlClient;

public partial class _Default : System.Web.UI.Page
{

//清清月儿http://blog.csdn.net/21aspnet
     SqlConnection sqlcon;
     SqlCommand sqlcom;
     string strCon = "Data Source=(local);Database=数据库名;Uid=帐号;Pwd=密码";
     protected void Page_Load(object sender, EventArgs e)
     {
         if (!IsPostBack)
         {
             bind();
         }
     }
     protected void GridView1_RowEditing(object sender, GridViewEditEventArgs e)
     {
         GridView1.EditIndex = e.NewEditIndex;
         bind();
     }

//删除
     protected void GridView1_RowDeleting(object sender, GridViewDeleteEventArgs e)
     {
         string sqlstr = "delete from 表 where id='" + GridView1.DataKeys[e.RowIndex].Value.ToString() + "'";
         sqlcon = new SqlConnection(strCon);
         sqlcom = new SqlCommand(sqlstr,sqlcon);
         sqlcon.Open();
         sqlcom.ExecuteNonQuery();
         sqlcon.Close();
         bind();
     }

//更新
     protected void GridView1_RowUpdating(object sender, GridViewUpdateEventArgs e)
     {
         sqlcon = new SqlConnection(strCon);
         string sqlstr = "update 表 set 字段1='"
             + ((TextBox)(GridView1.Rows[e.RowIndex].Cells[1].Controls[0])).Text.ToString().Trim() + "',字段2='"
             + ((TextBox)(GridView1.Rows[e.RowIndex].Cells[2].Controls[0])).Text.ToString().Trim() + "',字段3='"
             + ((TextBox)(GridView1.Rows[e.RowIndex].Cells[3].Controls[0])).Text.ToString().Trim() + "' where id='"
             + GridView1.DataKeys[e.RowIndex].Value.ToString() + "'";
         sqlcom=new SqlCommand(sqlstr,sqlcon);
         sqlcon.Open();
         sqlcom.ExecuteNonQuery();
         sqlcon.Close();
         GridView1.EditIndex = -1;
         bind();
     }

//取消
     protected void GridView1_RowCancelingEdit(object sender, GridViewCancelEditEventArgs e)
     {
         GridView1.EditIndex = -1;
         bind();
     }

//绑定
     public void bind()
     {
         string sqlstr = "select * from 表";
         sqlcon = new SqlConnection(strCon);
         SqlDataAdapter myda = new SqlDataAdapter(sqlstr, sqlcon);
         DataSet myds = new DataSet();
         sqlcon.Open();
         myda.Fill(myds, "表");
         GridView1.DataSource = myds;
         GridView1.DataKeyNames = new string[] { "id" };//主键
         GridView1.DataBind();
         sqlcon.Close();
     }
}

前台主要代码:
                             ... ...
<asp:GridView ID="GridView1" runat="server" AutoGenerateColumns="False" CellPadding="4"
                         ForeColor="#333333" GridLines="None" OnRowDeleting="GridView1_RowDeleting" OnRowEditing="GridView1_RowEditing"
                         OnRowUpdating="GridView1_RowUpdating" OnRowCancelingEdit="GridView1_RowCancelingEdit">
                         <FooterStyle BackColor="#990000" Font-Bold="True" ForeColor="White" />
                         <Columns>
                             <asp:BoundField DataField="身份证号码" HeaderText="用户ID" ReadOnly="True" />
                             <asp:BoundField DataField="姓名" HeaderText="用户姓名" />
                             <asp:BoundField DataField="员工性别" HeaderText="性别" />
                             <asp:BoundField DataField="家庭住址" HeaderText="家庭住址" />
                             <asp:CommandField HeaderText="选择" ShowSelectButton="True" />
                             <asp:CommandField HeaderText="编辑" ShowEditButton="True" />
                             <asp:CommandField HeaderText="删除" ShowDeleteButton="True" />
                         </Columns>
                         <RowStyle ForeColor="#000066" />
                         <SelectedRowStyle BackColor="#669999" Font-Bold="True" ForeColor="White" />
                         <PagerStyle BackColor="White" ForeColor="#000066" HorizontalAlign="Left" />
                         <HeaderStyle BackColor="#006699" Font-Bold="True" ForeColor="White" />
                     </asp:GridView>


3.GridView正反双向排序:
效果图:点姓名各2次的排序,点其他也一样可以。

后台代码:
using System;
using System.Data;
using System.Configuration;
using System.Collections;
using System.Web;
using System.Web.Security;
using System.Web.UI;
using System.Web.UI.WebControls;
using System.Web.UI.WebControls.WebParts;
using System.Web.UI.HtmlControls;
using System.Data.SqlClient;
public partial class Default3 : System.Web.UI.Page
{

//清清月儿的博客http://blog.csdn.net/21aspnet
     SqlConnection sqlcon;
     string strCon = "Data Source=(local);Database=北风贸易;Uid=sa;Pwd=";
     protected void Page_Load(object sender, EventArgs e)
     {
         if (!IsPostBack)
         {
             ViewState["SortOrder"] = "身份证号码";
             ViewState["OrderDire"] = "ASC";
             bind();
         }
     }
     protected void GridView1_Sorting(object sender, GridViewSortEventArgs e)
     {
         string sPage = e.SortExpression;
         if (ViewState["SortOrder"].ToString() == sPage)
         {
             if (ViewState["OrderDire"].ToString() == "Desc")
                 ViewState["OrderDire"] = "ASC";
             else
                 ViewState["OrderDire"] = "Desc";
         }
         else
         {
             ViewState["SortOrder"] = e.SortExpression;
         }
         bind();
     }

     public void bind()
     {
        
         string sqlstr = "select top 5 * from 飞狐工作室";
         sqlcon = new SqlConnection(strCon);
         SqlDataAdapter myda = new SqlDataAdapter(sqlstr, sqlcon);
         DataSet myds = new DataSet();
         sqlcon.Open();
         myda.Fill(myds, "飞狐工作室");
         DataView view = myds.Tables["飞狐工作室"].DefaultView;
         string sort = (string)ViewState["SortOrder"] + " " + (string)ViewState["OrderDire"];
         view.Sort = sort;
         GridView1.DataSource = view;
         GridView1.DataBind();
         sqlcon.Close();
     }
}

前台主要代码:
<asp:GridView ID="GridView1" runat="server" AllowSorting="True" AutoGenerateColumns="False"
                         CellPadding="3" Font-Size="9pt" OnSorting="GridView1_Sorting" BackColor="White" BorderColor="#CCCCCC" BorderStyle="None" BorderWidth="1px">
                         <FooterStyle BackColor="White" ForeColor="#000066" />
                         <Columns>
                              <asp:BoundField DataField="身份证号码" HeaderText="用户ID" SortExpression="身份证号码" />
                             <asp:BoundField DataField="姓名" HeaderText="用户姓名" SortExpression="姓名"/>
                             <asp:BoundField DataField="员工性别" HeaderText="性别" SortExpression="员工性别"/>
                             <asp:BoundField DataField="家庭住址" HeaderText="家庭住址" SortExpression="家庭住址"/>
                                
                         </Columns>
                         <RowStyle ForeColor="#000066" />
                         <SelectedRowStyle BackColor="#669999" Font-Bold="True" ForeColor="White" />
                         <PagerStyle BackColor="White" ForeColor="#000066" HorizontalAlign="Left" />
                         <HeaderStyle BackColor="#006699" Font-Bold="True" ForeColor="White" />
                     </asp:GridView>

  

4.GridView和下拉菜单DropDownList结合:

效果图:

GridView的几种用法

后台代码:
using System;
using System.Data;
using System.Configuration;
using System.Collections;
using System.Web;
using System.Web.Security;
using System.Web.UI;
using System.Web.UI.WebControls;
using System.Web.UI.WebControls.WebParts;
using System.Web.UI.HtmlControls;
using System.Data.SqlClient;
public partial class Default4 : System.Web.UI.Page
{
     SqlConnection sqlcon;
     string strCon = "Data Source=(local);Database=北风贸易;Uid=sa;Pwd=sa";
     protected void Page_Load(object sender, EventArgs e)
     {
         DropDownList ddl;
         if (!IsPostBack)
         {
             string sqlstr = "select top 5 * from 飞狐工作室";
             sqlcon = new SqlConnection(strCon);
             SqlDataAdapter myda = new SqlDataAdapter(sqlstr, sqlcon);
             DataSet myds = new DataSet();
             sqlcon.Open();
             myda.Fill(myds, "飞狐工作室");
             GridView1.DataSource = myds;
             GridView1.DataBind();
             for (int i = 0; i <= GridView1.Rows.Count - 1; i++)
             {
                 DataRowView mydrv = myds.Tables["飞狐工作室"].DefaultView[i];
                 if (Convert.ToString(mydrv["员工性别"]).Trim() == "True")
                 {
                     ddl = (DropDownList)GridView1.Rows[i].FindControl("DropDownList1");
                     ddl.SelectedIndex = 0;
                 }
                 if (Convert.ToString(mydrv["员工性别"]).Trim() == "False")
                 {
                     ddl = (DropDownList)GridView1.Rows[i].FindControl("DropDownList1");
                     ddl.SelectedIndex = 1;
                 }
             }
             sqlcon.Close();
         }
     }
     public SqlDataReader ddlbind()
     {
         string sqlstr = "select distinct 员工性别 from 飞狐工作室";
         sqlcon = new SqlConnection(strCon);
         SqlCommand sqlcom = new SqlCommand(sqlstr, sqlcon);
         sqlcon.Open();
         return sqlcom.ExecuteReader();
     }

前台主要代码:
<asp:GridView ID="GridView1" runat="server" AllowSorting="True" AutoGenerateColumns="False"
                         CellPadding="3" Font-Size="9pt"   BackColor="White" BorderColor="#CCCCCC" BorderStyle="None" BorderWidth="1px">
                         <FooterStyle BackColor="White" ForeColor="#000066" />
                         <Columns>
                              <asp:BoundField DataField="身份证号码" HeaderText="用户ID" SortExpression="身份证号码" />
                             <asp:BoundField DataField="姓名" HeaderText="用户姓名" SortExpression="姓名"/>
                             <asp:TemplateField HeaderText="员工性别">
                                 <ItemTemplate>
                                     <asp:DropDownList ID="DropDownList1" runat="server" DataSource='<%# ddlbind()%>' DataValueField="员工性别" DataTextField="员工性别">
                                     </asp:DropDownList>
                                 </ItemTemplate>
                             </asp:TemplateField>
                             <asp:BoundField DataField="家庭住址" HeaderText="家庭住址" SortExpression="家庭住址"/>
                                
                         </Columns>
                         <RowStyle ForeColor="#000066" />
                         <SelectedRowStyle BackColor="#669999" Font-Bold="True" ForeColor="White" />
                         <PagerStyle BackColor="White" ForeColor="#000066" HorizontalAlign="Left" />
                         <HeaderStyle BackColor="#006699" Font-Bold="True" ForeColor="White" />
                     </asp:GridView>

6.鼠标移到GridView某一行时改变该行的背景色方法一:

效果图:

做法:
双击GridView的OnRowDataBound事件;
在后台的GridView1_RowDataBound()方法添加代码,最后代码如下所示:
protected void GridView1_RowDataBound(object sender, GridViewRowEventArgs e)
     {
         int i;
         //执行循环,保证每条数据都可以更新
         for (i = 0; i < GridView1.Rows.Count; i++)
         {
             //首先判断是否是数据行
             if (e.Row.RowType == DataControlRowType.DataRow)
             {
                 //当鼠标停留时更改背景色
                 e.Row.Attributes.Add("onmouseover", "c=this.style.backgroundColor;this.style.backgroundColor='#00A9FF'");
                 //当鼠标移开时还原背景色
                 e.Row.Attributes.Add("onmouseout", "this.style.backgroundColor=c");
             }
         }

     }

前台代码:
<html xmlns="http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml" >
<head runat="server">
     <title>实现鼠标划过改变GridView的行背景色 清清月儿http://blog.csdn.net/21aspnet </title>
</head>
<body>
     <form id="form1" runat="server">
     <div>
         <asp:GridView ID="GridView1" runat="server" AutoGenerateColumns="False" DataKeyNames="身份证号码"
             DataSourceID="SqlDataSource1" AllowSorting="True" BackColor="White" BorderColor="#CCCCCC" BorderStyle="None" BorderWidth="1px" CellPadding="3" Font-Size="12px" OnRowDataBound="GridView1_RowDataBound">
             <Columns>
                 <asp:BoundField DataField="身份证号码" HeaderText="身份证号码" ReadOnly="True" SortExpression="身份证号码" />
                 <asp:BoundField DataField="姓名" HeaderText="姓名" SortExpression="姓名" />
                 <asp:BoundField DataField="家庭住址" HeaderText="家庭住址" SortExpression="家庭住址" />
                 <asp:BoundField DataField="邮政编码" HeaderText="邮政编码" SortExpression="邮政编码" />
             </Columns>
             <FooterStyle BackColor="White" ForeColor="#000066" />
             <RowStyle ForeColor="#000066" />
             <SelectedRowStyle BackColor="#669999" Font-Bold="True" ForeColor="White" />
             <PagerStyle BackColor="White" ForeColor="#000066" HorizontalAlign="Left" />
             <HeaderStyle BackColor="#006699" Font-Bold="True" ForeColor="White" />
         </asp:GridView>
         <asp:SqlDataSource ID="SqlDataSource1" runat="server" ConnectionString="<%$ ConnectionStrings:北风贸易ConnectionString1 %>"
             SelectCommand="Select top 5 [身份证号码], [姓名], [员工性别], [家庭住址], [邮政编码] FROM [飞狐工作室]" DataSourceMode="DataReader"></asp:SqlDataSource>
   
     </div>
     </form>
</body>
</html>

7.鼠标移到GridView某一行时改变该行的背景色方法二:

效果图:

做法:和上面的一样就是代码不同
protected void GridView1_RowDataBound(object sender, GridViewRowEventArgs e)
     {
         //int i;
         ////执行循环,保证每条数据都可以更新
         //for (i = 0; i < GridView1.Rows.Count; i++)
         //{
         //     //首先判断是否是数据行
         //     if (e.Row.RowType == DataControlRowType.DataRow)
         //     {
         //         //当鼠标停留时更改背景色
         //         e.Row.Attributes.Add("onmouseover", "c=this.style.backgroundColor;this.style.backgroundColor='#00A9FF'");
         //         //当鼠标移开时还原背景色
         //         e.Row.Attributes.Add("onmouseout", "this.style.backgroundColor=c");
         //     }
         //}
         //如果是绑定数据行
         if (e.Row.RowType == DataControlRowType.DataRow)
         {
             //鼠标经过时,行背景色变
             e.Row.Attributes.Add("onmouseover", "this.style.backgroundColor='#E6F5FA'");
             //鼠标移出时,行背景色变
             e.Row.Attributes.Add("onmouseout", "this.style.backgroundColor='#FFFFFF'");
         }

     }

8.GridView实现删除时弹出确认对话框:

效果图:

实现方法:
双击GridView的OnRowDataBound事件;
在后台的GridView1_RowDataBound()方法添加代码,最后代码如下所示:

     protected void GridView1_RowDataBound(object sender, GridViewRowEventArgs e)
     {
         //如果是绑定数据行
         if (e.Row.RowType == DataControlRowType.DataRow)
         {
              if (e.Row.RowState == DataControlRowState.Normal || e.Row.RowState == DataControlRowState.Alternate)
             {
                 ((LinkButton)e.Row.Cells[6].Controls[0]).Attributes.Add("onclick", "javascript:return confirm('你确认要删除:/"" + e.Row.Cells[1].Text + "/"吗?')");
             }
         }

     }

9.GridView实现自动编号:

效果图:

实现方法:
双击GridView的OnRowDataBound事件;
在后台的GridView1_RowDataBound()方法添加代码,最后代码如下所示:
     protected void GridView1_RowDataBound(object sender, GridViewRowEventArgs e)
     {
         //如果是绑定数据行 //清清月儿http://blog.csdn.net/21aspnet
         if (e.Row.RowType == DataControlRowType.DataRow)
         {
             ////鼠标经过时,行背景色变
             //e.Row.Attributes.Add("onmouseover", "this.style.backgroundColor='#E6F5FA'");
             ////鼠标移出时,行背景色变
             //e.Row.Attributes.Add("onmouseout", "this.style.backgroundColor='#FFFFFF'");

             ////当有编辑列时,避免出错,要加的RowState判断
             //if (e.Row.RowState == DataControlRowState.Normal || e.Row.RowState == DataControlRowState.Alternate)
             //{
             //     ((LinkButton)e.Row.Cells[6].Controls[0]).Attributes.Add("onclick", "javascript:return confirm('你确认要删除:/"" + e.Row.Cells[1].Text + "/"吗?')");
             //}

         }
         if (e.Row.RowIndex != -1)
         {
             int id = e.Row.RowIndex + 1;
             e.Row.Cells[0].Text = id.ToString();
         }

     }

 

注意这时最好把前台的第一列的表头该为“编号”,因为以前的第一列被“吃掉”了。
<asp:GridView ID="GridView1" runat="server" AutoGenerateColumns="False" CellPadding="3" OnRowDeleting="GridView1_RowDeleting" OnRowEditing="GridView1_RowEditing"
                         OnRowUpdating="GridView1_RowUpdating" OnRowCancelingEdit="GridView1_RowCancelingEdit" BackColor="White" BorderColor="#CCCCCC" BorderStyle="None" BorderWidth="1px" Font-Size="12px" OnRowDataBound="GridView1_RowDataBound">
                         <FooterStyle BackColor="White" ForeColor="#000066" />
                         <Columns>
                             <asp:BoundField DataField="身份证号码" HeaderText="编号" ReadOnly="True" />
                             <asp:BoundField DataField="姓名" HeaderText="用户姓名" />
                             <asp:BoundField DataField="员工性别" HeaderText="性别" />
                             <asp:BoundField DataField="家庭住址" HeaderText="家庭住址" />
                             <asp:CommandField HeaderText="选择" ShowSelectButton="True" />
                             <asp:CommandField HeaderText="编辑" ShowEditButton="True" />
                             <asp:CommandField HeaderText="删除" ShowDeleteButton="True" />
                         </Columns>
                         <RowStyle ForeColor="#000066" />
                         <SelectedRowStyle BackColor="#669999" Font-Bold="True" ForeColor="White" />
                         <PagerStyle BackColor="White" ForeColor="#000066" HorizontalAlign="Left" />
                         <HeaderStyle BackColor="#006699" Font-Bold="True" ForeColor="White" />
                     </asp:GridView>

10.GridView实现自定义时间货币等字符串格式:

效果图:
图1-未格式化前

图2-格式化后

解决方法:
在asp.net 2.0中,如果要在绑定列中显示比如日期格式等,如果用下面的方法是显示不了的

<asp :BoundField DataField="CreationDate"
DataFormatString="{0:M-dd-yyyy}"
HeaderText="CreationDate" />

主要是由于htmlencode属性默认设置为true,已防止XSS攻击,安全起见而用的,所以,可以有以下两种方法解决

1、

<asp :GridView ID="GridView1" runat="server">
<columns>
<asp :BoundField DataField="CreationDate"
DataFormatString="{0:M-dd-yyyy}"
HtmlEncode="false"
HeaderText="CreationDate" />
</columns>
</asp>

将htmlencode设置为false即可

另外的解决方法为,使用模版列

<asp :GridView ID="GridView3" runat="server" >
<columns>
<asp :TemplateField HeaderText="CreationDate" >
<edititemtemplate>
<asp :Label ID="Label1" runat="server"
Text='<%# Eval("CreationDate", "{0:M-dd-yyyy}") %>'>
</asp>
</edititemtemplate>
<itemtemplate>
<asp :Label ID="Label1" runat="server"
Text=’<%# Bind("CreationDate", "{0:M-dd-yyyy}") %>'>
</asp>
</itemtemplate>
</asp>
</columns>
</asp>

前台代码:
<asp:GridView ID="GridView1" runat="server" AutoGenerateColumns="False" DataKeyNames="身份证号码"
             DataSourceID="SqlDataSource1" AllowSorting="True" BackColor="White" BorderColor="#CCCCCC" BorderStyle="None" BorderWidth="1px" CellPadding="3" Font-Size="12px" OnRowDataBound="GridView1_RowDataBound">
             <Columns>
                 <asp:BoundField DataField="身份证号码" HeaderText="身份证号码" ReadOnly="True" SortExpression="身份证号码" />
                 <asp:BoundField DataField="姓名" HeaderText="姓名" SortExpression="姓名" />
                 <asp:BoundField DataField="邮政编码" HeaderText="邮政编码" SortExpression="邮政编码" />
                 <asp:BoundField DataField="出生日期" HeaderText="出生日期" SortExpression="出生日期" />
                 <asp:BoundField DataField="起薪" HeaderText="起薪" SortExpression="起薪" />
             </Columns>
             <FooterStyle BackColor="White" ForeColor="#000066" />
             <RowStyle ForeColor="#000066" />
             <SelectedRowStyle BackColor="#669999" Font-Bold="True" ForeColor="White" />
             <PagerStyle BackColor="White" ForeColor="#000066" HorizontalAlign="Left" />
             <HeaderStyle BackColor="#006699" Font-Bold="True" ForeColor="White" />
         </asp:GridView>
         <asp:SqlDataSource ID="SqlDataSource1" runat="server" ConnectionString="<%$ ConnectionStrings:北风贸易ConnectionString1 %>"
             SelectCommand="Select top 5 [出生日期], [起薪], [身份证号码], [姓名], [家庭住址], [邮政编码] FROM [飞狐工作室]" DataSourceMode="DataReader"></asp:SqlDataSource>

附录-常用格式化公式:
{0:C}   货币;
{0:D4}由0填充的4个字符宽的字段中显示整数;
{0:000.0}四舍五入小数点保留第几位有效数字;
{0:N2}小数点保留2位有效数字;{0:N2}%    小数点保留2位有效数字加百分号;
{0:D}长日期;{0:d}短日期;{0:yy-MM-dd}    例如07-3-25;;{0:yyyy-MM-dd}   例如2007-3-25

收藏助手
不良信息举报
您举报文章:GridView用法
举报原因:
原因补充:

(最多只允许输入30个字)